Wordbook

From The Anglish Wiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Column Key

Word Column
Spellings in ⟨ chevrons ⟩ have had foreign spelling influence reversed. They are spoken the same way.
Meaning Column
ᚹ = widened meaning, a meaning added to a word for the sake of Anglish.
ᚾ = discouraged, an attested meaning which I discourage for one reason or another.
ᛁ = intransitive only, a verb meaning that may not have a direct object. A plant can wax (increase in size or intensity), but it can't wax something else.
ᛏ = transitive only, a verb meaning that must have a direct object. A plant can need water, but it can't need without needing something.
᛫ = definition separator, so "᛫ a cat ᛫ a dog ᛫" shows that the word means both cat and dog.
᛬ = part of speech separator, so "᛫ a cat ᛬ to dog ᛫" shows the two definitions are different parts of speech.
Forebear Column
A tilde ~ means the Anglish word was taken directly from Modern English with no changes.
Words in [ square brackets ] are older forms of the word which did not influence the Anglish word whose entry they are a part of. They're included largely because it makes looking up words easier.
Words in { curly brackets } are words which are, for some reason, of note to the word whose entry they are part of.
Whence Column
NE = Modern English | ME = Middle English | OE = Old English | WF = West Frisian | LG = Low German | HG = High German | FK = Frankish | NL = Dutch | N = Norse | C = Celtic | I = Italic | H = Hellenic | Þ = Proto-Germanic‍ | O = other | ᚠ = from

Notes Column
PST = past tense | PTCP = past participle | TS = Thwere Spelling | ᛣ = calque

Wordbook

WORD MEANING KIND FOREBEAR WHENCE NOTES
a ᛫ per ᛫ PREP ~ NE
abaft ᛫ in or behind the stern of a ship ᛬ behind ᛫ aft of ᛫ ADV᛬PREP ~ NE
abbotric ᛫ an abbacy ᛫ N ~ NEᚠ(O+E)
abide ᛫ to act in accordance with ᛫ to tolerate ᛫ to remain ᛫ to wait ᛫ to wait for ᛫ to await ᛫ to persist ᛫ to reside ᛫ to face ( in combat etc ) ᛫ V ~ NE
abiding ᛫ enduring ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
abidinghouse ⟨ abidinghuse ⟩ ᛫ an almshouse ᛫ a poorhouse ᛫ N abiding house NE
abidingness ᛫ permanence ᛫ endurance ᛫ N ~ NE
abite ᛫ to devour ᛫ to mangle ᛫ to bite to death ᛫ V abītan OE
Abkhazland ᛫ Abkhazia ᛫ PN Abkhaz+land NEᚠ(O+NE)
abode ᛫ a place of residence ᛫ residence ᛫ a stay ᛫ a sojourn ᛫ N ~ NE kin: abide
aboveboard ᛫ transparent ( as in not hidden ) ᛫ legitimate and in the open ᛬ openly and legitimately ᛫ ADJ᛬ADV aboveboard NE
abraid ᛫ to move violently ᛫ to burst forth ᛫ to start up ᛫ to awake ᛫ V abraid&abreiden NE&ME
abreast ᛫ to make abreast ᛫ to inform ᛬ informed ᛬ parallel ᛫ alongside ᛫ V᛬ADJ᛬PREP ~ NE
abreasting ᛫ information ᛫ N abreast+ing NE+NE
abreethe ᛫ to degenerate ᛫ to deteriorate ᛫ V abrēoþan OE
abroad ᛫ in or to a foreign country ᛫ away from home ᛫ in different directions ᛫ ADV ~ NE
abrook ᛫ to endure ᛫ to tolerate ᛫ V ~ NE
abrothen ᛫ degenerate ᛫ ADJ abroþen OE
abrothenness ᛫ degeneracy ᛫ N ābroþenness OE
abuy ᛫ to suffer a penalty ᛫ to atone ᛫ to pay for something ᛫ V abye[abīen][ābycgan] NE PST&PTCP: abought
abye ᛫ to bow ᛫ to bend ᛫ to turn ᛫ to inflect ( grammar term ) ᛫ V gebīgan OE
abying ᛫ case ( grammar term ) ᛫ N gebīgednys OE
achare ᛫ to avert ᛫ to turn away ᛫ V acyrran{chēren} OE
acharing ᛫ an aversion ᛫ a turning ᛫ a conversion ᛫ N acyrrednes OE
achesoothing ⟨ akesoothing ⟩ ᛫ anodyne ᛫ ADJ ache+soothing NE+NE SEE NOTE
ack ᛫ but ᛫ however ᛫ except ᛫ CONJ ac ME
ackle ᛫ frightened ᛫ terrified ᛫ ADJ acol OE
acknow ᛫ to recognize ᛫ to identify ᛫ to acknowledge ᛫ to be acquainted with ᛫ V acknow&iknouen&gecnāwan NE&ME&OE
acknowledge ᛫ to recognize something's validity existence presence or standing ᛫ V ~ NE
aclove ᛫ a duplicate charter ᛫ a copy ᛫ a duplicate ᚹ ᛬ to copy ᚹ ᛫ to duplicate ᚹ ᛫ N᛬V iclova&geclofa ME&OE
acost ᛫ proven ᛫ tried and true ᛫ tested ᛫ ADJ gecost OE
acre ᛫ an English unit of land area ( 4840 square yards ) ᛫ a wide expanse ᛫ a large quantity ᛫ N ~ NE
acreman ᛫ a husbandman ᛫ a ploughman ᛫ a farmer ᚹ ᛫ N akerman ME
acretilth ᛫ agriculture ᛫ N acre+tilth NE+NE akkerbouw ᛣ
addeem ᛫ to adjudge ᛫ V ~[adēman] NE
adder ᛫ a viper ᛫ N ~ NE TS: nadder
adderbiter ᛫ an ichneumon ᛫ an Egyptian mongoose ᛫ a mongoose ᚹ ᛫ N nǣderbita OE
adderkin ᛫ a Serpentes animal ? ᛫ N nǣdercynn OE
adderwort ᛫ a Persicaria bistorta plant ᛫ N ~ NE old treatment for snake bites?
addle ᛫ putrid ᛫ rotten ᛫ ADJ ~[adela] NE
addled ᛫ confused ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
addlings ᛫ earnings ᛫ N ~ NE
adight ᛫ to arrange ᛫ to set up ᛫ to edit ᚹ ᛫ V adight ME
adle ᛫ illness ᛫ ailment ᛫ disease ᛫ N ā̆dle ME
ado ᛫ trouble ᛫ difficulty ᛫ fuss ᛫ bustling activity ᛫ N ~ NE
ado ᛫ to do away with ᛫ to take away ᛫ subtract ᛫ to remove ᛫ V ādōn&ādōn ME&OE equal to: do off?
adole ᛫ a division ᛫ a separation ᛫ a dissolution ᛫ a parting ᛫ a separating ᛫ a dividing ᛫ a dispensation ᛫ a portion ᛫ N gedāl OE
adrench ᛫ to drown ᛫ to sink ᛫ to overwhelm ᛫ to suffocate ᛫ V adrenchen ME
adwesh ᛫ to extinguish ᛫ to blot out ᛫ to delete ᛫ to quench ᛫ V adweshen ME
afare ᛫ to depart ᛫ V ~ NE
afear ᛫ to frighten ᛫ to terrify ᛫ V ~ NE
afeared ᛫ frightened ᛫ terrified ᛫ afraid ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
afee ᛫ to rejoice ᛫ to exult ᛫ to celebrate ᛫ V gefēon OE
afere ᛫ a companion ᛫ a comrade ᛫ a friend ᛫ a spouse ᛫ a mate ᛫ a peer ᛫ N ifẹ̄re[gefēra] ME
afford ᛫ to be able to pay for ᛫ to provide ᛫ V ~ NE
Afghanistan ᛫ Afghanistan ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO or: Afghanland
afire ᛫ to castrate ᛫ V afȳran OE
afired ᛫ a eunuch ᛫ a castrated animal ᛫ N afȳrida OE
afoot ᛫ in action ᛫ in process ᛫ in the area ᛫ ADV ~ NE
afore ᛫ before ᛫ in front of ᛫ opposite ᛫ ADV&PREP afore&afō̆rn NE&ME
aforesaid ᛫ aforementioned ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
aforethought ᛫ premeditated ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
afoul ⟨ afule ⟩ ᛫ in conflict with ᛫ ADV ~ NE
Africk ᛫ Africa ᛫ PN Affrīk&Affrica ME&OE
aft ᛫ a stern of a vessel ᛬ located at the back of a vehicle ᛬ at near or towards a vessel's stern ᛫ N᛬ADJ᛬ADV ~ NE
after ᛫ post- ᛫ PREFIX ~ NE
afterbear ᛫ a descendant ᛫ N ~ NE
afterbild ᛫ an afterimage ᛫ N after+bild NE+NE
afterbirth ᛫ a placenta ᛫ N ~ NE
afterborn ᛫ posthumous ( born after father's death ) ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
afterbrain ᛫ a myelencephalon ᛫ N ~ NE
aftercomer ᛫ a successor ᛫ N aftercomer NE
aftercoming ᛫ a sequel ᛫ a consequence ᛫ a result ᛬ succeeding ᛫ N᛬ADJ ~ NE
afterdeal ᛫ a disadvantage ᛫ N ~ NE
afterdeath ᛫ post-mortem ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
afterdoomsdayly ᛫ post-apocalyptic ᛫ ADJ after+dooms+day+ly NE+NE+NE+NE
afterfayle ᛫ a suffix ᛫ N after+feien+le NE+ME+ME achtervoegsel ᛣ
afterganger ᛫ a follower ᛫ a successor ᛫ N æftergenga OE
afterhand ᛫ subsequently ᛫ ADV ~ NE
afterling ᛫ an after follower ᛫ a descendant ᛫ N ~ NE
Afterlithe ᛫ July ᛫ PN Æftera Liþa OE or: meedmonth (from mǽdmōnaþ)?
afterlook ᛫ a retrospective look ᛫ a review ᛫ N ~ NE
aftermath ᛫ consequences ( usually of something bad ) ᛫ N ~ NE
aftermidday ᛫ afternoon ᛫ N ~ NE
afters ᛫ dessert ᛫ sweets ᛫ the last course of a meal ᛫ N ~ NE
afterspeak ᛫ to claim ( possession ) ᛫ V æftersprecan OE
afterspeech ᛫ a claim ( of possession ) ᛫ N æfterspræc OE
aftertime ᛫ the future ᛫ N ~ NE
afterword ᛫ an epilogue ᛫ a postscript ᛫ N ~ NE
Afteryule ⟨ Afteryool ⟩ ᛫ January ᛫ PN Æfterra Geola OE
against ᛫ versus ᛫ contrary to ᛫ in opposition to ᛫ PREP ~ NE
aghast ⟨ agast ⟩ ᛫ horrified ᛫ shocked ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
agraith ᛫ to make ready ᛫ prepare ᛫ to dress a wound ᛫ to adorn ᛫ to embellish ᛫ V agraithen MEᚠN
agraithing ᛫ embellishment ᛫ ornament ᛫ N agraithing MEᚠN
ahap ᛫ fitting ᛫ suitable ᛫ ADJ gehæp OE
ahearsome ᛫ to obey ᛫ be obedient ᛫ V ihērsumen ME
aheave ᛫ to heave up ᛫ to elevate ᛫ to exalt ᛫ V ahebban OE
aholy ᛫ to consecrate ᛫ to dedicate ᛫ to initiate ᛫ to make holy ᛫ V gehālgian OE
ail ᛫ ailment ᛬ to make suffer ᛫ to trouble ᛫ to pain ᛬ troublesome ᛫ painful ᛫ N᛬V᛬ADJ ~[egle][eglan] NE
ait ᛫ a small island in a river ᛫ an eyot ᛫ an islet ᛫ N ~ NE
aizle ᛫ a spark ᛫ a cinder ᛫ an ember ᛫ ashes ᛫ ( when plural ) the ruins of a destroyed city ᛫ a cake or a pie baked under hot ashes ᛫ N aizle&īsel[ysle] NE&ME
ajar ᛫ askew ᛬ askew ᛫ ADJ᛬ADV ~[onchar] NE TS: onchar
akeep ᛫ to preserve ᛫ to reserve ᛫ V ikēpen ME
aken ᛫ to beget ᛫ V akennen[acennan] ME
akenning ᛫ birth ᛫ incarnation ᛫ N akennednesse ME
akin ᛫ related ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
akindy ᛫ natural ᛫ innate ᛫ inborn ᛫ intrinsic ᛫ ADJ gecynd+y OE+NE
alack ᛫ alas! ᛫ INT ~ NE
alast ᛫ to perform ᛫ to accomplish ᛫ to execute ᛫ V gelæstan OE
Albania ᛫ Albania ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
albeit ᛫ though ᛫ CONJ ~ NE
Albert Mere ᛫ Lake Albert ᛫ PN Albert+mere NE+NE
alderbishop ᛫ an archbishop ᛫ N ealdorbiscop OEᚠ(E+H)
alderborough ᛫ a metropolis ᛫ N ealdorburh OE
alderdeemer ᛫ a supreme court judge ᛫ N aldordēma OE
alderdom ᛫ authority ᛫ eldership ᛫ magistracy ᛫ principality ᛫ N ealdordōm OE
alderman ᛫ an elected member of a city council ᛫ a baillie ᛫ N ~ NE
aleat ᛫ a crossroads ᛫ N gelǣte OE
aleater ᛫ an omnivore ᛫ N all+eater NE+NE inspired by German "Allesfresser"
alee ᛫ on the lee side of a ship ᛫ ADV ~ NE
aleesing ᛫ salvation ᛫ redemption ᛫ N ālīsedness OE
alehouse ⟨ alehuse ⟩ ᛫ a bar ᛫ a tavern ᛫ a pub ( public house ) ᛫ N ~ NE
aleknight ᛫ a man who drinks alcohol ᛫ N ~ NE
alewife ᛫ a woman who keeps an alehouse ᛫ N ~ NE
alfather ᛫ an epithet used for a head god ᛫ N ~ NE
Algerland ᛫ Algeria ᛫ PN Algeria NEᚠO or: Algerry
alight ᛫ to descend ᛫ to exit ᛫ to dismount ᛫ to disembark ᛫ V ~ NE
alighten ᛫ enlighten ᛫ illuminate ᛫ V ālīhtan OE
alike ᛫ similar ᛬ similarly ᛫ ADJ᛬ADV ~ NE
alkin ᛫ of every kind ᛫ universal ᛫ ADJ ~[eallcyn] NE
alknowing ᛫ omniscient ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
alknowingness ᛫ omniscience ᛫ N ~ NE
all ᛫ omni- ᛫ PREFIX ~ NE
all told ᛫ in total ᛫ PREP ~ NE
allay ᛫ to calm down ᛫ to lull ᛫ to pacify ᛫ to alleviate ᛫ to abate ᛫ to mitigate ᛫ to subside ᛫ V ~ NE
allings ᛫ entirely ᛫ sufficiently ᛫ ADV allinges ME
allow ᛫ a temple ᛫ N ealh OE rhyme: tallow
ally ᛫ of all ᛫ universal ᛫ Catholic ᛫ ADJ eallic OE
Almannish ᛫ Alemannic speech ᛬ Alemannic ᛫ N᛬ADJ all+man+ish NE+NE+NE Alemannisch ᛣ
almight ᛫ omnipotence ᛫ N almighty NE
almighty ᛫ omnipotent ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
almsful ᛫ charitable ᛫ ADJ ælmesfull OE
alness ᛫ totality ᛫ universality ᛫ N ~ NE
aloft ᛫ at to or in the air ᛫ above ᛫ up ᛫ ADV ~ NE could be spelled: alift (to make it English instead of Norse)
aloneness ᛫ solitude ᛫ N ~ NE
along of ᛫ because of ᛫ PREP ~[gelang]{ilong on} NE
aloom ᛫ frequently ᛫ ADV ilōme[gelōme] ME
alow ᛫ low down ᛬ below ᛫ ADV᛬PREP ~ NE
alseeing ᛫ omnipercipient ᛫ ADJ allseeing NE
alsuch ᛫ exactly ᛫ just ᛫ exactly as ᛫ just as ᛫ ADV alswich ME
altew ᛫ sound ᛫ healthy ᛫ ADJ æltæw OE CHECK SPELLING
altheedish ᛫ international ᛫ ADJ all+theedish NE+NE inspired by Icelandic "alþjóðlegur"
alther ᛫ ( modifies an adjective's superlative form in a way similar to the " very " in " very best " ) ᛫ PREFIX alther ME or: alder, aller
altogether ᛫ completely ᛫ totally ᛫ in total ᛫ in general ᛫ for the most part ᛫ overall ᛫ ADV altogether NE
alway ᛫ perpetually ᛫ continually ᛫ ADV ~[ealneg] OE or: always
alwhere ᛫ everywhere ᛫ ADV ~ NE
amain ᛫ with all one's might ᛫ with full speed ᛫ in great haste ᛫ to a high degree ᛫ ADV ~ NE
amake ᛫ a mate ᛫ a spouse ᛫ a pair ᛫ an equal ᛫ N imāke[gemaca] ME
amaze ᛫ to astonish ᛫ V ~ NE
amber ᛫ a bucket ᛫ N ambre MEᚠOEᚠI
ambight ᛫ a servant ᛫ service ᛫ N ambiht OEᚠC
amean ᛫ common ᛫ general ᛫ ADJ imene[gemæne] ME
ameanly ᛫ common ᛫ average ᛫ general ᛫ ordinary ᛫ ADJ gemǣnelic OE
America ᛫ America ᛫ PN ~ NE or: Americk (by analogy with Europe, Africk, and Asey)
Americkish ᛫ American ᛫ ADJ Americk+ish NEᚠI+NE
amid ᛫ during ᛬ in the middle of ᛫ ADV᛬PREP ~ NE
amind ᛫ memory ᛫ a memory ᛫ a recollection ᛫ N imīnde[gemynd] ME
amind day ᛫ a commemoration day ᛫ N gemynd dæg OE
amiss ᛫ faulty ᛫ out of order ᛫ improper ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
amone ᛫ companionship ᛫ society ᛫ community ᛫ intercourse ᛫ N gemāna OE
and ᛫ ( shows return action ) ᛫ PREFIX and/an ME the D gets dropped when convenient, making it "an-"
and ᛫ ⁊ ᛫ & ᛫ ampersand ᛫ N and ME
andestone ᛫ andesite ᛫ N Andes+stone NEᚠI+NE andesite (NEᛣ)
andet ᛫ to admit ᛫ to confess ᛫ V andettan OE
andetter ᛫ a confessor ᛫ N andettere OE
andeven ᛫ a quality ᛫ a quantity ᛫ an extent ᛫ a capacity ᛫ an amount ᛫ a proportion ᛫ N andefn OE
Andorra ᛫ Andorra ᛫ PN ~ NE
andsoforth ᛫ et cetera ᛫ N ~ NE abbreviation: asf
aneed ᛫ to compel ᛫ to force ᛫ V inēden[genēadian] ME
anent ᛫ about ᛫ concerning ᛫ PREP ~ NE
anew ᛫ to restore to an original state ᛫ V ineuen ME
ang ᛫ angry ᛫ vexed ᛫ ADJ ange OE
ang ᛫ ( shows an ailment of a tight vexed nature ) ᛫ PREFIX ang OE
angbreast ᛫ a tight vexation of the breast ᛫ asthma ᛫ N angbreost OE
angmood ᛫ anxiety ᛫ a vexed mood ᛫ N angmod OE
angness ᛫ anxiety ᛫ distress ᛫ N angnes OE
Angola ᛫ Angola ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
angsome ᛫ troublesome ᛫ ADJ angsum OE
anight ᛫ abundance ᛫ sufficiency ᛫ plenty ᛫ N genyht OE
anip ᛫ clouds ᛫ mist ᛫ fog ᛫ vapor ᛫ obscurity ᛫ a nebula ᚹ ᛫ N inip&genip ME&OE kin: nebula
anker ᛫ an anchorite ᛫ an anchoret ᛫ N āncor OEᚠIᚠH
anleet ᛫ a face ᛫ an appearance ᛫ N anlēt ME
anlikeness ᛫ an image ᛫ a figure ᛫ resemblance ᛫ a model ᛫ N anlīcnes OE
anneal ᛫ to ignite ᛫ to inflame ᛫ to incite ᛫ to temper through heating ᛫ V anneal&onǣlan NE&OE
anon ᛫ instantly ᛫ immediately ᛫ ADV ~[anōn][on ān] NE
anothergates ᛫ a different kind of ᛫ ADJ ~ NE "gate" here means "way"
anqueath ⟨ ancweath ⟩ ᛫ a response ᛫ an answer ᛫ a reply ᛬ to respond ᛫ to answer ᛫ to reply ᛫ N᛬V oncweþan OE
ansaker ᛫ a denier ᛫ a renouncer ᛫ an apostate ᛫ an opposer ᛫ N andsaca OE
anshot ᛫ a tax rebate ᛫ a tax return ᛫ N and+scot OE+OE equal to: return tax
ansine ᛫ a face ᛫ countenance ᛫ an aspect ᛫ a form ᛫ a figure ᛫ an appearance ᛫ N ansȳn OE
Antigua and Barbuda ᛫ Antigua and Barbuda ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
antimber ᛫ matter ᛫ material ᛫ substance ᛫ a theme ? ᛫ a topic ? ᛫ a subject ? ᛫ N antimber&andtimber ME&OE
anward ᛫ present ᛫ current ᛫ contemporary ᛫ in one's presence ᛫ ADJ andweard OE
anward tide ᛫ the present tense ᛬ of the present tense ᛫ N᛬ADJ andwerd tīd OE
anwarden ᛫ to make present ᛫ to update ᛫ to modernize ᛫ V andward+en OE+NE
anwardening ᛫ an update ᛫ modernization ᛫ N andward+en+ing OE+NE+NE
anword ᛫ an answer ᛬ to answer ᛫ V andwurden&andwyrde ME&OE
anwork ᛫ matter ᛫ material ᛫ substance ᛫ N andwork ME
anyet ᛫ perception ᛫ sensation ᛫ understanding ᛫ a sense ( such as sight ) ᛫ an explanation ᛫ sense ( like in makes sense ) ᛫ N andȝet&andgit ME&OE or: anget (Norse)
anyetful ᛫ sensible ᛫ intelligible ᛫ ADJ andgitfull OE
anyetfully ᛫ sensibly ᛫ intelligibly ᛫ ADJ andgitfullīce OE
anyetless ᛫ senseless ( as in lacking sensation ) ᛫ senseless ( as in irrational , nonsensical , or foolish ) ᛫ ADJ andgitlēas OE
anyettle ᛫ intelligent ᛫ sensible ᛫ discerning ᛫ ADJ andgitol/andgyttol OE
anyetty ᛫ sensational ( as in sensory ) ᛫ sensible ᛫ ADJ andȝet+y{andgitlic} ME+NE
anywise ᛫ in any way or manner ᛫ ADV ~ NE
ape ᛫ an ape ᛫ a monkey ᛬ to imitate ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
apebreadtree ᛫ a baobab ᛫ N ape+bread+tree NE+NE+NE note: apenbroodboom
apely ᛫ simian ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
aper ᛫ a copycat ᛫ an imitator ᛫ N ~ NE
applewine ᛫ apple cider ᛫ N æppelwīn OE
aquine ⟨ acwine ⟩ ᛫ to dwindle away ? ᛫ V acwīnan OE
Araby ᛫ Arabia ᛫ PN Arabī&Arabia MEᚠO&OEᚠO
arade ᛫ instructed ᛫ skilled ᛫ expert ᛫ educated ᛫ ADJ irade[gerād] ME
ard ᛫ a dwelling place ( especially one's native land or region ) ᛫ a home ᛫ a homeland ᛫ an abode ᛫ N ē̆rd ME
aread ᛫ to explain ᛫ to interpret ᛫ V ~ NE
areading ᛫ an ordinance ᛫ a decree ᛫ N gerǣdnes OE
areck ᛫ management ᛫ regulation ᛫ straightening out ᛫ government ᚾ ᛬ to manage ᛫ to regulate ᛫ to set straight ᛫ to govern ᚾ ᛫ N gerec&gereccan OE&OE
areck ᛫ to explain ᛫ to describe ᛫ to translate ᛫ to interpret ( for someone else ) ᛫ V arecchen&āreccan ME&OE
arecker ᛫ a regulator ᛫ one who straightens things out ᛫ N gereccan+er{gereca} OE+NE
arecking ᛫ an explanation ᛫ a description ᛫ a translation ᛫ a theory ᛫ an interpretation ( which is prepared for someone else ) ᛫ N arecchen+ing ME+NE
Argentina ᛫ Argentina ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠI
Argentino Mere ᛫ Argentino Lake ᛫ PN Argentino+mere NEᚠI+NE
argh ᛫ timid ᛫ cowardly ᛫ ADJ ~[earg] NE
aright ᛫ correctly ᛫ properly ᛫ ADV ~ NE
arise ᛫ to emerge ᛫ to become apparent ᛫ to come into being ᛫ V ~ NE
arisen ᛫ proper ᛫ fitting ᛫ seemly ᛫ ADJ gerisene OE
arist ᛫ an arising ᛫ the rising of the sun ᛫ N arist ME
arkenstone ᛫ a precious stone ᛫ a jewel ᛫ N eorcanstān OE kin: Eorconbeorht
arm ᛫ poor ᛫ unwealthy ᛫ pitiful ᛫ indigent ᛫ ADJ arm[earm] ME
armchary ᛫ sad ᛫ miserable ᛫ ADJ earmcearig OE
Armeny ᛫ Armenia ᛫ PN armenīe/armany/armonye ME should rhyme with "harmony"?
arming ᛫ a poor creature ᛫ a wretch ᛫ N erming ME
armth ᛫ poverty ᛫ N ermthe/armþe ME
arown ⟨ arune ⟩ ᛫ a mystery ᛫ a sacrament ᛫ mysterium ᛫ N gerȳne OE
arrowblaster ᛫ an arbalest ᛫ N arowblaster{arbalest} ME a medieval folk etymology of arbalest
arry ᛫ cowardly ᛫ timid ᛬ to grow cowardly ᛫ to lose heart ᛫ ADJ earg&eargian OE&OE doublet: eerie
arse ᛫ a derrière ᛫ N ~ NE or: ass
arseling ᛫ backwards ᛫ ADV ~ NE
arsetril ᛫ an anus ᛫ N earsþerl OE
Artsakh ᛫ Artsakh ᛫ Nagorno-Karabakh ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
arveth ᛫ ( shows something is difficult to do or deal with ) ᛫ PREFIX earfoþ OE
arveth ᛫ labour ᛫ laborious pains ᛫ hardship ᛫ work ᛫ a job ᛫ N arvfeþ[earfoþe] ME
arvethchare ᛫ hard to turn ᛫ difficult to convert ᛫ ADJ earfoþcirre OE
arvethhield ⟨ arvethheeld ⟩ ᛫ ill-inclined ᛫ ill-natured ᛫ ADJ earfoþhylde OE
arvethly ᛫ laborious ᛫ full of hardship ᛫ ADJ arveþlīch ME
arvethness ᛫ difficulty ᛫ N earfoþnes OE
arvethright ᛫ hard to correct ᛫ ADJ earfoþrihte OE
arvethrow ᛫ a difficult time ᛫ a time of tribulation ᛫ N earfoþþrāg OE
arvethsithe ᛫ a laborious journey ᛫ misfortune ᛫ calamity ᛫ N earfoþsīþ OE
arvethteachy ᛫ difficult to show ᛫ difficult to prove ᛫ ADJ earfoþtǣcne OE
asamming ᛫ a convention ᛫ a congregation ᛫ a synagogue ᛫ a church ᛫ N gesamnung OE
aset ᛫ to appoint ᛫ V aset ME
Asey ᛫ Asia ᛫ PN Assye [Asia] MEᚠO rhyme: crazy
ashen ᛫ made from the ash tree ᛫ of or resembling ashes ᛫ pale ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
ashgrey ᛫ cinereous ᛫ ADJ ash+grey NE+NE invented by William Barnes
aside ᛫ a digression ᛫ N ~ NE
asithe ᛫ a comrade ᛫ N gesīþ OE
ask ᛫ a lizard ᛫ N ~ NE
ask ᛫ a question ᛫ an inquiry ᛫ N ~ NE
ask ᛫ a request ᛬ to request ᛫ to inquire ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
aslake ᛫ to abate ᛫ to diminish ᛫ to moderate ᛫ to mitigate ᛫ to appease ᛫ to satisfy ᛫ V ~[āslacian] NE
asoothe ᛫ to prove ᛫ to confirm ᛫ to verify ᛫ V isōþien[gesōþian] OE
astir ᛫ to activate ᛫ to put in motion ᛬ active ᛫ in motion ᛫ ADJ astir&astiren NE&ME
astony ᛫ to stun ᛫ to be stunned ᛫ to paralyze ᛫ to astonish ᛫ V ~ NE "astonish" bears French influence
astound ⟨ astund ⟩ ᛫ to bewilder ᛫ to cause to awe ᛫ V ~ NE
astride ᛫ with legs on each side ᛬ with legs on each side of ᛫ ADV᛬PREP ~ NE
asunder ᛫ apart ᛫ ADV ~ NE
asunderhood ᛫ segregation ᛫ apartheid ᛫ N asunder+hood NE+NE apartheid ᛣ
asweve ᛫ to calm down ᛫ to lull ᛫ to pacify ᛫ to appease ᛫ to put to rest ᛫ to soothe ᛫ V aswēve&aswebban ME&OE
at a braid ᛫ in a moment ᛫ momentarily ᛫ ADV at a breid ME
at unset steven ᛫ unexpectedly ᛬ by chance ᛫ ADV᛬PREP at unset steven ME
atbrest ᛫ to break away ᛫ to escape ᛫ V atbresten ME
atease ᛫ to tear ᛫ to tease ( as in to pull apart ) ᛫ V ātǣsan OE kin: tease
atell ᛫ number ( grammar term ) ᛫ a register ᛫ a catalogue ᛫ a catalog ᛬ to register ᛫ to catalog ᛫ to catalogue ᛫ N ȝetel&getæl/getel ME&OE
atew ᛫ an appearance ᚹ ᛫ a display ᚹ ᛫ a manifestation ᚹ ᛫ a version ᚹ ᛬ to appear ᛫ to display ᛫ to manifest ᛫ N᛬V atẹ̄wien{ēowan} ME kin: eye
atfang ᛫ to claim lost or stolen property ᛫ V ætfōn{fang} OE
atgo ᛫ to go away ᛫ to pass away ᛫ V atgon ME
Athabasca Mere ᛫ Lake Athabasca ᛫ PN Athabasca+mere NEᚠO+NE
athel ᛫ a noble ᛬ noble ᛫ N᛬ADJ aþel ME
athelborn ᛫ nobleborn ᛫ highborn ᛫ ADJ aþelborn ME
athelen ᛫ to ennoble ᛫ V æþelian+en OE+NE
atheling ᛫ a noble ᛫ a prince ᛫ N atheling[æþeling] ME
athelingen ᛫ a princess ᛫ N æþeling+en OE+NE a more historically sound term for "princess" is simply "lady"
athelkind ᛫ of noble kind or origin ᛫ ADJ æþelcund OE
athelly ᛫ nobly ᛫ elegantly ᛫ ADV æþellīce OE
athelman ᛫ a nobleman ᛫ N athelman ME
athelness ᛫ nobility ᛫ N æþelnes OE
athelwhite ᛫ a Leontopodium alpinum plant ᛫ edelweiss ᛫ N aþel+white ME+NE Edelweiß ᛣ
athench ᛫ to imagine ᛫ to conceive ᛫ to consider ᛫ V ithenchen ME PST: athought | PTCP: athought
atithe ᛫ to grant ᛫ to allow ᛫ V itīthien[getigþian] ME
atlast ᛫ finally ᛫ ultimately ᛫ ADV ~ NE
atle ᛫ terrible ᛫ horrible ᛫ dire ᛫ repulsive ᛫ ugly ᛫ hideous ᛫ ADJ ātel[atol] ME
atley ᛫ hideous ᛫ ugly ᛫ ADJ atelīch[atollīc] ME
atone ᛫ to make amends ᛫ V ~ NE equal to: at one
atsammen ᛫ together ᛫ ADV atsomne[ætsomne] ME
atsit ᛫ to resist ᛫ to oppose ᛫ V atsitten ME
atstall ᛫ a station ᛫ a camp ᛫ N ætsteall OE
atter ᛫ poison ᛫ venom ᛬ to poison ᛫ to envenom ᛫ N atter&ǣtrian NE&OE
attercop ᛫ a spider ᛫ N [āttercoppe/āttorcoppe] NE kin: cobweb
attercraft ᛫ the art of poisoning ᛫ wicked sorcery ᛫ N ātorcræft OE
atterdeer ᛫ a poisonous animal a venomous animal ᛫ N atter+deer NE+NE
atterling ᛫ a malicious person ᛫ N atterling ME
atterloath ᛫ an antidote ᛫ N atterlothe ME
attern ᛫ poisonous ᛫ venomous ᛫ cruel ᛫ ill-natured ᛫ ADJ attern ME
attery ᛫ venomous ᛫ poisonous ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
atwain ᛫ in two parts ᛫ ADV ~ NE
atween ᛫ between ᛫ PREP atwēn ME
atwind ᛫ to escape ᛫ V ~ NE
Atwisen ᛫ Gemini ᛫ PN Getwisan OE
atwist ᛫ substance ᛫ N ætwist OE
atwite ᛫ to attribute to ᛫ to charge ᛫ to blame ᛫ V atwīten ME
aught ᛫ property ᛫ possession ᛫ N aughte[ǣht] ME
aught ᛫ anything ᛫ N ~[āht] NE
aught ᛫ deliberation ᛫ evaluation ᛫ meditation ᛬ to deliberate ᛫ to evaluate ᛫ to meditate on ᛫ N æht&eahtian OE&OE
Australia ᛫ Australia ᛫ N ~ NE or: Australy; or New Holland
avel ᛫ strength ᛫ N avel[afol/abal] ME
aver ᛫ vehement ᛫ ADJ afor OE
aver ᛫ a boar ᛫ N eauer[eofor] ME
awesome ᛫ incredible ᛫ awe-inspiring ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
awful ᛫ horrible ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
awhean ᛫ to trouble ᛫ to vex ᛫ V ahwēnen ME FIND USE FOR THIS WORD
awin ᛫ contest ᛫ tumult ᛫ war ᛫ N gewin OE
awk ᛫ perverse ᛫ sinister ᛫ ADJ ~ NEᚠN
awn ᛫ one of the slender bristles that terminate the glumes of the spikelet in some cereal and other grasses ᛫ N ~ NEᚠN
awork ᛫ a fortress ᛫ a fort ᛫ a castle ᛫ N geweorc OE
awortwale ᛫ to uproot ᛫ to eradicate ᛫ to exterminate ᛫ to extirpate ᛫ V āwyrtwalian OE
awrack ᛫ wrecked ᛫ in ruins ᛫ ADV ~ NE
awry ᛫ contorted ᛫ twisted ᛫ bent ᛫ out of place ᛫ deviant ᛫ perverse ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
axe ᛫ an axe ᛫ a hatchet ᛬ to strike with an axe ᛫ to cancel ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE or: ax
axle ᛫ an axis ᛫ N ~[eaxl] NE
axlespan ᛫ a crossbar ᛫ a crosspiece ᛫ N eaxlegespann OE
ayen ᛫ again ᛫ ADV ayēn ME
ayenbite ᛫ remorse ᛫ N ayenbite ME or: againbite
ayet ᛫ to perceive ᛫ V ayiten{yeten} ME
Azerbaijan ᛫ Azerbaijan ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
back ᛫ to support ᛫ to sponsor ᛫ V ~ NE
backbite ᛫ to talk maliciously about someone who is not present ᛫ V ~ NE
backbone ᛫ the ridgebone ᛫ the spine ᛫ N ~ NE
backen ᛫ to delay ᛫ to retard ᛫ V ~ NE
backer ᛫ a supporter ᛫ a sponsor ᛫ N ~ NE
backfriend ⟨ backfreend ⟩ ᛫ a friend who is secretly an enemy ᛫ N ~ NE
backhanded ᛫ insincere ᛫ sarcastic ᛫ indirect ᛫ retrospective ᛫ corrupt ᛫ neglectful ᛬ in a backhanded manner ᛫ ADJ᛬ADV ~ NE
backleech ᛫ a physiatrist ᛫ N back+leech NE+NE
backslide ᛫ to regress ᛫ to lapse morally or in the practice of religion ᛫ V ~ NE
backstab ᛫ to attack someone unfairly in a deceitful and treacherous way ᛫ to betray ᛫ V ~ NE
backstabber ᛫ a traitor ᛫ a betrayer ᛫ N ~ NE
backward ᛫ retrograde ᛫ socially unsophisticated ᛫ socially barbaric ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
backwater ᛫ a remote place ᛫ water held back by an obstruction ᛬ to vacillate on a long-held position ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
backwoods ᛫ a woody countryside ᛫ N ~ NE
badblood ᛫ feelings of ill will ᛫ a serious feud ᛫ an inherited immoral nature ᛫ a long-standing grudge ᛫ N ~ NE
baddle ᛫ a hermaphrodite ᛫ an intersex ᛫ N bæddel OE
badmouth ⟨ badmuthe ⟩ ᛫ to maliciously criticize ᛫ V ~ NE a calque of a Niger–Congo word?
badow ᛫ battle ᛫ N beado/beadu/beadwe OE or: bade?
bag ᛫ a sack ᛫ N ~ NEᚠN?
Bahrain ᛫ Bahrain ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
Baikal Mere ᛫ Lake Baikal ᛫ PN Baikal+mere NEᚠO+NE
bake ᛫ a baked good ᛫ a pie ᛫ pastry ᛫ N bāke ME same sense as Icelandic 'baka'
baked good ᛫ a piece of baked food ᛫ a pastry ᛫ N ~ NE
bakehouse ⟨ bakehuse ⟩ ᛫ a bakery ᛫ N ~ NE
Baker Mere ᛫ Baker Lake ᛫ PN baker+mere NE+NE
bakern ᛫ a bakery ᛫ N bakern ME
Balaton Mere ᛫ Balaton Lake ᛫ PN Balaton+mere NEᚠO+NE
bale ᛫ great evil ᛫ great woe ᛫ great sorrow ᛫ N ~ NE
balecraft ᛫ the craft of evil magic ᛫ N bealocræft OE
balefire ᛫ an outdoor fire used in witches' rituals ᛫ sacrificial fire ᛫ funeral fire ᛫ N bǣlfȳr OE
baleful ᛫ pernicious ᛫ forebodingly evil ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
balk ᛫ a ridge ᛫ a mound ᛫ an archery butt ᛫ a ridge left between furrows accidently ᛫ a blunder ᛫ N balk[balca] ME
balk ᛫ a hindrance ᛫ a check ᛫ a failure ᛬ to pass over ᛫ omit ᛫ to suddenly refuse ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
Balkhash Mere ᛫ Lake Balkhash ᛫ PN Balkhash+mere NEᚠO+NE
ballock ᛫ a testicle ᛫ N ~ NE or: bollock
ballocks ᛫ testicles ᛫ nonsense ᛫ N ~ NE or: bollocks
Balt ᛫ a speaker of a Baltic language ᛫ a Lithuanian ᛫ a Latvian ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
Baltland ᛫ the Baltic states ᛫ the Baltic land region ᛫ PN Balt+land NEᚠO+NE
ban ᛫ a prohibition ᛬ to prohibit ᛫ to disallow ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
bane ᛫ death ᛫ destruction ᛫ poison ᛫ a cause of misery ᛫ a murderer ᛫ a killer ᛫ a slayer ᛫ N ~[bana] NE
baneful ᛫ harmful ᛫ destructive ᛫ deadly ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
banewort ᛫ an Atropa belladonna plant ( deadly nightshade ) ᛫ N ~ NE
Bangladesh ᛫ Bangladesh ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO or: Bengalrich
bank ᛫ an edge of a river lake or watercourse ᛫ an embankment ᛫ N ~ NE
Barbados ᛫ Barbados ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
bare ᛫ unclothed ᛫ devoid of ᛫ basic and simple ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
barm ᛫ a bosom ᛫ a lap ᛫ one's possession ᛫ N barm ME
barm ᛫ beer froth ᛫ yeast ᛫ leaven ᛫ beer head ( the froth from pouring beer ) ᛫ N barm&berm[beorma] NE&ME
barmcloth ᛫ an apron ᛫ N ~ NE
barn ᛫ a child ᛫ a kid ᛫ N barn[bearn] ME "bairn" found in Scots
barneken ᛫ pregnant ᛫ ADJ bearnēacen OE
barnteam ᛫ offspring ᛫ lineage ᛫ N barntem ME
barrow ᛫ a mountain ᛫ a hill ᛫ a mound ᛫ N ~[beorg] NE
barrow ᛫ to protect ᛫ to defend ᛫ to preserve ᛫ to rescue ᛫ to save ᛫ to attain salvation ᛫ V berwen[bergan/beorgan] ME
barton ᛫ a farmyard ᛫ N ~ NE equal to: barley town?
base ᛫ crimson ᛫ scarlet ᛫ a monarchist ᛬ of crimson hue ᛫ of scarlet hue ᛫ monarchistic ᚹ ᛫ N᛬ADJ basu/baso OE
basestone ᛫ topaz ᛫ N baswa stān OE
Baskon ᛫ a Basque person ᛫ PN Baskọ̄n MEᚠI Basque is a reborrowing?
bass ᛫ a perch fish ᛫ N ~[bas][bærs] NE TS: bars
bast ᛫ phloem ᛫ bast fiber ᛫ fiber ᛫ fibre ᛫ N ~ NE
bat ᛫ a mace ᛫ a club ᛫ a cudgel ᛫ a bludgeon ᛫ N bat&bat[batt] NE&ME
bat ᛫ to get better ᛫ to recover ᛫ V batian OE should be: bate?
batch ᛫ a group of like things ( especially baked goods ) ᛬ to group like things ᛫ to sort ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
battle ᛫ fertile ᛫ fruitful ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
baxter ᛫ a baker ᛫ N baxter[bæcestre] ME
Bayer ᛫ a Bavarian ᛫ PN Bægerum OE
Bayerland ᛫ Bavaria ᛫ PN Bægerum+land OE+NE
be ᛫ to exist ᛫ V ~ NE
beacon ᛫ a signal ᛫ an indication ᛬ to signal ᛫ to indicate ᛫ N᛬V beacon&bēacnian NE&OE
beaconer ᛫ a signaller ᛫ an indicator ᛫ N ~ NE
bead ᛫ a prayer ᛫ a request ᛫ N ~[gebed] NE
beadle ᛫ prayerful ᛫ suppliant ᛫ ADJ bēdul OE
beam ᛫ a long straight piece of timber ᛫ a tree ᛫ a ray ( of light etc ) ᛫ N beam&bēm&bēam NE&ME&OE
beamish ᛫ beaming with happy optimism ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
bearcat ᛫ a binturong ᛫ N ~ NE
bearen ᛫ a she-bear ᛫ N biren OE
bearer ᛫ a carrier ᛫ a bearer ᛫ a porter ᛫ N berend OE
bearing ᛫ relevance ᛫ posture ᛫ demeanour ᛫ N ~{gebǣru} NE
bearings ᛫ a direction or a relative position ᛫ N ~ NE
bearly ᛫ ursine ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
beat ᛫ rhythm ᛫ a unit of rhythm ᛫ N ~ NE
beat ᛫ to curb ᛫ to rein in ᛫ to restrain ᛫ to keep in check ᛫ V bǣtan OE
bebathe ᛫ to suffuse ᛫ V ~ NE
bebid ᛫ to command ᛫ V bebēodan OE
becall ᛫ to accuse ᛫ V becall&bicallen NE&ME
bechar ᛫ to murmur at ᛫ to complain of ᛫ V beceorian OE
beck ᛫ a commanding or summoning motion ᛫ N ~ NE
beckon ᛫ to invite ᛫ to invite over ᛫ to summon ᛫ to gesture someone for their presence ᛫ V ~ NE
becleep ᛫ to accuse ᛫ to charge against ᛫ to plead or appeal in court ᛫ to apply a term to ᛫ V beclepen ME
beclip ᛫ to surround ᛫ to encircle ᛫ to embrace ᛫ to clasp ᛫ to enclose ᛫ to contain ᛫ to envelope ᛫ V biclippen ME
becloud ⟨ beclude ⟩ ᛫ to make obscure or muddled ᛫ V ~ NE
becoming ᛫ looking good on someone ᛫ decorous ᛫ appropriate ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
bedder ᛫ a bed fellow ᛫ N gebedda OE
bedeal ᛫ to remove from ᛫ to release from ᛫ to deprive of ᛫ V bedǣlan OE
bedesman ᛫ one who prays for another ᛫ a petitioner ᛫ N ~ NE
bedfellow ᛫ a consort ᛫ N ~ NEᚠ(E+N)
bedight ᛫ to equip ᛫ V ~ NE
bedip ᛫ to submerge ᛫ V bedipan OE
bedoven ᛫ drenched ᛫ submerged ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
bee ᛫ an organized contest ᛫ a convention ᛫ N ~ NE
bee ᛫ a bracelet ᛫ a torque ᛫ an arm ring ᛫ an armlet ᛫ a finger ring ᛫ a collar ᛫ a necklace ᛫ a nose ring ᛫ N bee&bei[beah] NE&ME
beebread ᛫ pollen ᛫ ambrosia ᛫ N ~ NE
beed ᛫ a table ᛫ N bēode[bēod] ME
beedland ᛫ a tableland ᛫ a plateau ᛫ N bēode ME+NE tableland ᛣ
beehouse ⟨ beehuse ⟩ ᛫ an apiary ᛫ N ~ NE
beek ᛫ to charter ᛫ to grant by book or by charter ᛫ V gebēcan OE
beekeeper ᛫ an apiarist ᛫ N ~ NE
beely ᛫ apian ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
beem ᛫ a trumpet ᛬ to sound with a trumpet ᛫ N᛬V bēme ME
beerlore ᛫ brewology ᛫ N beerlore NE
beership ᛫ a banquet with beer ᛫ convivium ᛫ N gebēorscipe OE
beet ᛫ a boast threat or pledge to do a glorious deed ᛫ N beot[bēot] ME
beet ᛫ to repair ᛫ to mend ᛫ to revive ᛫ to restore ᛫ to fix ᛫ to correct ᛫ to amend ᛫ V beet&bēten[bētan] NE&ME kin: boot
befall ᛫ to happen ᛫ to happen to someone ( often something bad ) ᛫ V ~ NE PTCP: befallen
befalling ᛫ a happening ᛫ an occurrence ᛫ an event ᛫ an instance of something ᛫ N befalling&bifallinge NE&ME
befasten ᛫ to fasten ᛫ to entrust ᛫ V befæstan OE
befile ᛫ to defile ᛫ to vandalize ᛫ to deflower ᛫ V ~[befȳlan] NE kin: befoul
befind ᛫ to discover ᛫ to invent ᛫ to institute ᛫ to found ᛫ V bifinden ME PST: befound
befoe ᛫ to become a foe of ᛫ to make a foe of someone ᛫ V ~ NE
befolk ᛫ to populate ᛫ V be+folk NE+NE bevolken ᛣ
beforehand ᛫ in advance ᛫ ADV ~ NE
befoul ⟨ befule ⟩ ᛫ to make foul or dirty ᛫ to pollute ᛫ V ~ NE kin: befile
begang ᛫ a course ᛫ a passage ᛬ to commit ᛫ to practise a behaviour ᛫ N᛬V begang&begangan OE
beget ᛫ to produce ᛫ to create ᛫ to cause ᛫ to sire ᛫ to generate ᛫ to engender ᛫ V ~ NE PTCP: begotten
begetter ᛫ a procreator ᛫ N ~ NE
beghast ᛫ to inspire ᛫ to amaze ᛫ to shock ᛫ to awe ᛫ V ~ NE
begod ᛫ to deify ᛫ V ~ NE
begone ᛫ avaunt! ᛫ INT ~ NE
begreed ᛫ to blame ᛫ to charge ( with a crime ) ᛫ to accuse ( of a crime ) ᛫ V begrēden[grǣdan] ME
begrip ᛫ an idea ᛫ a notion ᛫ a concept ᛫ N begrip NL
begripe ᛫ to grasp ᛫ to grip ᛫ to complain at to rebuke to reprehend ᛫ V bigrīpen ME
begriprown ⟨ begriprune ⟩ ᛫ a logographic rune ᛫ N be+grip+rown NE+NE+NE Begriffsrune ᛣ
behalf ᛫ the interests of a person group or principle ᛫ a representative of ᛫ one's stead ᛫ N ~ NE
behaving ᛫ behavior ᛫ behaviour ᛫ N ~ NE
behead ᛫ to decapitate ( especially as a form of execution ) ᛫ V ~ NE
beheart ᛫ to enamour ᛫ ravish ᛫ V ~ NE
Beheem ᛫ a Bohemian ᛫ PN behēmas{bēme} OE
Beheemland ᛫ Bohemia ᛫ PN behēmas+land OE+NE
behest ᛫ an order ᛫ a command ᛫ N ~ NE
beheve ᛫ necessary ᛫ fitting ᛫ beneficial ᛫ ADJ bihēve ME
behight ᛫ to vow ᛫ to promise ᛫ V behight&beheten NE&ME
behindhand ᛫ delayed ᛫ behind schedule ᛫ unaware of recent events ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
behirn ᛫ to put in a corner ᛫ to store away ᛫ V bihirnen ME
behither ᛫ on this side of ᛫ PREP ~ NE
behold ᛫ to see ( something ) ᛫ to observe ᛫ V ~ NE
beholden ᛫ owing obedience or a favour to something or someone ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
beholder ᛫ an observer ᛫ N ~ NE
behoof ᛫ advantage ᛫ benefit ᛫ N ~ NE
behove ᛫ to benefit ᛏ ᛫ to suit ᛏ ᛫ to be necessary for ᛏ ᛫ to be proper for ᛏ ᛫ V ~ NE
behoveful ᛫ expedient ᛫ beneficial ᛫ advantageous ᛫ profitable ᛫ suitable ᛫ proper ᛫ requisite ᛫ necessary ᛫ ADJ behoveful&bihọ̄veful NE&ME
behovely ᛫ expedient ᛫ beneficial ᛫ advantageous ᛫ profitable ᛫ suitable ᛫ proper ᛫ requisite ᛫ necessary ᛬ advantageously ᛫ profitably ᛫ ADJ᛬ADV ~ NE
being ᛫ existence ᛫ the nature of a being ᛫ an existing thing ᛫ N ~ NE
beingless ᛫ non-existent ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
belap ᛫ to surround ᛫ to envelop ᛫ V ~ NE
belast ᛫ to burden ᛫ to make bound ᛫ V ~ NE
belatch ᛫ to catch ( like in a trap ) ᛫ V belacchen ME
belate ᛫ to retard ᛫ to slow ᛫ to slow down ᛫ V ~ NE
belated ᛫ late ᛫ overdue ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
belay ᛫ to stop ᛫ to cancel (nautical) ᛫ V ~ NE
belew ᛫ to betray ᛫ V belǣwan OE kin: 𐌻𐌴𐍅𐌾𐌰𐌽
Belgie ᛫ Belgium ᛫ PN België NL or: Flanders and Wallony
belide ᛫ to cover ᛫ V behlīdan OE kin: lid?
belie ᛫ to misrepresent ᛫ to give a false impression of ᛫ V ~ NE
belight ᛫ to illuminate ᛫ V ~ NE
belirt ᛫ to deceive ᛫ to beguile ᛫ to delude ᛫ to defraud ᛫ to cozen ᛫ V bilirten ME
belittle ᛫ to denigrate ᛫ to disparage ᛫ V ~ NE
belive ᛫ to remain ᛫ to stay ᛫ to persist ᛫ V ~[beliven][belīfan] NE or: blive
Belize ⟨ Beleeze ⟩ ᛫ Belize ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
bell ᛫ a bellow ᛬ to bellow ( generally used for stag during rutting time ) ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
bellhouse ⟨ bellhuse ⟩ ᛫ a belfry ᛫ N ~ NE
bellyache ᛫ to grumble ᛫ V ~ NE
beload ᛫ to exculpate ᛫ to absolve ᛫ to acquit ᛫ to pardon ᛫ V belādian OE
bemean ᛫ to demean ᛫ to debase ᛫ to degrade ᛫ V ~ NE
bemete ᛫ to compare ᛫ V bemetan OE
bemiddle ᛫ to mediate ᛫ V be+middle NE+NE bemiddelje ᛣ
bemiddling ᛫ mediation ᛫ N be+middle+ing NE+NE+NE bemiddelje ᛣ
bemoan ᛫ to complain ᛫ to complain about ᛫ V ~ NE
ben ᛫ a wound ᛫ N benn OE kin: bane
benchmark ᛫ a standard ( something others are compared to ) ᛫ N ~ NE
bendsome ᛫ flexible ᛫ pliable ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
bene ᛫ a request to a god ᛫ an entreaty to a god ᛫ a prayer ᛫ N bene&bēne[bēn/bōn] NE
benetide ᛫ prayer time ᛫ N bēntīd OE
benighted ᛫ overtaken by darkness ᛫ in a state of pitiful or contemptible intellectual or moral ignorance ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
benim ᛫ to deprive ᛫ V binimen[beniman] ME PST: benome
Benin ⟨ Beneen ⟩ ᛫ Benin ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
benorth ᛫ north of ᛫ PREP ~ NE
benote ᛫ to use ᛫ to consume ᛫ V benōten[benotian] ME
bent ᛫ an inclination ᛬ sharply curved ᛫ dishonest ᛫ corrupt ᛫ N᛬ADJ ~ NE
Benthamish ᛫ of or pertaining to the utilitarianist doctrines of Jeremy Bentham ᛫ PADJ Bentham+ish NE+NE Benthamian ᛣ
Bentleyish ᛫ of or relating to American political scientist and philosopher Arthur Fisher Bentley ᛫ PADJ Bentley+ish NE+NE Bentleyan ᛣ
bentmoon ᛫ a crescent moon ᛫ N bente mone ME
benumb ᛫ to deprive of physical or emotional feeling ᛫ V benumb NE
bequeath ⟨ becweath ⟩ ᛫ to give ( especially through a will ) ᛫ V becweþan OE
bequest ⟨ becwest ⟩ ᛫ the act of giving through inheritance ᛫ a legacy ᛫ an inheritance ᛫ N ~ NE
bere ᛫ -bearing ᛫ SUFFIX bere[bǣre] ME some Anglishmen use this suffix to mean " -able "
bere ᛫ barley ᛫ N bēre[bere] ME barley comes from "bere-ly"
bereave ᛫ to deprive ᛫ to strip power from ᛫ V ~ NE
bereft ᛫ deprived ᛫ lacking ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
beright ᛫ to entitle ᛫ V be+right NE+NE
berise ᛫ to befit ᛫ V birīsen ME
bern ᛫ a man ᛫ a soldier ᛫ N bern[beorn] ME
bernet ᛫ arson ᛫ N bernet[bærnet] OE
Bernick ᛫ the Bernicians ᛫ PN Beornice OEᚠC?
