A Boding from the Underyoked of England

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Happy Arveþ Day! Þis is a small writ I (Yose) have overset by Gerrard Winstanley.

Þe Writ[edit]




Arm underyoked Folk




To all þat clepe hemselves, or are clept

Lords of Drightenhuses

þrough þis ÞEED;

Þat have begun to cut, or þat þrough

fear and yissing, do mean to cut down

þe Woods and Trees þat grow upon þe

Meanlands and þe Weast Land.

Þrutched in þe Year, 1649.

We whose names are underwritten, in þe name of all arm underyoked folk in England, bode unto yew, þat clepe yewrselves Lords of Drightenhuse, and Lord of þe Land, Þat umb þe King of Rightwiseness, ure ashaper, have inlightened ure hearts so far, as to see, Þat þe Earþ was not made willfully for {over|you|yew}}, to be Lords of it, and we to be yewr Þralls, Þews, and Beggers; but it was made to be made a mean Livelihood to all, wiþute shedmaking of leeds: And þat yewr buying and selling of Land, and þe Bleads of it, one to anoþer, is “þe hexed þing,” and was brought in by Wye; which haþ, and still onstelleþ morþ and þeft, in þe hands of some boughs of Mankind over oþers, which is þe greatest uteward burden, and unrightwise might, þat þe Making groaneþ under: For þe might of tining Land, and owning Aught, was brought into þe Making by yewr Forefaþers by þe Sword; which first murþered hir fellow wights, Men and after reave or steal away hir Land, and left þis Land aftercomingly to yew, hir Childen. And þerefore, þough yew killed not nor þeeved, yet yew hold þat hexed þing in yewr hand, by þe might of þe Sword; and so yew seek to make þe wicked deeds of yewr Faþers seem right; and þat sin of yewr Faþers, shall be neesed upon þe heads of yew, and yewr Childen, to þe þird or fourþ knee, and longer too, till yewr bloody and þeeving might be rooted ute of þe Land.

And furþer, umb þe King of Rightwiseness haþ made us anyettle of ure burdens, and þe wails and groaning of ure hearts are come before him: we nim it as a witword of love from him, Þat ure hearts begin to be freed from þrallish fear of men, such as yew are; and þat we find Will in us, grunded upon þe inward law of Love, one towards anoþer, To Dig and Plough up þe Meanlands, and Weast Lands þrough England; and þat ure mooting shall be so unlayworþy, Þat yewr Laws shall not reach to underyoke us any longer, unless yew by yewr Laws will shed þe cleanhearted blood þat runs in ure edders.

For þough ye and your Forefaþers got your Aught by morþ and þeft, and ye keep it by þe same might from us, þat have an even right to Land wiþ you, by þe rightwise Law of Life, yet we shall have no þought of fighting (as ye have) abute þat worrisome devil, called Lone aught: For þe Earþ, wiþ all her Bleads of Corn, Neat, and such like, was made to be a mean Stock-huse of Livelihood to all Mankind, friend, and foe, wiþute uteliers.

And to stave off your irksome Wiþsaws, know þis, Þat we Must neiþer buy nor sell; Yield must not any longer (after ure work of þe Earþs amone is furþered) be þe great god, þat hedges in some, and hedges ute oþers, for Yield is but a deal of þe Earþ: And wissly, þe Rightwise Maker, who is King, never witted, Þat unless some of Mankind, bring þat Ore (Silver and Gold) in þeir hands, to oþers of þeir own kind, þat þey should neiþer be fed nor be clad; no wissly, For þis was þe undertaking of Leedhate-flesh (which Land-lords are boughs of) to set his Bild upon Yield. And þey make þis unrightwise Law, Þat none should buy or sell, eat, or be cloþed, or have any cweme Livelihood among men, unless hy brought his Bild þrutched upon Gold or Silver in hir hands.

And whereas þe Writs speak, Þat þe mark of þe Feend is 666, þe rime of a man; and þat þose þat ne bring þat mark in hir hands, or in {over|their|hir}} foreheads, hy should neiþer buy nor sell, Openbearing 13:16. And seeing þe riming Staves umb abute þe English {{over|yield|yeeld} make 666, which is þe rime of þat Kingly Might and Wolder, (cleped a Man) And seeing þe eld of þe Making is nue come to þe Bild of þe Feend, or Half day. And seeing 666 is his mark, we foredeem þis to be þe last Leedhating might þat shall wield; and þat folk shall live freely in þe neeting of þe Earþ, wiþute bringing þe mark of þe Feend in þeir hands, or in þeir behight; and þat þey shall buy Wine and Milk, wiþute Yeeld, or wiþute toll, as Isah speaks.

For after ure work of þe Earþly amone is furþered, we must make note of Gold and Silver, as we do of oþer ores, but not to buy and sell wiþal; for buying and selling is þe great blench, þat reaves and steals þe Earþ one from anoþer: It is þat which makeþ some Lords, oþers Beggers, some Wielders, oþers to be weelded; and makeþ great Murþerers and Þeeves to be hafters, and hangers of little ones, or of earnest-hearted men.

And while we are made to swink þe Earþ togeþer, wiþ one oneread and willing mind; and while we are made free, þat every one, friend and foe, shall neet þe foredeal of hir Making, þat is, To have food and cloþing from þe Earþ, hir Moþer; and every one bund to yive witness of his þoughts, words, and deeds to none, but to þe one and only rightwise Deemer, and Friþfengle; þe Ghost of Rightwiseness þat dwells, and þat is now rising up to weeld in every Wight, and in þe whole Þoþer. We say, while we are made to hinder no man of his Birþright yiven him in his Making, even to one, as to anoþer; ¿what Law þen can yew make, to nim hold upon us, but Laws of Underyoking and Leedhatred, þat shall beþrall or spill þe blood of þe Cleanhearted? And so yewr Selves, yewr Deemers, Lawwits, and Doomsmen, shall be funde to be þe greatest Lawleapers, in, and over Mankinde.