Bernickrich ᛫ the Kingdom of Bernicia ᛫ PN Beornice Rīce OEᚠC?+OEᚠC
berth ᛫ a position ( as in a rank job or role in a group especially in regards to ships ) ᛫ N ~ NE
beruse ᛫ to repent ᛫ to feel remorse ᛫ V bireusen [behrēowsian] ME
berusing ᛫ repentance ᛫ penitence ᛫ N behrēowsung OE
berusingtide ᛫ a season for penitence ᛫ N behrēowsungtīd OE
besee ᛫ to attend to ᛫ to look after ᛫ to provide ᛫ to furnish ᛫ V besee&bisēn NE&ME
beseech ᛫ to implore ᛫ to plead ᛫ V ~ NE PST/PTCP= besought
beseem ᛫ to be suitable for ᛫ V ~ NE
beset ᛫ to surround ᛫ to hem in ᛫ to trouble persistently ᛫ to be covered or studded with ᛫ V ~ NE
beshine ᛫ to illuminate ᛫ to enlighten ᛫ to dispel ignorance ᛫ V bishīnen ME
beshrew ᛫ to curse ( to invoke evil upon ) ᛫ V ~ NE
besing ᛫ to sing about ᛫ to celebrate in song ᛫ to enchant ᛫ V besing&besingan NE&OE
besit ᛫ to sit around something ᛫ to besiege ᛫ V ~ NE PST: besat
besmite ᛫ to strike forcefully ᛫ to hit forcefully ᛫ to infatuate ᛫ to enamour ᛫ to charm ᛫ to fascinate ᛫ V ~ NE
besmitten ᛫ afflicted or troubled by something ᛫ infatuated ᛫ enamoured ᛫ charmed ᛫ fascinated ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
besouth ⟨ besuthe ⟩ ᛫ south of ᛫ PREP ~ NE
bespeak ᛫ to order or reserve something in advance ᛫ to customize ᚹ ᛫ V bespeak&besprecan NE&OE
bespoke ᛫ custom ( as in customized ) ᛫ tailor-made ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
bestead ᛫ situated ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
bestir ᛫ to put into brisk or vigorous action ᛫ to move with life and vigour ᛫ to make active ᛫ to rouse oneself ᛫ V ~ NE
bestow ᛫ to endow ᛫ V ~ NE
bestrew ᛫ to cover with scattered objects ᛫ V ~ NE
bestride ᛫ to straddle ᛫ to dominate ᛫ V ~ NE
beswathe ᛫ to cover ( literally or figuratively ) ᛫ V ~ NE
beswink ᛫ to produce or acquire through labour ᛫ V beswinken ME
betake ᛫ to grant ᛫ to give a daughter in marriage ᛫ to entrust ᛫ to put in charge ᛫ V ~[bitāken] MEᚠ(E+N)
beteach ᛫ to hand over ᛫ to commit ( like to an asylum ) ᛫ to deliver ᛫ to entrust ᛫ V bitēchen&betǣcan ME&OE
betee ᛫ to devote ᛫ to spend ᛫ V bitēn ME
beteem ᛫ to allow ᛫ to permit ᛫ to vouchsafe ᛫ V ~ NE
beteld ᛫ to cover ᛫ to surround ᛫ V biteldan OE
bethatch ᛫ to bedeck ᛫ V ~ NE
bethew ᛫ to enthral ᛫ to enthrall ᛫ to enslave ᛫ to inslave ᛫ V be+thew NE+NE
bethink ᛫ to remember ᛫ to recall ᛫ to remind oneself ᛫ V ~ NE
bethrall ᛫ to enthral ᛫ to enthrall ᛫ V ~ NEᚠ(E+N)
bethring ᛫ to throng around ᛫ to press around ᛫ V beþringan OE PTCP: bethrung
bethwack ᛫ to thwack thoroughly ᛫ V ~ NE
betide ᛫ to happen ᛫ to happen to someone ᛫ V ~ NE
betightle ᛫ to accuse ᛫ to charge with a crime ᛫ V betīhtlian OE
betimes ᛫ on time ᛫ promptly ᛫ early ᛫ in due time ᛫ ADV ~ NE
betly ᛫ excellent ᛫ ADJ betlīc OE
betoken ᛫ to indicate ᛫ signify ᛫ to portend ᛫ V ~ NE
betroth ᛫ to engage someone to be married ᛫ V ~ NE
betrothed ᛫ a fiancé ᛫ N ~ NE
better ᛫ a superior ᛬ to improve ᛫ to make better ᛫ to overcome ᛫ to defeat ᛬ superior ᛫ N᛬V᛬ADJ ~ NE
betterhood ᛫ superiority ᛫ N ~ NE
between ᛫ inter- ᛫ PREFIX betweon OE
betwixt ᛫ between ᛫ ADV&PREP ~[betwēox] NE TS betwix
betwixtblin ᛫ an intermission ᛫ N betweohblinness OE TS: betwixblin
betwixtfack ᛫ an interval ᛫ N betweohsfæc OE TS: betwixfack
betwixtfayle ᛫ an infix ᛫ N betwixt+feien+els NE+ME+ME TS: betwixfayle
betwixtsend ᛫ to intermit ᛫ V betwyxsendan OE TS: betwixsend
betwixtset ᛫ interposed ᛫ ADJ betwyhgeset OE TS: betwixset
betwixtwarp ᛫ an interjection ( grammar term ) ᛬ to interject ᛫ N᛬V betwyxaworpennyss OE TS: betwixwarp
bever ᛫ to tremble ᛫ to shake ᛫ to quiver ᛫ to shiver ᛫ V ~ NE
bewean ᛫ to entertain ᛫ V bewenian OE
beweep ᛫ to lament ᛫ V ~ NE
bewest ᛫ west of ᛫ PREP ~ NE
bewilder ᛫ to confuse ᛫ to befuddle ᛫ to disorientate ᛫ V ~ NE
bewitch ᛫ to cast a spell on ᛫ to enchant and delight ᛫ V ~ NE
bewray ᛫ to disclose reveal or divulge a secret ᛫ to expose or rat out someone ᛫ to betray ᛫ V ~ NE
bewrayer ᛫ a betrayer ᛫ a divulger ᛫ N ~ NE
bewrite ᛫ to write about ᛫ V ~ NE
beyet ᛫ to beget ᛫ V beyeten ME PTCP: beyetten
Bhutan ⟨ Bootan ⟩ ᛫ Bhutan ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
bid ᛫ to command ᛫ to order ᛫ V ~[biddan&bēodan] NE PTCP: bidden
bid ᛫ to pray ᛫ to request ᚾ ᛫ V bidden[biddan] ME PTCP: bidden | kin: bead
bid ᛫ to offer ᛫ to bid on an auction ᛫ V ~[biddan&bēodan] NE PST: bid
biddendly mete ᛫ the imperative mood ᛫ N bebēodendlīc gemet OE
bidding ᛫ an order ᛫ a command ᛫ an auction ᛫ N ~ NE TS: beeding
biddle ᛫ an announcer ᛫ a warrant officer ᛫ a constable ᛫ a bailiff ᛫ a beadle ᛫ N bidel[bydel] ME kin: beadle (from Frankish?)
bide ᛫ to wait ᛫ to stay ᛫ to remain ᛫ V ~ NE
bidhouse ⟨ bidhuse ⟩ ᛫ a chapel ᛫ an oratory ᛫ N bédhús OE
bidword ᛫ a motto ᛫ N bid+word NE+NE biedwurd ᛣ
bield ⟨ beeld ⟩ ᛫ shelter ᛫ protection ᛫ courage ᛫ confidence ᛬ to encourage ᛫ to embolden ᛫ N᛬V bield&beald&beldan NE&OE&OE
bieldy ⟨ beeldy ⟩ ᛫ sheltering ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
Big Dipper ᛫ a bright circumpolar asterism of the northern sky which is part of Ursa Major ᛫ PN ~ NE
biggen ᛫ to enlarge ᛫ V ~ NE
bight ᛫ a curve ᛫ a bend ᛫ a corner ᛫ a coast bend which forms an open bay ᛫ N bight&byht NE&OE
bigwheel ᛫ a ferris wheel ᛫ N big wheel NE
bild ᛫ an image ᛫ a picture ᛫ N byld WF
bildwriting ᛫ hieroglyphics ᛫ N byld+writ WF+NE by analogy to wedgewriting
bill ᛫ a hooked polearm ᛫ a halberd ᛫ a gisarme ᛫ a falcastrum ᛫ a mattock ᛫ a pickaxe ᛫ a pickax ᛫ N bill&bil&bil NE&ME&OE
billwhite ᛫ simple ᛫ innocent ᛫ ADJ bilewhīt ME
billwhitely ᛫ simply ᛫ sincerely ᛫ honestly ᛫ ADV bilehwītlīce OE
bin ᛫ during ᛫ inside ᚾ ᛫ within ᚾ ᛫ PREP binne ME
bind ᛫ a restraint ᛫ a predicament ᛬ to restrain ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
binder ᛫ a determiner ( grammar term ) ᛫ N binder NE determiner ᛣ
bindlestiff ᛫ a hobo ᛫ a tramp ᛫ N ~ NE
bindword ᛫ a compound word ᛫ N bind+word NE+NE
birdling ᛫ a tortoise ᛫ N byrdling OE NEEDS ATTESTATIONS
birdlore ᛫ ornithology ᛫ N ~ NE
birdly ᛫ avian ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
bire ᛫ an opportunity ᛫ N bȳre OE
birl ᛫ to spin ᛫ to whirl ᛫ to twirl ᛫ V ~ NE coined in the 18th century
birl ᛫ to carouse ᛫ V ~[birlen][byrlian] NE
birler ᛫ a butler ᛫ a cupbearer ᛫ N birler ME
birr ᛫ energy ᛫ an impetus ᛫ a force ᛫ a strong wind ᛫ N birr&bir NEᚠN&MEᚠN
birthfather ᛫ one's biological father ᛫ N birth father NE
birthleech ᛫ an obstetrician ᛫ N birth+leech NE+NE
birthmother ᛫ one's biological mother ᛫ N birth mother NE
bisen ᛫ a model ᛫ an example to follow ᛬ to symbolize ᛫ to betoken ᛫ N᛬V bīsne[bȳsen]&bīsnen ME&ME
bishopric ᛫ a diocese ᛫ N ~ NEᚠ(H+C)
bishopswort ᛫ a Stachys officinalis plant ( wood betony ) ᛫ N bishop's wort NEᚠ(H+E)
bist ᛫ are ( only for second person singular ) ᛫ V bist ME
bitesome ᛫ disappointing ᛫ unsatisfactory ᛫ ADJ bitesome NE
bitter ᛫ resentful ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
bitterness ᛫ resentment ᛫ N ~ NE
bittock ᛫ a small bit ᛫ N ~ NE
bive ᛫ to tremble ᛫ V bivien ME rhyme: give
black ᛫ an anarchist ᚹ ᛬ anarchistic ᚹ ᛫ N᛬ADJ ~ NE
black nightshade ᛫ a Solanum nigrum plant ᛫ a Solanum americanum plant ᛫ a Solanum ptychanthum plant ᛫ N ~ NE
Black Sheep Turkmen ᛫ Kara Koyunlu ᛫ Qara Qoyunlu ᛫ PN Black Sheep Turkomans NE
blackthorn ᛫ a Prunus spinosa plant ᛫ N ~ NE also called "sloe"
bladderwort ᛫ an Utricularia plant ᛫ N ~ NE
blain ᛫ an inflamed swelling or sore on the skin ᛫ N ~ NE found in "chilblains"
blank ᛫ white ᛫ blank ᛫ empty ᛫ not filled in yet ᛫ ADJ blanc&blank OE&IᚠFK
blast ᛫ an explosion ᛬ to explode ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
blastle ᛫ explosive material ᛫ a bomb ᛫ N blast+le NE+ME
blatant ᛫ obvious ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
blate ᛫ bashful ᛫ shy ᛫ sheepish ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
blaze ᛫ a great fire ᛫ a torch ᛫ a lamp ᛫ a candle ᛬ to burn fiercely ᛫ N᛬V blaze&blæse NE&OE
blazer ᛫ a burner ᛫ incendiary ᛫ N blæsere OE
bleach ᛫ to make lighter in hue ᛬ pale ᛫ bleak ᛫ V᛬ADJ ~ NE kin: bleak
blead ᛫ fruit ᛫ vegetables ᛫ produce ᛫ vegetation ᛫ crops ᛫ N blead&blēd NE&ME
bleak ᛫ pale ᛫ wan ᛫ pallid ᛫ desolate ᛫ miserable ᛫ depressing ᛫ uncheery ᛫ ADJ ~[bleik] NEᚠN kin: bleach
bleat ᛫ a cry from a sheep goat or calf ᛫ V ~ NE
blee ᛫ colouration ᛫ colour ᛫ skin colour ᛫ complexion ᛫ N ~ NE
bleefaw ᛫ versicolour ᛫ particoloured ᛫ multicoloured ᛫ polychromatic ᛫ ADJ blēofāg OE
bleek ᛫ ink ᛫ tar ᛫ N blēk[blæc] ME
bleekern ᛫ an inkstand ᛫ N blæcern OE
bleekfish ᛫ a cephalopod ᛫ N blēk+fish ME+NE inkfish (NEᛣ)
bleekhorn ᛫ an inkhorn ᛫ N blæchorn OE
bleeth ᛫ timid ᛫ apprehensive ᛫ ADJ blēþ[blēaþ] ME
blench ᛫ a trick ᛫ a ruse ᛫ cheating ᛬ to trick ᛫ to cheat ᛫ to elude ᛫ N᛬V blench&blenchen&blencan ME&ME&OE
blend ᛫ a mix ᛬ to mix ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
bless ᛫ to sanctify ᛫ to give divine aid ᛫ V ~ NE
blessing ᛫ divine aid ᛫ a beneficial thing ᛫ one's sanction ᛫ N ~ NE
blike ᛫ to shine ᛫ to gleam ᛫ to twinkle ᛫ to glitter ᛫ to dazzle ᛫ to sparkle ᛫ V blīken&blīcan/blician ME&OE
bliket ᛫ a coruscation ᛫ a sparkle ᛫ a twinkle ᛫ N blīcettung OE
blin ᛫ cessation ᛬ to cease ᛫ to desist ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
bliss ᛫ great happiness ᛫ great joy ᛫ N ~ NE
blissen ᛫ to make blissful or happy ᛫ fill with or impart bliss to ᛫ V ~ NE
blissful ᛫ extremely happy ᛫ extremely joyful ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
blissome ᛫ joyous ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
blithe ⟨ blithe ⟩ ᛫ joyful ᛫ cheerful ᛫ carefree ᛫ concernless ᛫ indifferent ᛫ heedless ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
blithely ᛫ carelessly ᛫ indifferently ᛫ gladly ᛫ joyfully ᛫ ADV ~ NE
blithen ᛫ to make or become blithe ᛫ V ~ NE
blitheness ᛫ joy ᛫ N ~ NE
blither ᛫ to talk foolishly ᛫ blather ᛫ V ~ NE
blithering ᛫ foolish talk ᛬ talking incoherently ᛫ jabbering ᛫ N᛬ADJ ~ NE
blithesome ⟨ blithesome ⟩ ᛫ having a cheerful or careless disposition ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
bloak ᛫ pale ᛫ wan ᛫ pallid ᛫ ADJ blōk[blāc] ME kin: bleak
bloakern ᛫ a light place ᛫ a lamp ᛫ a lantern ᛫ N blācern&blācern ME&OE
bloat ᛫ livid ᛫ pale ᛫ ghastly ᛫ ADJ blāt OE
bloodbath ᛫ a massacre ᛫ N ~ NE
bloodleech ᛫ a haematologist ᛫ a hematologist ᛫ N blood+leech NE+NE
bloodsax ᛫ a fleam ( a tool used for bloodletting and such ) ᛫ N blōdseax OE
bloodtale ᛫ a tale involving bloodshed and violence ( specifically a cheaply published story of a sensational kind ) ᛫ N ~ NE
bloodwite ᛫ a penalty for committing bloodshed ᛫ N ~ NE
bloom ᛫ a lump of metal ᛫ metal ᚹ ᛫ N blōme ME
bloom ᛫ a flower ᛬ to produce flowers ᛫ to flourish ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
bloomcole ᛫ cauliflower ᛫ N bloom+cole NE+NE Blumenkohl ᛣ
bloomer ᛫ a serious or stupid mistake ᛫ a blunder ᛫ N ~ NE
blooming ᛫ ( used to express annoyance or for emphasis ) ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
bloop ᛫ a low-pitched beeping sound ᛬ to make a bloop sound ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
blooper ᛫ an embarrassing public blunder ᛫ N ~ NE
bloot ᛫ sacrifice ᛬ to sacrifice ᛫ N᛬V blōt&blōtan OE
Blootmonth ᛫ November ᛫ PN Blotmonaþ OE
blossom ᛫ a flower or a mass of flowers ᛫ the state or period of flowering ᛬ to flower ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
blossomy ᛫ flowery ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
blow ᛫ a strike ᛫ a damaging occurrence ᛫ N ~[blēwe] NE
blow ᛫ cocaine ᛬ to make air current ᛫ to fellate ᛫ N᛬V ~[blāwan] NE
blow ᛫ the state or period of flowering ᛬ to produce flowers ᛫ N᛬V ~[blōwan] NE
blow up ᛫ to explode ᛫ to make explode ᛫ V ~ NE
blower ᛫ a telephone ᛫ a phone ᛫ N ~ NE
blowth ᛫ floruit ᛫ florescence ᛫ N ~ NE
blushworthy ᛫ embarrassing ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
bo ᛫ both ᛫ PRON ME "both" might be from Norse "báðir"
board ᛫ a plank ᛫ a sign board ᛫ a plate ᛫ a table ᛫ a desk ᛫ a group of officials ᛫ a bureau ᛫ a department ᛫ N ~ NE meaning inspired partly by Dutch "bord"
boatswain ᛫ a Petty Officer charged with hull maintenance on a ship ᛫ N ~ NE or: bosun
boatward ᛫ a ship's commander ᛫ N bātweard OE
bobcat ᛫ a Lynx rufus animal ᛫ a Lynx animal ᚹ ᛫ N ~ NEᚠ(C+E)
bode ᛫ to declare ᛫ to announce ᛫ to proclaim ᛫ to portend ᛫ to preach ᛫ V bode&bōden&bodian NE&ME&OE
bodelock ᛫ a decree ᛫ an ordinance ᛫ N bodlac ME
boder ᛫ a messenger ᛫ ambassador ᛫ herald ᛫ apostle ᛫ angel ᛫ foreboder ᛫ N boda OE
bodeword ᛫ a commandment ( usually in a religious sense ) ᛫ N bodeword ME
bodily ᛫ corporal ᛫ material ᛫ corporeal ᛬ forcefully ᛫ in one mass ᛫ as a whole ᛫ ADJ᛬ADV ~ NE
bog ᛫ a stretch of unforested wetland with acidic peaty soil ᛫ N ~ NEᚠC
bold ᛫ a house ᛫ a castle ᛫ a mansion ᛫ an abode ᛫ N bōld ME
bolden ᛫ to embolden ᛫ to take courage ᛫ V ~ NE
Bolivia ᛫ Bolivia ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO or: Bolivy
bolster ᛫ a cushion ᛫ a pillow ᛬ to reinforce ᛫ to boost ᛫ N᛬V bolster&bolster NE&OE
bond ᛫ a connection ᛫ a tie ᛫ N ~ NE
bonddom ᛫ servitude ᛫ bondage ᛫ N bondedom ME
bondfolk ᛫ people in a state of bondage ᛫ serfs ᛫ N ~ NE
bondland ᛫ land held by tenure of bond service or rent ᛫ N bondelond ME
boneframe ᛫ a skeleton ᛫ N bone+frame NE+NE
bonehead ᛫ a stupid person ᛫ N ~ NE
bonehouse ⟨ bonehuse ⟩ ᛫ a body ( poetic ) ᛫ N banhus OE
boneleech ᛫ an orthopaedist ᛫ an orthopedist ᛫ N bone+leech NE+NE
bones ᛫ dice ᛫ N ~ NE
book ᛫ to charter ᛫ to get something reserved for you ᛫ V ~ NE
bookcraft ᛫ the art of literature ᛫ N ~ NE
booker ᛫ a writer a scribe an author ᛫ N bōcere OE
bookfell ᛫ a sheet of vellum parchment or paper ᛫ vellum ᛫ parchment ᛫ paper ᛫ N ~ NE
bookhoard ᛫ a library ( a collection of books ) ᛫ N ~ NE
bookhouse ⟨ bookhuse ⟩ ᛫ a library ( a building to house books ) ᛫ N ~ NE
bookkeeper ᛫ an accountant ᛫ N ~ NE
bookland ᛫ land held by charter or written title which is free from service and fines ᛫ N ~ NE
bookling ᛫ a booklet ᛫ N ~ NE
booklore ᛫ bibliology ᛫ N ~ NE
booklover ᛫ a bibliophile ᛫ N ~ NE
bookly ᛫ literary ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
bookman ᛫ a literary man ᛫ a scholar ᛫ N ~ NE
bookshop ᛫ a bookstore ᛫ N ~ NE
bookspeech ᛫ literary language ᛫ N ~ NE
bookstaff ᛫ a letter ( like A B or C ) ᛫ N ~ NE
bookwork ᛫ literary work ᛫ study ᛫ N bōcweorc OE
bookwright ᛫ an author of books ᛫ N ~ NE
boomer ᛫ a large male kangaroo ᛫ a kangaroo ᛫ N ~ NE
boon ᛫ a benefit ᛫ a favour ᛫ a request ᛫ a petition ᛫ N ~[bōn] NEᚠN
boor ᛫ a peasant ᛫ an uncultured person ᛫ N ~ NEᚠNL
boorish ᛫ rude ᛫ crude ᛫ ADJ ~ NEᚠNL
boose ᛫ a stall for an animal ( usually a cow ) ᛫ N ~ NE
boot ᛫ remedy ᛫ compensation ᛫ amends ᛫ redress ᛬ to avail ᛫ to profit ᛫ to benefit ᛫ to redress ᛫ N᛬V boot&bōt NE&OE found in: to boot
booten ᛫ to heal ᛫ to cure ᛫ to recover from illness ᛫ V botnen ME
bootet ᛫ to repair ᛫ V bōtettan OE
bootful ᛫ useful ᛫ ADJ bōteful ME
bootless ᛫ profitless ᛫ pointless ᛫ unavailing ᛫ ineffectual ᛫ useless ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
bootworthy ᛫ pardonable ᛫ expiable ᛫ able to get atoned for ᛫ ADJ bōtwyrþe OE
bore ᛫ to perforate ᛫ to pierce ᛫ V ~ NE
borough ᛫ a city ᛫ a fortified settlement ᛫ a city district ᛫ N ~[burg/burh/buruh] NE may be "-bury" as a suffix
borougher ᛫ a citizen ᛫ N ~{burgware} NE
boroughership ᛫ citizenship ᛫ N ~ NE
borougherwye ᛫ a civil war ᛫ N borough+er+wye NE+NE+ME boargeroarloch ᛣ, Bürgerkrieg ᛣ
boroughland ᛫ city land ᛫ N burhland OE
boroughlede ᛫ citizens ᛫ N burhleode OE
boroughman ᛫ a citizen ᛫ N burhman OE
boroughreeve ᛫ a mayor ᛫ N burhgerefa OE
boroughward ᛫ a city guard ᛫ N burhweard OE
boroughwit ᛫ a city counsellor ᛫ a city counselor ᛫ N burhwita OE
boroughy ᛫ urban ᛫ municipal ᛫ civil ( as in "having to do with cities" ) ᛫ ADJ borough+y NE+NE
borrow ᛫ a surety ᛫ a guarantor ᛫ a voucher ᛬ to borrow ᛫ to become one's surety or guarantor ᛫ N᛬V borrow[borwen]&borgh NE&ME
Bosnia and Herzegovina ᛫ Bosnia and Herzegovina ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠ(O+O) or: Bosny and Herzegovina
Bosnish ᛫ the Bosnian language ᛬ Bosnian ᛫ PN᛬PADJ Bosn+ish O+NE Bosnisch ᛣ
bosom ᛫ the front of the thorax ( the chest ) ᛫ a person's loving care and protection ᛫ N ~[bōsm] NE
botch ᛫ to misperform ᛫ V ~ NE
bothen ᛫ a Rosmarinus officinalis plant ( rosemary ) ᛫ N bothen ME
bothhanded ᛫ ambidextrous ᛬ ambidextrously ᛫ ADJ᛬ADV bothhanded NE
Botswana ⟨ Botswanna ⟩ ᛫ Botswana ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO or: Tswanaland
bottle ᛫ an abode ᛫ N botl OE
bough ᛫ a branch ᛫ N ~ NE rhyme: plough
bought ᛫ a bend or curve ᛫ N ~ NE
bouk ⟨ buke ⟩ ᛫ a bulging vessel such as a bottle jug pitcher or bulb ᛫ a belly ᛫ an abdomen ᛫ a torso ᛫ N bouk&būc ME&OE
bound ⟨ bund ⟩ ᛫ going or ready to go towards a specified place ᛫ destined or very likely to have a specified experience ᛫ ADJ ~[boun][N buinn] NEᚠN
bounden ⟨ bunden ⟩ ᛫ obligatory ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
bout ⟨ bute ⟩ ᛫ a period of intense activity which does not last long ᛫ an attack of illness or strong emotion ᛫ N ~ NE
bow ⟨ bue ⟩ ᛫ to dwell ᛫ to inhabit ᛫ to occupy ᛫ V būan/būgan OE kin: bold (dwelling)
bower ⟨ bure ⟩ ᛫ a bedroom ( especially a boudoir ) ᛫ a dwelling ᛫ a shady place ( like in a garden ) ᛫ N ~[būr] NE rhyme: tower
bower ⟨ bure ⟩ ᛫ a farmer ᛫ a boor ᛫ a pawn (chess piece) ᚹ ᛫ a jack (playing cards) ᚹ ᛫ N gebūr OE rhyme: tower
bower ⟨ bure ⟩ ᛫ a young hawk ᛫ N ~ NE literally: branch-er
bowerbird ⟨ burebird ⟩ ᛫ an Australasian ptilonorhynchidae bird ᛫ N bower bird NE
bowerland ⟨ bureland ⟩ ᛫ land owned by boors (such as farmers) ᛫ farmland ᛫ N būrlō̆nd ME
bowman ᛫ an archer ᛫ N ~ NE
bown ⟨ bune ⟩ ᛫ to get ready ᛫ to get prepared ᛫ to get going ᛫ V bounen MEᚠN
bowyer ᛫ a maker of bows ᛫ N ~ NE
Bragman ᛫ A Brahmin ᛫ N ~ MEᚠI
braid ᛫ a weave of strands ᛫ a sudden jerk ᛫ a moment ᛫ an instant ᛫ a second ᚹ ᛬ to intertwine ᛫ to move suddenly ᛫ to jerk ᛫ N᛬V braid&breid&breiden NE&ME&ME for "in a moment" say "at a braid", not "in a braid"
brainchild ᛫ a creation original idea or innovation ᛫ N ~ NE
brainleech ᛫ a neurologist ᛫ N brain+leech NE+NE
brainpan ᛫ a skull ᛫ a brain ᛫ N ~ NE
brainwash ᛫ to indoctrinate ( in the negative sense ) ᛫ V ~ NE 洗腦 ᛣ
brake ᛫ a thicket ᛫ N ~ NE
brakestreeling ᛫ bremsstrahlung ( an electromagnetic radiation produced by the deceleration of a charged particle ) ᛫ N brake+streel+ing NE+ME+NE Bremsstrahlung ᛣ
brambleberry ᛫ a blackberry ᛫ a berry from a bramble ᚹ ᛫ a raspberry ᚹ ᛫ N brǣmelberie OE
brand ᛫ a torch ᛫ a flame ᛫ a mark made with fire ᛫ a logo or reputation ᛫ a sword ᛫ N ~ NE supposedly means "sword" because swords shine kind of like fire
brassy ᛫ Kyphosus vaigiensis ᛬ resembling brass ᛫ impudent ᛫ N᛬ADJ ~ NE
brat ᛫ a cloak of coarse cloth ᛫ N brat[bratt] MEᚠOEᚠC
brazen ᛫ made of brass ᛫ audacious ᛫ barefaced ᛫ harsh and loud sounding ᛫ resolute ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
Brazil ᛫ Brazil ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
breach ᛫ a rupture ᛫ a fissure ᛫ N ~ NE
breadth ᛫ an extent ᛫ a range ᛫ a measure of how broad something is ᛫ N ~ NE
breadthwise ᛫ in terms of breadth ᛫ horizontal ᛬ in a horizontal manner ᛫ ADJ᛬ADV ~ NE
breakneck ᛫ dangerously or extremely fast ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
breaksome ᛫ fragile ᛫ brittle ᛫ frangible ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
breakth ᛫ brokenness ᛫ N brecþ OE
breakwater ᛫ a jetty ( as in a barrier which protects from waves ) ᛫ N ~ NE
breast ᛫ a thorax ᛫ a chest of a creature ᛫ N ~[brẹ̄st][brēost] NE
breastband ᛫ a brassiere ᛫ N brẹ̄st band/brestbande ME
breastbone ᛫ a sternum ᛫ N brẹ̄stbōn ME
breastgirdle ᛫ a brassiere ᛫ N brẹ̄st girdel ME
breathlessness ᛫ dyspnea ᛫ N ~ NE
bred ᛫ a surface ᛫ a table ᛫ a tablet ᛫ a board ᛫ a plank ᛫ a log ᛫ N bred[bred] ME
bredheel ᛫ a platform heel ᛫ N bred+heel OE+NE
bree ᛫ to fear ᛫ to frighten ᛫ to terrify ᛫ V breen[brēgan] ME kin: braid ?
breeches ᛫ pants ᛫ trousers ᛫ N ~ NE or: britches, breeks
breed ᛫ roasted meat ᛫ grilled meat ᛫ a roast ᛫ barbecue ᛬ to roast ᛫ to fry ᛫ to grill ᛫ to roast ᛫ to barbecue ᛫ N᛬V brēde&brēden ME&ME
breem ᛫ illustrious ᛫ splendid ᛫ vigorous ᛫ fierce ᛫ savage ᛫ ferocious ᛫ tempestuous ᛫ ADJ breem/breme/brim&brēme NE&ME
breem ᛫ to celebrate ᛫ V brēman OE
breet ᛫ to break ᛫ to bruise ᛫ to destroy ᛫ to degenerate ᛫ V brēotan OE
brewhouse ⟨ brewhuse ⟩ ᛫ a brewery ᛫ N brewhouse NE
brey ᛫ a ruler ᛫ N brego[bregu/brege] OE
brich ᛫ useful ᛫ advantageous ᛫ ADJ brīce&brȳce ME&OE
bridal ᛫ a nuptial ᛬ nuptial ᛫ N᛬ADJ ~[brȳdealo] NE the "-al" at the end isn't from Latin
bridelock ᛫ nuptials ᛫ N brūdlāc ME
bridewort ᛫ meadowsweet ( Filipendula ulmaria ) ᛫ Spiraea salicifolia ᛫ Spiraea alba ᛫ N ~ NE
bridgeask ᛫ a tuatara ᛫ N bridge+ask NE+NE Brückenechse ᛣ
bridle ᛫ the headgear used to control a horse ᛫ N ~ NE
brightness ᛫ luminance ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
brightom ᛫ glittering ᛫ scintillation ᛫ twinkling ᛫ a moment ᛫ an instant ᛫ a second ᚹ ᛫ N bearhtm{bearhtmhwīl} OE "moment" by association with the twinkling of an eye
brightomwhile ᛫ a moment ᛫ an instant ᛫ a second ᚹ ᛫ N bearhtmhwīl OE
brim ᛫ a sea ᛫ an ocean ᛫ water ᛫ a flood ᛫ an edge of water ᛫ N ~ NE
brimguest ⟨ brimgest ⟩ ᛫ a mariner or a sailor ( poetic ) ᛫ N brimgǽst OE
brimhengest ᛫ a ship ( poetic ) ᛫ N brimhengest OE
brimstone ᛫ sulpher/sulfur ᛫ N ~ NE TS: burnstone
brindled ᛫ tabby ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
brine ᛫ salt water ᛫ water saturated with salt ᛫ N ~ NE
bring about ⟨ abute ⟩ ᛫ to produce ᛫ to cause ᛫ V ~ NE
bring forth ᛫ to produce ᛫ to cause ᛫ V ~ NE
bring up ᛫ to mention ᛫ V ~ NE
brist ᛫ damage ᛫ N brist[byrst] ME
bristly oxtongue ⟨ oxtung ⟩ ᛫ a Helminthotheca echioides plant ᛫ a Picris echioides plant ᛫ N ~ NE
brit ᛫ to fragment ᛫ to divide ᛫ to bruise ᛫ to indent ᛫ to shatter ᛫ V ~[brittian/bryttian] NE kin: brittle; brytja (Icelandic)
Britenwielder ⟨ Britenweelder ⟩ ᛫ a great king ᛫ a ruler of dispersed lands ᛫ PN brȳtenwalda OE
British Columbia ᛫ British Columbia ᛫ PN ~ NE or: British Columbland
Britten ᛫ Britain ᛫ PN bryten OEᚠC
britter ᛫ a dispenser ᛫ a distributor ᛫ N brytta OE
brittle ᛫ fragile ᛫ unable to bend without breaking ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
Britwale ᛫ a Briton ( pre-Anglo-Saxon ) ᛫ a Celtic Brit ( as opposed to Anglo Brit ) ᛫ PN bretwalas/brytwalas OE
Britwelsh ᛫ Brythonic language ᛬ Brythonic ᛫ PN᛬PADJ bretwilisc OE
broadcast ᛫ a transmission ᛬ to transmit ᛫ N᛬V ~ NEᚠ(E+N)
broadly ᛫ generally ᛫ ADV ~ NE
brock ᛫ a badger ᛫ N ~ NEᚠC?
Bronding ᛫ one of the Brondings ᛫ someone from Brännö in Sweden ᛫ PN Brondingum&Brondingas OE
brood ᛫ the young of an animal ᛬ to sit on eggs to hatch them ᛫ to dwell on something that sours one's mood ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
brook ᛫ to use ᛫ V brook&brouken[brūcan] NE&ME
brooker ᛫ a user ᛫ N ~ NE
brosen ᛫ to decay ᛫ to erode ᛫ V brosnian OE
brothel ᛫ a degenerate ᛫ N ~ NE
brothelhouse ⟨ brothelhuse ⟩ ᛫ a whorehouse ᛫ N ~ NE often shortened to "brothel"
brother ᛫ a friar ᛫ a male member of a religious order ᛫ N ~ NE
brotherbane ᛫ a fratricide ᛫ N brōþorbana OE
brotherhood ᛫ a fraternity ᛫ N ~ NE
brotherly ᛫ fraternal ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
brotherslayer ᛫ a fratricide ᛫ N brotherslayer NE
brotherwife ᛫ a brother's wife ᛫ N brōþorwīf OE
brow ᛫ terror ᛫ dread ᛫ horror ᛫ N brōga OE rhyme: grow
brown ⟨ brune ⟩ ᛫ a fascist ᚹ ᛬ fascistic ᛫ fascist ᛫ N᛬ADJ ~ NE
Brunei ⟨ Broonye ⟩ ᛫ Brunei ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
buck ᛫ a male animal ᛫ N ~ NE
bugbear ᛫ an ongoing problem obstacle or adversity ᛫ N ~ NE
build ⟨ bild ⟩ ᛫ a physique ᛫ a structure ᛬ to construct ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
Bulgar ᛫ a Bulgarian ᛫ PN Bulgarisc OE or: Pulgar (from OE Pulgare)
Bulgarish ᛫ the Bulgarian language ᛬ Bulgarian ᛫ PN᛬PADJ Bulgar+ish NEᚠO+NE
Bulgary ᛫ Bulgaria ᛫ PN Bulgaria ME
bulwark ᛫ a defensive wall ᛫ a safeguard ᛬ to fortify ᛫ to provide protection ᛫ N᛬V ~ NEᚠNL? equivalent to "bole"+"work"
bunch ᛫ a multitude ᛫ N ~ NE
burden ᛫ a heavy load ᛫ duty ᛫ responsibility ᛫ onus ᛫ N ~ NE
burdensome ᛫ arduous ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
burdock ᛫ an Arctium plant ᛫ N ~ NE
bure ᛫ a son ᛫ child ᛫ descendant ᛫ N byre OE
Burghend ᛫ a Burgundian ᛫ PN Burgendan OE
Burghendland ᛫ Burgundy ᛫ PN Burgenda land OE or: Burgundy
buriel ᛫ entombment ᛫ N burial NE TS: buryle (native -le affix confused for Latin -al)
Burkina Faso ⟨ Burkeena Fasso ⟩ ᛫ Burkina Faso ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
burn ᛫ a small stream ᛫ N ~ NE or: bourn (southern England version?)
burn ᛫ a coat of mail ᛫ a hauberk ᛫ a cuirass ᚹ ᛫ a corslet ᚹ ᛫ a lorica ᚹ ᛫ a breastplate ᚹ ᛫ N byrne{brinie/burn} OE
Burundi ⟨ Booroondy ⟩ ᛫ Burundi ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
bushcow ⟨ bushcue ⟩ ᛫ a tapir ᛫ N bush cow NE
bushwhack ᛫ to ambush ᛫ V ~ NE
busk ᛫ to ready ᛫ to prepare ᛫ to furnish ᛫ to provide ᛫ to adorn ᛫ to clothe ᛫ V busken MEᚠN
busybody ᛫ a meddling or prying person ᛫ N ~ NE
but ᛫ just ᛫ only ᛫ no more than ᛬ except ᛫ other than ᛫ ADV᛬PREP ~ NE
butterpear ᛫ an avocado ᛫ N butter pear NE
by dint of ᛫ by means of ᛫ by force of ᛫ PREP ~ NE
by heart ᛫ from memory ᛫ ADV ~ NE
by hook or by crook ᛫ by any means necessary ᛫ ADV ~ NE
by the rood ᛫ by the cross ! ( a phrase used in oath making ) ᛫ INT ~ NE
bye ᛫ to bend ᛫ to curve ᛫ to bow ᛫ V bȳgan OE
byedness ᛫ curvature ᛫ ADJ gebīgednys OE
byfare ᛫ to pass ( as in to go by, not to hand over ) ᛫ V by+fare NE+NE
bygone ᛫ a thing dating from an earlier time ᛬ belonging to an earlier time ᛫ N᛬ADJ ~ NE
byland ᛫ a peninsula ᛫ N ~ NE
bylaw ᛫ an ordinance from a local authority ᛫ a rule made by a society to control the actions of its members ᛫ N ~ NEᚠ(E+N)
byname ᛫ a pronoun ᛫ N bīnama OE
byquid ⟨ bycwid ⟩ ᛫ a proverb ᛫ a fable ᛫ N bīcwide OE
byre ᛫ a barn ( especially one for cattle ) ᛫ N ~ NE
byrlady ᛫ ( an exclamation of surprise ) ᛫ INT ~ NE
bysmear ᛫ mockery ᛬ to mock ᛫ deride ᛫ irritate ᛫ reproach ᛫ blaspheme ᛫ defame ᛫ revile ᛫ N᛬V bysmer&bysmerian OE
byspel ᛫ a parable ᛫ a fable ᛫ a proverb ᛫ N bīspel&bigspell ME&OE see comment
bystander ᛫ one who is present but not taking part in a situation or event ᛫ N ~ NE
bytime ᛫ leisure time ᛫ N ~ NE
bytongue ⟨ bytung ⟩ ᛫ a dialect ᛫ N by+tongue NE+NE
bytonguelore ⟨ bytunglore ⟩ ᛫ dialectology ᛫ N by+tongue+lore NE+NE+NE
byway ᛫ a side road ᛫ N ~ NE
byword ᛫ a proverb ᛫ a proverbial saying ᛫ an epithet ᛫ an adverb ᛫ N byword&bijwoord NE&NL
Cabo Verde ᛫ Cape Verde ᛫ Cabo Verde ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠI
cack ᛫ excrement ᛫ faeces ᛫ poop ᛫ crap ᛫ dung ᛬ to poop ᛫ to crap ᛫ to shit ᛫ N᛬V ~[cac] NE
cackhouse ⟨ cackhuse ⟩ ᛫ a privy ᛫ a latrine ᛫ N cachūs OE
calfbone ᛫ the fibula ᛫ N ~ NE
calfflesh ᛫ veal ᛫ N ~ NE
call ᛫ a hair net ᛫ a kind of headdress ᛫ N calle ME
called for ᛫ warranted ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
callow ᛫ inexperienced ᛫ bald ᛫ unfledged ᛫ unfeathered ᛫ immature ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
Cameroon ⟨ Cammeroon ⟩ ᛫ Cameroon ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
Canada ᛫ Canada ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
candletree ᛫ a candelabrum ᛫ a chandelier ᛫ N candeltrēow OE the candle element is ultimately from Latin
canker ᛫ cancer ᛫ a plant disease characterized by cankers ᛫ N ~ NEᚠOEᚠI "canker" was borrowed into OE, "cancer" came later
cankerleech ᛫ an oncologist ᛫ N canker+leech NEᚠI+NE
cannel ᛫ cinnamon ᛫ a Cinnamomum zelanicum tree ᛫ N canē̆l ME
canny ᛫ pleasant ᛫ fair ᛫ shrewd or astute ( especially in business matters ) ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
caretaker ᛫ a custodian ᛫ N ~ NE
careworn ᛫ tired and unhappy because of prolonged worry ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
cart ᛫ a paper ᛫ a treatise ᛫ N carte MEᚠOEᚠI
Cartain ᛫ Carthage ᛫ PN Cartaina OEᚠO
carve up ᛫ to cut into pieces ᛫ to dismember land ᛫ V ~ NE
catbear ᛫ a panda ᛫ N ~ NE might be a calque of Chinese
Cathom ᛫ Caen ( city in Normandy ) ᛫ PN Caðum OE From the Anglo Saxon Chronicle
catlore ᛫ felinology ᛫ N ~ NE
catly ᛫ feline ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
Chad ᛫ Chad ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
chafer ᛫ a Scarabaeidae insect ( scarab beetles ) ᛫ N ~ NE
chaffer ᛫ to bargain ᛫ to haggle ᛫ V ~ NEᚠ(I+E) rhyme: grapher
chap ᛫ trade ᛬ to trade ᛫ to barter ᛫ N᛬V chapman&ceap NEᚠ(I+E)&OEᚠI
chapbook ᛫ a small pamphlet containing tales ballads or tracts ᛫ N ~ NEᚠ(I+E)
chapman ᛫ a merchant ᛫ a trader ᛫ a dealer ᛫ a businessman ᛫ a peddler ᛫ N ~ NEᚠ(I+E)
chapstow ᛫ a market place ᛫ N ceapstōw OEᚠ(I+E)
char ᛫ a turn ( one's allotted time ) ᛫ a shift ( of work or such ) ᛫ N᛬V char{chāren} NE kin: chare
char ᛫ to complain ᛫ to murmur ᛫ V ceorian OE
chare ᛫ to turn ᛫ to change beliefs or allegiance ᛫ to convert ᛫ V chāren&cyrran ME&OE kin: char
charlady ᛫ a maid ( cleaning lady ) ᛫ N ~ NE
charlock ᛫ a Cruciferae plant ᛫ N ~ NE
charry ᛫ a vehicle ᛫ N cearrige OE
chary ᛫ wary ᛫ hesitant ᛫ reluctant ᛫ cautiously or suspiciously reluctant to do something ᛫ anxious about doing something ᛫ ADJ ~ NE rhyme: cherry
chavel ᛫ a jowl ᛫ a jaw ᛫ N᛬V chavel[ceafl] ME "jowl" has French influence?
cheap ᛫ inexpensive ᛫ of poor quality ᛫ ADJ ~ NEᚠOEᚠI
cheaping ᛫ marketing ᛫ trading ᛫ N chẹ̄pinge MEᚠOEᚠI
cheed ᛫ a pouch ᛫ a bag ᛫ a sack ᛫ N cēod OE
cheel ᛫ a small flat-bottomed kind of ship or boat ᛫ N cēol OE "keel" seems to be Norse
cheen ᛫ a torch ( of a particular kind? ) ᛫ N cēn OE
cheves ᛫ a concubine ᛫ a paramour ᛫ N cheves[ciefes/cefes/cyfes] ME
chevesborn ᛫ born of a concubine ᛫ bastard ᛫ ADJ cheves boren ME
chide ᛫ to admonish ᛫ to rebuke ᛫ to reproach ᛫ V ~ NE
child ᛫ a juvenile ᛫ N ~ NE PL: children; childer
Childermas ᛫ Holy Innocents' Day ᛫ N ~ NEᚠ(E+I)
childleech ᛫ a pediatrician ᛫ N child+leech NE+NE could also be "barnleech"
childrearing ᛫ the bringing up of a child ᛫ parenting ᛫ N ~ NE
Chile ᛫ Chile ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
China ᛫ China ᛫ N ~ NEᚠO or: Jungwo, Midrich, Midrike
China ᛫ China ᛫ the People's Republic of China ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
chine ᛫ a fissure ᛫ a chasm ᛬ to crack ᛫ to fissure ᛫ N᛬V ~[cīnu/cīnan] NE
chink ᛫ a narrow opening ᛫ N ~ NE
chircle ᛫ the circle of the Zodiac ᛫ N circul OEᚠL
chirk ᛫ to cheer up ᛫ V ~ NE
chirten ᛫ beautiful ᛫ ADJ cyrten OE
chirtenledge ᛫ to beautify ᛫ V cyrtenlǣcan OE
chise ᛫ choosy ᛫ choice ᛫ picky ᛫ petty ᛫ overly critical ᛫ ADJ chīs ME
chisel ᛫ gravel ᛫ N chisel/chysel/chesel ME
chokelew ᛫ apt to choke or suffocate someone ᛫ ADJ chokeleu ME
choose ᛫ to pick ᛫ to decide ᛫ V ~ NE
chooser ᛫ an elector ᛫ a connoisseur ᛫ N chooser&chēsere NE&ME
choosling ᛫ one of the elect ( of Christian myth ) ᛫ N chōsling ME
chore ᛫ a task ( especially habitial ones ) ᛫ V ~ NE
chucklesome ᛫ somewhat humorous ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
churchly ᛫ ecclesiastical ᛫ ADJ ~[cyriclīc] NE
churchman ᛫ a cleric ᛫ a member of the clergy ᛫ N ~ NEᚠ(H+E)
churchward ᛫ a custodian of a church ᛫ a sacristan ᛫ N chircheward MEᚠ(H+E)
churl ᛫ a commoner ᛫ a peasant ᛫ a boor ᛫ N ~ NE
churlish ᛫ servile ᛫ rustic ᛫ rude ᛫ villainous ᛫ unlearned ᛫ ADJ cherlish ME
churlishness ᛫ rudeness ᛫ vulgarity ᛫ N ceorliscnes OE
churlrich ᛫ a democracy ᛫ N churl+rīche NE+ME
Churlwain ᛫ the Big Dipper ᛫ Ursa Major ᛫ the constellation Boötes ᛫ N carlewain ME
churly ᛫ vulgarly ᛫ in the manner of commoners ᛫ ADV ceorllīce OE
cinder ⟨ sinder ⟩ ᛫ slag ᛫ dross ᛫ impurity of metal ᛫ N ~ NE
clammy ᛫ cold and damp ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
clauster ᛫ a cloister ᛫ N clauster OEᚠI
cleam ᛫ to plaster ᛫ to smear ᛫ to annoint ᛫ V clēmen[OE clǣman] ME kin: cloam
cleancut ᛫ sharply defined ᛫ unambiguous ᛫ of wholesome appearance ᛫ ADJ cleancut NEᚠ(E+N)
cleanhearted ᛫ pure in heart ᛫ innocent of heart ᛫ ADJ clǣnheort+ed OE+NE
cleanly ᛫ habitually clean ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
cleanness ᛫ moral purity ᛫ innocence ᛫ cleanliness ᛫ integrity ᛫ chastity ᛫ celibacy ᛫ N cleaness NE&ME
cleanse ᛫ to purge ᛫ to purify ᛫ V ~ NE
cleat ᛫ a wedge ᛫ N ~ NE
cleave ᛫ to sever ᛫ V ~ NE PTCP: cloven; cleft
cleavers ᛫ a Galium aparine plant ᛫ N ~ NE or: clivers
cleep ᛫ to speak ᛫ to utter ᛫ to vocalize ᛫ V clēpen[cleopian] ME
cleeper ᛫ a vowel ᛫ N cleep+er NE+NE inspired by OE cleopigend/cleopend
cleepery ᛫ vocalic ᛫ ADJ cleep+er+ly NE+NE+NE
cleft ᛫ a fissure ᛫ N ~ NE kin: cleave
cleve ᛫ a dwelling ᛫ N cleve ME
clever ᛫ smart in an inventive way ᛫ adapt ᛫ cunning ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
clew ᛫ an indication ᛫ N ~ NE kin: clew
clew ᛫ a sphere ᛫ a ball of thread ᛫ N ~ NE
cling ᛫ to adhere ᛫ V ~ NE
clip ᛫ a flexible or spring-loaded device for holding objects ᛫ a metal holder containing firearm cartridges ᛫ N ~ NE
clitch ᛫ to clutch ᛫ to adhere ᛫ to grasp tightly ᛫ V ~ NE kin: clutch?
clithe ᛫ a plaster ᛫ salve ᛫ poultice ᛫ N clithe[cliþa] ME
cloam ᛫ earthenware ᛫ crockery ᛫ N ~[clām] NE
clod ᛫ a lump of something ( especially clay or earth ) ᛫ N ~ NE
clog ᛫ a lump ᛫ a mass of something ᛫ N ~ NE
clote ᛫ the burdock ᛫ the clotbur ᛫ N clote ME
clothe ᛫ to dress ᛫ to give someone clothes ᛫ to endow ᛫ V ~ NE PTCP: clad
clother ᛫ a person who makes or sells cloth or clothing ᛫ N ~ NE
cloudy ⟨ cludey ⟩ ᛫ unclear ᛫ uncertain ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
clough ᛫ a steep valley or ravine ᛫ N ~ NE
clout ⟨ clute ⟩ ᛫ a patch ( of leather cloth metal or code ) ᛫ a blotch ᛫ a heavy blow ᛫ influence ᛬ to patch ( to mend with a patch ) ᛫ N clout&clout[clūt] NE&ME
clove ᛫ something which is cleft ᛫ a den ᛫ a chasm ᛫ a hollow ᛫ a bulbil ᛫ a bit of garlic ᛫ a celler ᛫ N clove&clēofa NE&OE
cloven ᛫ divided ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
clutchfist ᛫ a miser ᛫ N ~ NE
coaf ᛫ courageous ᛫ ADJ cōf[cāf] ME
coalmouse ⟨ coalmuse ⟩ ᛫ a Periparus ater bird ᛫ N coalmouse NE
coaser ᛫ an emperor ᛫ an imperator ᛫ a caesar ᛫ N cāsere OEᚠI
coaserdom ᛫ imperium ᛫ N cāserdōm OEᚠ(I+E)
coaserly ᛫ imperial ᛫ ADJ cāserlīc OEᚠ(I+E)
coasern ᛫ an empress ᛫ N cāsern OEᚠ(I+E)
coaserrich ᛫ an empire ᛫ N cāsere+rīche OE+ME Kaiserreich ᛣ
coathe ᛫ disease ᛫ illness ᛫ sickness ᛫ N ~[cothe][coþu] NE used only for sheep in Modern English?
coathed ᛫ diseased ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
cobweb ᛫ a spider's web ᛫ N ~ NE TS: copweb
cock ᛫ a male bird ᛫ N ~ NE
cocker ᛫ a quiver ᛫ N coker ME
cod ᛫ a bag ᛫ a sack ᛫ a pouch ᛫ integument ᛫ a scrotum ᛫ N ~ NE
codapple ᛫ a quince ? ᛫ N codæppel OE
coffeehouse ⟨ coffeehuse ⟩ ᛫ a cafe ᛫ N ~ NEᚠ(O+NE)
coldrife ᛫ cold ᛫ chilling ᛫ gelid ᛫ frigid ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
cole ᛫ any Brassica oleracea plant ( broccoli , kale , brussels sprouts , cabbage , cauliflower , kohlrabi , gai lan ) N ~ NEᚠOEᚠI
coleneep ᛫ kohlrabi ᛫ N cole+nep NE+MEᚠI Kohlrabi ᛣ
Colombia ᛫ Colombia ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠI or: Colombland
comeliness ᛫ beauty ᛫ attractiveness ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
comeling ᛫ a foreigner ᛫ an intruder ᛫ a newcomer to a religious faith ᛫ a new convert ᛫ an import ( from abroad ) ᛫ N cǒmeling ME
comelitheness ᛫ hospitality ᛫ N cumlīþnys OE
comely ᛫ attractive ᛫ agreeable ᛫ suitable ᛫ proper ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
comendliness ᛫ possibility ᛫ N acumendlīcness OE
comendly ᛫ possible ᛫ ADJ ācumendlic OE or: comingly; camely
comer ᛫ a guest ᛫ a stranger ᛫ N cuma OE
con ᛫ to study attentively ᛫ to study ᛫ V ~[cunnan] NE
conned ᛫ educated ᛫ having studied ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
conner ᛫ a student ᛫ N con+er NE+NE
cook up ᛫ to fabricate ᛫ to make ( usually in a shady or rushed way ) ᛫ V ~ NE
cookiecutter ᛫ generic ᛫ ADJ ~ NEᚠ(NL+E)
cooler ᛫ a refrigerator ᛫ N ~ NE
coomb ᛫ a short valley or hollow on a hillside or coastline ᛫ N ~ NEᚠC
cop ᛫ a spider ᛫ N ~ NE kin: cobweb
cop ᛫ the top summit or crest of something ᛫ N ~[copp] NE
coppen ᛫ to eagerly await ᛫ V copnen ME
core ᛫ discrimination ᛫ a decision ᛫ a choice ᛫ N core&gecor ME&OE
corn ᛫ a grain ᛫ maize ( grain from the Zea mays plant ) ᛫ N ~ NE
Cornish ᛫ Cornish language ᛬ Cornish ᛫ Cornubian ᛫ PN᛬PADJ ~ NE or: Cornwelsh; Wesswelsh (from OE Westwealas)
cornstone ᛫ granite ᛫ N corn+stone NE+NE granite ᛣ
Cornwale ᛫ a Cornishman ᛫ PN cornwealas OE or: Cornishman; Wesswale (from OE Westwealas)
Cornwales ᛫ Cornwall ᛫ Cornubia ᛫ PN cornwealas OE or: Wesswales (from OE Westwealas)
Corsick ᛫ Corsica ᛫ PN Corsicam OE or: Corsica
cost ᛫ a procedure ᛫ a method ᛫ a technique ᛫ a course of action ᛫ a means ᛫ a way ᛫ a trait ᛫ a property ᛫ an attribute ᛫ N cost MEᚠN
Costa Rica ᛫ Costa Rica ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠI
costen ᛫ to tempt ᛫ V costnian OE
costening ᛫ temptation ᛫ N costnung OE
cot ᛫ a cottage ᛫ N cot OE
couth ⟨ cuthe ⟩ ᛫ known ᛫ well known ᛫ familiar ᛫ sophisticated ᛫ refined ᛫ ADJ couth&couth NE&ME
couther ⟨ cuther ⟩ ᛫ an acquaintance ᛫ N cuþa OE
couthledge ⟨ cutheledge ⟩ ᛫ to befriend ᛫ to make known to yourself ᛫ V cūþlǣcan OE
couthly ⟨ cuthely ⟩ ᛫ surely ᛫ certainly ᛫ familiarly ᛫ courteously ᛫ ADV cūþelīce OE
couthness ⟨ cutheness ⟩ ᛫ acquaintance ᛫ N cūþnes OE
couthred ⟨ cuthered ⟩ ᛫ intimacy ᛫ N cuþreden ME
cove ᛫ a small coastal inlet ᛫ N ~[cōfa] NE
covegod ᛫ a household god ᛫ penates ᛫ N cōfgod OE
cow ⟨ cue ⟩ ᛫ the Bos taurus mammal ᛫ N ~ NE PL: cues; kine
Crab ᛫ Cancer ᛫ PN ~ NE
crack ᛫ highly trained and competent ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
craft ᛫ an art ᛫ a vehicle ᛫ a trade ( as in a profession ) ᛬ to construct ᛫ to develop ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
crafted tongue ⟨ tung ⟩ ᛫ a constructed language ᛫ a conlang ᛫ N crafted+tongue NE+NE
crafter ᛫ an architect ᛫ an artifex ᛫ N cræftiga NE&OE
craftless ᛫ artless ᛫ inexpert ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
craftsman ᛫ an artisan ᛫ N ~ NE
craftspeech ᛫ jargon ᛫ N cræftspræc OE
crafty ᛫ relating to a craft ᛫ technical ᛫ wily ᛫ skillful ᛫ innovative ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
crat ᛫ a chariot ᛫ a cart ᛫ N cræt OE
craw ᛫ the stomach of an animal ᛫ N ~ NE
creepdeer ᛫ a reptile ᛫ N creep+deer NE+NE Kriechtier ᛣ
Crete ᛫ Crete ᛫ PN ~ NE
cringe ᛫ to shutter from embarrassment fear or disgust ᛫ V ~ NE
cringeworthy ᛫ embarrassing ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
Croatia ᛫ Croatia ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO or: Croatland
crock ᛫ an earthenware pot or jar ᛫ something considered to be complete nonsense ᛫ N ~ NE
crockwright ᛫ a potter ᛫ N crocwyrhta OE
croft ᛫ a small rented farm comprising of a plot of arable land attached to a house ᛫ N croft NE
crook ᛫ a hooked staff ᛫ one who engages in fraudulent or criminal practices ᛫ a bend ᛫ a curve ᛬ to bend ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
crooked ᛫ bent ᛫ twisted ᛫ illegal ᛫ fraudulent ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
cropland ᛫ farmland ᛫ N ~ NE
cropper ᛫ a sudden failure ᛫ a severe fall ᛫ N ~ NE
crud ᛫ clabber ᛫ curds ᛫ cottage cheese ᛫ rennet ᛫ junket ᛫ a coagulated substance ᛬ to coagulate ᛫ to congeal ᛫ to curdle ᛫ N᛬V crud&crud&crudden NE&ME&ME doublet: curd
crundle ᛫ a mound raised over graves to protect them ᛫ a barrow ᛫ N crundel OE
crundle ᛫ a tumulus ᛫ a burial mound ᛫ N crundel OE
Cuba ⟨ Kewba ⟩ ᛫ Cuba ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
cud ᛫ gum ᛫ resin ᛫ mastic ᛫ quid ᛫ N cud[cudu] ME
cuddy ᛫ gummy ᛫ resinous ᛫ ADJ cud+y ME+NE
cudgel ᛫ a club ᛫ N ~[cycgel] NE "club" is Norse
culver ᛫ a dove ᛫ a pigeon ᛫ N ~[culfre][columba] NEᚠI
Cumberland ᛫ Cumbria ᛫ PN ~ NE
cunning ᛫ experienced ᛫ skilled ᛫ crafty ᛫ sly ᛫ clever ᛫ ADJ cunning&conning NE&ME
cunt ᛫ the vulva ᛫ the vagina ᛫ N ~ NE
cust ᛫ virtue ᛫ one's character ᛫ N custe[cyst] ME
custiness ᛫ generosity ᛫ liberality ᛫ munificence ᛫ N cystignes OE
custy ᛫ devout ᛫ benevolent ᛫ of good character ᛫ ADJ cystig OE
cutthroat ᛫ a murderer ᛫ a ruthless person ᛬ ruthless ᛫ N᛬ADJ ~ NE
cutwater ᛫ Rynchops niger ᛫ the forward curve of a ship's stern ᛫ the wedge of a bridge pier ᛫ N ~ NE
daft ᛫ silly ᛫ insane ᛫ crazy ᛫ mad ( crazy ) ᛫ stupid ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
dale ᛫ a valley ᛫ N ~ NE
dalk ᛫ a clasp ᛫ a buckle ᛫ a brooch ᛫ a fibula ᛫ N dalk[dalc] ME
dall ᛫ eminent ᛫ ADJ deal/deall OE
damp ᛫ moisture ᛫ humidity ᛫ dampness ᛬ moist ᛫ humid ᛫ N᛬ADJ ~ NEᚠLG
dapper ᛫ neat ᛫ spiffy ᛫ stylish ᛫ ADJ ~ NEᚠNL?
dare ᛫ to brave ᛫ a challenge of bravery ᛬ to challenge an act of bravery ᛫ V ~ NE PST: dared; durst
daring ᛫ adventurous courage ᛬ adventurous ᛫ audaciously bold ᛫ N᛬ADJ ~ NE
dark ᛫ aphotic ᛫ atramentous ᛫ caliginous ᛫ cimmerian ᛫ crepuscular ᛫ somber ᛫ solemn ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
darkling ᛫ in the dark ᛬ darkly ᛫ done or taking place in the dark ᛫ ADJ᛬ADV ~ NE
darling ᛫ a beloved one ᛬ beloved ᛫ N᛬ADJ ~ NE
darst ᛫ leaven ᛫ N dærst OE
darth ᛫ a dart ᛫ a javelin ᛫ N daroþ OE "dart" is French, from Frankish cognate of "daroþ"
dash ᛫ a hyphen ᛫ N ~ NEᚠN
daughterdaughter ᛫ a maternal granddaughter ᛫ N daughter+daughter NE+NE based on analogy with sunsunu and dohtorsunu
daughterson ᛫ a maternal grandson ᛫ N dohtorsunu OE
daven ᛫ to suit ᛫ to be fitting ᛬ becoming ᛫ suitable ᛫ proper ᛫ convenient ᛫ V᛬ADJ dafenian&dafen OE
daw ᛫ a Coloeus monedula bird ᛫ N ~ NE
daws ᛫ days ᛫ N dawes ME archaic plural form
dayblindness ᛫ hemeralopia ᛫ N ~ NE
daybook ᛫ a journal ᛫ a log ᛫ a logbook ᛫ a diary ᛫ N ~ NE
dayish ᛫ diurnal ᛫ ADJ daiish ME
daymeal ᛫ a clock ᛫ a sundial ᛫ a waterclock ᛫ a clepsydra ᛫ N dægmǣl OE literally day-measure
daysman ᛫ an arbitrator ᛫ a mediator ᛫ an umpire ᛫ an arbiter ᛫ N ~ NE
daytide ᛫ an hour ᛫ N day+tide{yeartide} NE+NE see: stound
deadlock ᛫ a stalemate ᛫ an impasse ᛫ N ~ NE
deadly ᛫ fatal ᛫ lethal ᛬ fatally ᛫ mortally ᛫ ADJ᛬ADV ~ NE
deadly nightshade ᛫ an Atropa belladonna plant ᛫ N ~ NE
deadshot ᛫ a highly accurate marksman ᛫ N dead shot NE
deal ᛫ a part ᛫ a component ᛫ a portion ᛫ an agreement ᛫ a pact ᛬ to distribute ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
dealer ᛫ a divider ᛫ a distributor ᛫ N ~ NE
dealing ᛫ a business transaction ᛫ an interaction ᛫ N ~ NE
dealnim ᛫ to take part ᛫ to participate ᛫ V dǣlniman OE PST: dealnome
dealnimmer ᛫ a participant ᛫ a participle ( grammar term ) ᛫ N dǣlnimend OE
dealnimmerly ᛫ sharing ᛫ participating ᛫ participal ᛫ ADJ dǣlnimendlīc OE
dealth ᛫ a portion ᛫ N ~ NE rhyme: wealth
dealy ᛫ partial ᛫ ADJ deal+y NE+NE
dear ᛫ expensive ᛫ costly ᛫ cherished ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
dearest ᛫ a favourite ᛫ a beloved one ᛬ favourite ᛫ N᛬ADJ ~ NE
dearness ᛫ expensiveness ᛫ costliness ᛫ affection ᛫ fondness ᛫ N ~ NE
dearsome ᛫ precious ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
dearth ᛫ a famine ᛫ scarcity ᛫ paucity ᛫ N ~ NE rhyme: birth
dearworthy ᛫ precious ᛫ beloved ᛫ precious ᛫ prized ᛫ ADJ dereworthi ME
deathknell ᛫ a sign foretelling the death of something ᛫ N ~ NE
deathless ᛫ immortal ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
deathling ᛫ a mortal ᛫ a being subject to death ᛫ N ~ NE
deathlore ᛫ thanatology ᛫ N ~ NE
deathraked ᛫ a sepulchre ᛫ N dēaþræced OE
deathshild ᛫ a capital crime ᛫ N dēaþscyld OE
deathshildiness ᛫ mortality ᛫ N dethshildiȝnesse ME
deathshildy ᛫ mortal ᛫ liable to death ᛫ ADJ dethshildiȝ ME
deathsman ᛫ an executioner ᛫ N ~ NE
deathsong ᛫ a requiem ( in the musical sense ) ᛫ N death+song NE+NE
deech ᛫ to smear ᛫ to daub ᛫ to plaster ᛫ V dēchen ME
deed ᛫ an action ᛫ an act ᛫ a legal document showing bond ᛫ N ~ NE
deedbane ᛫ an evildoer ᛫ N dǣdbana OE
deedbeet ᛫ to make amends ᛫ to be penitent ᛫ to repent ᛫ V dǣdbētan OE
deedbeeter ᛫ a deed amender ᛫ a penitent ᛫ N dǣdbēta OE
deedboot ᛫ repentance ᛫ penitence ᛫ penance ᛫ N dǣdbōt OE
deedfrommer ᛫ a deed-doer ᛫ an actor ᛫ a causative agent ᛫ N dǣdfruma OE
deedlate ᛫ slow to act ᛫ slothful ᛫ ADJ dǣdlæt OE
deedlater ᛫ a lazy person ᛫ a sluggard ᛫ N dǣdlata OE
deedlean ᛫ a reward ᛫ recompence ᛫ recompense ᛫ N dǣdlēan OE
deem ᛫ to regard ᛫ to judge ᛫ V ~ NE
deemer ᛫ a judge ᛫ N dēma OE
deer ᛫ an animal ᛫ a beast ᛫ N ~ NE PL: deer; deers (huntien after deores)
deerkind ᛫ the animal kingdom ᛫ N deer+kind NE+NE
deerlore ᛫ zoology ᛫ N ~ NE+NE
deeryard ᛫ a zoo ᛫ a zoological garden ᛫ N deer+yard NE+NE diergaarde NLᛣ, Tiergarten HGᛣ
deft ᛫ neatly skillful and quick in one's movements ᛫ demonstrating skill and cleverness ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
delf ᛫ digging ᛫ the act of digging ᛫ an excavation ᛫ a quarry ᛫ a mine ᚹ ᛫ N gedelf OE
dell ᛫ a secluded hollow or small valley usually covered with trees or turf ᛫ N ~ NE
delve ᛫ to dig ᛫ to mine to ᛫ V ~ NE
Den ᛫ a Dane ᛫ N Dene OE or: Deen?
dene ᛫ a valley ᛫ a vale ᛫ a dale ᛫ N dēne[denu/dænu] ME
Denmark ᛫ Denmark ᛫ PN ~ NE or: Denmarch
Dennish ᛫ Danish ᛫ N Dennish[Denisc] ME or: Dench (from variant)
Deprobane ᛫ Sri Lanka ᛫ Ceylon ᛫ Taprobana ᛫ PN Dēprobane OE
Der ᛫ a Deirian ᛫ PN Dere OEᚠC
dere ᛫ hurt ᛫ harm ᛫ injury ᛬ to hurt ᛫ to harm ᛫ to injure ᛫ N᛬V dēre ME
derf ᛫ tribulation ᛫ affliction ᛫ trouble ᛫ torture ᛫ labour ᛫ N derf&deorf ME&OE
dern ᛫ to hide ᛫ to conceal ᛬ secret ᛫ hidden ᛫ underhanded ᛫ N᛬V᛬ADJ ~ NE
dernship ᛫ secrecy ᛫ N derneshipe ME
Derrich ᛫ the Kingdom of Deria ᛫ PN Dera rīce OEᚠ(C+C)
derringdo ᛫ action displaying heroic courage ᛫ N derringdo NE
derve ᛫ to trouble ᛫ to labour ᛫ V deorfan OE kin: derf
devilcraft ᛫ the art of the devil ᛫ N deófolcræft OE(ᚠIᚠH+E)
devilfish ᛫ an octopus ᛫ any cephalopod ᚾ ᛫ a devil ray ᚾ ᛫ N ~ NEᚠ(EᚠIᚠH+E)
devilreigh ᛫ a devil ray ᛫ N devil ray NEᚠ(EᚠIᚠH+E)
devilsdung ᛫ asafoetida ᛫ N ~ NE Compare: HG Teufelsdreck; NL duivelsdrek
dight ᛫ to prepare ᛫ to ready ᛫ to polish ᛫ to ornament ᛫ to make preparations ᛫ to arrange ᛫ to order ᛫ to organize ᛫ to direct ᛫ V dighten MEᚠOEᚠI
dighting ᛫ a preparation ᛫ an arrangement ᛫ an ordering ᛫ N dighting[dihtung] ME
dile ᛫ hidden ᛫ secret ᛫ furtive ᛫ cryptic ᛫ ADJ dīȝel[dīegel] ME
dill ᛫ an Anethum graveolens plant ᛫ N ~ NE
dimhouse ⟨ dimhuse ⟩ ᛫ a lautumia ᛫ a dungeon ᛫ N dimhūs OE
din ᛫ a loud noise ᛫ a loud sound ᛬ to sound loudly ᛫ resound ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
ding ᛫ a dent ᛫ a blow ᛬ to dent ᛫ to hit ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
dint ᛫ a blow or stroke ( typically one made with a weapon ) ᛫ force of attack ᛫ an impact ᛫ N ~ NE
distaff ᛫ a staff for spinning thread ᛫ the domain or work of women ᛬ maternal ᛫ female ᛫ N᛬ADJ ~ NE
distaff side ᛫ the female side of a family ᛫ N ~ NE
dit ᛫ to seal ᛫ to close ᛫ to shut ᛫ to block ᛫ to shut up ᛫ to plug ᛫ V ditten[dyttan] ME
dither ᛫ to act nervously or indecisively ᛫ vacillate ᛫ V ~ NE
divedopper ᛫ a pelican ᛫ N dūfedoppa OE
Djibouti ⟨ Jibooty ⟩ ᛫ Djibouti ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
doall ᛫ a factotum ᛫ N ~ NE
dock ᛫ a Rumex plant ᛫ N ~ NE
doe ᛫ a female animal ᛫ N ~ NE
doff ᛫ to take off ᛫ to remove an item of clothing ᛫ V ~ NE from "do off"
dogdays ᛫ a period of stagnation or inactivity ᛫ the period between early July and early September ᛫ N dog days NE
dogged ᛫ marked by stubborn determination ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
doglore ᛫ cynology ᛫ N ~ NE
dogly ᛫ canine ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
dogsbody ᛫ a menial worker ᛫ N ~ NE
dole ᛫ a share ᛫ something given as charity ᛫ a donation ᛫ N ~ NE kin: deal
dolk ᛫ a wound ᛫ N dolc/dolh[dolg/dolh] ME
dom ᛫ ( shows a state or condition ) ᛫ -cracy ᛫ -archy ᛫ SUFFIX ~ NE
Dominica ᛫ Dominica ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO+NE
don ᛫ to put on ᛫ to dress in ᛫ V ~ NE from "do on"
donothing ᛫ a slacker ᛬ idle ᛫ N᛬ADJ donothing NE
dook ᛫ a bastard ᛫ N dōc OE
dooken ᛫ to bastardize ᛫ to bastardise ᛫ V dōc+en OE+NE
doom ᛫ judgment ᛫ legal decision ᛫ legal ruling ᛬ to sentence ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
doombook ᛫ a book of decrees or laws ᛫ N dōmbōc OE
doombough ᛫ a judicial branch ᛫ N doom+bough NE+NE
doomed ᛫ judged ᛫ ill-fated ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
doomern ᛫ a court where judgments take place ᛫ a tribunal ᛫ N dōmern OE
doomful ᛫ full of judgement ᛫ ominous ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
doomhouse ⟨ doomhuse ⟩ ᛫ a courthouse ᛫ N dōmhūs OE
doomladen ᛫ conveying a sense of tragedy ᛫ ADJ doomladen NE
doomly ᛫ judicial ᛫ ADJ dōmlīc OE
doomsday ᛫ judgment day ᛫ N ~ NE
doomsettle ᛫ a judgment seat ᛫ a tribunal ᛫ N dōmsetl OE
doomsman ᛫ a judge ᛫ an umpire ᛫ N ~ NE
doppet ᛫ to immerse ᛫ V doppettan OE
dor ᛫ an insect that buzzes when flying ᛫ N ~[OE dora] NE found in "dumbledore"
dote ᛫ to exhibit mental decline of or like that of old age ᛫ V ~ NE
dought ᛫ courage ᛫ valour ᛫ bravery ᛫ N ~ NE
doughty ᛫ brave ᛫ courageous ᛫ valiant ᛫ intrepid ᛫ dauntless ᛫ ADJ ~[dyhtig] NE
douse ⟨ duse ⟩ ᛫ to immerse ᛫ to dunk or sink into liquid ᛫ to extinguish something like fire ᛫ V ~ NEᚠN?
dout ⟨ dute ⟩ ᛫ to extinguish ᛫ V ~ NE
douth ⟨ duthe ⟩ ᛫ a troop of retainers ᛫ a retinue ᛫ the virtue of men in a douth ᛫ virtue ᛫ N ~[douthe][duguþ] NE
dove ᛫ a pigeon ᛫ N ~ NE
dow ᛫ to have use ᛫ to matter ᛫ V douen[dēah/dēag] ME PST: dought
down ⟨ dune ⟩ ᛫ a hill ᛫ N ~[dūn] NE "down" as in "netherwards" comes from this word
downbeat ⟨ dunebeat ⟩ ᛫ the accented beat at the beginning of a bar ᛬ sad and pessimistic ᛫ N᛬ADJ ~ NE
downelf ⟨ duneelf ⟩ ᛫ a mountain elf ᛫ a mountain fairy ᛫ a mountain nymph ᛫ N dūnælf OE
downfall ⟨ dunefall ⟩ ᛫ a collapse ᛫ a loss of power prosperity or status ᛫ N ~ NE
downgang ⟨ dunegang ⟩ ᛫ a descent ᛫ a way down ᛫ N ~ NE
downlink ⟨ dunelink ⟩ ᛫ a transmission or link to the earth from an airborne terminal ᛬ to transmit to the earth ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
downplay ⟨ duneplay ⟩ ᛫ to de-emphasize ᛫ V ~ NE
downright ⟨ duneright ⟩ ᛫ unambiguous ᛫ utter ᛬ unambiguously ᛫ utterly ᛫ ADJ᛬ADV ~ NE
draff ᛫ swill ᛫ dregs ᛫ refuse ᛫ the damp remains of malt ᛫ N ~ NE
drake ᛫ trouble ᛫ N dracu OE kin: dretch
drast ᛫ dregs ᛫ sediment ᛫ scum ᛫ N drast ME
draught ᛫ a preliminary version ᛫ a concscription ᛬ to make a preliminary version ᛫ to conscript ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE or: draft
draughthouse ⟨ draughthuse ⟩ ᛫ an outhouse ᛫ a privy ᛫ N ~ NE
draughts ᛫ checkers ( the game ) ᛫ N ~ NE
draughtsman ᛫ a maker of engineering or architectural plans ᛫ an illustrator ᛫ N ~ NE or: draftsman
draughty ᛫ gusty ( of wind ) ᛫ ADJ ~ NE or: drafty
draw ᛫ to attract ᛫ to derive ᛫ to pull ᛫ V ~ NE PTCP: drawn
drawback ᛫ an negative feature ᛫ N ~ NE
drawingroom ᛫ a room where visitors may be entertained ᛫ a lounge ᛫ N drawing room NE
drawlatch ᛫ a thief ᛫ a burglar ᛫ N ~ NE
dreadask ᛫ a dinosaur ᛫ N dread+ask NE+NE
dreadless ᛫ intrepid ᛫ dauntless ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
dreap ᛫ to kill ᛫ to strike down ᛫ to subdue ᛫ V drēpen ME
drear ᛫ blood ᛫ gore ᛫ N dreor OE
dreary ᛫ gloomy ᛫ cheerless ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
dreave ᛫ to drive out ᛫ to drive away ᛫ V drēven ME
dree ᛫ to endure ᛫ to suffer ᛫ to perform service ( especially military ) ᛬ tedious ᛫ V᛬ADJ ~ NE
dreesome ᛫ tedious ᛫ wearisome ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
dreeze ᛫ to fall ᛫ to perish ᛫ V drēsen[dreosan] ME
dreg ᛫ sediment ᛫ N ~ NE
drench ᛫ a poisonous or medicinal drink ᛫ a potion ᛬ to soak ᛫ to make drink ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
dretch ᛫ to injure ᛫ to damage ᛫ to trouble ᛫ to delay ᛫ to hesitate ᛫ V drecchen[dreccan] ME
dreve ᛫ to disturb ᛫ to trouble ᛫ V drēfan OE
drib ᛫ to do by little and little ᛫ to appropriate unlawfully ᛫ to filch ᛫ to defalcate ᛫ V ~ NE
dright ᛫ a host ᛫ a body of retainers or warriors ᛫ a group of people ᛫ a people ᛫ a multitude ᛫ N driht ME
drighten ᛫ a lord ᛫ a ruler ᛫ a chief ᛫ a leader ᛫ a god ( pagan or otherwise ) ᛫ N drihten ME
drightenly ᛫ lordly ᛫ noble ᛫ ADJ dryhtlīc OE
drightenship ᛫ rulership ᛫ lordship ᛫ domination ᛫ N dryhtscipe OE
dring ᛫ a warrior ᛫ a soldier ᛫ N dring/dreng[dreng] MEᚠN? or: dreng
drinkhail ( in reply to someone making the " wassail toast " ) N᛬INT drink heil ME
drite ᛫ to shit ᛫ to poop ᛫ to defecate ᛫ V ~ NE
droof ᛫ turbid ᛫ disturbed ᛫ sorrowful ᛫ troubled ᛫ ADJ drōf[drōf] ME
droovy ᛫ stirred up ( of water ) ᛫ muddy murky ᛫ ADJ drōvi[drōfig] ME
dropmeal ᛫ one drop at a time ᛫ ADV ~ NE
dropwort ᛫ Filipendula vulgaris ᛫ N ~ NE
dross ᛫ waste ᛫ something that is base trivial or inferior ᛫ N ~ NE
drove ᛫ a herd or flock of animals being driven ᛫ a bunch of something ᛫ N ~ NE
drowse ⟨ druse ⟩ ᛫ a state of sleepiness or inactivity ᛬ to be inactive ᛫ to fall into a light slumber ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
drub ᛫ to beat severely ᛫ V ~ NE
drudge ᛫ menial or tedious labour ᛬ to do menial or tedious labour ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
drunken ᛫ intoxicated ᛫ caused by intoxication ᛫ saturated with liquid ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
drunkenness ᛫ intoxication ᛫ N ~ NE
drunklew ᛫ a drunkard ᛫ an alcoholic ᛬ addicted to drink habitually drunk ᛫ N᛬ADJ dronkeleu ME
dry ᛫ a druid ᛫ a magician ᛫ a sorcerer ᛫ a wizard ᛫ a magus ᛫ a mage ᛫ N drī[drȳ] MEᚠC kin: druid
drycraft ᛫ druidcraft ᛫ sorcery ᛫ the art of magic ᛫ N drȳcræft OE
drycrafty ᛫ skilled in magic ᛫ skilled in druidic magic ᛫ magical ᛫ ADJ drȳcræftig OE
Dubawnt Mere ᛫ Dubawnt Lake ᛫ PN Dubawnt+mere NEᚠO+NE
duckbill ᛫ a platypus ᛫ a hadrosaur ᛫ N ~ NE
duckmole ᛫ a platypus ᛫ N ~ NE
dugout ⟨ dugute ⟩ ᛫ a canoe ᛫ a shelter dug in a hillside ᛫ an area in the side of a trench for quarters storage or protection ᛫ N ~ NE
dun ᛫ tan ( the hue ) ᛬ tan coloured ᛫ N᛬ADJ ~[dun/dunn] NE
dun ᛫ to make persistent demands for payment ᛫ V ~ NE
dung ᛫ a dungeon ᛫ a subterranean chamber ᛫ N dung/donge[dung] ME
dunnock ᛫ a Prunella modularis bird ᛫ N ~ NE from "dun" (tan)+"-ock"
dusk ᛫ the night's twilight ( as opposed to the morning's twilight ) ᛬ to darken ᛫ to make gloomy ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
dusky ᛫ dark in colour ᛫ dim ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
Dutch ᛫ the Dutch language ᛫ mainland West Germanic language ᛬ of the Netherlands ᛫ of mainland West Germanic ᛫ N᛬ADJ ~ NE
Dutchland ᛫ the part of Europe where continental West Germanic languages are spoken ᛫ PN Dū̆chelōnd ME
dwale ᛫ an error ᛫ incorrectness ᛫ N dwale[dwola] ME
dwale ᛫ an Atropa belladonna plant ᛫ N ~ NE
dwalegod ᛫ an idol ᛫ a false god ᛫ N gedwolgod OE
dwalesome ᛫ erroneous ᛫ incorrect ᛫ wrong ᛫ ADJ gedwolsum OE
dwarf ᛫ a mythological humanoid usually depicted as short stout mountain dwelling and skilled in certain crafts ᛫ N ~ NE PL: dwarfs; dwarves
dwarfdwostle ᛫ a Mentha pulegium plant ( pennyroyal ) ᛫ N dweorgedwostle[dwosle] OE
dwease ᛫ foolish ᛫ stupid ᛫ dumb ᛫ ADJ dwǣs OE
dwell ᛫ to live in a place ᛫ to reside ᛫ V ~ NE
dwelling ᛫ a place of residence ᛫ a habitation ᛫ N ~ NE
dwelse ᛫ to stray in a stupor ᛫ V dwelsian OE
dwelsing ᛫ a stupor which leads one astray ᛫ N dwelsinge{dwelsian} ME
dwere ᛫ doubt ᛫ perplexity ᛫ uncertainty ᛫ N dwēre ME
dwild ᛫ error ᛫ heresy ᛫ N dwild&gedwild OE
dwildman ᛫ a heretic ᛫ N gedwildmann OE
dwildy ᛫ erroneous ᛫ heretical ᛫ ADJ dwild+y ME+NE
dwimmer ᛫ illusion ᛫ delusion ᛫ an apparition ᛫ a phantom ᛫ N dwimor OE resurrected by Tolkien?
dwimmerly ᛫ as an illusion ᛫ deceptively ᛫ ADV dwimorlīce ME
dwimmery ᛫ illusory ᛫ ADJ dwimorlīc OE
dwindle ᛫ to become steadily less ᛫ V ~ NE
dwine ᛫ to waste or pine away ᛫ to languish ᛫ V ~ NE
dwolen ᛫ erroneous ᛫ wrong ᛫ perverse ᛫ ADJ gedwolen OE
dwolm ᛫ chaos ᛫ a chasm ᛫ N dwolma OE
e ᛫ a horse ᛫ a steed ᛫ N eh OE SEE COMMENT FOR PRONUNCIATION
e ᛫ a law ᛫ a statute ᛫ a custom ᛫ a rule ᛫ N ē/eu-/ewe-/eaw-[ǽ] ME becomes ew in compounds
ea ᛫ a river ᛫ N ~[ēa] ME
eace ⟨ ease ⟩ ᛫ a bait ᛫ a lure ᛫ N ēs ME found in: eaceworm
eaceworm ⟨ easeworm ⟩ ᛫ an earthworm ᛫ N ~ NE
each ᛫ eternal ᛫ everlasting ᛫ perpetual ᛫ ADJ ēche[ēce/ǣce] ME
ead ᛫ a grant ᛫ a concession ᛫ an authorization ᛬ to grant ᛫ to concede ᛫ to authorize ᛫ N᛬V ēadan OE
eady ᛫ prosperous ᛫ fortunate ᛫ ADJ ēdī [ēadig] ME
eal ᛫ oil ᛫ N ēle/eal/eale[ele] MEᚠOEᚠI
eal ᛫ to kindle ᛫ to burn ᛫ V ǣlan OE
Ealand ᛫ Åland ᛫ N ea+land ME+NE Åland (Nᛣ)
ealberry ᛫ an olive ᛫ N eleberge OE
ealtree ᛫ an olive tree ᛫ N eletreow OE
eam ᛫ an uncle ᛫ N eame/eme[ēam] NE
eamdaughter ᛫ a paternal female cousin ᛫ N eam+daughter NE+NE see: needmay
eamson ᛫ a paternal male cousin ᛫ N eam+son NE+NE see: needmay
ear ᛫ to plow ᛫ V ~[erian] NE
eard ᛫ one's character ᛫ a disposition ᛫ a personality ᚹ ᛫ N ērd[eard] ME kin: aard (Dutch)
eardghost ⟨ eardgoast ⟩ ᛫ an ethos ( a characteristic spirit of a group period movement etc ) ᛫ N ērd+ghost ME+NE
earl ᛫ a count ᛫ N ~ NE
earlap ᛫ an earlobe ᛫ an ear lobe ᛫ the outer ear ᛫ N ~ NE
earldom ᛫ a county ( in the sense of " a count's domain " ) ᛫ N ~ NE
earlen ᛫ a countess ᛫ N earl+en NE+NE
earmark ᛫ a distinguishing mark ᛫ a provision in Congressional legislation that allocates a specified amount of ᛫ N ~ NE
earn ᛫ to gain through work ᛫ to deserve ᛫ V earn&earnian NE&OE
earnest ᛫ seriousness ᛬ serious ᛫ urgent ᛫ intent ᛫ diligent ᛫ important ᛫ N᛬ADJ ~ NE
earp ᛫ brown ( especially dark brown ? ) ᛫ ADJ eorp OE kin: jarpr (Icelandic)
earsh ᛫ a vivarium ( an animal preserve ) ᛫ N ersc OE
earshhen ᛫ a quail ᛫ N erschenn OE
earshrift ᛫ auricular confession ᛫ N ~ NE
earthapple ᛫ a potato ᛫ N earthapple NE
earthberry ᛫ a strawberry ᛫ N eorþberige OE
earthbiving ᛫ earthquake ᛫ N eorþbifung OE
earthcraft ᛫ geometry ᛫ N eorþcræft OE
earthenware ᛫ ceramic ware ᛫ N ~ NE
earther ᛫ an inhabitant of Earth ᛫ N eorþwaru OE
earthern ᛫ a tomb ᛫ a sepulcher ᛫ N eorþærn OE
earthhog ᛫ an aardvark ᛫ N ~ NE
earthivy ᛫ Glechoma hederacea ( ground-ivy ) ᛫ N eorþifig OE
earthling ᛫ a plowman ᛫ an inhabitant of Earth ᛫ a worldling ᛫ N earthling&irþling NE&OE
earthlore ᛫ geology ᛫ N ~ NE
earthly ᛫ terrestrial ᛫ tellurian ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
earthman ᛫ a human resident or inhabitant of the planet Earth ᛫ N ~ NE
earthnavel ᛫ asparagus ᛫ N eorþnafela OE
earthtilth ᛫ agriculture ᛫ N earthtilth NE
earthweal ᛫ earthly wealth ᛫ N eorþwēla OE
earthwhate ᛫ geomancy ᛫ N earth+whāte NE+ME
earthwolf ᛫ an aardwolf ᛫ N ~ NE
earthy ᛫ natural ( the way of the world ) ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
earwax ᛫ cerumen ᛫ N ~ NE
earwig ᛫ a prying informer ᛬ to gain the influence of someone through covert statements ᛫ N᛬V ~[earwicga] NE
East Congo ᛫ Democratic Republic of the Congo ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO or: Zaire
East Engle Rich ᛫ the Kingdom of East Anglia ᛫ PN ēast Engla Rīce OE or: East Engles
East Timor ᛫ East Timor ᛫ Timor-Leste ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠ(E+O)
easten ᛫ from the east ᛫ ADV ēastan OE
Eastermonth ᛫ April ᛫ PN Eastermonaþ OE
Eastern ᛫ Oriental ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
Easterner ᛫ an Oriental ᛫ N ~ NE
eastle ᛫ a table for notes ᛫ a tablet ᛫ N ǣstel OE
Eastrich ᛫ Austria ᛫ PN estrich ME
eath ᛫ ease ᛬ to ease ᛬ easy ᛬ easily ᛫ N᛬V᛬ADJ᛬ADV eathe[eaþe]; ēthen ME
eathfully ᛫ easily ᛫ ADV ethefulli ME
eathhield ⟨ eathheeld ⟩ ᛫ satisfied ᛫ contented ᛫ ADJ ēþhylde OE
eathly ᛫ insignificant ᛫ trivial ᛫ of little worth or value ᛫ ADJ ēthelich ME
eathmood ᛫ humble ᛫ lowly ᛫ obedient ᛬ to be humble ᛫ to obey ᛫ to make humble ᛫ to humble ᛫ ADJ ēaþmōd&ēaþmōdgian OE
eathmoodly ᛫ humble ᛬ humbly ᛫ ADJ᛬ADV ēaþmōdlic&ēaþmōdlice OE
eathmoodness ᛫ humility ᛫ N ēaþmōdnis OE
eathness ᛫ easiness ᛫ facility ᛫ favour ᛫ N ēþnes OE
eathom ᛫ breath ᛫ vapour ᛫ gas ᛫ N ēþem[æþm] ME kin: Atem (HG)
eatinghouse ⟨ eatinghuse ⟩ ᛫ restaurant ᛫ N ~ NE
eatingroom ᛫ a dining room ᛫ N eating+room NE+NE dining room (NEᛣ) eetkramer ᛣ
eattle ᛫ gluttonous ᛫ ADJ etol OE
eattleman ᛫ a glutton ᛫ N ettulman OE
eattleness ᛫ gluttony ᛫ N etolness OE
eaverthring ᛫ the constellation Orion ? ᛫ PN eoforþring OE literally: boar crowd
eaves ᛫ the part of a roof that meets or overhangs the walls of a building ᛫ N ~[efes] NE
eavesdrop ᛫ to secretly listen to a conversation ᛫ V ~ NE
eavestrough ᛫ a rain gutter for a building ᛫ N ~ NE
ebb ᛫ receding tide ᛬ to recede ᛫ to decline ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
ebber ᛫ laid bare ᛫ revealed ᛫ manifest ᛫ obvious ᛫ unconcealed ᛫ ADJ ebere/ebber[ǣbær] ME UPDATED SPELLING IS DUBIOUS
Ecuador ⟨ Ecwador ⟩ ᛫ Ecuador ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠI
ed ᛫ re- ᛫ PREFIX ed- ME
ed ᛫ prosperity ᛫ fortune ᛫ N ednesse[ead] ME found in names like "Edward"
edder ᛫ a blood vessel ᛫ N edre ME
edder ᛫ a hedge ᛫ a fence ᛫ an enclosure ᛫ N eodor OE
edderbreach ᛫ trespassing by means of breaching a fence of hedge ᛫ N eodorbrice OE
edfleshhame ᛫ to reincarnate ᛫ V ed+flǽschamian ME+OE
edhew ᛫ a reform ᛬ to reform ᛫ N᛬V ed+hew NE+NE PST: edhewn
edledge ᛫ to repeat ᛫ V edlǣcan OE
ednew ᛫ to renew ᛫ to renovate ᛫ to furbish ᛫ V edniwe OE
edquick ⟨ edcwick ⟩ ᛫ to revive ᛫ to resurrect ᛫ V edcwic OE
edstathel ᛫ to restore ᛫ to refound ᛫ V edstaþelian OE
edwend ᛫ to return ᛫ to turn back ᛫ to reverse ᛫ V edwendan{edwenden} OE
edwent ᛫ reverse ᛫ ADJ edwendan+ed OE+NE
edwharft ᛫ a return ᛫ N edhwyrft OE
edwist ᛫ sustenance ᛫ being ᛫ existence ᛫ N edwist OE
edwistly ᛫ existing ᛫ subsisting ᛫ substantial ᛫ substantive ᛫ ADJ edwistlīc OE
edwite ᛫ to censure ᛫ reproach ᛫ reprove ᛫ to criticize ᛫ N᛬V edwīten ME
edwiteful ᛫ shameful ᛫ disgraceful ᛫ ignominious ᛫ ADJ edwītfull OE
edwitespeaker ᛫ a caviller / caviler ᛫ a faultfinder ᛫ N edwītspreca OE
edword ᛫ to rephrase ᛫ to reword ᛫ V ed+word OE+NE
eelpout ⟨ eelpute ⟩ ᛫ a Zoarcidae fish ᛫ N ~ NE
eerie ᛫ strange in a frightening or worrying way ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
eest ᛫ grace ᛫ N ēste&ēst ME&OE
eestful ᛫ pleasure-seeking ᛫ fastidious ᛫ palatable ᛫ delicious ᛫ ADJ ēstful ME
eesty ᛫ gracious ᛫ ADJ ēstig OE
eft ᛫ re- ᛫ PREFIX eft OE
eft ᛫ a newt ᛫ N ~ NE
eft ᛫ to repeat ᛫ to iterate ᛬ again ᛫ back ( back to where it was ) ᛫ V᛬ADV eft&eftgian ME&OE
eftbook ᛫ to reschedule ᛫ V eft+book ME+NE or: edbook
eftboot ᛫ a restoration of health ᛫ restitution ᛫ reparation ᛫ N eftbōt OE
eftcome ᛫ to return ᛫ V eftcuman OE
eftlean ᛫ recompense ᛫ N eftlēan OE
eftleaner ᛫ a recompenser ᛫ N eftlēaniend OE
eftleesing ᛫ redemption ᛫ N eftlēsing OE
eftlooking ᛫ respect ᛫ N eftlōcung OE
eftnewing ᛫ renewal ᛫ N eftnīwung OE
eftrun ᛫ a running back ᛫ a rerun ᛫ N eftryne OE
eftselleness ᛫ retribution ᛫ recompense ᛫ requital ᛫ N eftselness OE
eftsithe ᛫ a journey back ᛫ a return journey ᛫ N eftsīþ OE
eftsoons ᛫ once again ᛫ another time ᛫ ADV ~ NE
eftspelling ᛫ a recapitulation ᛫ N eftspellung OE
eftwharve ᛫ to turn back ᛫ to return ᛫ V efthweorfan OE
eftyive ᛫ to give back ᛫ to return ᛫ V eftagyfan OE or: eftgive
Egypt ᛫ Egypt ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
Egyptish ᛫ Egyptian ᛫ ADJ Egiptish ME
eight ᛫ persecution ᛬ to persecute ᛫ to pursue ᛫ N᛬V ǣht&ēhtan OE&OE rhyme: height
eithe ᛫ a harrow ᛫ N eithe[egeþe] ME
eke ᛫ an addition ᛫ an increase ᛬ to add ᛫ to increase ᛬ plus ᛬ also ᛫ plus ᛫ N᛬V᛬ADV᛬PREP eke&ēke&ēken NE&ME&ME
eke out ⟨ ute ⟩ ᛫ to supplement ᛫ to augment ᛫ to obtain with difficulty ᛫ V ~ NE
ekename ᛫ an epithet ᛫ a nickname ᛫ a surname ᛫ a title ᛫ N ēkenāme ME "nickname" comes from this word?
ekenoosle ᛫ to degenerate ᛬ degenerate ᛫ V᛬ADJ geǣcnōslian&ǣcnōsle OE
eker ᛫ an augmenter ᛫ an adjective ᛫ N īcend OE adjective (NEᛣ)
ekerly ᛫ adjective ᛫ additive ᛫ ADJ geīcendlic OE
eking ᛫ an augment ᛫ N ~ NE
el ᛫ ( denotes strangeness or foreignness ) ᛫ PREFIX el OE kin: else?
El Salvador ᛫ El Salvador ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠI or: the Healend
elbowbarrow ᛫ a couter ᛫ a cowter ᛫ N elbow+beorg{halsbeorg} NE+OE
eld ᛫ age ᛫ an age ᛫ a time period ᛫ an epoch ᛫ an era ᛫ N eld&ēlde NE&ME both "what is your eld?" and "the dark eld" would be alright
eld ᛫ to put off ᛫ to delay ᛫ to deter ᛫ V ēlden ME
elder ᛫ a senior ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
elder ᛫ a Sambucus nigra plant ( on which the elderberry grows ) ᛫ N ~[ellern/eller] NE kin: æld (fire)?
elderless ᛫ deprived of parents ᛫ orphaned ᛫ ADJ ealdorlēas OE
eldfather ᛫ a grandfather ᛫ N ~ NE
eldmother ᛫ a grandmother ᛫ N ~ NE
eldritch ᛫ supernatural ᛫ unearthly ᛫ otherworldly ᛫ strange ᛫ ADJ ~ NE or: elritch
elfen ᛫ a fairy ᛫ a nymph ᛫ a female elf ᛫ N ælfen OE
elfkin ᛫ the race of elves ᛫ N ælfcynn OE
elflocks ᛫ a tangled mess of hair ᛫ N ~ NE
elfsheen ᛫ beautiful like an elf ᛫ ADJ ælfsciēne OE
elk ᛫ a moose ᛫ N ~ NE
elksand ᛫ amber ᛫ N eolhsand OE
elksedge ᛫ a Cladium mariscus plant ? ᛫ N eolhxsecg OE
elland ᛫ a foreign land ᛫ N elland OE
ellandish ᛫ of another land foreign ᛫ ADJ ellendish ME
ellen ᛫ vigour ᛫ valour ᛫ zeal ᛫ N elne[ellen] ME
ellenly ᛫ valiant ᛬ daringly ᛫ ADJ᛬ADV ellenlīc&ellenlīce OE
ellenmearth ᛫ glory of valour or courage ᛫ N ellenmǣrþ OE
ellenwood ᛫ to rage with zeal ᛬ furiously zealous ᛫ V᛬ADJ ellenwōdian&ellenwōd OE rhyme: ellenmood
eller ᛫ elsewhere ᛫ ADV ellor OE
ellerfouse ⟨ ellerfuse ⟩ ᛫ ready to go elsewhere ᛫ ADJ ellorfūs OE
ellersithe ᛫ a departure ᛫ a journey to elsewhere ᛫ N ellorsīþ OE
elning ᛫ zeal ᛫ N elnung/ellung OE
elp ᛫ an elephant ᛫ N elp[elp/elpend] MEᚠIᚠHᚠO
elpsbone ᛫ elephant bone ᛫ ivory ᛫ N elpes bon{elpendbǣnen} MEᚠOEᚠ(O+E)
Elpsbone Shore ᛫ Cote d'Ivoire ᛫ Ivory Coast ᛫ PN elpes bon+shore ME+NE Ivory Coast (NEᛣ)
elreardiness ᛫ barbarousness ( as in foreign-speakingness ) ᛫ N elreordignes OE literally: foreign-voice-y-ness
elreardy ᛫ barbarous ( as in foreign-speaking ) ᛫ ADJ elreordig OE literally: foreign-voice-y
elsewhence ⟨ elsewhense ⟩ ᛫ from elsewhere ᛫ aliunde ᛫ ADV ~ NE
eltheed ᛫ a foreign nation ᛫ N elþēod OE
eltheedy ᛫ foreign ᛫ of a foreign nation ᛫ ADJ elþeodig OE
emberwood ᛫ a Caesalpinia echinata plant ( a brazilwood ) ᛫ N ember+wood NE+NE brazilwood ᛣ
emforth ᛫ according to ᛫ PREP emforth[evenforth] ME
emirdom ᛫ an emirate ᛫ N emir+dom{emirate} O+NE
emnet ᛫ a plain ᛫ level ground ᛬ to make level ᛫ N emnett&emnettan OE
en ᛫ -ize ᛫ -ise ᛫ -ify ᛫ -fy ᛫ -ate ᛫ SUFFIX ~ NE found in: "fatten"
en ᛫ ( denotes a sense of pertaining to , or of being made of ) ᛫ SUFFIX ~ NE found in: "wooden"
en ᛫ -ess ᛫ SUFFIX ~ NE
end ᛫ ( present participle suffix ) ᛫ ( agent suffix ) ᛫ SUFFIX -end/-and/-ant[-ende] ME unproductive except in Anglish's "-endly" ( -able )
end ᛫ a duck ᛫ N ende[ened/æned] ME
endbird ᛫ an order ( as in arrangement ) ᛬ to set in order ᛫ N᛬V endebyrd&endebyrdan OE literally end-birth
endbirdly ᛫ ordinal ᛫ ADJ endebyrdlīc OE
endbirdness ᛫ row ᛫ series ᛫ rank ᛫ order of nature ᛫ N endebyrdnes OE
endbrain ᛫ the telencephalon ᛫ N ~ NE
endless ᛫ infinite ᛫ countless ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
endly ᛫ final ᛫ terminal ᛫ conclusive ᛬ finally ᛫ at last ᛫ ADJ᛬ADV ~ NE
endly ᛫ -able ᛫ -ably ᛫ SUFFIX endlīce/andlike ME or: ingly
endsay ᛫ a conclusion ( as in the closing words of something ) ᛫ N ~ NE
Engle ᛫ an Anglo ᛫ an Englishman ᛫ PN Engle ME
Engledom ᛫ the Anglosphere ᛫ the domain of Englishness ᛫ N Engle+dom ME+NE
Englekin ᛫ the English people ᛫ N Angelcynn OE
Englishen ᛫ to translate into English ᛫ to express in English ᛫ to Anglicize ᛫ V Englishen ME
enough ᛫ sufficient ᛫ ADJ enough NE
ent ᛫ an ettin ᛫ a giant ᛫ an intelligent walking tree ( modern fantasy ) ᛫ N ent OE the tree meaning comes from Tolkien
entish ᛫ gigantic ᛫ ADJ entisc OE
er ᛫ anger ᛫ wrath ᛫ ire ᛫ rage ᛬ angry ᛫ wrathful ᛫ ireful ᛫ N᛬ADJ erre ME
erdfast ᛫ settled ᛫ established in a place ᛫ abiding ᛫ earthfast ᛫ ADJ eardfæst OE
erding ᛫ a habitation ᛫ dwelling ᛫ N earding OE
erdingly ᛫ habitable ᛫ ADJ eardigendlīc OE
erdshrew ᛫ Sorex araneus ( a kind of shrew ) ᛫ N ~ NE
ere ᛫ earlier ᛫ formerly ᛬ before ᛫ sooner than ᛫ ADV᛬PREP ere&ǣr NE&OE rhyme: air
ere ᛫ pre- ᛫ ante- ᛫ PREFIX ~ NE see fore (prefix)
Erelithe ᛫ June ᛫ PN Ærra Liþa OE or: searmonth? (from séar-monaþ)
erelong ᛫ before long ᛫ soon ᛫ ADV ~ NE
erenow ⟨ erenue ⟩ ᛫ before now ᛫ prior to this point of time ᛫ ADV ~ NE
erer ᛫ more ere ᛫ earlier ᛫ ADV ǣror OE
erewhile ᛫ a while before ᛫ some time ago ᛫ ADV ~ NE
ereyesterday ᛫ the day before yesterday ᛬ on the day before yesterday ᛫ N᛬ADV ~ NE
Ereyule ⟨ Ereyool ⟩ ᛫ December ᛫ PN Ærra Geola OE
erf ᛫ inheritance ᛫ patrimony ᛫ cattle ᛫ heritage ᛫ N erve&irfe ME&OE&OE or: erve
erfdeal ᛫ a division of an inheritance ᛫ N irfegedāl OE
erfland ᛫ land that passes as an inheritance ᛫ heritable land ᛫ N irfeland OE
erflave ᛫ an heirloom ᛫ N irfelāf OE
erfnimmer ᛫ an heir ᛫ an inheritor ᛫ one who takes an inheritance ᛫ N irfenuma OE PST: erfnome
erfwrit ᛫ a will ( as in a legal testament ) ᛫ N irfegewrit OE
erfwriter ᛫ a testator ᛫ N irfewrītend OE
Erie Mere ⟨ Earry ⟩ ᛫ Lake Erie ᛫ PN Erie+mere NEᚠO+NE
Eritrea ⟨ Airitrea ⟩ ᛫ Eritrea ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
erm ᛫ to grieve ᛫ V ermen ME
ermen PREFIX ᛫ (denotes universality , immensness , or totality ) ᛫ ADJ eormen- OE
ern ᛫ ( shows the noun is a location ) ᛫ -ery ( like in " bakery " ) ᛫ SUFFIX ern OE
ern ᛫ a building ᛫ N ern[ærn] ME lives on in "barn", which means "barley-ern"
erne ᛫ an eagle ᛫ N earne&earn/ern[earn] NE&ME broad meaning has been restored
errand ᛫ a task ᛫ a message ᛫ N ~ NE
errandghost ⟨ errandgoast ⟩ ᛫ a spiritual messenger ᛫ an angel ᛫ N ~ NE
errandrake ᛫ an ambassador ᛫ diplomat ᛫ N erendrāke[ǣrendraca] ME
errandwrit ᛫ a letter ᛫ a message ᛫ a report ᛫ N ǣrendgewrit OE
erst ᛫ first ᛬ first of all ᛫ sooner than ᛫ before ᛫ once ᛫ erstwhile ᛫ ADJ᛬ADV ~ NE
erstwhile ᛫ previous ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
erve ᛫ to inherit ᛫ V erven&irfan ME
erver ᛫ an heir ᛫ an inheritor ᛫ successor ᛫ N irfa OE
esen ᛫ a man of the servile class ᛫ N esne OE
Estland ᛫ Estonia ᛫ N Estland{ēstland} NL
Eswatini ⟨ Eswateeny ⟩ ᛫ Eswatini ᛫ Swaziland ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO or: Swaziland
et ᛫ -ize ᛫ -ise ᛫ -ify ᛫ -fy ᛫ -ate ᛫ SUFFIX ettan OE like "bōt" (assistance, remedy) to "bōtettan" (to repair)
et ᛫ ( forms nouns from adjectives , verbs , and other nouns ) ᛫ SUFFIX et OE lives on in "thicket"
ethe ᛫ to breathe ᛫ V ēthien[ēþian] ME
ethel ᛫ native- ᛫ domestic- ᛫ PREFIX eþel OE
ethel ᛫ a homeland ᛫ an ancestral land ᛫ a native land ᛫ a fatherland ᛫ an estate ᛫ patria ᛫ N ethel ME
ethelward ᛫ a ward of one's ancestral land ᛫ N eþelweard OE
Ethiopy ᛫ Ethiopia ᛫ PN ethiopy/Ethiopie ME
ettenish ᛫ giant ᛫ gigantic ᛫ ADJ ēotenisc OE
ettin ᛫ an ent ᛫ a giant ᛫ N ~ NE kin: jǫtunn (Norse)
ettle ᛫ intention ᛫ intent ᛬ to intend ᛫ N᛬V ~ NEᚠN kin: eahtian
Ettle ᛫ Lazio ? ᛫ Italy ? ᛫ PN Eatol OE kin: Italy
Ettler ᛫ a Latin ? ᛫ an Italian ? ᛫ PN Eatolware OE
Europe ᛫ Europe ᛫ PN ~[Eurōpa] NE
Europish ᛫ European ᛫ ADJ Europe+ish NEᚠI+NE
eve ᛫ the day evening or other period of time immediately before an event or occasion ᛫ N ~ NE
even ᛫ equal- ᛫ fellow- ᛫ PREFIX ~ NE
even ᛫ to even ᛫ to equalize ᛬ equal ᛫ V᛬ADJ ~ NE
evenamind ᛫ commemoration ᛫ N efengemynd OE
evenamindy ᛫ commemorative ᛫ ADJ efengemyndig OE
evenborn ᛫ of equal birth ᛫ ADJ efenboren OE
evenbusiness ᛫ a cooperative business ᛫ N even+business NE+NE inspired by "evenwork"
evenedwistly ᛫ consubstantial ᛫ of the same substance or essence ᛫ ADJ efenedwistlīc OE
eveneld ᛫ coeval ᛫ of the same age ᛫ ADJ efeneald OE
evener ᛫ an equator ᛫ N even+er NE+NE equator ᛣ
evenfall ᛫ dusk ᛫ twilight ᛫ N ~ NE
evenhearted ᛫ concordant ᛫ harmonious ᛫ ADJ efenheort OE
evenhood ᛫ impartiality ᛫ fairness ᛫ equality ᛫ justice ᛫ moderation ᛫ temperance ᛫ N ~[ēvenhēde] NE
evenledge ᛫ to imitate ᛫ V efenlǣcan OE
evenling ᛫ an equal ᛫ N evenling ME
evenly ᛫ equally ᛫ ADV ~ NE
evenmatch ᛫ an equivalent ᛫ N even+match NE+NE
evenmete ᛫ coequal ᛫ equal ᛫ ADJ evenmete ME
evenminded ᛫ equanimous ᛫ equable ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
evenmindedness ᛫ equanimity ᛫ equability ᛫ N ~ NE
evenness ᛫ balance ᛫ equilibrium ᛫ equality ᛫ N ~ NE
evennight ᛫ equinox ᛫ N efenniht OE
Evenry Guinea ⟨ Ginny ⟩ ᛫ Equatorial Guinea ᛫ PN even+er+Guinea NE+NE+NEᚠO Equatorial Guinea ᛣ
evensong ᛫ vespers ᛫ N ~ NE
evensorrow ᛫ empathy ᛫ sympathy ᛫ compassion ᛬ to compassionate ᛫ to be sorry for ᛫ to empathize ᛫ to sympathize ᛫ N᛬V efensorgian OE
eventide ᛫ evening ᛫ N ~ NE
evenword ᛫ synonym ᛫ N even+word NE+NE evenwoord ᛣ
evenwork ᛫ to cooperate ᛫ to work together ᛫ V efenweorcan OE
evenwright ᛫ a coworker ᛫ N efenwyrhta OE
evenyifle ᛫ supper ᛫ dinner ᛫ N ǣfengifl OE
ever ᛫ a descendant ᛫ N eafora OE
ever PREFIX ᛫ perma- ᛫ N ~ NE
everdeath ᛫ permadeath ( gaming ) ᛫ N ever+death NE+NE permadeath ᛣ
Everettish ᛫ of or pertaining to the many-worlds interpretation of quantum physics ᛫ PADJ Everet+ish NE+NE Everettian ᛣ
everfrost ᛫ permafrost ᛫ N ever+frost NE+NE permafrost ᛣ
everfrostland ᛫ a stretch of tundra ᛫ N ever+frost+land NE+NE+NE
everlasting ᛫ eternal ᛫ permanent ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
everlastingness ᛫ permanence ᛫ durability ᛫ eternality ᛫ N everlasting+ness NE+NE Not really a calque, just something I came up with
everlink ᛫ a permalink ᛬ to permalink (create a static address) ᛫ N᛬V ever+link{permalink} NE+NE permalink ᛣ
evermore ᛫ eternally ᛫ forever ᛫ always ᛫ ADV ~ NE
everness ᛫ perpetuity ᛫ eternity ᛫ N ~ NE
evertilth ᛫ permaculture ᛫ N ever+tilth NE+NE permaculture ᛣ
everyday ᛫ ordinary ᛫ typical ᛫ commonplace ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
evest ᛫ envy ᛫ N evest[æfēst] ME
evil ᛫ malum ᛬ malus ᛫ N᛬ADJ ~ NE
evildoer ᛫ a malefactor ᛫ N ~ NE
evilqueath ⟨ evilcweath ⟩ ᛫ to slander ᛫ to curse ( someone ) ᛫ V yfelcweþan OE
ewbreach ᛫ adultery ᛫ N ǣwbryce OE
ewbreaker ᛫ an adulterer ᛫ N ǣbreca OE
ewe ᛫ a female sheep ᛫ N ~ NE opposite of: ram
ewfast ᛫ firm in observing the law ᛫ pious ᛫ law-abiding ᛫ ADJ ǣfæst OE
ewfastness ᛫ firmness in observing the law ᛫ piety ᛫ N ǣfæstnes OE
ewleap ᛫ a crime ᛫ a violation of the law ᛫ a transgression ᛫ N ǣhlȳp OE literally law-leap
ey ᛫ an egg ᛫ N ~ NE PL: eyren
ey ᛫ terror ᛫ N ege/ōga{oue} OE
eyedoor ᛫ a window ᛫ N ēagdūru OE "window" is Norse
eyeleech ᛫ an ophthalmologist ᛫ N eye+leech NE+NE
eyely ᛫ visible ᛫ ocular ᛬ visibly ᛫ ADJ᛬ADV ~ NE
eyesome ᛫ attractive ᛫ pleasing to the eye ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
eyethirl ᛫ a window ᛫ an eye-hole ᛫ N ēagþyrl OE
eylime ᛫ egg white ᛫ N æglīm OE
eyse ᛫ to terrorize ᛫ V egesian OE
eywhite ᛫ a protein ᛫ N ey+white NE+NE eiwit ᛣ
eywort ᛫ a dandelion ᛫ N ægwyrt OE
fack ᛫ an interval ᛫ a portion of time ᛫ N fece/fæce&fæc ME&OE
fade ᛫ to direct ᛫ to arrange ᛫ to order ᛫ to dictate ᛫ V fade&fadian ME&OE
fain ᛫ joyful ᛫ pleased ᛫ gladly willing ᛬ joyfully ᛫ gladly willingly ᛫ ADJ᛬ADV᛬INT fain&fain[fægen] NE&ME
fair ᛫ just ᛫ equitable ᛫ reasonable ᛫ of decent value ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
fairhaired ᛫ blond ( of hair ) ᛫ ADJ fairhaired NE
fairminded ᛫ unbiased and impartial ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
fairness ᛫ impartiality ᛫ beauty ᛫ N ~ NE
fale ᛫ a companion ᛫ one who is faithful to another ᛫ N fāle ME kin féle/fǽle
fall ᛫ autumn ᛫ N ~[feallan] NE
fall ᛫ a descent ᛫ a case ( grammar term ) ᛫ a case ᚹ ᛫ an instance ᚹ ᛫ N fyll OE
fallish ᛫ autumnal ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
fallow ᛫ pale brown ᛫ tan brown ᛫ tawny ᛫ kahki ᛫ beige ᛫ ADJ ~[fealu] NE
fallow ᛫ uncultivated land ᛫ N ~[fealh] NE
fallsick ᛫ epileptic ᛫ ADJ fyllesēoc OE
fallsickness ᛫ epilepsy ᛫ N fyllesēocnys OE
fallsome ᛫ deciduous ( botany ) ᛫ ADJ fall+some NE+NE invented by William Barnes
fallwind ᛫ a katabatic wind ᛫ N fall wind NE
fand ᛫ a trial ᛫ an attempt ᛬ to try ( in a trial ) ᛫ to try ( to attempt ) ᛫ to endeavour ᛫ to put to a test ᛫ to experiment ᛫ N᛬V fonden/fanden ME or: fond
fane ᛫ a banner ᛫ a flag ᛫ N ~ NE
fang ᛫ to receive ᛫ to accept ᛫ V afọ̄n{fang} ME
fang ᛫ to take ᛫ to capture ᛫ to catch ᛫ to seize ᛫ V ~ NE
far ᛫ distant ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
farandman ᛫ a wayfarer ( especially a pedlar or a merchant who travels ) ᛫ N ~ NE
fard ᛫ paint ᛫ N ~ NEᚠIᚠFK
fardel ᛫ a quarter ( of something ) ᛫ N ~ NE comes from "forth deal"
fare ᛫ a journey ᛫ a voyage ᛫ a transportation fee ᛬ to journey ᛫ to voyage ᛫ to travel ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
fareld ᛫ a course ᛫ a passage ᛫ a going ᛫ an expedition ᛫ N færeld OE
farflung ᛫ distant ᛫ remote ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
farl ᛫ a cake of a certain type ᛫ a biscuit of a certain type ᛫ N ~ NE comes from "fardel"
farl ᛫ distance ᛫ N firl{feorlen} OE
farlen ᛫ distant ᛫ remote ᛫ ADJ feorlen/fyrlen OE
farm ᛫ food ᛫ sustenance ᛫ entertainment ᛬ to feed ᛫ to sustain ᛫ to entertain ᛫ N᛬V feorm&feormian OE
farmth ᛫ a harbouring ᛫ an entertaining ᛫ a cleansing ᛫ N feormþ OE
farness ᛫ distance ᛫ span ᛫ remoteness ᛫ N ~ NE
Faroish ᛫ the Faroese language ᛬ Faroese ᛫ N᛬ADJ ~ NE
farrand ᛫ having a specified form or disposition ᛫ fashioned ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
farrow ᛫ a piglet ᛫ a litter of piglets ᛫ N farrow&fearh NE&OE
farth ᛫ a tide ᛫ a current ᛫ a shore ᛫ N faroþ OE
farthing ᛫ a quarter ( of something ) ᛫ one-quarter of an old penny ᛫ N ~ NE equivalent to forth-ing
fast ᛫ firm ᛫ close ᛫ loyal ᛬ securely ᛫ ADJ᛬ADV ~ NE
fast ᛫ ( denotes stability , firmness , reliability , adherence to ) ᛫ SUFFIX ~ NE
fasten ᛫ a fortress ᛫ a stronghold ᛫ a castle ᛫ N fæsten OE
fasten ᛫ to secure ᛫ V ~ NE
fasthavel ᛫ stingy ᛫ miserly ᛫ ADJ fæsthafol OE
fastness ᛫ a secure place ᛫ stability ᛫ immobility ᛫ firmness ᛫ solidity ᛫ obduracy ᛫ obstinacy ᛫ N fastness&fastnes NE&ME
fatgoose ᛫ a penguin ᛫ N fat+goose NE+NE vetgans ᛣ
fatheren ᛫ paternal ᛫ ADJ fæderen OE
fatherenbrother ᛫ paternal brother ( a brother one shares a father with ) ᛫ N fæderenbrōþor OE
fatherland ᛫ the land of one's ancestors or birth ᛫ N ~ NE
fatherly ᛫ paternal ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
fathermurther ᛫ patricide ᛫ N father+murther NE+ME Vatermord ᛣ
fatherslayer ᛫ a patricide ᛫ N fatherslayer NE
fathom ᛫ a unit of length equal to six feet ᛬ to grasp ᛫ to imagine ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
fathomless ᛫ immeasurable ᛫ incomprehensible ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
fathomlessness ᛫ unimaginability ᛫ N ~ NE
faw ᛫ equipped ᛫ variegated ᛫ ADJ faw&fawe&fāh NE&ME&OE
fawn ᛫ to show affection ᛫ to court favour through flattering ᛫ V ~ NE often found in the term "fawning over"
fawning ᛫ a rejoicing ᛫ an exultation ᛫ a celebration ᛬ obsequious ᛫ N᛬ADJ fawning&fægnung NE&OE
fawworm ᛫ a basilisk ᛫ N fāgwyrm OE
fax ᛫ head hair ᛫ N ~ NE
faxcloth ᛫ a headband ᛫ a hairband ᛫ N feaxclāþ OE
faxed ᛫ maned ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
faxedstar ᛫ a comet ᛫ N fax+ed+star NE+NE+NE maned star (NEᛣ)
faxfalling ᛫ loss of hair ᛫ alopecia ᛫ N feaxfeallung OE
faxneedle ᛫ a hair needle ᛫ N feaxnǣdel OE
faxread ᛫ to dress or trim hair ᛫ V feaxgerǣdian OE
fay ᛫ a joining ᛫ a combo ᛫ a combination ᛫ a juncture ᛬ to join together ᛫ to attach ᛫ N᛬V gefēg&feien OE&ME
faying ᛫ a conjunction ( grammar term ) ᛫ N fēging OE or: linkword (coined by William Barnes)
fayle ᛫ a fastening device ᛫ N feien+els ME+ME voegsel ᛣ
faze ᛫ to daunt ᛫ to put off ᛫ to disturb ᛫ to perturb ᛫ V ~[fēsen] NE
feamen ᛫ a woman ᛫ N fǣmne OE
fear ᛫ a bull ᛫ N fearr/fear OE
Fear ᛫ Taurus ᛫ PN Fearr OE
fearsome ᛫ scary ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
feather ᛫ a pen ᛫ a stylus ᛫ N fether&feþer ME&OE
featherhame ᛫ plumage ᛫ N fetherhāme ME
featherheaded ᛫ disorganized and foolish ᛫ ADJ featherheaded NE
fee ᛫ livestock ᛫ cattle ᛫ capital ᛫ money ᛫ wealth ᛫ moveable property ᛫ N fee&fē NE&ME "fee" as in "fine" is French
feeboot ᛫ monetary compensation ᛫ N feohbōt OE
feedom ᛫ capitalism ᛫ N fee+dom ME+NE
feel ᛫ excellent ᛫ faithful ᛫ ADJ fēle&fǣle ME&OE
feel ᛫ greatly ᛫ much ᛫ very ᛫ many ᛫ ADV fēle[fela] ME
feeland ᛫ a pasture ᛫ pasture land ᛫ N feohland OE
feelfold ᛫ to increase in number ᛫ to multiply ᛬ manifold ᛫ multiple ᛫ varied ᛫ diverse ᛫ V᛬ADJ fēlefōlden&fēlefōlden ME
feen ᛫ to greatly want something ᛫ V ~ NE from "fiend", from "drug fiend"
feening ᛫ a craving for more narcotics ᛫ N ~ NE
Feenish ᛫ Phoenician language ᛬ Phoenician ᛫ PN᛬PADJ Syrofēnisc{φοῖνιξ} OE
Feenishman ᛫ a Phoenician ᛫ PN Syrofēnisc+man OE+NE
feenix ᛫ a phoenix ᛫ N fēnix MEᚠO
feeth ᛫ walking on foot ᛫ the ability to talk on foot ᛬ to travel on foot ᛫ N᛬V fēþe&fēþan OE
feether ᛫ infantry ᛫ a host ᛫ a troop ᛫ tribe ᛫ company ᛫ N fēþa OE
feethgang ᛫ a journey on foot ᛫ N fēþegang OE
feethhere ᛫ a foot army ᛫ a troop of infantry ᛫ N fēþehere OE
feeze ᛫ to drive off ᛫ to put to flight ᛫ to route ᛫ V fēsen[fȳsian/fēsian] OE kin: faze?
feigh ᛫ to make beautiful ᛫ to adorn ᛫ V feahen[fǣgan] ME
feird ᛫ an army or troop especially when a militia ᛫ N ferd ME
feirdman ᛫ a militiaman ᛫ N fyrdmann OE
feirdwite ᛫ a penalty for evading military service ᛫ N fyrdwīte OE
feist ᛫ a fart ᛫ a small dog ( especially a feisty one ) ᛬ to fart ᛫ N᛬V feist&fīst&fīsten NE&ME&ME
feisty ᛫ like a small energetic dog ᛫ spunky ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
feith ᛫ a feud ᛫ N fǣhþ{feithhēd}{feied} OE equal to: foe+th
fell ᛫ fierce ᛫ cruel ᛫ terrible ᛫ sinister ᛫ malevolent ᛫ sharp ᛫ pungent ᛫ ADJ ~[felo/fæle] NE
fell ᛫ a pelt ᛫ hide ᛫ skin ᛫ N ~[fel/fell] NE
fell ᛫ to destroy ᛫ to kill ᛫ to fell a tree ᛫ to make something fall ᛫ to strike down ᛫ to destroy ᛫ to kill ᛫ to defeat ᛫ V ~[fellan]{afellen} NE
fellow ᛫ a companion ᛫ a comrade ᛫ N ~ NEᚠN
fellowless ᛫ peerless ᛫ ADJ ~ NEᚠ(N+E)
fellowship ᛫ community ᛫ N ~ NEᚠ(N+E)
felly ᛫ the exterior rim supported by spokes ᛫ a circumference ᛫ N ~ NE
felton ᛫ a toilet ᛫ a privy ᛫ N feltūn OE
fen ᛫ a stretch of unforested wetland fed by ground water and runoff ᛫ N ~ NE
fengle ᛫ a prince ᛫ a princeps ᛫ N fengel OE
fennel ᛫ a Foeniculum vulgare plant ᛫ N ~ NE
fenny ᛫ boggy ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
fenow ᛫ mold ᛫ N fenowed&fyne NE&OE
fenowed ᛫ moldy ᛫ decayed ᛫ corrupted ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
fer ᛫ ( denotes a negative suddenness and unexpectedness ) ᛫ PREFIX fǣr{fērlī}{ferly} OE kin: fear
fere ᛫ life ᛫ N fēre{feore/feorh} ME
fered ᛫ a company of people ᛫ a band ᛫ a host ᛫ a troop ᛫ companionship ᛫ comradeship ᛫ N ferrēde{fēre} ME
fereship ᛫ companionship ᛫ companions ᛫ company ᛫ N fere+ship OE+NE
ferk ᛫ to support ᛫ to bring in support ᛫ to assist ᛫ to drive ᛫ to rush ᛫ V ferken&fercian ME&OE
ferking ᛫ provisions ᛫ a sustaining ᛫ N fercung OE
ferly ᛫ an oddity ᛬ strange ᛫ marvellous ᛫ surprising ᛫ unexpected ᛫ anomalous ᛬ strangely ᛫ marvellously surprisingly ᛫ unexpectedly ᛫ N᛬ADJ᛬ADV ferly&fērlī NE&ME TS: fearly
fern ᛫ ancient ᛫ old ᛫ previous ᛫ past ᛫ ADJ fern/furn ME
fern ᛫ ancient- ᛫ old- ᛫ PREFIX fern[fyrn] ME
fern ᛫ a Filicophyta plant ᛫ a Filicopsida plant ᛫ N ~ NE
ferndays ᛫ days of old ᛫ N fyrndagas OE
fernman ᛫ an ancient ( as in "the ancients" ) ᛫ N fyrnman OE
fernseed ᛫ one of the asexual dustlike spores of a fern which resemble seeds ᛫ N fern seed NE
fernsitter ᛫ a rabbit ᛫ N fernsitter ME
ferry ᛫ a ship used to transport passengers and goods ᛬ to transport ᛫ to convey ᛫ V ~ NE or: fere (from ME alternative)
ferse ᛫ a verse ᛫ N fers OEᚠI
ferthyiver ᛫ giver of life ᛫ God ᛫ N feorhgifa OE
fetch ᛫ to go after and bring back ᛫ V ~ NE
fether ᛫ to burden ᛫ to put a load upon ᛫ V fetheren ME
fetter ᛫ a limit ᛫ a regulation ᛫ a restricter ᛫ a restriction ᛫ a restrainer ᛬ to restrict ᛫ to restrain ᛫ to impede ᛫ to slow down ᛫ to limit ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
fettered ᛫ restrained ᛫ restricted ᛫ limited ᛫ regualted ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
fettle ᛫ condition ᛬ to repair ᛫ to mend ᛫ to fix ᛫ to put in order ᛫ N᛬V ~[fetel] NE
fettler ᛫ a repairer ᛫ a repairman ᛫ a railway maintenance man ᛫ N ~ NE
fewshaft ᛫ destitute ᛫ miserable ᛫ squalid ᛫ ADJ feasceaft OE
fey ᛫ doomed ᛫ dying ᛫ overrefined ᛫ ADJ ~[fæge] NE
fick ᛫ deceit ᛫ fraud ᛫ N fic&gefic OE&OE
fickle ᛫ unreliable ᛫ disloyal ᛫ treacherous deceptive deceitful ᛫ N fickle&fikel[ficol] NE&ME
fiddle ᛫ a violin ᛫ N ~[fiþele] NE
fiddle with ᛫ to manipulate ᛫ to tinker ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
fieldelf ⟨ feeldelf ⟩ ᛫ a field elf ᛫ a field fairy ᛫ a field nymph ᛫ N feldælf OE
fieldhouse ⟨ feeldhuse ⟩ ᛫ a tent ᛫ a building used for sports ᛫ N ~[feldhūs] NE
fieldswamb ⟨ feeldswamb ⟩ ᛫ fungus ᛫ N feldswamm OE
fiend ⟨ feend ⟩ ᛫ an evil person ᛫ a lowlife ᛫ a drug addict ᛫ an enemy ᛫ N ~ NE
fiendish ⟨ feendish ⟩ ᛫ very bad unpleasant or difficult ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
fiendred ⟨ feendred ⟩ ᛫ enmity ᛫ N fēondrǣden OE
fight ᛫ to moisten ᛫ V fyhtan OE
Fiji ᛫ Fiji ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO TS: Feedgee
fike ᛫ a fig ᛫ N fīke MEᚠI?
fike ᛫ to feign ᛫ to dissemble ᛫ to flatter ᛫ to wheedle ᛫ V fiken[fician] ME
filch ᛫ some stolen thing or things ᛬ to steal ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
file ᛫ to defile ᛫ to corrupt ᛫ V fīlen[fȳlan] ME
fill ᛫ chervil ? ᛫ the Thymus serpyllum plant ( breckland thyme ) ? ᛫ N fille OE
film ᛫ a movie ᛫ a membrane ᛫ skin ᛫ N film&filmen NE&OE
filmcraft ᛫ the art or craft of making movies ᛫ cinematography ᛫ N filmcraft NE
filmgoer ᛫ a moviegoer ᛫ a cinemagoer ᛫ N ~ NE
filmish ᛫ filmic ᛫ cinematic ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
filmling ᛫ a short film ᛫ N film+ling NE+NE
filmmaker ᛫ a cinematographer ᛫ a filmographer ᛫ N ~ NE
filmstar ᛫ a movie star ᛫ N film star NE
filst ᛫ aid ᛫ assistance ᛫ support ᛫ furtherance ᛫ abetment ᛬ to aid ᛫ to assist ᛫ to support ᛫ to abet ᛫ N᛬V filst&filsten ME&ME
filthfear ᛫ mysophobia ᛫ N dirt+fear NE+NE
find ᛫ to locate ᛫ V ~ NE
findle ᛫ something found ᛫ a discovery ᛫ an invention ᛫ N findles ME
finger ᛫ to identify ᛫ to point out ᛫ V ~ NE
fingerapple ᛫ a date ᛫ N fingeræppel OE
fingry ᛫ digital ᛫ ADJ finger+y NE+NE
Finn ᛫ a Finn ᛫ PN Finn OE
Finnland ᛫ Finland ᛫ PN Finna Land OE
fint ᛫ a tail ᛫ sequel ᛫ consequence ᛫ N finta OE
fire up ᛫ to ignite ᛫ to turn on ᛫ to excite ᛫ V ~ NE
firebarrow ᛫ a volcano ᛫ N fire+barrow NE+NE
firebouk ⟨ firebuke ⟩ ᛫ a Molotov cocktail ᛫ N fire+bouk NE+ME
firebrand ᛫ a torch with a flame ᛫ an argumentative troublemaker or revolutionary ᛫ N ~ NE
firen ᛫ to sin ᛫ V firenian OE
firenful ᛫ sinful ᛫ wicked ᛫ ADJ firenfull OE
firenlust ᛫ sinful lust ᛫ wantonness ᛫ N firenlust OE
firenlustyearn ᛫ voluptuous ᛫ lascivious ᛫ ADJ firenlustgeorn OE
fires ᛫ living beings ᛫ humanity ᛫ humans ᛫ N fīras OE kin: feorm/farm; firihōs (Old Saxon); fīrar (Icelandic)
firewater ᛫ liquor ᛫ strong alcoholic drink ᛫ N ~ NE possibly a calque from an American Indian language
firk ᛫ to move quickly ᛫ hasten ᛫ to be lively ᛫ to jerk ᛫ to switch ᛫ to fidget ᛫ to fuss ᛫ V ~ NE
firnut ᛫ a fircone ᛫ N fir+nut NE+NE note: pīnhnutu
firrow ᛫ a mountain ᛫ N firgen/fyrgen{firegāt} OE evidence from ME shows loss of /n/
firrowbuck ᛫ an ibex ? ᛫ N firgenbucca OE
firse ᛫ to keep away ᛫ to take away ᛫ V firsen/fursen[feorsian] ME kin: far
firsen ᛫ the heel ᛫ N fiersn/fyrsn OE
first ᛫ a ceiling ᛫ a roof ᛫ N first[first] ME
firsthand ᛫ direct ( without intermediate stages ) ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
firstling ᛫ the first of a class or kind ᛫ N ~ NE
firth ᛫ an estuary ᛫ an inlet ᛫ a fjord ᛫ N ~ NEᚠN
firwit ᛫ curiosity ᛬ curious ᛫ inquisitive ᛫ N᛬ADJ fyrwit OE
firwitty ᛫ curious ᛫ inquisitive ᛫ ADJ fyrwit+y ME+NE
fishlore ᛫ ichthyology ᛫ N ~ NE
fishly ᛫ piscine ichthyic ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
fishwife ᛫ a coarse-mannered woman who is prone to shouting ᛫ a female fishmonger ᛫ N ~ NE
fishy ᛫ suspicious ᛫ dubious ᛫ questionable ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
fit ᛫ a section of a narrative ( especially a poem or song ) ᛫ a canto ᛫ a chapter ᛫ N fit&fit/fitt[fitte] NE&ME "chapter" usage found in "the Hunting of the Snark"
fitful ᛫ sporadic ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
fither ᛫ a wing ᛫ N fiþere OE
fivald ᛫ a butterfly ᛫ a Lepidopteran insect ᚹ ᛫ N fifalde OE
fivel ᛫ a monster ᛫ a giant ᛫ N fifel OE
fivelish ᛫ monstrous ᛫ ADJ fifel+ish ME+NE
fivepenny ᛫ a nickel ᚹ ᛬ five cents ᛫ five pence ᛫ N᛬ADJ ~ NE
fizz ᛫ soda ᛫ pop ᛫ coke ᛫ N ~ NE
flask ᛫ a flask ᛫ a bottle ᛫ N flaxe OEᚠI? or: flax
flat ᛫ an apartment ᛫ N ~ NE
flatware ᛫ eating utensils such as knives forks and spoons ᛫ cutlery ᛫ N ~ NE
flawed ᛫ imperfect ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
flawless ᛫ perfect ᛫ ADJ ~ NEᚠ(N+E)
flaxen ᛫ made of flax ᛫ of the pale yellow colour of dressed flax ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
flaxenhaired ᛫ blond ᛫ blonde ᛫ ADJ flaxenhaired NE
flay ᛫ to take skin off ᛫ V ~ NE
fleabane ᛫ an Erigeron plant ᛫ N ~ NE
fleard ᛫ falsehood ᛫ deceit ᛫ N flērd[gefleard] ME
flearder ᛫ a deceiver ᛫ a trickster ᛫ N fleardere OE
fledge ᛫ to care for a young bird until it can fly ᛫ to grow feathers ᛫ V ~ NE
fledgling ᛫ an immature or inexperienced person or thing ᛬ nascent ᛫ emerging ᛫ N᛬ADJ ~ NE
fleed ᛫ to flow ᛫ V flēden ME kin: flood
fleem ᛫ exile ᛫ an exile ᛫ an outcast ᛬ to outcast ᛫ to exile ᛫ N᛬V flēme&flēmen ME&ME
fleet ᛫ a navy ᛫ N ~[flēot] NE
fleet ᛫ a marshland creek ᛫ a channel ᛫ N ~ NE
fleet ᛫ to move quickly ᛫ to pass time rapidly ᛫ to fade away ᛫ V ~[flēotan] NE
fleeting ᛫ lasting for a very short time ᛫ ephemeral ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
fleetlord ᛫ an admiral ᛫ N fleet+lord{sciphlāford} NE+NE
fleettow ᛫ an admiral ᛫ N fleet+tow NE+NE or: fleettough
flesher ᛫ a butcher ᛫ N ~ NE
fleshhame ᛫ to incarnate ᛫ to become incarnate ᛫ V flǽschamian OE
fleshhamed ᛫ incarnate ᛫ ADJ flǽschamod OE
fleshliness ᛫ carnality ᛫ N ~ NE
fleshly ᛫ carnal ᛫ sensual ᛫ having an actual physical appearance ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
fleshy ᛫ plump ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
flightcraft ᛫ an airplane ᛫ an aeroplane ᛫ N flight+craft NE+NE
flightfear ᛫ aerophobia ᛫ N flight+fear NE+NE
flightfield ⟨ flightfeeld ⟩ ᛫ an airfield ᛫ N flight+field NE+NE fleanfjild ᛣ
flintstone ᛫ any hard stone such as flint , quartz , granite , basalt ᛫ N ~ NE
flitch ᛫ a slab of meat ( especially bacon ) ᛫ a slab of timber ᛫ N ~ NE
flite ᛫ a quarrel ᛫ a dispute ᛫ an argument ᛬ to quarrel ᛫ to dispute ᛫ to argue ᛫ to contend ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
flitecraft ᛫ the art of dialectics ᛫ the art of arguing ᛫ N flītcræft OE
flitecraftly ᛫ dialectical ᛫ disputational ᛫ ADJ flītcræftlīc OE
fliteful ᛫ contentious ᛫ ADJ flītful OE
flitem ᛫ a lancet ᛫ a scalpel ᛫ N flītme OE glossary word
fliteyern ᛫ a litigator ᛫ N flītgeorn OE glossary word
fliting ᛫ a contention ᛫ a debate ᛫ a quarrel ᛫ N flite+ing NE+NE
flone ᛫ an arrow ᛫ a bolt ( for a crossbow ) ᛫ a dart ᛫ a bullet ᚹ ᛫ a projectile ᚹ ᛫ N flōn[flān] ME
fluke ᛫ a Pleuronectiformes fish ᛫ N ~ NE
flukeworm ᛫ a parasitic worm ᛫ N ~ NE
fob ᛫ a little pocket for holding a watch ᛫ a pocket watch chain ᛫ N ~ NEᚠHG
fodder ᛫ food for live stock ᛫ inferior or readily available material used to supply a heavy demand ᛫ N ~ NE
foe ᛫ an enemy ᛫ N ~ NE
foeman ᛫ an adversary ᛫ N ~[fōman] NE
foeship ᛫ enmity ᛫ the opposite of friendship ᛫ N ~ NE
foken ᛫ deceit ᛫ fraud ᛫ deceitfulness ᛫ guile ᛬ deceitful ᛫ false ᛫ fake ᛫ N᛬ADJ fōken&fācen OE kin: fake?
fokenful ᛫ deceitful ᛫ fraudulent ᛫ ADJ fācenful OE
fokentoken ᛫ a false signal ᛫ a false sign ᛫ a false token ᛫ a misdirection ᛫ N fācentācen OE
fold ᛫ the Earth ᛫ the world ᛫ mankind ᛫ dry land ᛫ N folde[folde] ME
fold ᛫ a political party ᛫ a religious group ᛫ an ideological group ᛫ a fellowship ᛫ N ~ NE
fold ᛫ a pen or enclosure in a field where livestock can be kept ᛫ N ~ NE
foldway ᛫ the Earth ᛫ N foldweg OE
folk ᛫ demo- ᛫ PREFIX folc OE
folk ᛫ a people ᛫ people ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
folkbale ᛫ torment from the public ᛫ public backlash ᛫ N folcbealo OE
folkcouth ⟨ folkcuthe ⟩ ᛫ well-known ᛫ widely celebrated ᛫ popular ᛫ ADJ folccūþ OE
folkdom ᛫ a democracy ᛫ N ~ NE invented by William Barnes
folkish ᛫ characteristic of ordinary people or traditional culture ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
folkland ᛫ public property ᛫ N ~ NE
folklore ᛫ traditional customs tales sayings dances or art forms preserved among a people ᛫ N ~ NE
folkly ᛫ public ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
folkmear ᛫ popular ᛫ folk-known ᛫ ADJ folcmǣre OE
folkmoot ᛫ an assembly of the people ᛫ N ~ NE
folkmorth ᛫ a genocide ᛫ N folk+morth NE+ME Völkermord ᛣ
folkrich ᛫ a democracy ᛫ N folk+rīche NE+ME
folkright ᛫ common law ᛫ N folcriht OE
folkshather ᛫ people's tyrant ᛫ a villain ᛫ N folcsceaþa OE or: folkscather (Norse influenced?)
folkstow ᛫ a country place ᛫ a rustic place ᛫ N folcstōw OE
folktale ᛫ a characteristically anonymous tale circulated orally among a people ᛫ N ~ NE
folktelling ᛫ a census ᛫ N folk+tell+ing NE+NE+NE volkstelling ᛣ
folktilth ᛫ pop-culture ᛫ N folk+tilth NE+NE+NE
folktow ᛫ a popular lead ᛫ a chief ᛫ a chieftain ᛫ N folctoga OE
Folkwandering ᛫ the migrations of the Migration Period ᛫ PN ~ NE HG Völkerwanderung ᛣ
folkway ᛫ a custom or belief common to members of a society or culture ᛫ N ~ NE
folkways ᛫ the customs of a community ( a culture ) ᛫ N ~ NE
follow after ᛫ to succeed ᛫ V ~ NE
follower ᛫ a successor ᛫ an adherent ᛫ a pupil ᛫ a partisan ᛫ N ~ NE
following ᛫ ensuing ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
followth ᛫ a service ᛫ an office ᛫ a retinue ᛫ N folgoþ OE
folm ᛫ a palm ᛫ N folm OE
fond ᛫ affectionate ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
fondest ᛫ a favourite ᛫ a beloved one ᛬ favourite ᛫ N᛬ADJ ~ NE
fondness ᛫ affection ᛫ dearness ᛫ endearment ᛫ N ~ NE
footadle ᛫ gout ᛫ N fōtādl OE
footgoer ᛫ a pedestrian ᛫ N ~ NE
footleech ᛫ a podiatrist ᛫ N foot+leech NE+NE
footly ᛫ pedestrian ᛫ ADJ fōtlic OE
footman ᛫ a foot soldier ᛫ N ~ NE
footmeal ᛫ step by step ᛫ ADV ~ NE
footmen ᛫ infantry ᛫ N ~ NE
footwelm ᛫ the sole of the foot ᛫ N fōtwelm OE
for ᛫ because of ᛫ for the sake of ᛫ because ᛫ PREP ~ NE
for eld ᛫ for ages ᛫ ADV for ēlde ME
for that ᛫ because ᛫ ADV&CONJ for that ME to say "because of" say "along of" or "owing to"
forane ᛫ beforehand ( denoting anticipation or prevention ) ᛫ ADV forane OE was used with gēan, ongēan, and tōgēanes to mean "against"
forbear ᛫ to avoid ᛫ to abstain ᛫ to refrain when provoked ᛫ to decline ᛫ V ~ NE
forbearing ᛫ forbearance ᛫ N forbear+ing NE+NE
forbid ᛫ to prohibit ᛫ V ~ NE PTCP: forbidden
forbidden ᛫ prohibited ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
forbode ᛫ a prohibition ᛫ N forbōd[forbod] ME
forbond ᛫ a federation ᛫ N for+bond NE+NE verbond ᛣ
forbuy ᛫ to bribe ᛫ to ransom a prisoner ᛫ to redeem ᛫ V forbīen ME
forby ᛫ in addition ᛬ past ᛫ near ᛫ besides ᛫ ADV᛬PREP ~ NE or: forbye
forcouth ⟨ forcuthe ⟩ ᛫ despised ᛫ infamous ᛫ ADJ forcūþ ME
ford ᛫ a shallow spot in a river or stream ᛬ to wade across a ford ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
fordeal ᛫ to distribute ᛫ V fordǣlan OE
fordeem ᛫ to condemn ᛫ to convict ᛫ V fordēmen ME
fordit ᛫ to close up ᛫ to stop ᛫ V forditten ME
fordo ᛫ to abolish ᛫ to annul ᛫ to cancel ᛫ V ~ NE PTCP: fordone
fordraw ᛫ to torture by stretching ᛫ to take away by force ᛫ V fordrauen ME
fordrench ᛫ to intoxicate ᛫ N fordrenchen ME
fordrive ᛫ to drive away ᛫ V fordriven ME
fordwine ᛫ to fade away ᛫ to waste away ᛫ to decay ᛫ to dwindle ᛫ V ~ NE
fore ᛫ pre- ᛫ ante- ᛫ PREFIX ~ NE see ere (prefix)
fore ᛫ the front ᛬ in front ᛫ N᛬PREP ~ NE
forebear ᛫ an ancestor ᛫ N ~ NE
forebisen ᛫ an example (good or bad) ᛫ a model ᛫ an exemplar ᛫ a template ᛫ an archetype ᛫ an allegory ᛫ an analogy ᚹ ᛬ to example ᛫ N᛬V forebisen&forbisenen[forebisene] ME&OE
forebode ᛫ to predict ᛫ to foretell ᛫ to portend ᛫ V ~ NE
foreboder ᛫ an oracle a prophet ᛫ N ~ NE
foreboding ᛫ an evil omen ᛬ ominous ᛫ N᛬ADJ ~ NE
forebody ᛫ the thorax ᛫ N ~ NE
forebook ᛫ a prelude to a book or series of books ᛫ a preface ᛫ N ~ NE
forebrain ᛫ the prosencephalon ᛫ N ~ NE
forebusy ᛫ to preoccupy ᛫ V ~ NE
forecast ᛫ a prediction ᛬ to predict ᛫ N᛬V ~ NEᚠ(E+N)
forecaster ᛫ a predictor ᛫ N ~ NEᚠ(E+N+E)
forecoming ᛫ an advent ᛬ preceding ᛫ N᛬ADJ ~ NE
forecool ᛫ to precool ᛫ V fore+cool NE+NE by analogy of: preheat
fored ᛫ broken ᛫ ADJ forod OE what verb does this word come from?
foredeal ᛫ advantage ᛫ N ~[fōredēl] NE
foredeem ᛫ to expect ᛫ to assume ᛫ V ~ NE
foredoom ᛫ prejudice ᛬ to judge beforehand ᛫ N᛬V fore+doom NE+NE
foredoor ᛫ a front door ᛫ N ~ NE
forefang ᛫ to anticipate ᛫ to take beforehand ᛫ V fōrefōn OE
forefather ᛫ an ancestor ᛫ a precursor ᛫ N ~ NE
forefayle ᛫ a prefix ᛫ N fore+feien+els NE+ME+ME voorvoegsel ᛣ
forefeeling ᛫ presentiment ᛫ N ~ NE
forefinger ᛫ the index finger ᛫ the pointer finger ᛫ N ~ NE see "shotfinger"
foreflood ᛫ antediluvian ᛫ before the Biblical flood ᛫ ADJ fore+flood NE+NE calque
foreganger ᛫ a predecessor ᛫ a herald ᛫ N foreganger ME
foregate ᛫ a main entrance ᛫ a front gate ᛫ N ~ NE
foregess ᛫ conjecture ᛫ an assumption ᛬ to assume ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
forego ᛫ to precede ᛫ V ~ NE often found in the saying "foregone conclusion"
foregoer ᛫ a predecessor ᛫ N ~ NE
foregoing ᛫ preceding ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
foregone ᛫ past ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
foregut ᛫ the anterior part of the alimentary canal of an embryo from the mouth to the duodenum ᛫ N ~ NE
forehand ᛫ the chief part ᛫ an advantage ᛫ N ~ NE
forehanded ᛫ prudent ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
forehouse ⟨ forehuse ⟩ ᛫ a foyer ᛫ N ~ NE
forekidney ᛫ the pronephros ᛫ N ~ NE
forekir ᛫ preference ᛫ preselection ᛫ N fore+cire ME+ME based on "forchōsen"
foreknow ᛫ to know beforehand ( especially through supernatural means ) ᛫ V ~ NE
foreknowledge ᛫ prescience ᛫ foresight ᛫ precognition ᛫ N ~ NE
foreland ᛫ a cape ᛫ a promontory ᛫ N ~ NE
forelock ᛫ a lock of hair growing just above the forehead ᛫ N ~ NE
forelook ᛫ a preview ᛬ to preview ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
foremake ᛫ to prefabricate ᛫ V ~ NE
foreman ᛫ a taskmaster ᛫ a supervisor of work ᛫ a honcho ᛫ a boss ᛫ N ~ NE
foremost ᛫ paramount ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
foremother ᛫ a female ancestor ᛫ N ~ NE
forename ᛫ a pronoun ᛫ N fōrenama OE
forenamed ᛫ previously named ᛫ aforementioned ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
foreneed ᛫ prerequisite ᛫ N fore+need NE+NE
forenight ᛫ the evening ᛫ between twilight and bedtime ᛫ N ~ NE
foreowned ᛫ pre-owned ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
foreridle ᛫ one who rides ahead ᛫ a precursor ᛫ a harbinger ᛫ N forridel ME
forerun ᛫ to run before ᛫ to come before as a token of something to follow ᛫ V ~ NE
forerunner ᛫ a predecessor ᛫ a precursor ᛫ N ~ NE
foresee ᛫ to predict ᛫ to anticipate ᛫ to provide ᛫ V ~ NE
foreset ᛫ to prepose ᛫ V foresetten ME
foresetting ᛫ a proposal ᛫ a proposition ᛫ a preposition ( grammar term ) ᛫ N fōresetnes OE
foreshadow ᛫ to presage ᛫ V ~ NE
foreship ᛫ the forward part of a ship ᛫ the prow ᛫ N forship ME
foreshow ᛫ to show before ᛫ to give warning or promise of ᛫ V ~ NE
foresight ᛫ the ability to predict what will happen or be needed in the future ᛫ an act of looking forwards ᛫ N ~ NE
foresitter ᛫ a president ᛫ N fore+sit+er NE+NE+NE Vorsitzende&Forseti ᛣ
foresmack ᛫ a foretaste ᛫ a sample ᛫ N ~ NE
forespeak ᛫ to foretell ᛫ to predict ᛫ V ~ NE
forespeech ᛫ a preface ᛫ a preamble ᛫ N ~ NE
forestall ᛫ to obstruct ᛫ V ~ NE
forestear ᛫ prehistory ᛫ N fore+stǣr NE+OEᚠIᚠH
forestighting ᛫ predestination ᛫ N fore-stihtung OE
foretale ᛫ a prologue ᛫ a prediction ᛫ N ~ NE
foretell ᛫ to predict ᛫ V ~ NE
forethink ᛫ to premeditate ᛫ V ~ NE
forethought ᛫ prudence ᛫ N ~ NE
foretime ᛫ the past ᛫ N ~ NE
foretoken ᛫ a presage ᛫ an omen ᛫ a prognostic ᛫ N ~ NE
foreward ᛫ a scout ᛫ an explorer ᛫ N foreweard OE
forewarm ᛫ to preheat ᛫ V ~ NE
forewit ᛫ precaution ᛫ prudence ᛫ N ~ NE
foreword ᛫ a preface ᛫ an introduction ( in a document ) ᛫ N ~ NE
forework ᛫ a fortifying structure erected for defense ᛫ N ~ NE
forfare ᛫ to perish ᛫ to go to ruin ᛫ to go astray ᛫ to stray ᛫ V forfāren ME
forgather ᛫ to assemble ᛫ to gather together ( intransitive ) ᛫ V ~ NE
forgo ᛫ to go or do without ᛫ to refrain from ᛫ V ~ NE
forhew ᛫ to slash into pieces ᛫ to kill by cutting ᛫ V forheuen ME
forhoe ᛫ to despise ᛫ to reject ᛫ to treat with contempt ᛫ to disregard ᛫ V forhouen[forhycgan] ME
forleese ᛫ to abandon ᛫ to forfeit ᛫ to lose something ᛫ to desert ᛫ to damn ᛫ V forlēsen ME PTCP: forlorn
forlet ᛫ to desert ᛫ to forsake ᛫ to neglect ᛫ to abandon ᛫ to reject ᛫ to leave ᛫ to depart ᛫ V ~ NE PST: forlet
forlie ᛫ to rape ᛫ to fornicate ᚾ ᛫ V forlien ME
forlier ᛫ adultery ᛫ fornication ᛫ an adulterer ᛫ an adulteress ᛫ a fornicator ᛬ adulterous ᛫ N᛬ADJ forliger OE
forlorn ᛫ abandoned ᛫ ADJ ~ NE from the verb "forleese"
form ᛫ original ᛫ primal ᛫ ADJ forme ME
formfather ᛫ the first father of something ᛫ a progenitor ᛫ N formefader ME
formly ᛫ originally ᛫ primally ᛫ ADV forme+ly ME+NE
formmother ᛫ the first mother of something ᛫ a progenitrix ᛫ N formemoder ME
forn ᛫ previous ᛫ former ᛬ formerly ᛫ previously ᛬ before ( in space or in time ) ᛫ ADJ᛬ADV᛬PREP forne[forn] ME
fornigh ᛫ very nearly ᛫ almost ᛫ ADV forneh[fornēah] ME
fornim ᛫ to remove ᛫ to deprive ᛫ to plunder ᛫ to ransack ᛫ to seize ᛫ V fornimen&forniman ME&OE PST: fornome
fornumb ᛫ deprived of vigour ᛫ sluggish ᛫ ADJ fornome ME
forold ᛫ to become feeble or decrepit with age ᛫ to go or make out of date ᚹ ᛫ to become or make obsolete ᚹ ᛫ V forōlden ME
forolded ᛫ feeble or decrepit with age ᛫ obsolete ᚹ ᛫ outdated ᚹ ᛫ out of date ᚹ ᛫ ADV forolded ME
forqueath ⟨ forcweath ⟩ ᛫ to deny ᛫ to repudiate ᛫ to reject ᛫ V forquēthen[forcweþan] ME
forread ᛫ to betray ᛫ to lead astray ᛫ V forreden ME
forsake ᛫ to abandon ᛫ V ~ NE PTCP: forsaken
forsaken ᛫ abandoned ᛫ deserted ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
forsay ᛫ to renounce ᛫ V ~ NE
forsench ᛫ to submerge ᛫ V forsenchen ME
forshape ᛫ to transform or to metamorphose something ( usually for the worse ) ᛫ to distort to disfigure ᛫ to degrade ᛫ V forshāpen ME
forslack ᛫ to neglect ᛫ to be neglectful ᛫ V ~ NE
forslow ᛫ to procrastinate ᛫ to put off ᛫ to delay ᛫ V ~ NE
forsooth ᛫ indeed ᛫ ADV ~ NE
forspend ᛫ to exhaust ᛫ V ~ NE
forspent ᛫ exhausted ᛫ fatigued ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
forspill ᛫ to destroy ᛫ to waste ᛫ to demolish ᛫ V forspillen&forspillan ME&OE
forstand ᛫ to stand up for ᛫ to defend ᛫ to protect ᛫ V forstandan&fōrstandan OE&OE
forstop ᛫ to stop completely ᛫ to smother ᛫ to block ᛫ V forstoppen ME
forswear ᛫ to reject upon oath ᛫ to renounce ᛫ to abjure ᛫ V ~[forswēren] NE
forswink ᛫ to exhaust by labour ᛫ V ~ NE
forswy ᛫ to keep silent ᛫ to be silent ᛫ V forswīgian OE
fortee ᛫ to draw away to evil ᛫ to seduce ᛫ V fortēn&fortēon ME&OE
forth ᛫ to proceed ᛫ V forthen[forþian] ME
forthby ᛫ past ᛫ ADV fō̆rthbī ME
forthcoming ᛫ candid ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
forthen ᛫ on that account ᛫ for that reason ᛫ consequently ᛫ ADV&CONJ ~ NE
forthfare ᛫ to go forth ᛫ to die ᛫ to pass away ᛫ N᛬V forthfare&fōrthfāren ME
forthfill ᛫ to enforce ᛫ to fulfil ᛫ V forthfillen ME
forthgang ᛫ progress ᛫ a continuance ᛫ a procession ᛫ N forthgang&forthgang NE&ME
forthgo ᛫ to proceed ᛫ to continue ᛫ V forthgon[forþgān] ME
forthink ᛫ to regret ᛫ to rethink ᛫ to change one's mind ᛫ V ~ NE
forthnim ᛫ to take someone away ᛫ to remove ᛫ to take one's way ᛫ to leave ᛫ V forthnimen ME PST: forthnome
forthput ᛫ to propose ᛫ to put forth ᛫ V ~ NE
forthright ᛫ unambiguous ᛫ unevasive ᛬ directly forward ᛫ immediately ᛫ ADJ᛬ADV ~ NE
forthship ᛫ progress ᛫ N forþscype OE
forthtee ᛫ to draw forth ᛫ to quote ᛫ to cite ᛫ V forthtēn ME
forthward ᛫ an agreement ᛫ a contract ᛫ a treaty ᛫ a covenant ᛫ a pledge ᛫ N fōrthwārd ME
forthwith ᛫ immediately ᛫ ADV ~ NE
forthwitten ᛫ past ᛫ goneby ᛫ N᛬ADJ forthwiten[forþgewiten] ME
forthwitten tide ᛫ the past tense ᛬ of the past tense ᛫ N᛬ADJ forþgewiten tīd OE
fortnight ᛫ two weeks ᛫ N ~ NE
fortnightly ᛫ biweekly ᛬ every two weeks ᛫ ADJ᛬ADV ~ NE
forwander ᛫ to exhaust from wandering ᛫ V forwandren ME
forwarry ᛫ to hex ᛫ to curse something ᛫ V forwarien ME
forweird ᛫ destruction ᛫ perdition ᛫ N forwī̆rd ME
forwhy ᛫ for the reason that ᛫ the reason why ᛫ ADV forwhy ME
forwonder ᛫ to astonish ᛫ V ~ NE
forwork ᛫ to forfeit ᛫ V forwirchen[forwyrcan] ME
forworth ᛫ to perish ᛫ to spoil ᛫ to degenerate ᛫ V forwōrthen[forweorþan] ME
forwost ᛫ a tribune ᛫ N forwost OE
forwright ᛫ an agent ᛫ a vicegerent ᛫ N forwyrhta OE
foryet ᛫ to forget ᛫ V foryeten ME PTCP: foryetten
foryield ⟨ foryeeld ⟩ ᛫ to repay ᛫ to yield what is owed ᛫ to recompense ᛫ V forgieldan OE
foryielding ⟨ foryeelding ⟩ ᛫ retribution ᛫ punishment ᛫ N foryēlding ME
foryive ᛫ to forgive ᛫ V foryēven ME
foryivendly ᛫ dative ( grammar) ᛫ ADJ forgifendlíc OE
foryiveness ᛫ remission ᛫ forgiveness ᛫ N foryēveness ME
foster ᛫ to cultivate ᛫ to rear another's child ᛫ V ~ NE
fosterling ᛫ a foster child ᛫ N ~ NE
fother ᛫ a load ( especially a wagonload ) ᛫ N ~ NE
fought ᛫ moist ᛫ damp ᛫ ADJ fūht OE kin: feucht (HG)
foughtenfield ⟨ foughtenfeeld ⟩ ᛫ a battleground ᛫ N ~ NE
foul ⟨ fule ⟩ ᛫ unclean ᛫ disgusting ᛫ obscene ᛫ vulgar ᛫ detestable ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
foumart ᛫ the European polecat ᛫ N ~ NE likely from "foul"+"marth"
foundling ⟨ fundling ⟩ ᛫ an infant found after its unknown parents have abandoned it ᛫ N foundling NE
fouredge ᛫ a square ᛬ square ᛫ N᛬ADJ feowerecge OE
fourfold ᛫ quadruple ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
fourfooted ᛫ quadrupedal ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
foursheat ᛫ quadrangular ᛫ ADJ fēowerscȳte OE
fourth ᛫ a quarter ᛫ N ~ NE
fourwheeler ᛫ an ATV ᛫ a quad ᛫ an all-terrain vehicle ᛫ N ~ NE
fouse ⟨ fuse ⟩ ᛫ ready ᛫ prepared ᛫ willing ᛫ inclined ᛫ disposed ᛫ ADJ ~[fūs] NE
fousely ⟨ fusely ⟩ ᛫ readily ᛫ promptly ᛫ gladly ᛫ ADV fūslīce OE
fowl ⟨ fule ⟩ ᛫ a bird ᛫ N᛬V fowl NE
fowler ⟨ fuler ⟩ ᛫ a person who hunts fowl ᛫ N fowler NE
foxly ᛫ vulpine ᛫ cunning ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
foxssleep ᛫ feigned sleep ᛫ N fox's sleep NE
frain ᛫ a question ᚹ ᛬ to inquire ᛫ to ask ᛫ to question ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE kin: fricgan
fraked ᛫ bad ᛫ vile ᛫ shameful ᛫ ADJ fraked[fracod] ME
frame ᛫ a context ᛫ an outlining ᛬ to fit into place ᛫ to put into context ᛫ V ~[framian] NE
framework ᛫ the support structure of something ᛫ N ~ NE
frank ᛫ a javelin of some sort ᛫ N franca OE
Frank ᛫ a Frenchman ᛫ a Frank ᛫ PN ~ NE
Frankdom ᛫ the Francosphere ᛫ the domain of Frenchness ᛫ N Frank+dom NE+NE
Frankland ᛫ France ᛫ PN francland OE
Frankrich ᛫ France ( the state not the land ) ᛫ N francrice OE
fratow ᛫ treasure ᛬ to adorn with treasure ᛫ to adorn ᛫ to decorate ᛫ N᛬V frætwe&frættewian OE
fraught ᛫ abounding abundant or replete with a bad thing ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
frea ᛫ a lord ᛫ a master ᛫ N frēa OE
freak ᛫ a capricious action or event ᛫ a distastefully abnormal thing ᛫ N ~[frec]? NE
frech ᛫ greedy ᛫ voracious ᛫ eager ᛫ bold ᛫ fierce ᛫ ADJ frecche[frec] ME kin: freak?
freck ᛫ to checker ᛫ to diversify ᛫ V ~ NE whence comes "freckle"
free ᛫ a woman ? a lady ( a female lord ) ? ᛫ N frēo OE kin: fréa (lord)? Frau (German)? Friday?
freebooter ᛫ a pirate ᛫ a lawless adventurer ᛫ N ~ NE
freed ᛫ to experience ( by touch or taste ) ᛫ to experience ( a sensation ) ᛫ to learn through experience ᛫ V frēden ME PTCP: fred
freedom ᛫ liberty ᛫ N ~ NE
freeken ᛫ peril ᛫ danger ᛫ N frēcen OE kin: freak?
freeledge ᛫ franchise ( the ability to vote ) ᛫ N ~ NE or: freelage
freeload ᛫ to mooch ᛫ to sponge ᛫ V ~ NE
freelock ᛫ oblation ᛫ N frēolāc OE
freem ᛫ to perform ᛫ to commit ᛫ to execute ᛫ to operate ᛫ to avail ᛫ to promote ᛫ to advance ( something ) ᛫ V frēmen&fremman ME&OE
freeming ᛫ a performance ᛫ an execution ( of an action ) ᛫ an operation ᛫ a promotion ᛫ an advancement ᛫ N gefremming OE
freemingbough ᛫ an executive branch ᛫ N gefremming+bough OE+NE
freerunning ᛫ parkour ᛫ N ~ NE
freestand ᛫ to be independent ᛫ V ~ NE
freestanding ᛫ independent ᛫ not supported by or on anything ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
freethinker ᛫ one who forms opinions on the basis of reason independently of authority ᛫ N ~ NE
freit ᛫ divination ᛫ Augury ᛫ N freit MEᚠN?
frelse ᛫ to liberate ᛫ to save ᛫ to save a day for religious observance ᛫ V frelsen ME from Proto-Germanic combination of "free" and "halse"
fremmed ᛫ to alienate ᛫ to estrange ᛬ foreign ᛫ alien V᛬ADJ fremed&afremdan ME&OE or: fremd
fremmedfear ᛫ xenophobia ᛫ N fremed+fear ME+NE
fremmedledge ᛫ to alienate ᛫ V fremedlǣcan OE
fremmedling ᛫ a stranger ᛫ a foreigner ᛫ N ~ NE
freshwater ᛫ of neoclassical economics ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
fret ᛫ to devour ᛫ to consume ᛫ to eat up ᛫ V ~[frēten] NE PTCP: fretten
frettle ᛫ voracious ᛫ gluttonous ᛫ ADJ fretol OE
frever ᛫ to comfort ᛫ to console ᛫ V frevren[frēfran] ME
Friday ᛫ Friday ᛫ PN ~[fryday] NE or: Fryday
frie ᛫ to question ᛫ V fricgan OE
friendfoe ⟨ freendfoe ⟩ ᛫ a frenemy ᛫ N ~ NE
friendly ⟨ freendly ⟩ ᛫ amicable ᛫ N ~ NE
Frily ᛫ Venusian ᛫ Venutian ᛫ ADJ fry+ly ME+NE
frim ᛫ excellent ᛫ vigorous ᛫ flourishing ᛫ N᛬ADJ frim&freme NE&OE
frimful ᛫ beneficial ᛫ ADJ fremful ME
Frinight ᛫ the night following Friday's dusk ᛫ PN ~[frīgeniht] NE or :Frynight
Frise ᛫ a Frisian ᛫ PN frīse{Frysa/Fresna} ME or: Freese
Friseland ᛫ Frisia ᛫ PN Frī̆slō̆nd{Freslond} ME or: Freeseland
Frish ᛫ the Frisian language ᛬ Frisian ᛫ PN᛬PADJ Frysisc OE the should likely be /ɪ/ (analogy: wýscan > wish)
frist ᛫ a limited period ᛫ time allotted for repayment ᛫ a grace period ᛫ credit ᛫ N frist&frist/frest NE&ME
fristing ᛫ a delay ᛫ a suspension ᛫ a postponement ᛫ N ~ NE kin: first
fristmark ᛫ an interval ᛫ N firstmearc OE
frith ᛫ peace ( especially a broad societal kind ) ᛫ N frith[friþ] ME
frithe ᛫ stately ᛫ beautiful ᛫ ADJ frīþ OE kin: frīðr (N)
frithend ᛫ a peacebearer ᛫ N friþiend OE
frithful ᛫ peaceful ᛫ gentle ᛫ mild ᛫ ADJ friþlīc OE
frithguild ⟨ frithgild ⟩ ᛫ a guild for maintaining peace ᛫ N friþgild OE
frithhouse ⟨ frithhuse ⟩ ᛫ a safehouse ᛫ N friþhus OE
frithless ᛫ peaceless ᛫ ADJ friþelēas OE
frithoath ᛫ a peace oath ᛫ a truce ᛫ N friþāþ OE
frithsome ᛫ peaceful ᛫ pacific ᛫ ADJ friþsum OE
frithstow ᛫ a refuge ᛫ an asylum ᛫ N friþstōw OE
frithwrit ᛫ a peace treaty ᛫ N friþgewrit OE
frithyearn ᛫ eager for peace ᛫ ADJ friþgeorn OE
from ᛫ rich ᛫ abundant ᛫ excellent ᛫ valiant ᛫ stout ᛫ firm ᛫ ADJ from OE kin: frum
from ᛫ a source ᛫ an origin ᛫ the first part of a series ᛫ an originator ᛫ an author ᛫ a founder ᛫ an inventor ᛫ N frume/frome[fruma] ME
from time to time ᛫ occasionally ᛫ ADV ~ NE
fromchar ᛫ to turn from ᛫ to avert ᛫ V fromcyrran OE
fromshaft ᛫ origin ᛫ N frumsceaft OE
fromward ᛫ away ᛬ from ᛫ ADV᛬PREP ~ NE
fromwharve ᛫ to depart from ᛫ to turn from ᛫ V fromhweorfan OE
frood ᛫ cautious ᛫ shrewd ᛫ wise ᛫ ADJ frōd OE
frore ᛫ extremely cold ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
frosh ᛫ a frog ᛫ N frosh ME or: frox (from an OE variant)
froshdeer ᛫ an amphibian ᛫ N frosh+deer NE+NE froskdýr ᛣ
frostmoor ᛫ tundra ᛫ N frost+moor NE+NE calque of faroese frostmýra and icelandic freðmýri
frover ᛫ comfort ᛫ consolation ᛫ solace ᛫ N frovre[frōfor] ME
froward ᛫ unmanageable ᛫ disobedient ᛫ untoward ᛫ habitually disposed to disobedience and opposition ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
Fry ᛫ an English goddess equivalent to Norse Frigg ᛫ the planet Venus ᚹ ᛫ PN Frie/Frye ME or: Frie
fuck ᛫ to copulate ᛫ to copulate with ᛫ to mate ᛫ V ~ NE
fulcome ᛫ to attain ᛫ to realize ( in all senses ) ᛫ to accomplish ᛫ V fulcomen ME
fuldo ᛫ to complete ᛫ to finish ᛫ V ~ NE PTCP: fuldone
fulend ᛫ to accomplish ᛫ V fulenden ME
fulfill ᛫ to achieve something ᛫ to carry out a duty as required or promised ᛫ to satisfy or meet a condition ᛫ V ~ NE
fulfledged ᛫ fully qualified ᛫ having all credentials ᛫ entire ᛫ authentic ᛫ fully covered with feathers ᛫ ADJ fullfledged NE
fulframe ᛫ to perfect ᛫ V fulfremman OE
fulframed ᛫ perfect ᛫ ADJ fulfremed OE
fulframed ᛫ perfect ( grammar term ) ᛫ ADJ fulfremed OE
fulframedness ᛫ perfection ᛫ N fulfremednys OE
full ᛫ filled ᛫ entire ᛬ very ᛫ ADJ᛬ADV ~[ful] NE found in: know full well
fullblown ᛫ completely developed or formed ᛫ ripe ᛫ puffed up ᛫ ADJ fullblown NE
fullbore ᛫ full-blown ᛫ made with maximum effort ᛬ with maximum effort or speed ᛫ ADJ᛬ADV fullbore NE
fullow ᛫ to baptize ᛫ V fulwen[fullian] ME
fullstop ᛫ a period ( as in the punctuation mark ) ᛫ N full stop NE
fully ᛫ completely ᛫ entirely ᛫ totally ᛫ ADV ~ NE
fulmard ᛫ a Mustela putorius animal ( European polecat ) ᛫ N fū̆lmard ME
fulought ᛫ baptism ᛫ N fulloght{fulluht} ME
fuloughter ᛫ a baptist ᛫ N fulwihtere OE
fuloughthood ᛫ a baptismal vow ᛫ N fulwihthād OE
fuloughtstow ᛫ a baptistery ᛫ N fulwihtstow OE
fulsome ᛫ overzealous ᛫ excessive ᛫ abundant ᛫ copious ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
fulth ᛫ abundance ᛫ plenty ᛫ satiety ᛫ repletion ᛫ sufficiency ᛫ N ~ NE
fultom ᛫ support ᛬ to support ᛫ N᛬V fultum/fulteam OE
fulwaxen ᛫ fully grown ᛫ mature ᛫ ADJ fulwaxen ME
fulwrought ᛫ completed ᛫ ADJ fulwroht ME
funnyman ᛫ a comedian ᛫ a humorist ᛫ N ~ NE
furlong ᛫ an eighth of a mile ( 220 yards ) ᛫ N ~ NE
furrow ᛫ a trench ᛫ a groove ᛫ N ~ NE
furthering ᛫ furtherance ᛫ promotion ᛫ advancement ᛫ N ~ NE
furze ᛫ a Ulex Europaeus plant ᛫ N ~[fyrs] NE
futhorc ᛫ the Anglo-Frisian runic alphabet ᛫ N ~ NE
gab ᛫ chatter ᛬ to chatter ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
Gabon ᛫ Gabon ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
gadling ᛫ a fellow ᛫ a dude ᛫ a guy ᛫ a churl ᛫ a person of low birth ᛫ a comrade ᚾ ᛫ N gadeling[gædeling] ME
Gaelish ᛫ Gaelic language ( Irish Scottish and Manx ) ᛫ Goidelic language ᛬ Gaelic ᛫ Goidelic ᛫ PN᛬PADJ Gael+ish NEᚠC+NE
gainrising ᛫ a resurrection ᛫ N ~ ME
gainsaw ᛫ a refutation ᛫ N gainsau ME
gainsay ᛫ to contradict ᛫ V ~ NE
gainsaying ᛫ opposition ( usually in argument ) ᛫ contradiction ᛫ N ~ NE
gainstand ᛫ to oppose ᛫ to resist ᛫ V ~ NE
galder ᛫ an incantation ᛫ an enchantment ᛫ N galdor OE hard G: galdere swiðe stronge heo ȝeuen
galdercraft ᛫ the art of incantation or enchantment ᛫ N galdorcræft OE
galdergaler ᛫ a magical enchanter ᛫ N galdorgalere OE
galderquid ⟨ galdercwid ⟩ ᛫ a magical saying ᛫ an incantation ᛫ an enchantment ᛫ N galdorcwide OE
galdersong ᛫ a magic song ᛫ N galdorsang OE
gale ᛫ a way ᛫ a course ᛫ a course of action ᛫ a way ᛫ a means ᛫ N gāle[gal] ME
gale ᛫ to cry out ᛫ to bark ᛫ to chirp ᛫ to sing ᛫ to enchant ᛫ V gālen&galan ME&OE
galer ᛫ an enchanter ᛫ N galere OE
galingale ᛫ galangal ᛫ the roots of various Alpinia , Kæmpferia , Aristolochia , and Cyperus plants , including in powdered form ᛫ N galingāle MEᚠIᚠO
gall ᛫ bile ᛫ impudence ᛫ brazenness ᛫ temerity ᛬ to bother ᛫ to annoy ᛫ to make resentful ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
galled ᛫ bothered ᛫ annoyed ᛫ troubled ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
Gallish ᛫ Gaulish language ᛬ Gaulish ᛫ PN᛬PADJ gallisc OE or: Gallwelsh
gallow ᛫ to terrify ᛫ V ~ NE
gallowmood ᛫ of a grim or gloomy mood ᛫ ADJ galgmōd OE
Gallwale ᛫ a Gaul ᛫ PN galwalas OE or: Gall
Gallwales ᛫ the Celts of Gaul ᛫ Gaul ᛫ Gallia ᛫ PN galwalas OE or: Galland
galp ᛫ to gape ᛫ V galpen ME
galse ᛫ luxury ᛫ voluptuousness ᛫ N gælsa{gēlsunge} OE
game ᛫ eager or willing to do something new or challenging ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
gameful ᛫ sportive ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
gamehouse ⟨ gamehuse ⟩ ᛫ an arcade building ᛫ N game+house NE+NE
gamely ᛫ sportive ᛬ sportively ᛫ ADJ᛬ADV ~ NE
gamesare ᛫ a console ( gaming ) ᛫ an arcade machine ᛫ N game+searu NE+OE
gamewood ᛫ a lyre ᛫ a lute ᛫ a guitar ᚹ ᛫ N gomenwudu OE
gammle ᛫ to age ᛬ aged ᛫ V gamelian&gamel OE&OE
gang ᛫ a going ᛫ a journey ᛫ a path ᛫ a road ᛫ a watercourse ᛫ a process ᚹ ᛫ N gang&gang NE&ME
gang ᛫ to go ᛫ to proceed ᛫ V ~ NE
Gangdays ᛫ Rogation days ᛫ N Gangdagas OE
gangle ᛫ to move in a manner characteristic of a gangling person ᛫ V ~ NE
gangling ᛫ awkwardly tall and thin ᛫ ungraceful ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
gangman ᛫ a member of a gang ᛫ N ~ NE
gangway ᛫ a passageway ᛫ a vomitorium ᛫ N ~ NE
gannet ᛫ a Sulidae bird ᛫ N ~[genot] NE
garden nightshade ᛫ European black nightshade ( Solanum nigrum ) ᛫ N ~ NEᚠ(FK+E+E)
garish ᛫ gaudy ᛫ ADJ ~ NEᚠN
garsedge ᛫ an ocean ( poetic ) ᛫ N garsecg OE might mean "spear man" or "gar's edge" (promontory's edge)
gast ᛫ to scare ᛫ V ~[gǣstan] NE
gastern ᛫ an inn ᛫ N gæstærn OE
gateway ᛫ a portal ᛫ N ~ NE or: yateway
gavel ᛫ a fork ᛫ N gafol OE
gavel ᛫ rent ᛬ to rent ᛫ N᛬V gavel&gafelian NE&OE not a mass noun
geason ᛫ rare ᛫ uncommon ᛫ unusual ᛫ scarce ᛫ scant ᛫ ADJ ~ NE or: geazon
gemwright ᛫ a jeweler ᛫ N ~ NEᚠ(I+E)
Georgia ᛫ Georgia ( the nation ) ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO or: Georgy; Sakartvelo
Georgier ᛫ a Georgian ᛫ PN Georgia+er NEᚠ(O+E)
Germanish ᛫ Germanic speech ᛬ Germanic ᛫ PN᛬PADJ Germania+ish OE+NE SEE NOTE
Germany ᛫ Germania ᛫ PN Germania OE SEE NOTE
get rid of ᛫ to remove ᛫ to clear ᛫ V ~ NE
getter ᛫ a receiver ᛫ N ~ NE
Ghana ᛫ Ghana ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
ghastly ⟨ gastly ⟩ ᛫ frightening ᛫ extremely bad ᛫ unpleasant ᛫ ADJ ghastly NE
ghost ⟨ goast ⟩ ᛫ a spirit ( in all senses ) ᛫ N ghost NE
ghostgun ⟨ goastgun ⟩ ᛫ a gun without a serial number ᛫ N ghost gun NE
ghostly ⟨ goastly ⟩ ᛫ spiritual ᛫ spectral ᛫ ADJ ghostly NE
gidden ᛫ a goddess ᛫ N gyden OE
giddy ᛫ to excite and disorientate ᛬ disorientated and excited ᛫ V᛬ADJ ~ NE kin: god
gild ᛫ to cover thinly with gold ( literally and figuratively ) ᛫ V ~ NE
gingiver ᛫ ginger ᛫ N gingifer OEᚠIᚠ? maybe: yinyiver?
gird ᛫ to gird ( to bind around ) ᛫ N᛬V gird&gyrd NE&OE
girdle ᛫ a thing which girds ᛫ a belt ( especially one that holds up stockings ) ᛬ to gird ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
girdledeer ᛫ an armadillo ᛫ N girdle+deer NE+NE Gürteltier ᛣ
girn ᛫ calamity ᛫ N gyrn OE
git ᛫ a fool ᛫ an idiot ᛫ a moron ᛫ N ~ NE
giveaway ᛫ a spoiler ᛫ N ~ NE
gladden ᛫ to elate ᛫ V ~ NE
gladdon ᛫ an Iris plant ( flowers ) ᛫ N ~ NE
glade ᛫ an open space in a forest ᛫ N ~ NE kin: glad
glar ᛫ amber ᛫ resin ᛫ N glær OE
glare ᛫ an intense light ᛫ an angry stare ᛬ to shine intensely ᛫ to give an angry state at something ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
glaring ᛫ obvious ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
glass ᛫ vitrum ᛫ a mirror ᛬ to mirror ( old ) ᛫ to reflect ( old ) ᛫ N᛬V glass NE
glassrown ⟨ glassrune ⟩ ᛫ a rune whose shape is mirrored ( so ᛚ as a glassrown would look like ᛏ ) ᛫ N glass+rown NE+NE Spiegelrune ᛣ
glaze ᛫ gloss ᛫ luster ᛫ lustre ᛫ N ~ NE
glazemill ᛫ calender ( a kind of machine which applies a glaze to a material ) ᛫ N glaze+mill NEᚠ(E+ÞᚠI)
glee ᛫ joy ᛫ N ~ NE
gleebeam ᛫ a harp ᛫ N glēobēam OE
gleecraft ᛫ the art of music ᛫ minstrelsy ᛫ N glēocræft OE
gleed ᛫ glowing coal ᛫ an ember ᛫ N glede[glēd] ME
gleemaiden ᛫ a female musician ᛫ N glēomǣden OE
gleeman ᛫ a musician ᛫ N ~ NE
glemb ᛫ a spot ᛫ a blemish ᛫ N glemm OE
glen ᛫ a narrow valley ᛫ a canyon ?᛫ N ~ NEᚠC
glendge ᛫ an ornament ᛫ an honour ᛫ a medal ᚹ ᛫ N glencg OE
glew ᛫ wise ᛫ skillful ᛫ sagacious ᛫ prudent ᛫ ADJ glēaw OE
glew ᛫ to rejoice ᛫ to make merry ᛫ to party ᛫ to entertain ᛫ to entertain with music ᛫ to play music ᛫ to make music ᛫ to sing ᛫ V gleuen[glīwian/glēowian] ME kin: glee?
glewer ᛫ a jester ᛫ a baffoon ᛫ a clown ᛫ N glīwere OE
glewly ᛫ prudently ᛫ wisely ᛫ clearly ᛫ well ᛫ ADV glēawlīce OE
glewness ᛫ prudence ᛫ skill ᛫ wisdom ᛫ ability ᛫ acuteness ᛫ N glēawnes OE
glide ᛫ a semivowel ᛫ N ~ NE
glim ᛫ a candel ᛫ a lantern ᛫ N ~ NE backformation of "glimmer"?
glisten ᛫ a sparkling light ᛬ to shine with a sparkling light ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
gloaming ᛫ twilight ᛫ dusk ᛫ N ~ NE
Glom ᛫ one of the Lemovii people ᛫ PN Glommum OE
glove ᛫ a gauntlet ᛫ N glove&glove NE&ME
gnast ᛫ a spark ᛫ a live coal ᛫ a small flame ᛫ a snuff of a candle ᛫ N gnōst/gnast ME
gnaw ᛫ to chew away at something ᛫ to corrode something ᛫ V ~ NE
gnawdeer ᛫ a rodent ᛫ N gnaw+deer NE+NE knaagdier (Fᛣ)
gneed ᛫ stingy ᛫ niggardly ᛫ scanty ᛫ scarce ᛫ ADJ gnēde ME
gnide ᛫ to rub ᛫ to grind through rubbing ᛫ V gnīden ME
gnorn ᛫ sadness ᛫ sorrow ᛫ grief ᛬ to grieve ᛫ to mourn ᛫ to lament ᛫ N᛬V gnorn&gnornan OE
gnorny ᛫ aggrieved ᛫ mournful ᛫ lamentful ᛫ dejected ᛫ ADJ gnorn+y OE+NE
goad ᛫ a stick for poking ᛬ to provoke ᛫ to encourage ᛫ to prod ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
goan ᛫ to gape ᛫ V gonen ME
goaten ᛫ goatish ᛫ hircine ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
goatling ᛫ a kid (as in young goat) ᛫ N ~ NE kid is Norse
gobetween ᛫ an intermediary ᛫ N gobetween NE
god ᛫ a deity ᛫ N ~ NE
godboot ᛫ atonement ᛫ N godbōt OE
godforsaken ᛫ remote ᛫ desolate ᛫ dismal ᛫ miserable ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
godhead ᛫ a god ᛫ a divine nature ᛫ N ~ NE
godhood ᛫ divinity ᛫ N ~ NE
godkind ᛫ divine nature ᛬ divine in nature ᛫ N᛬ADJ godcund&godcund ME&OE
godkindness ᛫ divine nature ᛫ divinity ᛫ N godcundnesse&godcundnys ME&OE
godlief ⟨ godleef ⟩ ᛫ theism ᛫ N god+lief NE+ME
godlore ᛫ theology ᛫ N ~ NE
godly ᛫ divine ᛫ pious ᛫ devout ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
godsend ᛫ a desirable or needed thing or event that comes unexpectedly ᛫ N ~ NE
godsent ᛫ sent by or as if by God ᛫ unexpectedly beneficial ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
godshild ᛫ a sin against God ᛫ impiety ᛫ N godscyld OE
godshildy ᛫ impious ᛫ ADJ godscyldig OE
godsib ᛫ a god parent ᛫ a sponsor ᛫ N godsibb OE
godsibred ᛫ a godsib kindred ᛫ sponsorship ᛫ N gossipred NE
godspeech ᛫ an oracle ᛫ N godgesprǣce OE
godspeed ᛫ ( an expression of good wishes during an undertaking ) ᛫ INT Godspeed NE
godweb ᛫ cotton ᛫ a precious garment ᛫ fine clothing ᛫ N godwebb OE
godwebben ᛫ made of precious cloth ᛫ of purple hue ? ᛫ ADJ godwebben OE
godwrack ᛫ impious ᛫ ADJ godwrac OE
goings on ᛫ events ᛫ activities ᛫ N ~ NE
goldhoard ᛫ a thesaurus ( as in a treasury ) ᛫ N goldhord NE&OE thesaurus ᛣ
gole ᛫ lustful ᛫ lascivious ᛬ to be lascivious ᛫ ADJ gol&gālian ME&OE
gomb ᛫ tribute ᛫ N gombe OE
gome ᛫ a male human ᛫ N gōme[guma] ME
gong ᛫ a lavatory ᛫ an outhouse ᛫ N ~ NE
gongfarmer ᛫ a cleaner of privies ᛫ N ~ NE
gooden ᛫ to become good ᛫ to improve ᛫ to get better ᛫ to make good or perfect ᛫ to enrich ᛫ to endow ᛫ V gōdian OE
gooderheal ᛫ good fortune ᛬ good luck! ᛫ N᛬INT gōderhele ME
goodman ᛫ Mister ᛫ Mr ᛫ N ~ NE
goodth ᛫ quality ᛫ N good+th NE+NE
goodwife ᛫ Mistress ᛫ Mrs ᛫ N ~ NE or: goody
goodwill ᛫ amity ᛫ N ~ NE
gore ᛫ a skirt ᛫ a wedge of cloth or chain mail ᛫ a triangular piece of land ᛫ N gōre[gāra] ME skirt is Norse
gore ᛫ a javelin ᛫ a spear for throwing ᛫ a dart ᛬ to stab ᛫ N gore&gar NE&OE
gorse ᛫ an Ulex plant ᛫ a Genista plant ᛫ N ~ NE
goshawk ᛫ an Accipiter bird ᛫ N ~ NE
gosling ᛫ a young goose ᛫ N ~ NE
gospel ᛫ the message concerning Christ ᛬ to evangelize ᛫ N᛬V gospel&godspellian NE&OE
gospelish ᛫ evangelical ᛫ ADJ godspellisc OE
gospeller ᛫ an evangelist ᛫ N gospeller [godspellere] NE
Got ᛫ a Goth ᛫ N Gota OE
Gotland ᛫ the land of the Goths ᛫ N Gotland OE
Gottish ᛫ the Gothic tongue ᛬ Gothic ᛫ N᛬ADJ Gotisc OE
gound ⟨ gund ⟩ ᛫ eye mucus ᛫ N gounde ME
gouth ⟨ guthe ⟩ ᛫ war- ᛫ battle- ᛫ PREFIX gūþ OE
gouth ⟨ guthe ⟩ ᛫ battle ᛫ war ᛫ combat ᛫ conflict ᛫ N gūþ OE
gouthcraft ⟨ guthecraft ⟩ ᛫ warfare ᛫ N gūþcræft OE
gouthcust ⟨ guthecust ⟩ ᛫ warlike excellence ᛫ N gūþcyst OE
gouthfane ⟨ guthefane ⟩ ᛫ a military standard ᛫ an ensign ᛫ N gūþfana OE
gouthhawk ⟨ guthehawk ⟩ ᛫ a war hawk ᛫ a warmonger ᚹ ᛫ N gūþhafoc OE
gouthhorn ⟨ guthehorn ⟩ ᛫ a war horn ᛫ N gūþhorn OE
gouthmoot ⟨ guthemoot ⟩ ᛫ a battle meeting ᛫ N gūþgemōt OE
gouthrink ⟨ gutherink ⟩ ᛫ a heroic warrior ᛫ N gūþrinc OE
gouthsare ⟨ guthesare ⟩ ᛫ a war machine ᛫ arms ᛫ armour ᛫ N gūþsearo OE
gouthwain ⟨ guthewain ⟩ ᛫ a war vehicle ᛫ an armoured car ᛫ a tank ᛫ N gūþ+wain OE+NE
graft ᛫ a carving ᛫ an engraving ᛫ a sculpture ᛫ a statue ᛫ N græft OE kin: grave; graf (Middle English)
graftiwork ᛫ an engraved piece of art ᛫ a carved sculpture ᛫ N græftgeweorc OE
graith ᛫ equipment ᛫ apparel ᛫ accouterments ᛬ to prepare ᛫ N᛬V ~ NEᚠN
graithly ᛫ preparedly ᛫ ADV greithlī MEᚠN
gram ᛫ incensed ᛫ furious ᛫ ADJ gram OE or: grame? (the vowel shows evidence of lengthening)
grane ᛫ a mustache ᛫ a moustache ᛫ N granu OE
grassland ᛫ a stretch of unforested grassy land ᛫ a prairie ᛫ N ~ NE
grasstepper ᛫ a locust ᛫ N gærsstapa OE
grave ᛫ a tomb ᛬ to carve or shape with a chisel ᛫ to sculpt ᛫ to sculpture ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
graveyard ᛫ a cemetery ᛫ N ~ NE
gray ᛫ a badger ᛫ a beaver ? ᛫ N grei ME
gread ᛫ a garment covering the breast ᛫ N grēde/greade[grēada] ME
great ᛫ grand ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
great ᛫ size ᛫ greatness ᛫ a majority ᛫ the essence of something ᛫ N grēt ME kin: grootte (Dutch)
Great Bear Mere ᛫ Great Bear Lake ᛫ PN great+bear+mere NE+NE+NE
Great Salt Mere ᛫ Great Salt Lake ᛫ PN great+salt+mere NE+NE+NE
Great Thew Mere ᛫ Great Slave Lake ᛫ PN great+thew+mere NE+NE+NE
Great Western Sea ᛫ the Atlantic Ocean ᛫ PN great+western+sea NE+NE+NE Great Western Ocean ᛣ
greaten ᛫ to increase in size extent amount or intensity ᛫ V ~ NE
greaterhood ᛫ a majority ᛫ N greater+hood NE+NE
greatgun ᛫ a heavy ordnance piece ᛫ a cannon ᛫ N great gun NE
greathearted ᛫ magnanimous ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
greatpox ᛫ syphilis ᛫ N greatpox NE
greed ᛫ an outcry ᛬ to cry out to shout ᛫ V grēd&greden ME&ME PTCP: gred
Greek ᛫ a Greek ᛫ N ~[Grēcas] NE or: Creek (from Crēacas)
Greekish ᛫ Grecian ᛫ ADJ Greekish NE
Greekland ᛫ Greece ᛫ N Grēcland OE
greem ᛫ to make angry ᛫ to provoke ᛫ to be obnoxious ᛫ to offend ᛫ V grēmen[gremian] ME
green ᛫ an environmentalist ᛬ environmentalistic ᛫ N᛬ADJ ~ NE
greenback ᛫ a dollar ( of the United States ) ᛫ N ~ NE
greenhorn ᛫ a novice ᛫ a beginner ᛫ a tyro ᛫ N ~ NE
greenlight ᛫ approval ᛬ to approve ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
greens ᛫ green vegetables ᛫ N ~ NE
greenwood ᛫ a forest that is green with foliage ᛫ N ~ NE
greet ᛫ to lament ᛫ to weep ᛫ V ~[grētan] NE we already have a word for "to weep"
grem ᛫ to provoke ᛫ V gremian&gegremian OE&OE kin: gremja (Norse)
Grenada ᛫ Grenada ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
grey ᛫ gloomy ᛫ uninteresting ᛫ having an intermediate or vague position condition or character ᛫ neutral ᛫ ADJ ~ NE or: gray
greyback ᛫ a Calidris canutus bird ᛫ a louse ᛫ a soldier of the Confederate States of America ᛫ N ~ NE
greywater ᛫ sullage ᛫ N gray water NE or: graywater
grim ᛫ dismal ᛫ gloomy ᛫ forbidding ᛫ sinister ᛫ cynical ᛫ ominous ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
grime ᛫ a mask ᛫ filth or slime that covers something ᛫ N grime&grima NE&OE
grindle ᛫ a small stream or ditch ᛫ N ~[OE grendel] NE
gripe ᛫ a complaint ᛬ to complain ᛫ N᛬V grīpan NE
gripping ᛫ very interesting ᛫ fascinating ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
gripple ᛫ covetous ᛫ ADJ gripel ME
grise ᛫ to fear ᛫ to be terrified at ᛫ V grīsen ME kin: grisly
grisly ᛫ inspiring horror and disgust ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
gristle ᛫ tough cartilaginous tendinous or fibrous matter ᛫ cartilage ᚹ ᛫ N ~ NE
grit ᛫ small loose particles of stone or sand ᛫ strength of character ᛬ to move with a grating sound ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
grith ᛫ peace ᛫ safety ᛫ sanctuary ᛫ clemency ᛫ pardon ᛫ mercy ᛫ N grith MEᚠN
groat ᛫ a piece of hulled grain ᛫ a particle ᛫ an atom ᚹ ᛫ N grō̆t ME or: grot
groatly ᛫ atomic ᚹ ᛫ ADJ groat+ly NE+NE
groor ᛫ terror ᛫ horror ᛬ terrifying ᛫ horrifying ᛫ N᛬ADJ grure[gryre] ME kin: gréosan
ground ⟨ grund ⟩ ᛫ soil ᛫ reason ( for doing something ) ᛫ N ~ NE
groundbreaker ⟨ grundbreaker ⟩ ᛫ a pioneer ᛫ an innovator ᛫ N ~ NE
groundbreaking ⟨ grondbreaking ⟩ ᛫ pioneering ᛫ innovating ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
groundless ⟨ grundless ⟩ ᛫ baseless ᛫ without reason ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
groundline ⟨ grundline ⟩ ᛫ a baseline ᛫ a foundation ᛫ a basis ᛫ N ~ NE or: groundrow (line is ultimately a loanword)
groundnut ⟨ grundnut ⟩ ᛫ a peanut ᛫ N ~ NE
groundpitch ⟨ grundpitch ⟩ ᛫ a tonic ( in music ) ᛫ N ground+pitch NE+NE Grundton ᛣ
grouts ⟨ grutes ⟩ ᛫ plaster ᛫ lees ᛫ dregs ᛫ N grouts[grūt] NE
growingly ᛫ increasingly ᛫ progressively ᛫ ADV ~ NE
grunt ᛫ a low ranking member of a group ᛫ N ~ NE
Guatemala ⟨ Gwatemala ⟩ ᛫ Guatemala ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
guild ⟨ gild ⟩ ᛫ an association of merchants or craftsmen ᛫ N ~ NEᚠN
guildhall ⟨ gildhall ⟩ ᛫ a building used as the meeting place of a guild ᛫ N ~ NEᚠ(N+E)
guildsman ⟨ gildsman ⟩ ᛫ a member of a guild ᛫ N ~ NEᚠ(N+E)
guiltend ⟨ giltend ⟩ ᛫ a debtor ᛫ an offender ᛫ N gyltend OE
Guinea ⟨ Ginny ⟩ ᛫ Guinea ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO or: East Ginny; Ginny-Conakry
Guinea-Bissau ⟨ Ginny-Bissue ⟩ ᛫ Guinea-Bissau ᛫ PN Guinea-Bissau NEᚠO or: West Ginny
gulch ᛫ a ravine ᛫ a gorge ᛫ N ~ NE
gum ᛫ the tissue that surrounds the necks of teeth and covers the alveolar parts of the jaws ᛫ N ~[gōma] NE kin: gum
gumshoe ᛫ a kind of shoe ᛫ a detective ᛫ N ~ NE
gun ᛫ a firearm ᛫ N ~ NEᚠN
gundust ᛫ gunpowder ᛫ N gun+dust NE+NE
gunstone ᛫ a cannonball ᛫ N ~ NE
gutleech ᛫ a gastroenterologist ᛫ N gut+leech NE+NE
Guyana ⟨ Gyanna ⟩ ᛫ Guyana ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
hackneyed ᛫ unoriginal ᛫ bland ᛫ cliche ᛫ banal ᛫ trite ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
hackster ᛫ an assassin ᛫ a ruffian ᛫ N ~ NE
had I wist ᛫ regret ᛫ N had I wist ME
haff ᛫ an ocean ᛫ N heaf OE kin: haven
haft ᛫ the handle of a tool or weapon ᛬ to fit a handle to ᛫ to perform a function ᛫ to process ᚹ ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
haft ᛫ a captive ᛫ a prisoner ᛫ captivity ᛫ imprisonment ᛫ possession ᛫ having ᛬ to capture ᛫ to imprison ᛫ N᛬V hæft OE
haftling ᛫ a captive ᛫ N haftling OE
hag ᛫ a sorceress ᛫ an enchantress ᛫ a witch ᛫ an unlikable old woman ᛫ N ~[hægtesse] NE kin: hex
haggle ᛫ to bargain ᛫ to chaffer ᛫ V ~[haccian]? NE
hagtess ᛫ a witch of sorts ( especially an old one hence modern "hag"? ) ᛫ N hægtesse OE
hail ᛫ a greeting ᛬ to greet ᛬ greetings! ᛫ N᛬V᛬INT ~ NE
hairbane ᛫ depilatory ᛫ N hair+bane NE+NE invented by William Barnes
hairclip ᛫ a barrette ᛫ N ~ NE
hairwash ᛫ shampoo ᛫ N ~ NE
hairwax ᛫ pomade ᛫ N hair+wax NE+NE
Haiti ⟨ Haity ⟩ ᛫ Haiti ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
hake ᛫ a Merlucciidae fish ᛫ a Phycidae fish ᛫ N ~ NE
halch ᛫ to fasten around ᛫ to loop ᛫ V halchen ME
hale ᛫ robust ᛫ healthy ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
hale ᛫ a nook ᛫ a cranny ᛫ a hiding place ᛫ N hāle/hal ME
half ᛫ semi- ᛫ sam- ᛫ PREFIX ~ NE
halfgod ᛫ a demigod ᛫ N ~ NE
halfmoon ᛫ a crescent ᛫ anything crescent shaped ᛫ N halfmoon NE
halftrendle ᛫ a hemisphere ᛫ N healftrendel OE
halfwit ᛫ a fool ᛫ an idiot ᛫ N ~ NE
halidom ᛫ holiness ᛫ sanctity ᛫ N ~ NE
halk ᛫ a recess or a nook in a building ᛫ a remote corner in an open place ᛫ a cavity ᛫ N halk[healoc/healc] ME
hallmark ᛫ a defining feature ᛫ a defining characteristic ᛫ a defining attribute ᛫ N ~ NE
hallow ᛫ a saint ᛬ to sanctify ᛫ to canonize ᛬ sacred ᛫ holy ᛫ N᛬V᛬ADJ ~ NE
Hallow Jean Mere ᛫ Lac Saint-Jean ᛫ PN hallow+Jean+mere NE+NEᚠI+NE
Hallow Kitts and Nevis ᛫ Saint Kitts and Nevis ᛫ PN Saint Kitts and Nevis NEᚠO
Hallow Lucia ᛫ Saint Lucia ᛫ PN Saint Lucia NEᚠO
Hallow Tome and Principe ᛫ Sao Tome and Principe ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠI
Hallow Vincent ᛫ Saint Vincent and the Grenadines ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
hallowdom ᛫ sainthood ᛫ N ~ NE
hallowing ᛫ consecration ᛫ sanctification ᛫ N hālgung OE
hallowing book ᛫ a benedictional ᛫ N hālgungbōc OE
Hallowmas ᛫ All Saints' Day ᛫ N Hallowmas NEᚠ(E+I)
halse ᛫ the neck ᛫ the throat ᛫ N ~ NE Did neck once mean "back neck" and halse mean "front neck"?
halse ᛫ to greet ᛫ to salute ᛫ to predict ᛫ to divine ᛫ V halsen&hālsian ME&OE
halse ᛫ to hug ᛫ to embrace ᛫ V ~ NE
halsebarrow ᛫ a gorget ᛫ N healsbeorg OE
halsebee ᛫ a torc ᛫ a torq ᛫ a torque ᛫ N healsbeag OE literally neck-bee
halseman ᛫ an executioner ᛫ N ~ NE
halsend ᛫ an omen ᛫ an augur ᛫ N hǣlsend OE
halser ᛫ a diviner ᛫ an exorcist ᛫ N hǣlsere OE
halsewort ᛫ a Capparis spinosa plant ᛫ a Symphytum album plant ᛫ a Sedum telephium plant ᛫ a throatwort plant ᛫ N halswort ME
halsing ᛫ divination ᛫ fortune telling ᛫ augury ᛫ exorcism ᛫ N hālsung OE
Halsing ᛫ one of the Hälsings ᛫ PN Hælsingum OE
halt ᛫ a cessation ᛬ to cease ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
halter ᛫ a rope for animals or for hanging people ᛫ N ~[hælftre] NE
ham ᛫ an enclosure ᛫ a plot of enclosed ground ᛫ N hamme&ham ME&OE
ham ᛫ the hollow of the knee ᛫ N ~ NE
hame ᛫ covering ᛫ skin ᛫ integument ᛫ membrane ᛫ the slough of a reptile ᛫ N hāme[hama] ME
hamstring ᛫ a thigh muscle between the hip and knee ᛬ to disable by cutting the hamstrings ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
handbag ᛫ a purse ᛫ N ~[baggi?] NEᚠN?
handbook ᛫ a manual ᛫ N ~ NE
handcloth ᛫ a handkerchief ᛫ a towel ᛫ N ~ NE
handfast ᛫ a marriage contract ᛬ to become engaged ( as in marriage ) ᛫ N᛬V ~ NEᚠN
handgun ᛫ a pistol ᛫ N ~ NE
handicraft ᛫ manual skill ᛫ an occupation requiring skill with the hands ᛫ the articles fashioned by handicraft ᛫ N ~ NE
handiswink ᛫ manual labor ᛫ N handiswink ME
handiwork ᛫ a creation product or outcome that one has made ᛫ N ~ NE
handle ᛫ a pseudonym ᛫ a username ᛫ N ~ NE
handler ᛫ a manager of animals or a kind of object ᛫ a processor ᚹ ᛫ N ~ NE
handlings ᛫ by hand ᛫ manually ᛫ ADV hondlinges ME
handly ᛫ manual ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
handmaid ᛫ a personal maid or female servant ᛫ N ~ NE
handman ᛫ a manservant ᛫ N ~ NE
handpreest ᛫ a chaplain ᛫ N handprēost OE not well attested
handsax ᛫ a dagger ᛫ N handseax OE
handsel ᛫ a gift given for good luck at the beginning of the year or to mark an acquisition or the start of an enterprise ᛫ N ~ NE
handset ᛫ a mobile phone ᛫ a cell phone ᛫ N ~ NE
handwhile ᛫ a short period of time ᛫ a moment ᛫ an instance ᛫ N ~ NE
handwrit ᛫ a manuscript ᛫ a writ written by hand ᛫ N ~ NE
handy ᛫ useful ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
hane ᛫ a rooster ᛫ N hana{hanecrau} OE
hangby ᛫ a dependent ( used in contempt ) ᛫ N hangby NE
hangeron ᛫ a sycophant ᛫ N ~ NE
hangman ᛫ an executioner who hangs the condemned ᛫ N ~ NE
hangup ᛫ a delay ᛬ to suspend ᛫ to delay ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
hap ᛫ luck ᛫ fortune ᛫ a chance occurrence ᛫ N ~ NEᚠN
hapful ᛫ lucky ᛫ fortunate ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
hapless ᛫ unfortunate ᛫ ADJ ~ NEᚠ(N+E)
haply ᛫ by accident ᛫ ADV ~ NEᚠ(N+E)
hapsome ᛫ random ᛫ ADJ hap+some N+NE
har ᛫ the hinge of a door or lock ᛫ one of the four cardinal points of the heavens or the earth ᛫ N har/harre/herre[heorr] ME
harbour ᛫ a haven ᛫ a barracks ᛫ military quarters ᛫ a sanctuary ᛫ an anchorage ( in some senses ) ᛫ N ~ NE or: harbor
harddrive ᛫ a hard disk ᛫ a hard disk drive ᛫ N hard drive NE
hardseleness ᛫ misfortune ᛫ calamity ᛫ N heardsǣlness OE
hardship ᛫ a difficulty ( especially an unpleasant one ) ᛫ N ~ NE
hardware ᛫ equipment ᛫ the physical components of an electronic system ᛫ N ~ NE
harehearted ᛫ timorous ᛫ timid ᛫ easily frightened ᛫ ADJ harehearted NE
harfee ᛫ booty ᛫ war spoils ᛫ N herefeoh OE
harfolk ᛫ army men ᛫ army folk ᛫ N herefolc OE
hargang ᛫ a military expedition ᛫ N heregang OE
harhithe ᛫ spoil ᛫ booty ᛫ plunder ᛫ N herehȳþ OE
hark ᛫ ( commands or requests others to pay attention ) ᛫ INT ~ NE
hark back ᛫ to evoke something from the past ᛫ V ~ NE
harken ᛫ to listen ᛫ to pay attention to ᛫ V ~ NE
harkworthy ᛫ noteworthy ᛫ worthy of being paid attention to ᛫ ADJ hark+worthy NE+NE
harman ᛫ a soldier ᛫ a warrior ᛫ a militant ᛫ N hereman OE
harmer ᛫ a field-mouse or a dormouse ᛫ N hearma OE
harmqueath ⟨ harmcweath ⟩ ᛫ to revile to speak ill of ᛫ V hearmcweþan OE
harmquid ⟨ harmcwid ⟩ ᛫ blasphemy ᛫ harmful speech ᛫ N hearmcwide OE
harnpan ᛫ the brainpan ᛫ the skull ᛫ N ~ NE
harns ᛫ brains ᛫ N ~ NE
harpath ᛫ a military road ᛫ N herepaþ OE
harreif ᛫ spoil ᛫ booty ᛫ plunder ᛫ that which is reaved by an army ᛫ N hererēaf OE
harrier ᛫ one who engages in persistent attacks on others or their lands ᛫ N ~ NE
harrow ᛫ an idol ᛫ a stone altar ? ᛫ a temple ? ᛫ N hearg&hearh OE
harrow ᛫ to disturb ᛫ to traumatize ᛫ V ~ NE
harry ᛫ to irritate ᛫ to annoy ᛫ to irk ᛫ to bother ᛫ to pillage ᛫ V harry&herien NE&ME
harsithe ᛫ a military expedition ᛫ N heresīþ OE
harspeed ᛫ military success ᛫ N herespēd OE
hart ᛫ a deer ᛫ N hart&hert NE&ME male-only in Modern English
harteamer ᛫ a general ᛫ N heretēma OE
harthreat ᛫ a troop ᛫ a band of soldiers ᛫ N hereþrēat OE
hartmeat ᛫ venison ᛫ N hart+meat{deermeat} NE+NE
hartow ᛫ a general ᛫ a marshal ᛫ a duke ᛫ N heretowa ME TS: heretower
hartowdom ᛫ a duchy ᛫ a dukedom ᛫ N hartow+dom ME+NE Herzogtum ᛣ
hartowen ᛫ a duchess ᛫ N heretow+en NE
harvest ᛫ the fall or autumn season ᛫ N hervest ME
harweed ᛫ armour ᛫ N herewǣd OE
harwoop ᛫ a war cry ᛫ N herewōp OE
hase ᛫ grey ᛫ gray ᛫ ashen ᛫ ADJ hasu/haso{haswed} OE
hasp ᛫ a fastening device ᛫ N ~ NE
hassock ᛫ a tussock ᛫ a cushion ᛫ N ~[hassuc] NE
hatch ᛫ a crosier ᛫ N hæcce OE
hatel ᛫ detestable ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
hather ᛫ a restraint ᛫ a confinement ᛬ to restrain ᛫ to confine ᛫ V heaþor&heaþorian OE&OE
hatter ᛫ clothing ᛫ garments ᛫ clothes ᛫ N hater[hæteru/heatru] ME plural form seems to have been "hateren"
Hatwere ᛫ one of the Chattuarii ( a sub-group of the Franks ? ) ᛫ PN Hætwerum OE
haugh ᛫ a low-lying meadow by the side of a river ᛫ N ~[healh?] NE rhyme: law; Bach (Scottish)
haulm ᛫ the stems or tops of crop plants ( especially after the crop has been gathered ) ᛫ N ~ NE
haveless ᛫ poor ᛫ destitute ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
haven ᛫ property ᛫ possessions ᛫ N hāven[hæfen] ME
haven ᛫ a harbour ᛫ a sanctuary ᛫ a port ᛫ N ~ NE
haver ᛫ a male goat ᛫ N hæfer OE
haverbleat ᛫ a bittern ᛫ a snipe ᛫ N hæferblæte OE
haw ᛫ an enclosure ᛫ a hedge ᛫ N hawe ME
hawspind ᛫ the cheek ᛫ N hagospind OE "hago" is a variant of "haga" which later bore "haw"
hawthorn ᛫ a Crataegus plant ᛫ N ~ NE means enclosure-thorn(?)
hayward ᛫ an agricultural overseer ( one who maintains hedges and the common protects grain and oversees the harvest ) ᛫ N hayward&heiward NE&ME
hazel ᛫ a Corylus plant ᛫ a light golden brown hue ᛬ hazel in colour ᛫ N᛬ADJ ~ NE
head ᛫ a person ᛫ an individual ᛫ a character ᛫ N head&hede NE&ME
headbone ᛫ a skull ᛫ a cranium ᛫ N heafodban OE
headborough ᛫ a capital city ᛫ N hēafodburh OE
headedder ᛫ a cephalic vein ᛫ N hēafodǣdre OE
headland ᛫ a promontory ᛫ coastal land that juts into the sea ᛫ N ~ NE
headleighter ᛫ a chief error ᛫ one of the seven deadly sins ᛫ N hēafodleahter OE
headless ᛫ acephalous ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
headly ᛫ chief ᛫ capital ᛫ ADJ hēafodlīc OE
headman ᛫ a chief man ᛫ N ~ NE
headpan ᛫ a skull ᛫ N hēafodpanne OE
headship ᛫ the position of a leader or head ᛫ N ~ NE
headspring ᛫ a source ᛫ a fountainhead ᛫ N ~ NE
headstool ᛫ a chief seat ᛫ a chief position ᚹ ᛫ N hēafodstól OE
headstrong ᛫ self-willed and obstinate ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
headward ᛫ a chief guardian or officer ᛫ N hēafodweard OE
headwater ᛫ the source and initial part of a stream ᛫ N ~ NE
headway ᛫ progress ᛫ N ~ NE
headwright ᛫ a chief workman ᛫ N hēafodwyrhta OE
heady ᛫ intoxicating ᛫ stupefying ᛫ upsetting to the mind or senses ᛫ intellectual and technical ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
healstone ᛫ some kind of flat cake ᛫ N healstān OE
healthful ᛫ salubrious ᛫ conducive to good health ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
heam ᛫ to shack up with ᛫ to have sex with ᛫ to have intercourse with ᛫ to marry ᛫ V hǣman OE lives on as "hame" in one or more dialects?
heamed ᛫ sexual intercourse ᛫ N hǣmed OE said like "heem-id", not "heemd"
heamedy ᛫ sexy ᛫ sexual ᛫ ADJ heamed+y OE+NE said like: hee-mid-ee
heap ᛫ a crowd ᛫ a pile ᛫ a mass ᛫ much or many of something ᛫ N ~ NE
heapmeal ᛫ in large quantities ᛫ in heaps ᛫ heap by heap ᛫ ADV ~ NE
hearsay ᛫ rumour gossip ᛫ N ~ NE
hearsome ᛫ obedient ᛫ compliant ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
hearsomeness ᛫ obedience ᛫ N ~ NE
heart ᛫ a core ᛫ N ~ NE
heartache ᛫ sorrow ᛫ anguish of the mind ᛫ N ~ NE
hearten ᛫ to comfort ᛫ to give courage ᛫ to encourage ᛫ to console ᛫ to reassure ᛫ to exhort ᛫ V hearten&herten NE&ME
heartfelt ᛫ sincerely felt or believed ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
hearth ᛫ a fireplace floor ᛫ a brick stone or concrete area in front of a fireplace ᛫ N ~ NE
heartleech ᛫ a cardiologist ᛫ N heart+leech NE+NE
heartless ᛫ lacking courage ᛫ listless ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
heartlike ᛫ like a heart ᛫ central ᛫ core ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
heartsome ᛫ uplifting ᛫ comforting ᛫ lively ᛫ joyful ᛫ pleasant ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
heartwrenching ᛫ extremely sad or distressing ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
hearty ᛫ cordial ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
heast ᛫ violence ᛬ violent ᛫ N᛬ADJ hǣst OE
heath ᛫ war- ᛫ battle- ᛫ PREFIX hēaþu OE
heath ᛫ uncultivated land ᛫ N᛬ADJ ~ NE
heathen ᛫ a pagan ᛬ pagan ᛫ N᛬ADJ heathen NE
heathendom ᛫ paganism ᛫ heathenism ᛫ the state of being heathen ᛫ N ~ NE
heather ᛫ an Ericaceae plant ᛫ N ~ NE
heathglemb ᛫ a war injury ᛫ a war wound ᛫ N hēaþuglemm OE
heathweed ᛫ armour ᛫ military clothing ᛫ N hēaþuwǣd OE
heatmeter ᛫ a thermometer ᛫ N heat+mete+er NE+NE+NE
heave ᛫ to lift ᛫ to raise ᛫ V ~ NE
heavenly ᛫ divine ᛫ celestial ᛫ wonderful ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
heavenrich ᛫ the Kingdom of Heaven ᛫ N heofonrīce OE
heavensent ᛫ fortunate appropriate or providential as if ordained by heaven ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
heavyhanded ᛫ oppressive and clumsy ᛫ ADJ heavyhanded NE
heavyhandedly ᛫ in a heavyhanded manner ᛫ ADV heavyhandedly NE
heavyhandedness ᛫ the property of being heavyhanded ᛫ N heavyhandedness NE
heavysaregun ᛫ a heavy machine gun ᛫ N heavy+searu+gun NE+OE+NEᚠ heavy machine gun ᛣ
heavywater ᛫ deuterium oxide ᛫ N ~ NE
hedden ᛫ a hood ᛫ chasuble ᛫ an overcoat ᛫ a mantle ᛫ cloak ᛫ N heden OE
hedge ᛫ ( denotes itinerantcy ) ᛫ PREFIX hedge- NE as in "hedge-priest" and "hedge-knight"
hedge ᛫ a fence made of bushes ᛫ a contract reducing exposure to risk ᛬ to enclose or obstruct with hedges ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
heed ᛫ attention ᛬ to pay attention to ᛫ to obey a warning or instruction ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
heedern ᛫ a storehouse ᛫ N hēddern OE what does "hédd" mean?
heedsome ᛫ attentive ᛫ ADJ ~ NE invented by William Barnes
heef ᛫ grief ᛫ N hēof OE
heel ᛫ to keep secret ᛫ to conceal ᛫ to cover ᛫ V ~{hēlen} NE
heem ᛫ an inhabitant ᛫ N hēme ME
heen ᛫ to scoff at ᛫ to humiliate ᛫ to debase ᛬ low ᛫ humbled ᛫ humiliated ᛫ abject ᛫ poor ᛫ wretched ᛫ V᛬ADJ hēnen&hēn ME&ME
heeve ᛫ to grieve ᛫ V hēofan OE
heft ᛫ something's weight ᛫ the ability or influence to get something done ᛬ to hoist ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
heifer ᛫ a young cow that has not borne a calf ᛫ N ~ NE
heighten ᛫ to make higher ᛫ to intensify ᛫ V ~ NE
heightfear ᛫ acrophobia ᛫ N height+fear NE+NE
heightwise ᛫ in terms of height ᛫ vertical ᛬ in a vertical manner ᛫ ADJ᛬ADV ~ NE
heleth ᛫ a hero ᛫ N hēleth[hæleþ] ME "health" is pseudo-archaic spelling?
helethen ᛫ a heroine ᛫ N hēleth+en NE+ME
helethish ᛫ heroic ᛫ ADJ hēleth+ish ME+NE
helfry ᛫ gory ᛫ bloody ᛫ ADJ heolfrig OE
hellbent ᛫ determined to achieve something at all costs ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
heller ᛫ the scale of a balance ᛫ a balance ᚹ ᛫ balance ᚹ ᛬ to balance on a scale ᛫ to balance ᚹ ᛫ N᛬V heolor&heoloran OE
hellghost ⟨ hellgoast ⟩ ᛫ an infernal spirit ᛫ N hellegāst OE
hellish ᛫ infernal ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
Hellmere ᛫ the river Styx ᛫ N hellemere OE
hellraiser ᛫ a person who causes trouble through wild behavior ᛫ N ~ NEᚠ(E+N+E)
hellrown ⟨ hellrune ⟩ ᛫ a necromancer ᛫ a witch ᛫ a pythonissa ᛫ N hellerūne/helrūn OE means "hell whisper"?
hellwain ᛫ a wagon from hell ( especially as a supernatural manifestation in the night sky ) ᛫ N ~ NE
hellwight ᛫ a creature of hell ᛫ N hellwiht OE
hellwite ᛫ hellish punishment ᛫ gehenna ᛫ hades ᛫ hell ᛫ N hellewīte OE
helm ᛫ protection ᛫ protector ᛫ helmet ᛫ N helm&helm NE&OE
helmer ᛫ a director ᚹ ᛫ N ~ NE
helper ᛫ an assistant ᛫ an aide ᛫ N ~ NE
helping ᛫ a portion or serving of food ᛫ an amount or quantity of something ᛫ N ~ NE
helve ᛫ the handle of a tool or weapon ᛬ to furnish with a helve ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
helver ᛫ blood from a wound ᛫ gore ᛫ cruor ᛫ N heolfor OE
hem ᛫ a rim ( especially of stitched cloth ) ᛬ to surround in a restricting way ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
hem ᛫ them ᛫ PRON hem ME
hemp ᛫ a Cannabis plant ᛫ cannabis ᛫ marijuana ᛫ N ~ NE
hemth ᛫ an undergarment with short sleeves ᛫ a shirt ᛫ N hemeþe OE kin: Hemd (German)
hen ᛫ from this place ᛫ away ᛫ hence ᛫ ADJ henne ME
henbell ᛫ henbane ᛫ a Hyoscyamus plant ᛫ N hennebelle OE
hence ⟨ hense ⟩ ᛫ from this place ᛫ ADV ~ NE
henchman ᛫ a subordinate ( usually with negative connotations ) ᛫ N ~ NE TS: hengestman
hend ᛫ refined ᛫ polite ᛫ noble ᛫ knightly ᛫ chivalrous ᛫ courteous ᛫ gracious ᛫ ADJ hēnde ME
hengest ᛫ a stallion ᛫ N henchman&hengest NE&OE
hent ᛫ until ᛫ PREP&CONJ hent ME short for "henne to"
hent ᛫ to grasp ᛫ to take away ᛫ to apprehend ᛫ to go beyond ᛫ V ~ NE
her ᛫ a lord ᛫ a nobleman ᛫ a superior ᛫ sir ᚹ ᛫ mister ᚹ ᛫ N herre{hearra} ME
herd ᛫ a herdsman ᛫ shepherd ᛫ a guardian ᛫ a pastor ᛫ N herde ME
Herdsman ᛫ the constellation Boötes ᛫ N ~ NE
here ᛫ an army ᛫ N here/heer ME
hereat ᛫ as a result ᛫ ADV ~ NE
herely ᛫ military ᛫ ADJ herelīc OE
herethrough ᛫ because of this ᛫ by this means ᛫ ADV hērthurgh ME see: thereby
hereto ᛫ to this point matter or topic ᛫ regarding this point matter or topic ᛫ ADV ~ NE
heriot ᛫ military equipment ᛫ a return of military equipment ᛫ N ~[heregeatu] NE TS: hereyatow
herry ᛫ to honour ᛫ to praise ᛫ to extol ᛫ to celebrate ᛫ V ~[herian] NE
herryendly ᛫ praiseworthy ᛫ laudable ᛫ ADJ herigendlice[herigendlīc] ME
herstpan ᛫ a frying pan ᛫ N hearstepanne OE
herthbelly ᛫ a scrotum ᛫ N herþbelig OE
herthen ᛫ testicles ᛫ N herþan OE this word is always plural
hest ᛫ behest ᛫ a command ᛫ an injunction ᛫ an order ᛫ a precept ᛫ N ~ NE
hew ᛫ a family or household member ᛫ a domestic ᛫ a servant ᛫ a retainer ᛫ N hewe ME
hew ᛫ to chop at ᛫ to chop down ᛫ to shape ᛫ to form ᛫ to conform ᛫ to forge ᛫ V ~ NE
hewcouth ⟨ hewcuthe ⟩ ᛫ familiar ᛫ ADJ hīwcūþ OE
hewen ᛫ blue ᛫ azure ᛫ a conservative ᚹ ᛬ of blue hue ᛫ of azure hue ᛫ conservative ᚹ ᛫ N᛬ADJ hǣwen&hǣwen ME&OE or: hewn?
Hewron Mere ⟨ Huron Mere ⟩ ᛫ Lake Huron ᛫ PN Huron+mere NEᚠO+NE
hewster ᛫ a dyer ᛫ N heuster ME
hex ᛫ a curse ᛬ to curse ᛫ N᛬V ~ NEᚠHG kin: hag
hext ᛫ highest ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
hiddle ᛫ a secret place ᛫ a hiding place ᛫ a refuge ᛫ N hidel&hydels ME&OE
hide ᛫ skin ᛫ N ~ NE
hidel ᛫ a hiding place ᛫ N hīdels ME
hideleech ᛫ a dermatologist ᛫ N hide+leech NE+NE or: skinleech (Norse influence)
hideyield ⟨ hideyeeld ⟩ ᛫ property tax ( tax paid on every hide ) ᛫ N hīdgild OE
hidlings ᛫ secret ᛫ clandestine ᛬ in secret ᛫ secretly ᛫ ADJ᛬ADV ~ NE
hie ᛫ they ᛫ PRON hē[hīe] ME rhyme: pie
hie ᛫ to hasten ᛫ to go quickly ᛫ V ~ NE
hield ⟨ heeld ⟩ ᛫ favour ᛫ affection ᛫ good will ᛫ N hēlde[hyldu/helde] ME
hield ⟨ heeld ⟩ ᛫ an inclination ᛫ a tilt ᛬ to bend ᛫ to incline ᛫ N hield&hēlden NE&ME
high ᛫ to esteem ᛫ to honour ᛫ to exalt ᛫ V heien/highen ME
highblown ᛫ pretentious ᛫ grandiloquent ᛫ exaggerated ᛫ ADJ high-blown NE
highend ᛫ of the highest quality ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
Higher Mere ᛫ Lake Superior ᛫ PN higher+mere NE+NE
highfather ᛫ a patriarch ᛫ N hēahfæder OE
highhearted ᛫ insouciant ᛫ full of gaiety ᛫ full of courage or nobility ᛫ ADJ highhearted&hēahheort NE&OE
highherd ᛫ a chief pastor ᛫ an archimandrite ᛫ N hēahhirde OE
highking ᛫ a chief king or ruler ᛫ a king of kings ᛫ N ~ NE
highland ᛫ a stretch of high or mountainous land ᛫ N ~ NE
highlight ᛫ to emphasize ᛫ to mark out ᛫ V ~ NE
highmother ᛫ a matriarch ᛫ N high+mother{hēahfæder} NE+NE
highseld ᛫ a throne ᛫ a position of high rank ᛫ N hēahseld OE
hight ᛫ am called ᛫ is called ᛫ are called ᛫ ADV hōten ME past participle of "hōte"
hight ᛫ haste ᛫ hurry ᛫ N highthe[hīgþ] ME kin: hie
hight ᛫ expectation ᛫ hope ᛬ to expect ᛫ to hope ᛫ N᛬V hight&highten[hyht/hiht] ME&ME
hightide ᛫ a culminating point ᛫ a climax ᛫ N ~ NE
highwayman ᛫ a bandit ᛫ a brigand ᛫ N ~ NE
highwrought ᛫ extremely agitated ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
hild ᛫ battle ᛫ war ᛫ N hild OE
hild ᛫ to skin ᛫ to flay ᛫ to peel ᛫ V hilden[hyldan] ME
hildlate ᛫ one sluggish in war ᛫ one slow to fight ᛫ a coward ᛫ N hildlata OE agent suffix likely would have dropped
hildspel ᛫ a speech given before battle ? ᛫ a story about battle ? ᛫ N hildespell OE
hilk ᛫ a bend ᛫ a turn ᛫ a winding ᛫ curvature ᛫ anfractus ᛫ N hylc OE
hillhoamer ᛫ a cricket ᛫ N hyllhāma OE
hillhomer ᛫ a cicada ᛫ N hyllhāma OE
hillock ᛫ a small hill ᛫ N ~ NE
hilt ᛫ the handle of a sword ᛬ to provide with a hilt ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
hin ᛫ him ( accusative ) ᛫ PRON hine ME
hind ᛫ rear ᛫ posterior ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
hind ᛫ a female deer ᛫ N ~[hind] NE
hindbrain ᛫ the rhombencephalon ᛫ N ~ NE
hinder ᛫ to obstruct ᛫ to impede ᛫ V ~ NE
hinderland ᛫ a hinterland ᛫ an uncharted land ᛫ a land surrounding a town or port ᛫ N Hinterland NEᚠHG
hinderling ᛫ a wretch ᛫ a lowly person or beast ᛫ N ~ NE begat "hilding"?
hindersome ᛫ obstructive ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
hindgut ᛫ the caudal part of the alimentary canal of an embryo including the colon and the rectum ᛫ N ~ NE
hindlook ᛫ an afterlook ᛫ a look in review ᛫ N ~ NE
hindneck ᛫ the nape ( especially of birds ) ᛫ N ~ NE
hindsight ᛫ retrospect ᛫ N ~ NE
hine ᛫ a servant ᛫ a household's servants ᛫ N hīne{hind} ME
hinge ᛫ a central or pivotal point or principle on which things depend ᛬ to depend on ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
hinth ᛫ humiliation ᛫ abasement ᛫ disgrace ᛫ N henthe[hȳnþ/hēnþu] ME
hipwark ᛫ sciatica ᛫ N hipwerc OE
hir ᛫ their ᛫ PRON here/hire/hure[heora] ME or: her; here
hird ᛫ a family ᛫ a household ᛫ a retinue ᛫ a court ( those in the court not the physical court ) ᛫ N hīred[hīrēd] ME equivilent to hew+-red
hirdman ᛫ a member of a king's household or court ᛫ a retainer ᛫ a courtier ᛫ N hiredman ME
hireborrow ᛫ monetary interest ᛫ N hyreborg OE
hireling ᛫ employee ᛫ N ~ NE
hirer ᛫ an employer ᛫ N ~ NE
hires ᛫ theirs ᛫ PRON heres ME or: "hern", from a Middle English alternative
hirn ᛫ a corner ᛫ a niche ᛫ a remote place ᛫ a cranny ᛫ a recess ᛫ an intricacy ᛫ N hirn[hyrne] ME
hirnstone ᛫ a cornerstone ᛫ N hyrnstān OE
hirst ᛫ equipment ( especially things like armor and weapons but also ornaments ) ᛬ to equip ᛫ to ornament ᛫ N᛬V hyrst&hyrstan OE
hirst ᛫ to fry ᛫ V hirsten[hierstan] ME
hit up ᛫ to contact ( usually for a service or for socializing ) ᛫ V ~ NE
hitch ᛫ a problem ᛫ a snag ᛫ N ~ NE
hithe ᛫ a river harbour ᛫ a river landing place ᛫ N ~[hȳþ] NE
hithe ᛫ to plunder ᛫ to ravage ᛫ to pillage ᛫ to lay waste to ᛫ V hȳþan OE
hither ᛫ to this place ᛫ ADV ~ NE
hithercoming ᛫ arrival to this place ᛫ N ~ NE
hitherto ᛫ up to this time ᛫ ADV ~ NE
hoad ᛫ a person ᛫ a character in a story ᛫ a sex ᛫ a state ᛫ a condition ᛫ a rank ᛫ a degree ᛫ N hōde&hād ME&OE becomes "hood" when a suffix
hoar ᛫ light grey ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
hoard ᛫ a collection of valuable things ᛫ treasure ᛬ to accumulate ᛫ to amass ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
hoardcleve ᛫ a treasure room or chamber ᛫ a treasury ᛫ N hordclēofa OE
hoardcove ᛫ a place for treasure ᛫ a place where thoughts are stored ᛫ N hordcōfa OE
hoarder ᛫ one who hoards ᛫ a treasurer ᛫ N horder&hordere NE&OE
hoardern ᛫ a storage place ᛫ a storeroom ᛫ a storehouse ᛫ N hordern OE
hoardlock ᛫ a treasure chest ᛫ a coffer ᛫ N hordloca OE
hoardvat ᛫ a vessel for holding treasure ᛫ N hordfæt OE
hoarfrost ᛫ frozen dew ᛫ N ~ NE
hoarstone ᛫ a stone designating the bounds of an estate ᛫ N ~ NE
hoary ᛫ old fashioned ᛫ musty ᛫ moldy ᛫ grey with age ᛫ outdated ᚹ ᛫ obsolete ᚹ ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
hobnob ᛫ to mix socially ( especially with those of higher status ) ᛫ V ~ NE
hock ᛫ the tarsal point of a digitigrade quadruped ᛫ meat from the tarsal point ᛬ to hamstring ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
hode ᛫ to ordain ᛫ to consecrate ᛫ V hōden[hādian] ME
hoder ᛫ clear ᛫ serene ᛫ ADJ hādor OE kin: heiðr (Icelandic)
hoe ᛫ to intend ᛫ purpose ᛫ to long after ᛫ V ho&houen[hogian]{hycgan} NE&ME
hoff ᛫ a house ᛫ a palace ᛫ a court ᛫ N hof OE kin: hovel
hogsfennel ᛫ a Peucedanum officinale plant ᛫ N hog's fennel NE
hogwash ᛫ nonsense ᛫ N ~ NE
hold ᛫ graciously ᛫ kindly ᛫ faithfully ᛫ ADJ holde[holde] ME
hold ᛫ inclined ᛫ ADJ heald OE
hold ᛫ a large space in the lower part of a ship or aircraft in which cargo is stowed ᛫ N ~ NE alteration of "hole"
holder ᛫ a container ᛫ a possessor ᛫ N ~ NE
holding ᛫ asset ᛫ N ~ NE
holdover ᛫ a remnant which has survived from a previous period system etc ᛫ N ~ NE
holdship ᛫ loyalty ᛫ fealty ᛫ allegiance ᛫ N holdscipe OE
hole ᛫ to obtain ᛫ V hōlen&geholian ME&OE
holet ᛫ to greet ᛫ to salute ᛫ V hālettan OE
holiday ᛫ vacation ᛫ N ~ NE
Holimonth ᛫ September ᛫ PN haligmonaþ OE or: Harvestmonth (from hærfestmonaþ)
holiness ᛫ sanctity ᛫ N ~ NE
holitide ᛫ a time of religious observance ᛫ N ~ NE
Holiwere ᛫ Saint Cuthbert of Lindisfarne ᛫ PN Hālīwer ME rhyme: hall-a-ware
holm ᛫ an islet ( especially one in a river ) ᛫ N ~ NEᚠN
Holmrye ᛫ one of the Rugii ᛫ PN Holmrygum OE
holt ᛫ a forested hill ᛫ a copse ᛫ N ~ NE
holy ᛫ sacred ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
home in ᛫ to focus on ᛫ to track ᛫ to get closer to that which is being chased ᛫ V ~ NE
homefear ᛫ oikophobia ᛫ ecophobia ᛫ N home+fear NE+NE
homeheast ᛫ domestic violence ᛫ N home+heast NE+OE
homely ᛫ domestic ᛫ not elaborate or complex ᛫ plain or unattractive in appearance ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
homespun ᛫ homely ᛫ unsophisticated ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
homeware ᛫ furniture utensils and decorative objects for domestic use ᛫ N ~ NE
homewares ᛫ furnishings for the home such as furniture ᛫ N ~ NE
Honduras ᛫ Honduras ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
hone ᛫ delay ᛫ hesitation ᛫ N hōne MEᚠC morphed into "wone" in some dialects
hone ᛫ a sharpening stone ᛬ to sharpen ᛫ to refine or to master a skill ᛫ to make more effective ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
honeywort ᛫ a Galium cruciatum plant ᛫ N ~ NE
hoo ᛫ she ᛫ PRON ~[heo] NE found in West Yorkshire and Lancashire
hoodwink ᛫ to trick ᛫ to deceive ᛫ V ~ NE
hoof ᛫ the covering that encloses the feet of ungulate mammals ᛬ to dance ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
hooker ᛫ a feeling of offence ᛫ mockery ᛫ scorn ᛫ derision ᛫ abusive talk ᛫ N hōker[hōcer] ME
hooky ᛫ catchy ᛫ attrative ᛫ easily recalled ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
hool ᛫ vain speech ᛫ slander ᛫ calumny ᛬ to speak evil of ᛫ to slander ᛫ to calumniate ᛫ N᛬V hōl&hōlian OE
hoose ᛫ an escort ᛫ a company ᛫ a troop ᛫ a band ᛫ a party ᛫ N hōs OE
hopelessness ᛫ despair ᛫ N ~ NE
hophead ᛫ a drug addict ᛫ N ~ NE
hopper ᛫ a seed basket used by a sower ᛫ N hopper ME
hore ᛫ filth ᛫ dirt ᛫ mud ᛫ slime ᛫ muck ᛫ crud ᛫ N hore[horh] ME
horewort ᛫ a Filago germanica plant ? ᛫ N hōrwort ME
horn ᛫ a telephone (slang) ᛫ N ~ NE especially in the saying "on the horn"
horning ᛫ fornication ᛫ N hornung OE
horningson ᛫ a bastard son ᛫ N hornungsunu OE kin: Hornung (German)
hornkin ᛫ a Hörnchen ᛫ a croissant ᛫ a kifli ᛫ a kipfel ᛫ N horn+kin NE+NE Hörnchen ᛣ
horny ᛫ sexually aroused ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
horry ᛫ to defile ᛫ to defoul ᛫ to pollute ᛫ to corrupt ᛫ to become corrupt ᛫ V hō̆rien ME
horsefeathers ᛫ nonsense ᛫ balderdash ᛫ N ~ NE
horseman ᛫ an equestrian ᛫ N ~ NE
horsern ᛫ a stable ᛫ N horsern OE
horsewhale ᛫ walrus ᛫ N horshwæl OE "walrus" means the same thing but is from Norse
horsh ᛫ quick-witted ᛫ mentally sharp ᛫ ADJ horsc OE
hose ᛫ a legging ᛫ N hose&hōse NE&ME see: hosen
hosen ᛫ pants ᛫ trousers ᛫ stockings ᛫ greaves N hosen&hōse NE&ME or: hoses
hote ᛫ to designate ᛫ to name ᛫ V hōten ME PTCP: hight
hough ᛫ a promontory ᛫ N hough[hōh] ME "hoe" spelling from French?
hough ᛫ the hollow behind the knee ᛫ the popliteal region ᛬ to hamstring ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
hound ⟨ hund ⟩ ᛫ a canine ᛫ N ~ NE
houndfear ⟨ hundfear ⟩ ᛫ cynophobia ᛫ N hound+fear NE+NE
houndfish ⟨ hundfish ⟩ ᛫ the Tylosurus crocodilus fish ᛫ N ~ NE
hounding ⟨ hunding ⟩ ᛫ a cynocephalus ( a mythological dogheaded man ) ᛫ N hounding ME
Hounding ⟨ Hunding ⟩ ᛫ one of the Hundings ᛫ PN Hūndings OE
houndly ⟨ hundly ⟩ ᛫ canine ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
houndshead ⟨ hundshead ⟩ ᛫ an Antirrhinum plant ( snapdragon ) ᛫ N hundes hēafod OE
houndstung ⟨ hundstung ⟩ ᛫ a Cynoglossum officinale plant ᛫ N hound's tongue NE
housebreach ⟨ husebreach ⟩ ᛫ burglary ᛫ N ~[hūsbrice] NE
housedeer ⟨ husedeer ⟩ ᛫ a pet ( an animal kept for company ) ᛫ N house+deer NE+NE hûsdier ᛣ
housefather ⟨ husefather ⟩ ᛫ a paterfamilias ᛫ N ~ NE
housel ⟨ husel ⟩ ᛫ the Eucharist ᛬ to administer the Eucharist ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
houselady ⟨ huselady ⟩ ᛫ the mistress of a house ᛫ N ~ NE
houseldish ⟨ huseldish ⟩ ᛫ a paten ( a Eucharist plate ) ᛫ N hūseldisc OE
houselord ⟨ huselord ⟩ ᛫ the master of a house ᛫ N ~ NE
housemother ⟨ husemother ⟩ ᛫ a materfamilias ᛫ N ~ NE
houser ⟨ huser ⟩ ᛫ a member of a household ᛫ N hūsa OE
housewares ⟨ husewares ⟩ ᛫ domestic utensils ( especially for the kitchen ) ᛫ N ~ NE
houth ⟨ huthe ⟩ ᛫ prey ᛫ spoils ᛫ booty ᛫ N hūþe OE
hove ᛫ a headdress ᛫ a coif ᛫ a turban ᚹ ᛫ N houve[hūfe] ME
hove ᛫ moderation ᛫ discretion ᛫ N họ̄f MEᚠN
hove ᛫ to float ᛫ to hover ᛫ to flutter in the air ᛫ to lie in wait ᛫ to lurk ᛫ V hove ME kin: hover
hovel ᛫ a shed ᛫ a cottage ᛫ a small house ᛫ a low quality house ᛫ N ~ NE
hover ᛫ to float ᛫ to hang above something ᛫ V ~ NE
how ᛫ anxiety ᛫ N hou[hoga] ME
how ᛫ to survey ᛫ to inspect ᛫ to view ᛫ to observe ᛫ V hāwian&gehāwian OE&OE rhyme: snow
hower ⟨ hure ⟩ ᛫ especially ᛫ particularly ᛫ ADV hūre[hūru] ME
Hown ⟨ Hune ⟩ ᛫ a Hun ᛫ PN Hūnas OE
howto ⟨ hueto ⟩ ᛫ a guide ( inanimate ) ᛫ N how to NE
hub ᛫ a focal point ᛫ a center of activity ᛫ the central part of a wheel or circle ᛫ N ~ NEᚠ?
hue ⟨ hew ⟩ ᛫ colour ᛫ N hue NE
huer ⟨ hewer ⟩ ᛫ toner ᛫ N hue+er NE+NE
hulk ᛫ a hut ᛫ a hovel ᛫ a cabin ᛫ a trading ship ᛫ a warship ᛫ a huge and clumsy person or creature ᛫ N hulk[hulc] MEᚠOE some claim this word comes from Italic, but this is doubtful
hulstry ᛫ latebrosus ᛫ dark ᛫ secret ᛫ ADJ heolstrig OE
hulthhelm ᛫ a helm which conceals or makes invisible the wearer ᛫ N heoloþhelm OE DUBIUS ENTRY
hundred ᛫ an administrative region below shires ᛫ N ~ NE
hundredsalder ᛫ a centurion ᛫ N hundredes ealdor OE
hunth ᛫ catch ᛫ prey ᛫ game ᛫ N huntaþ OE
hurdle ᛫ a lattice ᛫ a barrier frame ( often used for jumping over in sports ) ᛫ N ~ NE
hurry ᛫ to imitate ᛫ V hyrian{ofhyrian} OE DUBIUS ENTRY
hurst ᛫ a copse ᛫ a grove ᛫ a sandbank ᛫ a sandbar ᛫ N ~ NE
hursting ᛫ a vessel for frying ᛫ N hursting ME
husband ᛫ to manage prudently and economically ᛫ to use sparingly ᛫ to conserve ᛫ V ~ NE
husbandcraft ᛫ husbandry ᛫ management and conservation of resources ᛫ N husband+craft NE+NE husbandry NEᛣ
husbandman ᛫ farmer ᛫ N ~ NE
hussy ᛫ an imprudent or immoral girl or woman ᛫ N ~ NE
husting ᛫ a deliberative assembly or council ᛫ a platform where candidates in an election give speeches ᛫ N ~ NEᚠ(N+E)
hustings ᛫ a husting ᛫ an election campaign ᛫ N ~ NEᚠ(N+E)
hux ᛫ an insult ᛫ an insulting remark ᛫ a jeer ᛫ mockery ᛫ N hux[husc] ME
huxly ᛫ in an insulting or derisive manner ᛫ mockingly ᛫ ADV huxlīce[huxlic] ME
huxy ᛫ insulting ᛫ ADJ hux+y ME+NE
hye ᛫ thought ᛫ mind ( as in inclination or desire ) ᛫ N hie/hige[hyge] ME
hyeless ᛫ thoughtless ᛫ mindless ᛫ foolish ᛫ ADJ hygelēas ME
icebarrow ⟨ isebarrow ⟩ ᛫ an iceberg ᛫ N ice+barrow NE+NE ijsberg ᛣ
icebear ⟨ isebear ⟩ ᛫ a polar bear ᛫ N ice+bear NE+NE ijsbeer ᛣ
Iceland ⟨ Iseland ⟩ ᛫ Iceland ᛫ PN ~ NE
Icelandish ⟨ Iselandish ⟩ ᛫ Icelandic ᛫ N Iceland+ish NE+NE
iceweasten ⟨ iseweasten ⟩ ᛫ a stretch of polar desert ᛫ N ice+wēsten NE+ME
ich ᛫ I ᛫ PRON ~ NE optional spelling
ickle ᛫ a piece of ice ᛫ N ikel ME found in "icicle"
ides ᛫ a magical woman ? ᛫ a demi-goddess ? ᛫ a female ancestral spirit ? ᛫ N ides OE
idish ᛫ supellex ᛫ household stuff ᛫ furniture ᛫ furnishings ᛫ utensils ᛫ N īdisc OE said like: eye dish
idle ᛫ inactive ᛫ ineffective ᛫ unimportant ᛫ pointless ᛫ vain ᛫ ADJ idle&idel NE&OE
idlewolder ᛫ vainglory ᛫ N īdel wuldor OE
idy ᛫ busy ᛫ active ᛫ ADJ idig OE
iffy ᛫ of dubious authenticity legitimacy or reliability ᛫ dubious ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
ight ᛫ increase ᛫ N īht OE
ild ᛫ mankind ᛫ N ilde/ylde OE
ile ᛫ a granule ᛫ N ile&egl NE&OE
ile ᛫ a hedgehog ᛫ N igil OE
ile ᛫ the sole of the foot ᛫ N ile OE
Iliamna Mere ᛫ Iliamna Lake ᛫ PN Iliamna+mere NEᚠO+NE
ilk ᛫ race ᛫ kind ᛫ N ~ NE
ilkhatred ᛫ racism ᛫ N ilk+hatred NE+NE
illwill ᛫ spite ᛫ rancor ᛫ N ~ NE
illwisher ᛫ one who wishes another ill ᛫ N ~ NE
illy ᛫ poorly ᛫ ADV ~ NE
ilvet ᛫ a swan ᛫ N ilfette OE
Imber ᛫ one of the Ambrones ᛫ PN Ymbrum OE
in ᛫ to include ᛫ V innian{geinnian} OE or: yin; yean (see note)
in keeping with ᛫ in accordance with ᛫ PREP ~ NE
in kind ᛫ in the form of goods rather than money ᛬ in the same way ᛫ ADJ᛬ADV ~ NE
in name ᛫ nominally ᛫ ADJ᛬ADV ~ NE
in the end ᛫ ultimately ᛫ PREP ~ NE
in the flesh ᛫ in person ᛫ ADV ~ NE
in truth ⟨ trewth ⟩ ᛫ actually ᛫ ADV ~ NE
inbed ᛫ to embed ᛫ V in+bed NEᚠ(I+E)
inblow ᛫ to inflate ᛫ V inblouen ME
inborn ᛫ innate ᛫ native ᛫ inherited by birth ᛫ pertaining to by birth ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
inbreak ᛫ an invasion ᛫ an incursion ᛬ to break in ᛫ to make an incursion ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
inbreathe ᛫ to inhale ᛫ to inspire ᛫ V ~ NE
inbring ᛫ to bring in ᛫ to introduce ᛫ to confiscate legally ᛫ V ~ NE
incomer ᛫ an immigrant ᛫ N ~ NE
indearing ᛫ endearing ᛫ cute ᛫ ADJ endearing NE
Indonesia ᛫ Indonesia ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO or: Indonesy
indwell ᛫ to possess ( as in spiritual possession ) ᛫ to dwell within ᛫ V ~ NE
Indy ᛫ India ᛫ PN Ī̆nde/Yndee MEᚠO
ineard ᛫ to dwell ᛫ to inhabit ᛫ V ineardian OE
infare ᛫ an entrance ᛫ an invasion ᛫ an incursion ᛫ an inroad ᛫ a wedding reception ᛬ to invade ᛫ to enter ᛫ N᛬V infare&infaru&inferan NE&OE&OE
ing ᛫ -tion ᛫ -ation ᛫ -sion ᛫ SUFFIX ~ NE[ing/ung]
ing ᛫ a meadow ( especially when near a river ) ᛫ N ~[ing/eng] NE
ingang ᛫ an entrance ᛫ an entryway ᛫ an admission ᛫ permission to enter ᛫ access ᛫ N ~ NE
ingrave ᛫ to engrave ᛫ to inscribe ᛫ V ~ NE
ingraving ᛫ an engraving ᛫ an inscription ᛫ N ~ NE
inhide ᛫ thought ᛫ conscience ᛫ intent ᛫ intention ᛫ intentional purpose ᛫ N inihīd[ingehȳd] ME
inhold ᛫ to contain ᛫ to possess ᛫ V ~ NE
inholding ᛫ content ᛫ N ~ NE
ink ᛫ you two ( accusative ) ᛫ PRON inc ME
inker ᛫ your ( dual you two's ) ᛫ PRON incer OE
inkers ᛫ yours ( dual you two's ) ᛫ PRON incer OE
inkhorn ᛫ a fancy word borrowed into English though it is not needed ᛫ N ~ NEᚠ(H+E)
inkle ᛫ to suspect ᛫ N᛬V inkling NE
inkling ᛫ suspicion ᛫ N ~ NE
inkselves ᛫ you two's selves ᛫ PRON inc seluen ME
inlander ᛫ a native ᛫ N inlenda OE
inlandish ᛫ native ᛫ indigenous ᛫ ADJ inlendisc OE
inlay ᛫ to ornament by embedding ᛫ V ~ NE
inleek ᛫ an onion ᛫ N ynnelēac OE
inlet ᛫ a small arm of the sea a lake or a river ᛫ a place or means of entry ᛫ N ~ NE
inlighten ᛫ to enlighten ᛫ V ~[inlī̆ghtnen] NE
inlightening ᛫ enlightenment ᛫ N inlighten+ing ME+NE
innard ᛫ an inner working of something ( such as an organ ) ᛫ N ~ NE from: inwards
inner ᛫ internal ᛫ interior ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
innoth ᛫ a womb ᛫ entrails ᛫ a gall bladder ᛫ inner workings ᛫ hidden causes ᛫ N innoth[innoþ] ME
input ᛫ an insertion ᛬ to insert ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
inroad ᛫ an advancement ᛫ an advance ᛫ an incursion ᛫ to invade ᛬ to invade ᛫ N ~ NE
inrown ⟨ inrune ⟩ ᛫ to encrypt ᛫ V in+rown NE+NE encrypt ᛣ
inruning ᛫ encryption ᛫ N in+rown+ing NE+NE+NE encryption ᛣ
inset ᛫ to implant ᛫ V insetten ME
insight ᛫ a deep and accurate understanding of something ᛫ N ~ NE
insooth ᛫ really ᛫ actually ᛫ ADV ~ NE
instep ᛫ an entrance ᛫ N instæpe OE
inthrutch ᛫ an impression ᛫ N in+thrutch NE+ME Eindruck ᛣ, indruk ᛣ
inting ᛫ a cause ( a reason something happens ) ᛫ N intinge&intinga ME&OE
inward ᛫ internal ᛬ towards the inside ᛫ ADJ᛬ADV ~ NE
inwardly ᛫ internal ᛬ internally ᛫ ADJ᛬ADV ~ NE
inwid ᛫ fraud ᛫ guile ᛫ deceit ᛫ a malicious trick ᛫ N inwid[inwit] OE
inwidful ᛫ deceitful ᛫ guileful ᛫ malicious ᛫ evil ᛫ ADJ inwitfull OE
inwit ᛫ conscience ᛫ N ~ NE
inwone ᛫ to inhabit ᛫ V ~ NE
inwriting ᛫ an inscription ᛫ N inwrītinge ME
inwrought ᛫ established ᛫ ingrained ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
Iran ᛫ Iran ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
Iraq ⟨ Irack ⟩ ᛫ Iraq ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
Ire ᛫ an Irishman ᛫ N irās OE
Ireland ᛫ Ireland ᛫ PN ~ NE
ironclad ᛫ covered or protected with iron ᛫ irrefutable ᛫ impossible to contradict ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
ironroad ᛫ a railway ᛫ N ~ NE
irse ᛫ to anger ᛫ to provoke ᛫ to be angry ᛫ to rage ᛫ V irsien[irsian] ME
irth ᛫ ploughing ᛫ tilling ᛫ farming ᛫ produce of a farm ᛫ a crop ᛫ N irþ OE
irthland ᛫ farmland ᛫ arable land ᛫ N irþland OE
irthling ᛫ a plougher ᛫ a tiller ᛫ a farmer ᛫ N irþling OE
ish ᛫ -ian ᛫ -ic ᛫ SUFFIX ~ NE
islandish ⟨ ilandish ⟩ ᛫ insular ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
Israel ᛫ Israel ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
Israelish ᛫ Israeli ᛫ Israelite ᛫ ADJ Israēlisc OE
ist ᛫ a tempest ᛫ a hurricane ᚹ ᛫ a typhoon ᚹ ᛫ a cyclone ᚹ ᛫ N ȳst OE
Ist ᛫ one of the Aesti ᛫ PN Istum OE
Italish ᛫ Italian ᛫ N᛬ADJ ~ NE
Italy ᛫ Italy ᛫ PN Italie OEᚠI
itch ᛫ a poisonous frog ᛫ N iche[ȳce] ME
ithand ᛫ industrious ᛫ diligent ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
ithe ᛫ a wave ᛫ N īthe&ȳþ ME&OE
ithelidder ᛫ a wave traverser ᛫ ship ᛫ N ȳþlida OE
ithelode ᛫ a way across the waves ᛫ a voyage ( poetic ) ᛫ N ȳþlād OE
ithing ᛫ over-abundance ᛫ redundancy ᛫ an overflowing ᛫ N ȳþung OE
Jamaica ᛫ Jamaica ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
Japan ᛫ Japan ᛫ PN ~{日本} NEᚠO or: Nippon
Jordan ᛫ Jordan ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
Kampuchea ⟨ Kampoochea ⟩ ᛫ Cambodia ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
Kazakhstan ⟨ Kazzackstan ⟩ ᛫ Kazakhstan ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
kedlock ᛫ a Sinapis alba plant ( white mustard ) ᛫ N ~ NE
keel ᛫ to cool ᛫ to chill ᛫ V ~[cēlan] NE kin: cool
keel ᛫ to collapse ᛫ to faint ᛫ to fall ᛫ V ~ NEᚠN
keeling ᛫ cooling ᛫ refreshment ᛫ N kẹ̄ling[céling] ME
keep ᛫ a donjon ᛫ attention ᛫ notice ᛬ to retain ᛫ to care for ᛫ N᛬V keep&kēp NE&ME
keeper ᛫ a guardian ᛫ a custodian ᛫ N ~ NE
keepsake ᛫ a memento ᛫ a souvenir ᛫ N ~ NE
kemb ᛫ to comb ᛫ to neaten ᛫ to tidy up ᛫ to card ( to clean with a comb ) ᛫ V kemben ME kin: comb
kemp ᛫ a champion ᛫ a warrior ᛫ N kemp NE
kemp ᛫ facial hair ᛫ whiskers ᛫ bristles of hair ᛫ coarse hair ᛫ N kemp&cenep NE&OE
kemp ᛫ to strive ᛫ to contend ᛫ to fight ᛫ V kemp&kempen NE&ME kin: champion
kempt ᛫ maintained in a neat and clean condition ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
ken ᛫ one's knowledge , understanding , or sight ᛬ to know ᛫ to ascertain ᛫ to inform ᛫ to make known ᛫ to notify ᛫ N᛬V ken&kennen NE&ME
kenbook ᛫ an encyclopedia ᛫ N ken+book NE+NE
kench ᛫ to laugh aloud ᛫ to jeer ᛫ V chinken/kenchen ME
kennend ᛫ a parent ᛫ N cennend OE literally begetter
kennendly ᛫ genital ᛫ ADJ cennedlīc OE
kenness ᛫ one's nativity ᛫ N cenness OE
kenning ᛫ a metaphor whereby a simple thing is described in an allusive way ᛫ N ~ NEᚠN example: brimhengest (sea horse) = ship
kenningstow ᛫ a birthplace ᛫ N cenningstōw OE
kenningtide ᛫ the time of birth ᛫ N cenningtīd OE
Kenya ᛫ Kenya ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
kerf ᛫ the act of cutting ᛫ an incision ᛫ a niche ᛫ a notch ᛫ a slash ᛫ a tally ᛫ a level ᚹ ᛫ a degree in a ranking system ᚹ ᛫ N kerf&kirf[cyrf] NE&ME "tally" meaning inspired by German "Einkerbung"
kernel ᛫ the soft insides of a nut ᛫ a central or essential part ᛫ N ~ NE
key ᛫ a solution ᛫ N ~ NE
keyboard ᛫ a panel of keys that operate a computer typewriter or instrument ᛫ a piano ᚹ ᛫ N ~ NE
keyharp ᛫ a clavichord ᛫ N key+harp NE+NE partial calque of clavichord, also by analogy of strikeharp
keystone ᛫ a cornerstone ᛫ N ~ NE
kidneyleech ᛫ a nephrologist ᛫ N kidney+leech NE+NE
kimmen ᛫ cumin ᛫ N cymen OEᚠIᚠ?
kin ᛫ royal ᛫ ADJ kine[cyne] ME
kin ᛫ regal- ᛫ PREFIX ~ ME
kin ᛫ ( diminutive suffix ) ᛫ SUFFIX ~ NE from Dutch?
kin ᛫ family members ᛫ a gender ( of nouns ) ᛫ N kin&cynn NE&OE
kinband ᛫ a royal crown ᛫ N cynebænd OE
kinbarn ᛫ a royal child ᛫ N cynebearn OE
kinbench ᛫ a throne ᛫ N kinebenche ME
kinborn ᛫ of royal birth ᛫ ADJ cyneboren OE
kind ᛫ a type ᛫ a category ᛫ a sort ᛫ genre ᛫ a nature ( of something ) ᛫ nature ( the abstract domain of all that is natural ) ᛫ N kind&kind NE&ME
kind of ᛫ sort of ᛫ to some extent ᛫ ADV ~ NE
Kindbook ᛫ the book of Genesis ᛫ PN gecyndbóc OE
kindful ᛫ natural ᛫ ADJ kīndeful ME
kindle ᛫ the offspring of any animal ᛫ N kindel ME kin: kind
kindlimb ᛫ a genital ᛫ N gecyndlim OE
kindliness ᛫ naturalness ᛫ naturality ᛫ N kīndelīnesse ME
kindlore ᛫ physics ᛫ N kind+lore ME+NE kind meant nature in Middle English
kindly ᛫ natural ᛫ naturally ᛬ please ᛫ ADJ᛬ADV kindly&kīndelī&ikīndelīch NE&ME&ME
kindness ᛫ a kind deed ᛫ a favour ᛫ N ~ NE
kindred ᛫ related ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
kinfolk ᛫ blood relations ᛫ relatives ᛫ family members ᛫ N ~ NE
kingdom ᛫ a monarchy ᛫ N ~ NE
kingkin ᛫ a royal family ᛫ N cyningcynn OE
kinglax ᛫ a chinook salmon ᛫ N king+lax NE+NE king salmon ᛣ
kingly ᛫ royal ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
kingmorth ᛫ regicide ᛫ N king+morth NE+ME Königsmord ᛣ
kingrich ᛫ a kingdom ᛫ N kingrīche ME
kingsevil ᛫ scrofula ᛫ N ~ NE
kingship ᛫ the state or position of being a king ᛫ N ~ NE
kingslayer ᛫ a regicide ᛫ N ~ NE
kinhelm ᛫ a crown ᛫ a diadem ᛫ a corona ᛫ N cynehelm OE
kinhome ᛫ a royal residence ᛫ N cynehām OE
kinhove ᛫ a palace ᛫ N cynehof OE
kink ᛫ a twist ᛫ a curl ᛫ an eccentricity ᛫ a fetish ᛫ a paraphilia ᛫ N ~ NEᚠNL
kinlore ᛫ genealogy ( the study of families ) ᛫ N kin+lore NE+NE invented by William Barnes
kinly ᛫ familial ᛫ ADJ kin+ly NE+NE
kinmark ᛫ a mark or sign of royalty ᛫ N kinemerk NE
kinrich ᛫ a monarchy ᛫ N kinerīche ME
kinright ᛫ a royal right ᛫ N cyneriht OE
kinsettle ᛫ a throne ᛫ N kinesetle[cynesetl] ME
kinship ᛫ relation ᛫ N ~ NE
kinshipwise ᛫ relative ᛫ ADJ kinship+wise NE+NE
kinshipwisely ᛫ relatively ᛫ ADV kinship+wise+ly NE+NE+NE
kinslayer ᛫ a parricide ᛫ N ~ NE
kinsman ᛫ a blood relation ᛫ a relative ᛫ N kinsman NE
kinstool ᛫ a throne ᛫ N kinestol[cynestōl] ME
kinworth ᛫ worthy of a king ᛫ regal ᛫ ADJ kineworth[cynewyrþe] ME
kinyard ᛫ a scepter ᛫ N cynegyrd OE
kir ᛫ a choice ᛫ an option ᛫ a decision ᛫ a selection ᛫ N chire/kire/ker/cure[cyre/cire] ME or: chir; cur; chur
Kiribati ᛫ Kiribati ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
kirtle ᛫ a gown ᛫ N ~[cyrtel] NEᚠI? from Latin "curtus"?
kirvet ᛫ a gourd ᛫ N cyrfet/cyrfæt OEᚠI or: curvet
kitch ᛫ a cake ᛫ a baked good ᛫ N kichel[cycel] ME
kitchel ᛫ a small cake ᛫ N kichel ME
kitchel ᛫ a small cake ᛫ a cookie ᛫ N kichel[cycel] ME
kitchen ᛫ a room where food is prepared ᛫ N ~ NEᚠÞᚠI or: cookingroom
kith ᛫ an acquaintance ᛫ acquaintances ᛫ something one is familiar with ᛫ N ~ NE
kithe ᛫ to make known ᛫ to exhibit ( a virtue vice quality ) ᛫ to demonstrate ᛫ V ~[kīthen][cȳþan] NE
kithy ᛫ familiar ᛫ known ᛫ ADJ cȳþig OE
kittle ᛫ to tickle ᛫ V ~ NE
Kivu Mere ⟨ Kivoo ⟩ ᛫ Lake Kivu ᛫ PN Kivu+mere NEᚠO+NE
knap ᛫ a knob ᛫ a tassel ᛫ a button ᛫ a clasp ᛫ a fastener ᛫ a protuberance ᛫ a hilltop ᛫ N knap[cnæp] ME
knape ᛫ a male infant ᛫ a boy ᛫ N ~[knāpe][cnapa] NE distantly akin to "knave"?
knapling ᛫ a youth ᛫ an adolescent ᛫ a boy ᛫ N cnæpling OE
knave ᛫ a boy ᛫ a servant boy ᛫ a scoundrel ᛫ a rogue ᛫ a jack ( cards ) ᛫ N ~ NE
knavechild ᛫ a boy ᛫ N knavechild ME
knavish ᛫ dishonest ᛫ unscrupulous ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
kneat ᛫ to argue ᛫ to dispute ᛫ to contend ᛫ V cnēatian OE
kneating ᛫ an argument ᛫ a debate ᛫ a disputation ᛫ N cnēatung OE
knee ᛫ a generation ᛫ N cnēo[cnēores] OE
kneebarrow ᛫ a poleyn ᛫ N knee+beorg{halsbeorg} NE+OE
kneebending ᛫ genuflection ᛫ N knee+bending NE+NE see "cnéowbīging"
kneebook ᛫ a book of genealogy ᛫ N cnēoresbōc OE
kneeholm ᛫ butcher's-broom ( Ruscus aculeatus ) ᛫ N ~ NE
kneel ᛫ to genuflect ᛫ V ~ NE
knell ᛫ a toll ᛫ a sign of the end of something ᛬ to toll ᛫ to announce or summon by tolling ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
knide ᛫ to beat ? ᛫ V cnīdan OE
knifesmith ᛫ a cutler ᛫ N ~ NE
knight ᛫ a warrior ᛫ a young servant ᛫ a military attendant ᛬ to confer knighthood upon ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
knightliness ᛫ chivalry ᛫ N ~ NE
knightling ᛫ a small or petty knight ᛫ N ~ NE
knightly ᛫ chivalrous ᛫ gallant and courtly ᛬ chivalrously ᛫ ADJ᛬ADV ~ NE
knightship ᛫ a knighthood ᛫ honourific formal address to a knighted person ᛫ N ~ NE
kniss ᛫ to trouble ᛫ V cnyssan OE
knit ᛫ to fasten by rope or thread ᛫ to tie ᛫ to bind ᛫ to unite ᛫ to combine ᛫ to ally ᛫ V knit&knitten[cnyttan] NE&ME
knitch ᛫ a bundle ᛫ a faggot ᛫ N ~ NE
knittle ᛫ knitting thread ᛫ N cnyttels OE
knoll ᛫ a small mound or rounded hill ᛫ N ~ NE
knood ᛫ to impute ᛫ to attribute ᛫ to assign ᛫ to call ᛫ V cnōdan OE DUBIOUS ENTRY
knoosle ᛫ a progeny ᛫ a genus ᛫ N cnōsl OE
knord ᛫ diligent ᛫ ADJ cneord OE DUBIOUS ENTRY
knordledge ᛫ to be diligent ᛫ to study ᛫ V cneordlǣcan OE
knot ᛫ node ᛫ N ~ NE
knotty ᛫ difficultly complex ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
knowledgelessness ᛫ ignorance ᛫ N ~ NE
knownothing ᛫ an ignoramus ᛫ N knownothing NE
knucker ᛫ a water monster ᛫ N ~ NE see "nicker"
knuckerhole ᛫ a hole in which a knucker lives ᛫ N ~ NE
Kosovo ᛫ Kosovo ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
Kurdistan ᛫ Kurdistan ᛫ PN Kurdistan NEᚠ(O+E) or: Kurdland
Kuwait ᛫ Kuwait ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
kye ᛫ to call ᛫ to call upon ᛫ to invoke ᛫ to summon ᛫ V cīgan OE
Kyrgyzstan ⟨ Keargistan ⟩ ᛫ Kyrgyzstan ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
lackwit ᛫ a fool ᛫ N ~ NE
lade ᛫ to load ᛫ to burden ᛫ V ~ NE
laden ᛫ loaded ᛫ weighed down ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
Ladoga Mere ᛫ Lake Ladoga ᛫ PN Ladoga+mere NEᚠO+NE
lady ᛫ a mistress ᛫ a noblewoman ᛫ an adult human female ᛫ a female lord ᛫ N ~{hlāfdige/hlǣfdige} NE kin: lord; loaf
ladysfinger ᛫ okra ᛫ N lady's-finger NE
lair ᛫ a den ᛫ a refuge or place for hiding ᛫ N ~ NE
lairwite ᛫ a penalty for adultery or fornication ᛫ N leirwīte ME
lait ᛫ electricity ᛫ lightning ᛫ a flash of lightning ᛫ a flame ᛫ a burst of flame ᛫ a fire ᛫ N leit ME
lake ᛫ amusement ᛫ diversion ᛫ sport ᛫ game ᛬ to play ᛫ to sport ᛫ to game ᛫ N᛬V leik&leiken MEᚠN?
Lammas ᛫ a holiday on the first of August which involves bringing bread to church ᛫ PN ~[hlāfmæsse] NE
landfolk ᛫ inhabitants of a land ᛫ N londfolk ME
landfowl ⟨ landfule ⟩ ᛫ a Galliformes bird ᛫ N landfowl NE
landimere ᛫ a land boundary ᛫ N ~[OE landgemǣre] NE the ge- suffix survived, as also found in "handiwork/handicraft"
landlore ᛫ geography ᛫ N land+lore NE+NE
landseater ᛫ a colonist ᛫ N landsǣta OE
landship ᛫ a tank ( as in the vehicle ) ᛫ N ~ NE
landsid ᛫ a custom of a country ᛫ N landsidu OE
landsoken ᛫ a search for land ᛫ N landsōcn OE
lane ᛫ a course ᛫ a road ᛫ a street ᛫ N ~ NE
lank ᛫ to make or become lank ᛬ slender ᛫ paltry ᛫ straight and limp ᛫ languid ᛫ drooping ᛫ V᛬ADJ ~ NE
lanky ᛫ tall slim and awkward ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
Laos ⟨ Luse ⟩ ᛫ Laos ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
lap ᛫ the flat area between the waist and knees of a seated person ᛫ a lobe ( of an ear etc ) ᛫ N ~ NE
lapwing ᛫ a Vanellinae bird ᛫ N ~ NE
lark ᛫ an Alaudidae birds ᛫ one who wakes early ᛫ N lark NE
lark ᛫ something done for fun especially something mischievous or daring ᛫ an escapade ᛫ N ~[skylark] NE
lashdye ᛫ mascara ᛫ N lash+dye NE+NE
last ᛫ freight ᛫ cargo ᛫ N last[hlæst] ME
last ᛫ to endure ᛫ to hold out ᛫ to perform ᛫ to follow ᛫ to accompany ᛫ V last&lǣstan NE
lastname ᛫ a surname ᛫ N lastname NE
lat ᛫ nausea ᛫ N wlǣta{wlatsome} OE
lately ᛫ recently ᛫ ADV ~ NE
later ᛫ one who is late or slow ᛫ N lata OE
lath ᛫ a thin narrow strip used for support in buildings ᛬ to cover or line with laths ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
lathe ᛫ to invite ᛫ V ~ NE
lathing ᛫ an invitation ᛫ N ~ NE
latred ᛫ slow ᛫ tardy ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
latsome ᛫ nauseous ᛫ disgusting ᛫ repulsive ᛫ repugnant ᛫ abominable ᛫ hateful ᛫ loathsome ᛫ ADJ wlatsome ME
latter ᛫ recent ᛫ situated nearer to the end of something than its beginning ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
latterday ᛫ modern ᛫ contemporary ᛫ ADJ latterday NE
latterly ᛫ recently ᛫ in the later stages of a period of time ᛫ ADV ~ NE
lattew ᛫ a guide ( a living one ) ᛫ N latteu/lattow[lādtēow] ME
laughingstock ᛫ a person subjected to general mockery or ridicule ᛫ N ~ NE
laughsome ᛫ amusing ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
laughterly ᛫ laughable ᛫ ridiculous ᛫ ADJ hleahtorlīc OE
laughtersmith ᛫ someone who causes laughter ᛫ a comedian ᛫ N hleahtorsmiþ OE
laughworthy ᛫ worthy of laughter ᛫ funny ᛫ laughable ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
lave ᛫ rest ( as in remains ) ᛫ remnants ᛫ remains ᛫ survivors ᛫ N ~[lāf] NE
lave ᛫ to wash ᛫ to pour ᛫ to bathe ᛫ to bathe oneself ᛫ V ~[lafian] NE
lavel ᛫ a vessel ᛫ N lavel[læfel] ME
lawbreach ᛫ a crime ᛫ N lahbryce OE
lawbreaker ᛫ a criminal ᛫ N ~ NEᚠ(N+E)
lawful ᛫ legal ( as in "not illegal" ) ᛫ ADJ ~ NEᚠ(N+E)
lawmaker ᛫ legislator ᛫ N ~ NEᚠ(N+E)
lawman ᛫ a law enforcement officer ᛫ N ~ NEᚠ(N+E)
lawwit ᛫ one learned in the law ( such as a barrister a lawyer a paralegal or a judge ) ᛫ N lahwita OE
lax ᛫ a salmon ᛫ N ~ NE
laxberry ᛫ a salmonberry ᛫ N lax+berry NE+NE salmonberry ᛣ
lay ᛫ a body of water ᛫ water ᛫ a liquid ᚹ ᛫ a fluid ᚹ ᛫ N lai[lagu] ME
lay ᛫ to blame ᛫ V lēan OE PP: lain | kin: 𐌻𐌰𐌹𐌰𐌽; lá (Icelandic)
lay about ⟨ abute ⟩ ᛫ a lazy person ᛫ N ~ NE
layer ᛫ level ᛫ tier ᛫ N ~ NE reek
layernaker ᛫ exfoliator ᛫ N layer+nake+er NE+NE+NE
layout ⟨ layute ⟩ ᛫ the overall design or structure of something ᛫ N ~ NE
le ᛫ ( frequentative verbal suffix ) ᛫ SUFFIX ~ NE found in words like "bubble"
le ᛫ ( suffix forming nouns from verbs denoting an instrument or means ) ᛫ SUFFIX els/el[else] ME example: reek+el = reekle (insense)
lea ᛫ a stretch of grassy or arable land ᛫ N ~ NE or: leigh
leaden ᛫ made of lead ᛫ lead coloured ᛫ oppressively heavy ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
leading light ᛫ a prominent and influential member ᛫ N ~ NE
leadpitch ᛫ a leading tone ( in music ) ᛫ N leading+pitch NE+NE NEᛣ leading-tone
leaf ᛫ a leaf ᛫ a petal ᛫ a page ( of a book or a website ) ᛫ N leaf&lēf NE&ME
leafworm ᛫ a caterpillar ᛫ N lēafwyrm OE
lean ᛫ a loan ᛫ N lēn[lēan] ME kin: lend
leaning ᛫ an inclination ᛫ a tendency ᛫ a partiality ᛫ N ~ NE
leanland ᛫ leased land ᛫ feudal land ? ᛫ N lǽnland OE or: loanland (Norse influenced)
leaper ᛫ a bishop (chess piece) ᚹ ᛫ N ~ NE "bishop" is often given the "pre-1066 pass"
lear ᛫ to teach ᛫ to instruct ᛫ to educate ᛫ to cultivate ᛫ V lēren[lǣran] ME
learer ᛫ a teacher ᛫ a professor ᛫ a doctor ( as in a degree holder ) ᚹ ᛫ N lērer ME
learned ᛫ educated ᛫ scholarly ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
learninghouse ⟨ learninghuse ⟩ ᛫ a school ᛫ N leornunghus OE
learningknight ᛫ a disciple ᛫ N leornungcniht OE
learningman ᛫ a pupil ᛫ a student ᛫ a disciple ᛫ N leornungmann OE
lease ᛫ pseudo- ᛫ PREFIX leas OE
lease ᛫ a lie ᛫ falsehood ᛬ to lie ᛫ to slander ᛫ to calumniate ᛫ to malign ᛫ to slander ᛫ to traduce ᛬ false ᛫ deceptive ᛫ destitute ᛫ bereft ᛫ N᛬V᛬ADJ ~[lēas&lēasian] NE
lease ᛫ to collect ᛫ to glean ᛫ to gather ᛫ V ~[lēsen] NE rhyme: please
leasesawl ᛫ mendacious ᛫ falsehood saying ᛫ ADJ lēassagol{soþsawel} OE
leasespel ᛫ a fable ᛫ a fiction ᛫ N lēasspell OE
leaseteeth ᛫ false teeth ᛫ dentures ᛫ N lease+teeth NE+NE
leasow ᛫ a pasture ᛬ to pasture ᛫ N᛬V ~[lǣswu] NE
leat ᛫ an artificial water trench ( especially one linked to a mill ) ᛫ N ~ NE
leath ᛫ a relief from pain ᛫ peace ᛫ mercy ᛫ N lẹ̄th[hlēowþ] ME
leath ᛫ odium ᛫ enmity ᛫ hatred ᛫ hostility ᛬ to execrate ᛫ to detest ᛫ N᛬V lētthe&lǣþþ/lǣþþu&lǣþan ME&OE&OE kin: loathe?
leath ᛫ to free ᛫ to loose ᛫ to spare ᛫ V lēthen[leoþian] ME
leathern ᛫ made of leather ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
leatherwright ᛫ a currier ᛫ N leþerwyrhta OE
leave ᛫ permission ᛫ license ᛬ to permit ᛫ to allow ᛫ to authorize ᛫ to license ᛫ N᛬V leave&lēven NE&ME
leaveful ᛫ allowable ᛫ permissible ᛫ ADJ lēfful ME
leaveword ᛫ a password ᛫ N lēafnesword OE literally: permission word
Lebanon ᛫ Lebanon ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
ledge ᛫ ( denotes being , becoming , and making ) ᛫ SUFFIX lǣcan OE example: rightledge = to righten; winterledge = to become winter
ledger ᛫ a book for keeping notes ᛫ A collection of credit and debit entries ᛫ N ~ NEᚠNL
lee ᛫ a lion ᛫ N lēo OEᚠI
lee ᛫ a place or side sheltered from the wind ᛬ facing away from a fluid or gas's flow ᛫ N᛬ADJ ~ NE
leech ᛫ a physician ᛫ a doctor ᛫ N ~[lǣce] NE
leechbook ᛫ a medicine book ᛫ N lǣceboc OE
leechcraft ᛫ the medical craft and practice ᛫ N ~ NE
leechhouse ⟨ leechhuse ⟩ ᛫ a hospital ᛫ N lǣcehus OE
leechwort ᛫ a medicinal plant ᛫ N lǣcewyrt OE
leed ᛫ a person ᛫ a people ᚾ ᛫ N lēd[leod] ME PL: leeds
Leeden ᛫ Latin speech ᛬ Latin ᛫ PN᛬PADJ lēden[lǣden] ME
leedfrom ᛫ a national founder ᛫ a founder of a people ᛫ N leodfruma OE
leedhate ᛫ tyrant ᛫ N leodhata OE agent suffix likely would have dropped
leedscather ᛫ a public enemy ᛫ N lēodsceaþa OE literally people-scather
leedward ᛫ a government ᛫ N leodweard OE literally people-ward
leedy ᛫ personal ᛫ ADJ leed+y ME+NE personal ᛣ
leefly ᛫ precious ᛫ valued ᛫ pleasant ᛫ pleasing ᛫ agreeable ᛫ delightful ᛫ loveable ᛬ wllingly ᛫ gladly ᛫ ADJ᛬ADV lefli ME
leefsome ᛫ agreeable ᛫ delightful ᛫ pleasing ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
leem ᛫ a flame ᛫ a flash ᛫ a gleam ᛫ a ray ᛫ a radiance ᛬ to flame ᛫ to blaze ᛫ to flash ᛫ to glow ᛫ to shine ᛫ to radiate ᛫ to gleam ᛫ N᛬V lẹ̄m&lēmen ME
leep ᛫ a basket ᛫ N lēp[lēap] ME
leer ᛫ a face ᛫ one's appearance ᛬ to sneakily look ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
leery ᛫ cautious ᛫ hesitant ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
leese ᛫ to release ᛫ to free ᛫ to loosen ᛫ to redeem ᛫ to deliver ( as in save ) ᛫ V lēsen ME or: aleese
leeselore ᛫ soteriology ᛫ N aleese+lore NE+NE
leeser ᛫ a liberator ᛫ a redeemer ᛫ N lēsen+er ME+NE
leet ᛫ an intersection ᛫ a crossroad ᛫ N ~[lēte] NE
leet ᛫ to cast lots ᛫ to obtain by lot ᛫ V hlēotan OE kin: hljōta (Icelandic)
leeth ᛫ a poem ᛫ an ode ᛫ N lēth ME
leethcraft ᛫ poetry ᛫ N lēoþcræft OE
leether ᛫ a poet ᛫ N lēoþere OE
leethwork ᛫ composition ᛫ poem writing ᛫ N lēoþweorc OE
leethy ᛫ poetic ᛫ symbolic ᚹ ᛫ ADJ lēoþlīc OE
leeway ᛫ an amount of freedom or flexibility ᛫ the drift of a ship or plane in a leeward direction ᛫ N ~ NE
leftover ᛫ a remnant ᛬ remaining ᛫ residual ᛫ N᛬ADJ ~ NE
leftwise ᛫ counterclockwise ᛫ anticlockwise ᛫ ADV ~ NE
leighter ᛫ a vice ᛫ an error ᛫ a mistake ᛫ N leihter/lehtre/lahtre[leahter] ME
leighton ᛫ a garden ( especially a kitchen garden or a herb garden ) ᛫ N leightoun ME
leman ᛫ a paramour ᛫ a sweetheart ᛫ a mistress ᛫ a lover ᛫ N ~ NE equal to: lief+man
lench ᛫ a link ᛫ a chain ᛫ a coat of mail ᛫ N hlenca OE "link" is Norse
lench ᛫ arrogance ᛫ haughtiness ᛫ insolence ᛫ magnificence ᛫ pomp ᛫ N wlencu OE
lench ᛫ to take pride in ᛫ to pride oneself ᛫ V wlenchen ME
lend ᛫ a loin of humans ᛫ loins of humans ᛫ N lē̆nd ME PL: lends; lenden
lend ᛫ to loan ᛫ V ~ NE TS: lean
lend ᛫ to arrive at a place ᛫ V lenden[lendan] ME
lense ᛫ to make lean ᛫ V lensen ME same suffix as in "cleanse"
lent ᛫ the spring season ᛫ N lent/lenten ME or: lenten
lere ᛫ empty ᛫ unoccupied ᛫ deserted ᛫ worthless ᛫ unnecessary ᛫ useless ᛫ ADJ lere ME
Lesotho ⟨ Lesootoo ⟩ ᛫ Lesotho ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO or: Sotholand
lesser ᛫ minor ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
lesserape ᛫ a gibbon ᛫ N ~ NE
lesserhood ᛫ a minority ᛫ N lesser+hood NE+NE minderheid ᛣ
lest ᛫ -lessness ᛫ SUFFIX -lēste[lēast] ME example: orelest = honourlessness
lest ᛫ for fear that ᛫ CONJ ~[þȳ lǣs þe] NE
let ᛫ an obstruction ᛫ a hindrance ᛫ an obstacle ᛫ an impediment ᛫ a speech impediment ᛫ N let[lette] NE
let down ⟨ dune ⟩ ᛫ a disappointment ᛬ to disappoint ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
letch ᛫ to be warm ᛫ to be lukewarm ᛫ to be tepid ᛫ V wlechen ME
letgame ᛫ a spoilsport ᛫ N lettegame ME "let" here means "obstruct"
Lett ᛫ a Latvian ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠHGᚠO
Lettish ᛫ the Latvian language ᛬ Latvian ᛫ PN᛬PADJ ~ NEᚠHGᚠO
Lettland ᛫ Latvia ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠHGᚠO
letty ᛫ preventive ᛫ obstructive ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
letup ᛫ to cease ᛫ to soften an attack or criticism ᛫ V ~ NE
levin ᛫ electricity ᛫ lightning ᛫ a beam of light ᛫ a flame ᛬ to electrify ᛫ to shoot out lightning ᛫ N᛬V levin&lēven&lēvenen NE&ME&ME rhyme: seven
levinlore ᛫ electronics (the study of electrons) ᛫ N levin+lore ME+NE
leviny ᛫ electric ᛫ electronic ᛫ ADJ levin+y ME+NE
lew ᛫ -prone ᛫ SUFFIX leu ME example: drunklew = prone to drunkeness
lew ᛫ a perna ᛫ N lēow OE kin: lår (Swedish)?
lew ᛫ a place of shelter ᛬ tepid ᛫ N᛬ADJ ~ NE "lukewarm" might be a corruption of "lewwarm"
lewd ᛫ sexually crude ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
lewth ᛫ shelter ᛫ N ~ NE
lib ᛫ medicine ᛫ a drug ᛫ a potion ᛫ poison ᛫ N lib/lybb NE&OE lubją
Liberia ᛫ Liberia ᛫ PN Liberia NEᚠI
liblock ᛫ the art or crafting of medicine drugs or potions ( often with a negative connotation ) ᛫ N lyblāc OE lubją
liblocker ᛫ a magician skilled in drugs ᛫ N lyblǣca OE
libsen ᛫ a charm ᛫ an amulet ᛫ N lybesn OE
libster ᛫ a potion making woman ? ᛫ a witch ? ᛫ N lybbestre OE
Libya ᛫ Libya ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
lich ᛫ a corpse ᛫ a cadaver ᛫ N ~ NE
lichame ᛫ a body ᛫ a corpse ᛫ N lichame ME equal to: lich hame (body covering)
lichbarrow ᛫ a sarcophagus ᛫ N līcbeorg OE
lichet ᛫ to feign ᛫ to pretend ᛫ to profess falsely ᛫ to simulate ᛫ V līcettan OE or maybe it could be spelled "licket" or "liket"
lichetter ᛫ a feigner ᛫ a pretender ᛫ a hypocrite ᛫ a simulator ᛫ N līcettere OE
lichetting ᛫ feigning ᛫ pretence ᛫ false representation ᛫ simulation ᛫ hypocrisy ᛫ N līcettung OE
lichhouse ⟨ lichhuse ⟩ ᛫ a morgue ᛫ a mortuary ᛫ N lich+house NE+NE Leichenhaus ᛣ
lichrest ᛫ a tomb ᛫ a sepulcher ᛫ cemetery ᛫ N līcrest OE
lichsong ᛫ a funeral song ᛫ a dirge ᛫ N līcsang OE
lichthroer ᛫ a leper ᛫ N līcþrowere OE literally: body sufferer
lichway ᛫ the path by which the dead are carried to the grave ᛫ V ~ NE
lichyard ᛫ a cemetery ᛫ a graveyard ᛫ N lichyard NE
lickspittle ᛫ one who behaves obsequiously to those in power ᛫ N ~ NE
Lide ᛫ March ᛫ PN Lide&Hlȳda ME&OE or: Reethmonth (Hréþmonaþ)
Liechtenstein ⟨ Lictenstine ⟩ ᛫ Liechtenstein ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠHG
lief ⟨ leef ⟩ ᛫ -ism ( but only for ideologies ) ᛫ SUFFIX lēve{gelēafa} ME
lief ⟨ leef ⟩ ᛫ a religious faith ᛫ a religion ᛫ a belief system ᛫ a creed ᛫ an ideology ᛫ N lēve{gelēafa} ME kin: belief
lief ⟨ leef ⟩ ᛫ sir ( vocative ) ᛫ a beloved one ᛬ beloved ᛫ dear ᛬ why! ᛫ N᛬ADJ᛬INT lief&lēf[lēof] NE&ME
liever ⟨ leever ⟩ ᛫ -ist ( but only for adherents ) ᛫ SUFFIX lēve+er ME+NE
liever ⟨ leever ⟩ ᛫ an ideologist ᛫ an ideologue ᛫ a religious person ᛫ V lēve+er ME
life ᛫ vitality ᛫ N ~ NE
lifeblood ᛫ blood needed for life ᛫ the essence or crux of something ᛫ N ~ NE
lifefrea ᛫ lord of life ᛫ N liffrea OE
lifelode ᛫ the course of someone's life ᛫ a lifetime ᛫ conduct of life ᛫ way of life ᛫ N līflōd[līflād] ME
lifelore ᛫ biology ᛫ N ~ NE
lift ᛫ aero- ᛫ PREFIX lyft OE
lift ᛫ air ᛫ the sky ᛫ the heavens ᛫ an elevator ᛫ N ~[lyft] NE
liftcraft ᛫ an aircraft ᛫ N lift+craft NE+NE aircraft ᛣ
liften ᛫ aerial ᛫ ADJ lyften OE
liftfleet ᛫ an air force ᛫ N lift+fleet NE+NE luchtvloot ᛣ
lifthaven ᛫ an airport ᛫ N lift+haven NE+NE luchthaven ᛣ
liftlore ᛫ aerology ᛫ N lyft+lore ME+NE
liftscape ᛫ atmosphere ᛫ N lyft+scape ME+NEᚠNL
liftscapelore ᛫ meteorology ᛫ N lyft+scape+lore ME+NEᚠNL+NE
liftshell ᛫ an atmosphere ᛫ N loft+shell NE+NE
liftship ᛫ an airship ᛫ N lift+ship NE+NE luchtschip ᛣ
liggat ᛫ a gate ( especially a swinging one ) ᛫ N ~[hlidgeat] NE
light ᛫ to come upon ᛫ to discover by chance ᛫ V ~ NE
Lightbearend ᛫ Lucifer ᛫ N lēohtberend OE
lightbere ᛫ luminous ᛫ brilliant ᛫ splendid ᛫ lightbearing ᛫ ADJ lēohtbǣre OE
lightbild ᛫ a photograph ᛫ N light+bild NE+WF note: lichtbild
lighten ᛫ to make or become lighter ᛫ to brighten ᛫ to enlighten ᛫ to flash with lightning ᛫ V ~ NE
lightminded ᛫ not given to heavy thoughts or thinking ᛫ frivolous ᛫ not serious ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
lightmindedness ᛫ lack of seriousness ᛫ frivolity ᛫ N ~ NE
lightmood ᛫ light-hearted ᛫ easy-tempered ᛫ ADJ lēohtmōd OE
lightsaregun ᛫ a light machine gun ᛫ N light+searu+gun NE+OE+NEᚠ light machine gun ᛣ
lightsome ᛫ lighthearted ᛫ airy ᛫ nimble ᛫ bright ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
lightvat ᛫ lamp ᛫ lantern ᛫ N leohtfæt OE
likelihood ᛫ probability ᛫ chance ᛫ N ~ NE
likely ᛫ probable ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
likely ᛫ probably ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
liken ᛫ to compare ᛫ V ~ NE
likeness ᛫ a resemblance ᛫ N ~ NE
likesome ᛫ agreeable ᛫ pleasant ᛫ likable ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
likewise ᛫ similarly ᛫ ADV ~ NE
likeworthy ᛫ likeable ᛫ ADJ likworthe ME
lim ᛫ to sound ᛫ V hlimman OE
limbmeal ᛫ limb from limb ᛫ in pieces ᛫ ADV ~ NE
limp ᛫ an event ᛫ a chance happening ᛬ to happen ᛫ to occur ᛫ N᛬V limp&gelimp ME&ME
lin ᛫ to cease ᛫ to desist ᛫ to stop ᛫ V lin[linnen] NE
linch ᛫ a ledge ᛫ N ~[hlinc] NE
lind ᛫ suet ᛫ lard ᛫ fat ᛫ N lynd/lind OE especially belly/loin fat?
lind ᛫ a Tilia plant ( linden trees , basswood trees , and lime trees ) ᛫ N ~ NE
line ᛫ flax ᛫ N ~ NE
linen ᛫ cloth woven from flax ᛬ made of flax ᛫ N᛬ADJ ~ NE
ling ᛫ ( diminutive suffix ) ᛫ SUFFIX ~ NE
linking ᛫ connecting ᛫ joining ᛫ copular ( like in linking verb ) ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
lippen ᛫ to rely on ᛫ to trust ᛫ to entrust ᛫ V ~[lipnen] NE "I lippen to your word" not "I lippen your word"
lippy ᛫ labial ᛫ ADJ lip+y NE+NE
lire ᛫ flesh ᛫ brawn ᛫ muscle ᛫ N ~[līre] NE
liry ᛫ muscular ᛫ fleshy ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
lise ᛫ a report ᛫ fame ᛫ reputation ᛫ renown ᛬ to give credit ᛫ N᛬V hlīsa&hlīsan OE
liss ᛫ contentment ᛫ relief ᛫ respite ᛬ to relieve ᛫ to assuage ᛫ N᛬V lis&lissen[lis] ME
lissome ᛫ nimble ᛫ supple ᛫ agile ᛫ easily flexed ᛫ ADJ ~ NE equal to: lithe+some
list ᛫ an art ᛫ a craft ᛫ art ᛫ N list&list ME&OE
list ᛫ desire ᛫ inclination ᛫ craving ᛫ enthusiasm ᛬ to desire ᛫ to crave ᛫ N᛬V ~[listen][lystan] NE
listener ᛫ a microphone ᛫ N ~{speaker} NE
listful ᛫ attentive ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
listless ᛫ desireless ᛫ lacking enthusiasm spirit and liveliness ᛫ apathetic ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
lite ᛫ looks ( usually good looks ) ᛫ beauty ᛫ a countenance ᛫ an appearance ᛫ a style ᛫ an aesthetic ᛬ to look ᛫ to gaze ᛫ N᛬V wlite&wlītan{andwlita} ME&OE
liteful ᛫ beautiful ᛫ handsome ᛫ comely ᛫ aesthetic ᚹ ᛫ ADJ wlitefull OE
liteless ᛫ hideous ᛫ without beauty ᛫ ADJ wlitelēas OE
liteworth ᛫ a ransom ᛫ N wliteweorþ OE
litey ᛫ beautiful ᛫ comely ᛫ attractive ᛫ ADJ wlitig OE
lith ᛫ a slope ᛫ N lith[hliþ] ME
lith ᛫ a limb ᛫ a joint ᛫ a segment ᛫ a member ᛫ N ~ NE
lithe ᛫ flexible ᛫ limber ᛫ mellow ᛫ gentle ᛫ mild ᛫ ADJ lithe&līthe NE&ME
lithe ᛫ strong drink ᛫ wine ᛫ N līþ OE
Lithe ᛫ June & July ᛫ PN liþa OE
lithe ᛫ to sail ᛫ to travel by sea ᛫ to travel ᛫ to journey ᛫ V līthen[līþan] ME
litheby ᛫ meek ᛫ complient ᛫ obedient ᛫ ADJ lethebei [liþebige] ME
lither ᛫ base ᛫ vile ᛫ depraved ᛫ wicked ᛫ lewd ᛫ sordid ᛫ lazy ᛫ worthless ᛬ wickedly ᛫ treacherously ᛫ poorly ᛫ ADJ᛬ADV lither[lyþre] ME rhyme: slither
lither ᛫ a sling ᛫ a launcher ᛬ to sling ᛫ to launch ᛫ N᛬V lithere[liðere]&litheren ME
Lithuania ᛫ Lithuania ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO or: Lithuany; Lietuva
litten ᛫ a graveyard ᛫ a cemetery ᛫ N litton[litton][līctūn] ME TS: lichtown
littiness ᛫ slyness ᛫ craftiness ᛫ cunningness ᛫ astuteness ᛫ N lytigness OE
Little Dipper ᛫ a bright circumpolar asterism of the northern sky which is part of Ursa Minor ᛫ PN ~ NE
Littleborough ᛫ Luxembourg ᛫ N Luxembourg NE this name is often calqued in other languages
littlefinger ᛫ the pinky ᛫ N ~ NE
littlom ᛫ gradually ᛫ ADV litlum[lȳtlum] ME
livelihood ᛫ a means of securing the necessities of life ᛫ N ~ NE
livelong ᛫ the orphine ( Hylotelephium telephium ) ᛬ whole ᛫ entire ᛫ N᛬ADJ ~ NE
liven ᛫ to enliven ᛫ V ~ NE
liveradle ᛫ a liver disease ᛫ N liferādl OE
livet ᛫ to flatter ᛫ to adulate ᛫ V lyffettan OE
liveter ᛫ a flatterer ᛫ an adulator ᛫ N lyffetere OE
liveting ᛫ flattery ᛫ adulation ᛫ N lyffetung OE
livingroom ᛫ a family room ᛫ N ~ NE
lix ᛫ to flash ᛫ to glitter ᛫ V līxan OE
lo ᛫ ( used to draw attention ) ᛫ INT lo NE
load ᛫ an exculpation ᛫ a purgation ᛫ an excuse ᛫ N lād OE
load ᛫ to charge ( with electricity ) ᛫ V load&laden NE&FR
loadboard ᛫ a pallet ( as in a portable platform for stacking goods ) ᛫ N load+board NE+NE ᛣ: laadbord
loading ᛫ an excuse ᛫ an exculpation ᛫ a defence ᛫ N lādung OE
loanwend ᛫ a loan translation ( a calque ) ᛫ N loan+wend NEᚠN+ME or: leanwend (loan is Norse)
loast ᛫ a track ᛫ a footprint ᛫ a trace ᛫ a trail ᛬ to track ᛫ to trace ᛫ to trail ᛫ N lāst OE
loath ᛫ averse ᛫ disinclined ᛫ reluctant ᛫ unwilling ᛫ ADJ ~ NE or: loth
loathe ᛫ to greatly hate ᛫ to detest ᛫ to revile ᛫ V ~ NE
loathly ᛫ loathsome ᛫ repulsive ᛬ reluctantly ᛫ ADJ᛬ADV ~[lāþlic] NE
loathsome ᛫ repulsive ᛫ offensive ᛫ abominable ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
loathspel ᛫ a tragic story ᛫ an unpleasant story ᛫ N lāþspell OE
lock ᛫ -ation ᛫ SUFFIX ~ NE
lock ᛫ a tuft of hair ᛫ N ~ NE
lock ᛫ to allure ᛫ to entice ᛫ bait ᛫ V loccian OE kin: lokken (Dutch)
lockjaw ᛫ tetanus ᛫ trismus ᛫ N ~ NE
lodder ᛫ a poor person ᛫ a pauper ᛫ a worthless person ᛫ N loddere OE
loddering ᛫ nonsense ᛫ rubbish ᛫ triviality ᛫ N lodrung OE
lode ᛫ a deposit of ore ᛫ a resource ( especially ore ) ᛫ a supply ( especially of ore ) ᛫ a course ᛫ a journey ᛫ a voyage ᛫ N lode&lōd[lād] NE&ME kin: load
lodestar ᛫ a guiding star ᛫ a tenet ᛫ a guiding principle ᛫ N ~ NE
lodestone ᛫ magnetite ᛫ a naturally occurring magnet ᛫ someone or something that is the focus of attention ᛫ N ~ NE
lofty ᛫ elevated ( literally and figuratively ) ᛫ noble ᛫ ADJ ~ NEᚠ(N+E)
logboat ᛫ a dugout canoe ᛫ N ~ NE
loke ᛫ a private road ᛫ a blind alley ᛫ N ~ NE
loke ᛫ to play ᛫ to wave or to swing about ᛫ V lācan OE
loken ᛫ to heal ᛫ to cure ᛫ to treat a wound or illness ᛫ to tend to ᛫ to take care of ᛫ to dress a wound ᛫ V lācnian OE
lokening ᛫ -therapy ᛫ SUFFIX lācnung OE
lokening ᛫ healing ᛫ cure ᛫ remedy ᛫ medicine ᛫ V lācnung OE
lone ᛫ solitary ᛫ isolated ᛫ sole ᛫ single ᛫ individual ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
lonesome ᛫ solitary ᛫ lonely ᛫ unfrequented ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
long ᛫ to have a strong wish or desire ᛫ V ~ NE
long sweetening ᛫ molasses ᛫ N ~ NE South & Midland US
Longbeard ᛫ a Lombard ᛫ PN langbeard OE
longgun ᛫ a gun with a long barrel ᛫ a cannon ᛫ N ~ NE
longminded ᛫ longanimous ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
longmindedness ᛫ longanimousness ᛫ N ~ NE
longmood ᛫ patient ᛫ ADJ langmōd OE
longmoodly ᛫ patiently ᛫ ADV langmōdlīce OE
longmoodness ᛫ patience ᛫ N langmōdness OE
longplayer ᛫ a kind of vinyl record ᛫ an album of music which is full length ᛫ N ~ NE "LP" for short
longrun ᛫ an extended period of time ᛫ N ~ NE
longsome ᛫ tediously long ᛫ ADJ ~[langsum] NE
longwinded ᛫ of continuing at tedious length ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
lonk ᛫ pride ᛫ arrogance ᛬ physically beautiful ᛫ graceful ᛫ noble ᛫ fine ᛫ splendid ᛫ majestic ᛫ arrogant ᛫ haughty ᛫ proud ᛫ pompous ᛫ N wlonk[wlanc] ME
loof ᛫ praise ᛫ N lōf ME
loof ᛫ the palm of the hand ᛫ N ~ NEᚠN
loofbere ᛫ laudatory ᛫ ADJ lōfbǣre OE
loofdeed ᛫ a praiseworthy deed ᛫ N lōfdǣd OE
loofing ᛫ praising ᛫ appraising ᛫ N lōfung OE
loofly ᛫ praiseworthy ᛫ laudable ᛫ honourable ᛫ ADJ lōfli ME
loofsome ᛫ deserving praise ᛫ excellent ᛫ noble ᛫ ADJ lōfsum OE
loofsong ᛫ a song of praise ᛫ a hymn ᛫ a psalm ᛫ N lōfsang OE
looking glass ᛫ a mirror ᛫ N ~ NE
lookout ⟨ lookute ⟩ ᛫ an observation post ᛫ a person stationed to keep watch for danger or trouble ᛫ N ~ NE
looks ᛫ one's physical appearance or attractiveness ᛫ N ~ NE
loom ᛫ an implement ᛫ a means ( figurative ) ᛫ a weaving machine ᛫ a device ᛫ a machine ᛫ N loom&lōme NE&ME
loose ᛫ relaxed ᛫ unrestrained ᛫ unsecure ᛫ ADJ ~ NEᚠN
loot ᛫ to lurk ᛫ to lie hidden ᛫ V lōten ME
lootby ᛫ a concubine ᛫ a paramour ᛫ N loteby ME
looth ᛫ booty ᛫ spoils ᛬ to take booty ᛫ N᛬V hlōþ&hlōþian OE
lop ᛫ a spider ᛫ a flea ᛫ a fly ᛫ an insect ᚹ ᛫ N loppe ME
lord ᛫ a master ᛫ a nobleman ᛫ N ~ NE
lordly ᛫ noble ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
lordship ᛫ dominion ᛫ authority ᛫ domain ᛫ jurisdiction ᛫ the state of being a lord ᛫ N ~ NE
lordswike ᛫ a traitor to one's lord ᛫ N lordswike ME
lore ᛫ -ology ᛫ SUFFIX ~ NE
lore ᛫ a body of knowledge ᛫ N ~ NE
lorebisen ᛫ a specimen ᛫ N lārbysn OE
loreboder ᛫ a preacher ᛫ N lārbodung+er OE+NE
loreboding ᛫ preaching ᛫ V lārbodung OE
lorebook ᛫ a textbook ᛫ N lārbōc OE
lorefather ᛫ a teacher ᛫ N lōrefader ME
lorehouse ⟨ lorehuse ⟩ ᛫ a school ᛫ a university ᛫ a college ᛫ N lārhūs OE
lorel ᛫ a rogue ᛫ a rascal ᛫ a scoundrel ᛫ a wretched person ᛫ N ~ NE
loreless ᛫ lacking learning or knowledge ᛫ ignorant ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
lorelest ᛫ ignorance ᛫ educationlessness ᛫ N lārlēast OE
lorelistend ᛫ one who listens to instruction ᛫ a catechumen ᛫ N lārhlystend OE
lorelship ᛫ rascality ᛫ N lorelshipe ME
lorely ᛫ instructive ᛫ of or pertaining to lore ᛫ ADJ lārlīc OE
lorequid ⟨ lorecwid ⟩ ᛫ a precept ᛫ a doctrine ᛫ N lārcwide OE
loresman ᛫ an instructor ᛫ an expert ᛫ a master of a field of knowledge ᛫ N loresman ME earthloresman = geologist"
loresmith ᛫ a wise man ᛫ N lārsmiþ OE
lorespel ᛫ a sermon ᛫ an epistle ᛫ a treatise ᛫ an essay ᛫ N lōrespel[lārspell] ME
loreswike ᛫ false lore ᛫ pseudo-science ᛫ N lārswic OE
lorethew ᛫ a teacher ᛫ an instructor ᛫ a preceptor ᛫ a professor ᚹ ᛫ N lorthew{lareow} ME or: larew (from ME lareow, a shortened version of the word)
lorewit ᛫ a learned man ᛫ N lārwita OE
lorn ᛫ doomed ᛫ lost ᛫ forlorn ᛫ desolate ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
losel ᛫ a worthless person ᛫ N ~ NE
loseyns ᛫ lasagna / lasagne ᛫ N loseyns MEᚠI
loss ᛫ a defeat ᛫ N ~ NE
lot ᛫ a large quantity ᛫ a bunch of people ᛫ a portion ᛫ an allotment ᛫ one's role in life ᛫ a role ᛫ N ~ NE
loth ᛫ a cloak ᛫ an upper garment ᛫ a mantle ᛫ N loþa OE maybe should be "lother"?
loud ⟨ lude ⟩ ᛫ a sound ᛫ a noise ᛬ to sound ᛫ N᛬V lūde[hlȳd]&hlȳdan ME&OE
loudlore ⟨ ludelore ⟩ ᛫ acoustics ᛫ N lūde+lore ME+NE
lough ᛫ a place ᛫ a stead ᛫ N logh[lōh] ME or: low
lough ᛫ a loch ᛫ N lough[luh] MEᚠOEᚠC
louse ⟨ luse ⟩ ᛫ an Anoplura insect ᛫ a Mallophaga insect ᛫ N louse NE PL: lice
lousy ⟨ Lusey ⟩ ᛫ full of lice ᛫ of low quality ᛫ contemptible ᛫ paltry ᛫ ADJ lousy NE
lout ⟨ lute ⟩ ᛫ an awkward brutish person ᛬ to bow in respect ᛫ to submit ᛫ to yield ᛫ N᛬V lout[louten] NE
loveful ᛫ amorous ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
loveling ᛫ a dear and lovely creature ᛫ a darling ᛫ N ~ NE
lovelorn ᛫ without love ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
lovered ᛫ love ( opposite of hatred ) ᛫ N lovereden ME
lovesome ᛫ affectionate ᛫ amorous ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
lovetoken ᛫ something given as a sign or token of love ᛫ N love token NE
loveworthy ᛫ lovable ᛫ meriting love ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
low ᛫ a mound ( especially a burial mount ? ) ᛫ a tumulus ᛫ N ~[hlǣw] NE rhyme: show?
low ᛫ to moo ᛫ V ~[hlōwan] NE rhyme: snow
lowend ᛫ of the lowest quality ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
lowkey ᛫ subtle ᛬ subtly ᛫ ADJ᛬ADV ~ NEᚠ(N+E)
lowland ᛫ a stretch of low or unmountainous land ᛫ N ~ NE
lowlife ᛫ a despicable person ᛫ a scoundrel ᛫ N ~ NEᚠ(N+E)
lowling ᛫ a person of low status ᛫ a commoner ᛫ N ~ NEᚠ(N+E)
lowminded ᛫ inclined to vulgar or unworthy things ᛫ ADJ ~ NEᚠ(N+E+E)
lox ᛫ a lynx ᛫ N lox OE
lur ᛫ destruction ᛫ perdition ᛫ damage ᛫ loss ᛫ N lire/lure[lyre] ME
lurry ᛫ destructive ᛫ ADJ lure+y ME+NE
lust ᛫ desire ᛫ appetite ᛫ craving ᛫ N lust&lust NE&OE
lustbere ᛫ desirable ᛫ ADJ lustbǣre OE
lustihood ᛫ licentiousness ᛫ a vigor of body ᛫ N ~ NE
lusty ᛫ healthy and strong ᛫ vigorous ᛫ lustful ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
lutter ᛫ clear ᛫ pure ᛫ unadulterated ᛫ innocent ᛫ sincere ᛫ authentic ᛫ ADJ lutter[hlutor] ME
lutty ᛫ sly ᛫ crafty ᛫ cunning ᛫ astute ᛫ ADJ lutiȝ[lytig] ME
Luxemburg ᛫ Luxembourg ᛫ PN Luxembourg NE
Luxemburgish ᛫ Luxembourgish ᛫ PADJ Luxembourgish NE
lye ᛫ fire ᛫ lightning ᛫ plasma ᚹ ᛬ to blaze ᛫ N᛬V lei/lye&leien[līg] ME&ME
Lyor ᛫ Loire ᛫ PN ligore OE
Macedon ⟨ Massedon ⟩ ᛫ Macedonia ᛫ Macedon ᛫ PN ~[Macedone/Messedone] ME
mad ᛫ insane ᛫ frenzied ᛫ crazy ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
Madagascar ᛫ Madagascar ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
madapple ᛫ an eggplant ᛫ N ~ NE
madden ᛫ to derange ᛫ V ~ NE
madhouse ⟨ madhuse ⟩ ᛫ a psychiatric institution ᛫ a chaotic place ᛫ N ~ NE
madness ᛫ insanity ᛫ N ~ NE
maggle ᛫ earnest ᛫ firm ᛫ strenuous ᛫ ADJ meagol OE maybe should be "meggle"?
magglely ᛫ earnestly ᛫ strenuously ᛫ ADV meagollīce OE
maggleness ᛫ earnestness ᛫ N meagolness OE
maid ᛫ a female domestic servant ᛫ a girl ᛫ N ~ NE
maiden ᛫ a girl ᛫ a young woman ᛫ an unmarried girl ᛫ an unmarried young woman ᛫ a virgin ᛫ N ~[mægden] NE
maidenhead ᛫ the hymen ᛫ N ~ NE
maidenhood ᛫ virginity or celibacy ( of both men and women )᛫ N ~ NE
main ᛫ power ᛫ might ᛬ principle ᛫ prime ᛫ chief ᛬ very ᛫ N᛬ADJ᛬ADV main&mægen NE&OE
mainframe ᛫ a large powerful computer used to perform many simultaneous complex tasks ᛫ N ~ NE
mainful ᛫ powerful ᛫ mighty ᛫ ADJ mainful ME
mainhew ᛫ a primary colour ᛫ N main+hue NE+NE
mainless ᛫ weak ᛫ feeble ᛫ powerless ᛫ ADJ mægenlēas OE
mainly ᛫ principally ᛫ chiefly ᛫ mostly ᛫ ADV ~ NE
mainstay ᛫ a chief support ᛫ a regular contributor ᛫ N ~ NE "stay" is a nautical word from Old English.
mainstream ᛫ commonly appreciated done believed or used ᛫ the norm ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
maith ᛫ the Anthemis cotula plant ( stinking camomile ) ᛫ N maithe ME
maith ᛫ a family ᛫ relatives ᛫ a tribe ᛫ a clan ᛫ N mæith&mǣgþ ME&OE
maith ᛫ a girl ᛫ a maiden ᛫ a virgin ᛫ N mægþ OE
maithhood ᛫ virginity ᛫ N mægþhad OE see: maidenhood
make ᛫ a married couple ᛫ a couple ᛫ a mate ᛫ an equal ᛫ a peer ᛫ a rival ᛫ a counterpart ᛬ to mate with ᛫ to marry ᛫ to pair with ᛫ N᛬V māke[gemaca]&māken ME&ME
make up ᛫ to invent ᛫ to fabricate ᛫ V ~ NE
makebelief ⟨ makebeleef ⟩ ᛫ the abstract quality of making believe ᛫ N ~ NE
makebelieve ⟨ makebeleeve ⟩ ᛫ the act of pretending ᛬ to pretend ᛬ imaginary ᛫ N᛬V᛬ADJ ~ NE
makegame ᛫ an object of ridicule ᛫ N ~ NE
makeover ᛫ an overhaul of something's or someone's appearance ᛫ N ~ NE
maker ᛫ a creator ᛫ a producer ᛫ N ~ NE
makeshift ᛫ a usually crude and temporary expedient ᛬ impromptu ᛫ ad hoc ᛫ N᛬ADJ ~ NE
makeweight ᛫ an unimportant person or thing that is only included to complete something ᛫ N ~ NE
making ᛫ cause ᛫ N ~ NE
Malawi ⟨ Malawee ⟩ ᛫ Malawi ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
Malawi Mere ⟨ Malawee ⟩ ᛫ Lake Malawi ᛫ PN Malawi+mere NEᚠO+NE
Malaysia ᛫ Malaysia ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO or: Malaysy; Malayland
Mali ᛫ Mali ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
malm ᛫ a soft crumbly chalky rock or the fertile loamy soil produced as it weathers ᛫ N ~[mealm] NE
malshave ᛫ a caterpillar ᛫ N malshave ME maybe should be maleshave?
Malta ᛫ Malta ᛫ PN ~ NE
mammer ᛫ deep sleep ᛫ a sopor ᛫ N mamor OE
mammer ᛫ to hesitate ᛫ to waver ᛫ V ~ NE
man ᛫ one/you ( generic pronoun ) ᛫ N man OE generic "one" seems to come partly from French "on"
man ᛫ a person ᛫ a human ᛫ N ~ NE
Manch ᛫ Manx language ᛬ Manx ᛫ PN᛬PADJ Man+ish NEᚠC+NE Manx ᛣ
mane ᛫ to bring to mind what ought to be done ᛫ to urge upon one what ought to be done ᛫ to admonish ᛫ exhort ᛫ V manian OE
manedeed ᛫ an evil deed ᛫ a crime ᛫ a transgression ᛫ N māndǣd OE
maneoath ᛫ perjury ᛫ N mānāþ OE
maneswear ᛫ to swear falsely ᛫ to perjure ᛫ V manswear NE
manful ᛫ brave and resolute ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
manibreed ᛫ multifaceted ᛫ ADJ manigbrǣde OE
manifold ᛫ diverse ᛫ numerous ᛫ complicated ᛫ complex ᛬ to multiply ᛬ repeatedly ᛫ ADJ᛬ADV manifold&manigfildan NE&OE
manifoldness ᛫ multiplicity ᛫ N ~ NE
manikin ᛫ all kinds of ᛫ various ᛫ ADJ manikin ME
Manitoba Mere ᛫ Lake Manitoba ᛫ PN Manitoba+mere NEᚠO+NE
mank ᛫ to mutilate ᛫ to mangle ᛫ to maim ᛫ V manken ME
mankind ᛫ humanity ᛫ humankind ᛫ N ~ NE
manlike ᛫ a human form ᛫ an image of a man ᛫ a humanoid ᚹ ᛫ N mannlīca OE
manmade ᛫ made or caused by human beings ᛫ artificial ᛫ ADJ manmade NE
manqualm ⟨ mancwalm ⟩ ᛫ a plague of man ᛫ N manqualm ME
manred ᛫ homage ᛫ service ᛫ N mannrǣdenn OE
manse ᛫ to excommunicate ᛫ to curse ᛫ to damn ᛫ V mansen/amansen ME
manship ᛫ respect ᛫ dignity ᛫ gallantry ᛫ chivalry ᛫ N ~ NE
manshiply ᛫ honourably ᛫ courteously ᛫ ADV ~ NE
manslayer ᛫ one who commits homicide ᛫ N ~ NE
manytongued ⟨ manytunged ⟩ ᛫ polyglot ᛫ ADJ many+tongue+ed NE+NE+NE
mar ᛫ to spoil ᛫ to tarnish ᛫ to damage ᛫ V ~ NE
mare ᛫ a nightmare-causing entity ᛫ N ~ NE
mareshalk ᛫ marshal ᛫ N mare+shalk NE+ME or: horsethane [horsþegn]?
mark ᛫ feature ᛫ characteristic ᛫ attribute ᛫ N ~ NE
marked ᛫ noticeable ᛫ conspicuous ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
markedly ᛫ noticeably ᛫ conspicuously ᛫ ADV ~ NE
markle ᛫ a target ( a mark to aim at ) ᛫ a signet ᛫ a seal ᛫ an ensign ᛫ N mircels OE
markstead ᛫ a borderland ᛫ N mearcstede OE
markworthy ᛫ noteworthy ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
marmstone ᛫ marble ᛫ N marmestan[marmanstān] ME
marplot ᛫ a person or thing which ruins a plan ᛫ N ~ NE
marsh ᛫ a stretch of unforested wetland ᛫ N ~ NE
marth ᛫ a marten ( a kind of weasel ) ᛫ N mearþ OE
mash ᛫ pulp ᛬ to crush or smash something to a pulp ᛫ to press forcefully ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
masker ᛫ to wander aimlessly ᛫ to bewilder ᛫ to confuse ᛫ to bewitch ᛫ to fascinate ᛫ V masker&malskren{malscrung} NE&ME
match ᛫ an equivalence ᛫ a parallel ᛫ a spouse ᛫ a mate ᛫ a pair ᛫ a couple ᛫ N match&gemæcca NE&OE
mateship ᛫ partnership ᛫ N ~ NE
math ᛫ a mowing ᛫ that which is gathered by mowing ᛫ N ~ NE found in "aftermath"
mathe ᛫ a maggot ᛫ a grub ᛫ N māthe[maþa] ME
mathel ᛫ to speak formally ᛫ to declaim ᛫ to declare ᛫ to give a speech ᛫ V mathelen ME
mathelstead ᛫ a place of assembly ᛫ N mæþelstede OE
mathom ᛫ a trinket ᛫ a knickknack ᛫ a treasure ᛫ N ~ NE
mathomhouse ⟨ maththomhuse ⟩ ᛫ a treasury ᛫ N māþumhūs OE
mattock ᛫ a farming tool with right angled blades like a pickaxe ᛫ N ~ NE
maund ᛫ a basket ᛫ N ~[mand/mond] NE
Mauritius ᛫ Mauritius ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠI
maw ᛫ the mouth or stomach ᛫ N ~ NE
maw ᛫ a boy ᛫ a young adult human male ᛫ N magu OE
mawk ᛫ a maggot ᛫ N ~ NEᚠN kin: maddock
mawkish ᛫ sentimental in an exaggerated or false way ᛫ sappy ᛫ ADJ ~ NEᚠN
may ᛫ a family member ᛫ a relative ᛫ a kins-person ᛫ a kinsman ᛫ a kinswoman ᛫ N mei&mai&mǣg&mæg ME&ME&OE&OE merge of two related words
may ᛫ to mix ᛫ to mash ᛫ to blend ᛫ V maȝcen&mecgan ME&OE
maybe ᛫ possibly ᛫ perchance ᛫ ADV ~ NE
mayhap ᛫ perhaps ᛫ possibly ᛫ ADV ~ NE
mayheamed ᛫ incest ᛫ N mæghǣmed OE
maywrit ᛫ a writing containing a list of kinsmen ᛫ a genealogical table ᛫ pedigree ᛫ N mǣggewrit OE glossary word
maze ᛫ a labyrinth ᛬ to confuse ᛫ to confound ᛫ N᛬V maze&māsen NE&ME
meadow ᛫ a stretch of grassland ( especially one used for hay ) ᛫ N ~ NE or: mead
meadowsweet ᛫ a Filipendula ulmaria plant ᛫ N ~ NE
meal ᛫ a container ᛫ a basin ᛫ a bucket ᛫ a tub ᛫ a measure of time ᛫ N mēle ME
mean ᛫ common ᛫ general ᛫ rude ᛫ cruel ᛫ ADJ ~[mǣne] NE see "amean"
mean ᛫ to intend ᛫ V ~[mǣnan] NE
meanly ᛫ common ᛫ shared ᛫ ADJ menelich ME
meanname ᛫ a common noun ᛫ N mean+name NE+NE common noun ᛣ, gemǣnelīc nama ᛣ
meanwealth ᛫ a republic ᛫ N mean+wealth NE+NE commonwealth NEᛣ
mear ᛫ famous ᛫ renowned ᛫ illustrious ᛫ distinguished ᛫ celebrated ᛫ ADJ mǣre OE
mearth ᛫ grandeur ᛫ a marvel ᛫ a glorious thing ᛫ N mērthe[mǣrþu] ME
mease ᛫ dinner ᛫ supper ᛫ a meal ᛫ a table ᛫ the food on a table ᛬ to dine ᛫ to sup ᛫ N᛬V mease&mēsan NE&OE
meat ᛫ ( shows the word pertains to food and culinary arts ) ᛫ PREFIX mete OE example: "meteswamb" means "edible mushroom"
meateater ᛫ a carnivore ᛫ N ~ NE
meatsax ᛫ a food knife ᛫ N meteseax OE
medge ᛫ an adult human male ᛫ N megge[mecg] ME
meech ᛫ a sword ᛫ N meche[mēce] ME
meechfish ᛫ a mullet ( as in the fish ) ᛫ N mēcefisc OE
meed ᛫ a payment ᛫ a reward ᛫ an award ᛫ a bribe ᛫ merit ᛫ desert ᛬ to reward ᛫ to deserve ᛫ to merit ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
meedful ᛫ meritorious ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
meel ᛫ speech ᛬ to speak ᛫ N᛬V mēlen&mǣl&mǣlan ME&OE&OE kin: mal (N)
meet ᛫ suitable ᛫ fitting ᛫ proper ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
meet ᛫ to dream ᛫ to have a vision ᛫ V mēten[mǣtan] ME
meeth ᛫ exhausted ᛫ weary ᛫ ADJ mēþe OE
meeth ᛫ abstemiousness ᛫ self-restraint ᛫ temperance ᛫ capacity ᛫ capability ᛫ N mēthe&mǣþ ME&OE
meethful ᛫ temperate ᛫ modest ᛫ undemanding ᛫ moderate ᛫ ADJ mēthful[mǣþful] ME
meeting ᛫ a dream ( especially prophetic or admonitory ) ᛫ a vision ᛫ N mētinge[mǣting] ME
meld ᛫ to fuse ᛫ V ~ NE
mennish ᛫ people ᛫ humanity ᛬ human ( of humans ) ᛫ N᛬ADJ mennish ME
mennishly ᛫ humanly ᛫ ADV mennisclīce OE
mennishness ᛫ humanity ᛫ human nature ᛫ humaneness ᛫ N menniscness OE
mensk ᛫ honour ᛫ an honoured state or condition ᛫ honourable ᛫ praiseworthy ᛫ N᛬ADJ menske MEᚠN or: mense (Scottish?)
mere ᛫ a sea ᛫ a lake ᛫ a pond ᛫ N ~ NE found in: mermaid
mere ᛫ a border ᛫ boundary ᛬ to set a border or boundary ᛫ N᛬V ~[mǣre] NE
mereing ᛫ a written note on a map giving information about a boundary ᛫ N ~ NE
mergroat ᛫ a pearl ᛫ N mere+groat NE+NE based on a folk etymology of meregrot (margarita)
Merk ᛫ a Mercian ᛫ N Merces ME
Merkish ᛫ the Mercian tongue ᛬ Mercian ᛫ N᛬ADJ Marchisce ME
Merkrich ᛫ Mercia ᛫ PN Merkyneriche[Miercna Rīce] ME
merrail ᛫ a sail ( poetic ) ᛫ N merehrægel OE
merry ᛫ cheerful and lively ᛫ festive ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
merrymake ᛫ to celebrate ᛫ to be festive ᛫ V ~ NE
merrymaker ᛫ a reveler ᛫ N ~ NE
merrymaking ᛫ festivity ᛫ conviviality ᛫ N ~ NE
merryman ᛫ a jester ᛫ a buffoon ᛫ N ~ NE
merrymeeting ᛫ a festive gathering ᛫ a festival ᚹ ᛫ N ~ NE
merswine ᛫ a dolphin ᛫ N ~[mereswīn] NE
mess ᛫ to feed ᛫ to furnish with provisions ᛫ V metsian OE
met ᛫ a mate ᛫ a companion ᛫ a friend ᛫ a partner ᛫ a fellow ᛫ N mette[gemetta] ME DUBIOUS ENTRY
mete ᛫ a measurement ᛫ a measure ᛫ a mood ( of grammar ) ᛫ a measure ( in music ) ᛫ N gemet OE "mood" from Ælfric the grammarian
mete ᛫ to paint ᛫ to sculpt ᛫ V mẹ̄ten[mētan] ME
mete ᛫ to measure ᛫ to regulate ᛫ to moderate ᛫ V mete&metgian NE&OE
meted ᛫ the Maker ᛫ God ( poetic ) ᛫ N metod/meodod OE
metekindly ᛫ metrical ᛫ ADJ metcundlic OE
meteyard ᛫ a measuring rod ᛫ N ~ NE
methinks ᛫ it seems to me ᛫ V ~ NE
meting ᛫ a measurement ᛫ an amount ᛫ measuring ᛫ dimensions ᛫ N meting&mēting NE&ME
meting ᛫ a painting ᛫ a picture ᛫ a sculpture ᛫ an image ᚹ ᛫ N mēting OE
meting ᛫ -metry ᛫ SUFFIX mete+-ing NE+NE
mew ᛫ a gull ᛫ a seagull ᛫ N ~ NE
mewel ᛫ a maiden ᛫ a damsel ᛫ N mēowle OE
Mexico ᛫ Mexico ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
Michigan Mere ⟨ Mishigan ⟩ ᛫ Lake Michigan ᛫ PN Michigan+mere NEᚠO+NE
Micronesia ᛫ Micronesia ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO or: Micronesy
mid ᛫ co- ᛫ PREFIX mid OE
mid ᛫ with ( as in "together" never as in "against" ) ᛫ PREP ~ ME found in: midwife
midbody ᛫ the middle of the body ᛫ the torso ᛫ N ~ NE
midbrain ᛫ the mesencephalon ᛫ N ~ NE
middaily ᛫ meridian ᛫ ADJ middæglīc OE
midday ᛫ noon ᛫ N ~ NE "noon" comes from Latin
middenhead ᛫ a dunghil's top ᛫ N ~ NE
middenstead ᛫ a dunghil ᛫ the site of a dunghill ᛫ N ~ NE
Middle Africkish Republick ᛫ Central African Republic ᛫ PN middle+africkish+republic NE+MEᚠO+NEᚠI
middleground ⟨ middlegrund ⟩ ᛫ a compromise ᛫ N middle ground NE
middleman ᛫ intermediary ᛫ N ~ NE
middling ᛫ average ᛫ moderate ᛫ mean ᛫ median ᛫ medium ᛫ mediocre ᛫ intermediate ᛬ fairly ᛫ moderately ᛫ ADJ᛬ADV ~ NE
mideld ᛫ the middle ages ᛬ medieval ᛫ N᛬ADJ mid+eld NE+ME calque
midge ᛫ a mosquito ᚹ ᛫ N ~ NE
midgut ᛫ the central loop of the alimentary canal of an embryo between the foregut and the hindgut ᛫ N ~ NE
midriff ᛫ the midsection of the human torso ᛫ N ~ NE
midthole ᛫ to sympathize ᛫ V midþolian OE
midtholing ᛫ compassion ᛫ N midtholinge ME
midwist ᛫ the act of being with others ᛫ co-being ᛫ participation ᛫ N midwist OE
Midyard ᛫ Earth ᛫ Midgard ᛫ Middle Earth ᛫ PN middangeard OE "Middle Earth" is a corruption of a corruption of Middangeard
mield ⟨ meeld ⟩ ᛫ to accuse ᛫ to tell on someone ᛫ to inform against ᛫ to inform ᛫ to report ᛫ to evince ᛫ to announce ᛫ V mẹ̄̆lden&meldian ME&OE vowel lengthened in ME?
mielder ⟨ meelder ⟩ ᛫ a narrator ᛫ an informer ᛫ an announcer ᛫ N melda OE
migh ᛫ to urinate ᛫ to pee ᛫ to piss ᛫ V mīȝen[migan] ME
might ᛫ ability ᛫ capacity ᛫ power ᛫ N might&might NE&ME
mighten ᛫ to enable ᛫ V might+en NE+NE
mightened ᛫ empowered ᛫ ADJ might+en+ed NE+NE+NE
mighth ᛫ urine ᛫ pee ᛫ piss ᛫ N miȝethe ME
mighthleech ᛫ a urologist ᛫ N miȝethe+leech ME+NE
mightly ᛫ possible ᛫ ADJ mihtlic/meahtelic OE
milch ᛫ milk giving ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
milkcoffee ᛫ latte ᛫ N milk+coffee NE+NEᚠ calque: caffè latte
milken ᛫ lactael ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
milklithe ᛫ very soft ᛫ very gentle ᛫ soft as milk ᛫ ADJ meolclīþe OE
milksop ᛫ a mollycoddle ᛫ a pampered or effeminate man or boy ᛫ N ~ NE
milse ᛫ mercy ᛫ pardon ᛬ to be merciful to ᛫ to pardon ᛬ mercy me! ᛫ N᛬V᛬INT milce&milcen ME
milsey ᛫ a milk strainer ᛫ N ~ NE from milk-sye, from Middle English mylke syhe (milk sieve)
milt ᛫ spleen ᛫ N ~ NE
milth ᛫ mercy ᛫ N milthe ME kin: mild
mimmer ᛫ to keep in memory ᛫ to remember ᛫ V mimorian OE
min ᛫ memory ᛫ remembrance ᛫ N min ME
mindful ᛫ having mental faculties not dulled by sleep faintness or stupor ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
mindless ᛫ senseless ᛫ stupid ᛫ heedless ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
mindlokening ᛫ psychiatry ᛫ N mind+lācnung NE+OE
mindlore ᛫ psychology ᛫ N mind+lore NE
mindly ᛫ mental ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
mindset ᛫ a mentality ᛫ N ~ NE
ming ᛫ to mix ᛫ to bring people or animals together ᛫ to join through marriage or sexual intercourse ᛫ to knead ᛫ V ~[mengan] NE
mingle ᛫ to mix ᛫ to associate ( especially at social functions ) ᛫ V ~ NE
minse ᛫ to lessen ᛫ to diminish ᛫ to chop into bits ᛫ to mince ᛫ V minsian OE kin: mince
mint ᛫ an intent ᛫ an aiming ᛬ to intend ᛫ to aim ( with a weapon or otherwise ) ᛫ N minten[myntan] ME
mire ᛫ a fen ᛫ a bog ᛫ N ~ NEᚠN
mirth ᛫ merriment ᛫ amusement ᛬ to amuse ᛫ to entertain ᛫ to cheer up ᛫ N mirth&mirthen NE&ME
misbegotten ᛫ illegitimate ( born out of wedlock ) ᛫ ill-conceived ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
misbeholden ᛫ disobliging ᛫ unbecoming ᛫ offensive ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
misbeleeve ᛫ to disbelieve ᛫ to believe falsely ᛫ V ~ NE
misbid ᛫ to abuse ᛫ to mistreat ᛫ V misbidden ME
misbirth ᛫ a miscarriage ᛫ N ~ NE
mischar ᛫ to pervert ᛫ V miscyrran OE
miscweme ᛫ to displease ᛫ V miscwemen ME
misdeed ᛫ an offense ᛫ N ~ NE
misdeem ᛫ to misjudge ᛫ V ~ NE
misdoom ᛫ a misjudgment ᛫ N misdōm ME
misfall ᛫ a mishap ᛫ misfortune ᛬ to suffer bad luck ᛫ to turn out badly ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
misgang ᛫ a trespass ᛫ N misgang ME
misgiving ᛫ doubt ᛫ apprehension ᛫ N ~ NEᚠ(E+N) usually used in its plural form: "misgivings"
mish ᛫ to mix ᛫ V miscian OE
mishap ᛫ an unfortunate accident ᛫ N ~ NE
mishappen ᛫ to occur by misfortune ᛫ V ~ NE
mislike ᛫ displease ᛫ dislike ᛫ N ~ NE
mislore ᛫ evil teaching ᛫ misinformation ᛫ N ~ NE
misname ᛫ a misnomer ᛬ to call by a wrong name ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
misnimming ᛫ a mistake ᛫ an error ᛫ N misniminge ME
misput ᛫ to misplace ᛫ V ~ NE
misqueath ⟨ miscweath ⟩ ᛫ to slander ᛫ to calumniate ᛫ to malign ᛫ to slander ᛫ to traduce ᛫ V miscweþan OE
misread ᛫ to misadvise ᛫ to misinterpret ᛫ V ~ NE
misreckon ᛫ to miscalculate ᛫ V ~ NE
misser ᛫ a half-year ᛫ N missere OE
misshapen ᛫ deformed ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
missliness ᛫ variousness ᛫ diversity ᛫ variability ᛫ ununiformity ᛫ N mislīch+ness ME+NE
missly ᛫ various ᛫ diverse ᛫ variable ᛫ ununiform ᛫ ADJ mislīch ME
misspeak ᛫ to mispronounce ᛫ V ~ NE
Mistassini Mere ᛫ Lac Mistassini ᛫ PN Mistassini+mere NEᚠO+NE
misthee ᛫ to fail to improve to degenerate ᛫ V misþēon OE
mistide ᛫ to have bad luck ᛫ to turn out badly ᛫ V mistiden ME
mistiming ᛫ an anachronism ᛫ N mis+timing NE+NE invented by William Barnes
mistle ᛫ basil ᛫ mistletoe ᛫ N ~ NE
mistrust ᛫ distrust ᛫ suspicion ᛬ to distrust ᛫ to have no confidence in ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
miswise ᛫ to misguide ᛫ to misdirect ᛫ to misinstruction ᛫ V miswissian OE
miswrought ᛫ poorly made ᛫ poorly worked ᛫ misworked ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
mithe ᛫ to avoid ᛫ to conceal ᛫ to dissemble ᛫ to restrain oneself ᛫ to suppress one's feelings ᛫ V mithen&mīþan ME&OE
mixen ᛫ a dung heap ᛫ a dunghill ᛫ odure ᛫ N ~[mixen]{meox} NE kin: "mix"
modry ᛫ an aunt ᛫ N moddri[mōdrige] ME
modrydaughter ᛫ a maternal female cousin ᛫ N moddri+daughter ME+NE see "needmay"
modryson ᛫ a maternal male cousin ᛫ N moddri sune ME see "needmay"
mold ᛫ the surface of the earth ᛫ N ~ NE
Moldova ᛫ Moldova ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
molten ᛫ liquefied by heat ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
Monaco ᛫ Monaco ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠI
mone ᛫ evil ᛫ wickedness falsehood ᛫ evil personified ᛫ the Devil ᛬ wicked ᛫ false ᛫ base ᛫ N᛬ADJ mon/man/mone[mān] ME&OE
mong ᛫ a mixture ᛫ N ~ NE
monger ᛫ a dealer ᛫ a trader ᛫ N monger NEᚠÞᚠIᚠH
Mongoland ᛫ Mongolia ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
Monight ᛫ the night following Monday's dusk ᛫ PN ~ NE from mōnanniht or from Monday+night
monkly ᛫ monastic ᛫ ADJ ~ NEᚠ(O+E)
monkstow ᛫ a monestary ᛫ a hermitage ᛫ N munucstów OEᚠI
Montenegro ᛫ Montenegro ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠI or: Blackbarrow
monthadle ᛫ menstruation ᛫ N mōnaþādl OE
monthadly ᛫ undergoing menstruation ᛫ ADJ mōnaþādlig OE
monthblood ᛫ menses ᛫ menstrual blood ᛫ N mōnaþblōd OE
mood ᛫ courage ᛫ valor ᛫ a mental state ᛫ an emotional state ᛫ a state of mind ᛫ N ~ NE
moodsick ᛫ distressed ᛫ of troubled mind ᛫ ADJ mōdsēoc OE
moodstathelfastness ᛫ stability of mind ᛫ stability of mood ᛫ N mōdstaþolfæstness OE or: moodstaddlefastness
moodthrake ᛫ impetuosity of mind ᛫ impetuous or daring courage ᛫ N mōdþracu OE
moonling ᛫ a lunatic ᛫ a crazy or insane person ᛫ N ~ NE
moonly ᛫ lunar ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
moonmadness ᛫ lunacy ᛫ N moonmadness NE
moonrown ⟨ moonrune ⟩ ᛫ a Chinese character ᛫ any character inspired by Chinese characters ( such as those in kana and hangul ) ᛫ N moon+rown NE+NE likely offensive
moonscape ᛫ a devastated land ᛫ N ~ NE
moonsick ᛫ crazy ᛫ lunatic ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
moonstruck ᛫ insane ᛫ crazy ᛫ ludicrous ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
moor ᛫ a stretch of uncultivated highland characterized by low-growing vegetation ᛫ N ~ NE
moorfowl ⟨ moorfule ⟩ ᛫ the Lagopus scotica bird ᛫ N moorfowl NE
Moorland ᛫ Mauritania ᛫ PN Moor+land NEᚠO+NE or: Mauritany
moorle ᛫ a rope for mooring a ship ᛫ pronesium ᛫ N mǣrels OE
moot ᛫ an assembly ᛫ a council ᛬ to broach ᛫ to talk about ᛫ to debate ᛫ to argue ᛫ to dispute ᛬ no longer relevant ᛫ N᛬V᛬ADJ ~ NE
moothall ᛫ a room or building in which a moot is held ᛫ N ~ NE
mooting ᛫ conversation ᛫ discussion ᛫ discourse ᛫ debate ᛫ N mooting&motung NE&OE
mootstow ᛫ a meeting place ᛫ a forum ᛫ N gemōtstōw OE
more ᛫ an edible root ( like a carrot or parsnip ) ᛫ a root ᛫ an origin ᛫ N more[more] ME
moreness ᛫ plurality ᛫ N ~ NE
morning beads ᛫ matins ᛫ N ~ NE
Morocco ᛫ Morocco ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
morrow ᛫ the following day ᛫ the time following an event ᛫ the near future ᛫ N ~ NE
morth ᛫ murder ᛫ slaughter ᛫ N morth ME
mostlings ᛫ for the most part ᛫ ADV ~ NE
mot ᛫ to be allowed ᛫ to be permitted ᛫ to be compelled ᛫ must ᛫ may ( subjunctive ) ᛫ V mọ̄ten ME once the present tense of "must" | vowel shortened ~1500
mote ᛫ a particle ᛫ N ~ NE
motherland ᛫ the land of one's ancestors or birth ᛫ the country which founded a colony ᛫ N ~ NE
motherly ᛫ maternal ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
mothermorth ᛫ matricide ᛫ N mother+morth NE+ME Muttermord ᛣ
motherslayer ᛫ a matricide ᛫ N mōdorslaga OE
mothertongue ⟨ mothertung ⟩ ᛫ one's native language ᛫ N ~ NE
motherwit ᛫ common sense ᛫ N mother wit NE
mothren ᛫ maternal ᛫ ADJ mēdren OE
mouser ⟨ muser ⟩ ᛫ an animal that catches mice ( especially a cat ) ᛫ N ~ NE
mouthly ⟨ muthely ⟩ ᛫ oral ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
mouthroof ⟨ mutheroof ⟩ ᛫ the palate ᛫ N mūþhrōf OE
mouthroofy ⟨ mutheroofy ⟩ ᛫ palatal ᛫ ADJ mūþhrōf+y OE+NE
Mozambique ⟨ Mozambeek ⟩ ᛫ Mozambique ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
muchel ᛫ to increase ᛫ to magnify ᛫ V muchelen[miclian] ME or: mickle; much
mugwort ᛫ an Artemisia vulgaris plant ᛫ an Artemisia plant ᚹ ᛫ N ~ NE
mum ᛫ silent ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
mumble ᛫ a quiet and indistinct utterance ᛬ to murmur ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
mun ᛫ to remember ᛫ V imunen[gemyn/gemun] ME
mund ᛫ a hand ᛫ a hand ( a measurement ) ᛫ guardianship ᛫ protection ᛫ N mound[mund] ME
mundbreach ᛫ violation of security ᛫ N ~ NE
munworthy ᛫ memorable ᛫ worthy of being remembered ᛫ V mun+worthy OE+NE
murk ᛫ darkness or particles that make it hard to see ᛫ N ~ NE
murky ᛫ dark and gloomy ( especially due to thick mist ) ᛫ darkly vague ᛫ obscure ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
murther ᛫ a murder ᛬ to murder ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE "murder" might have French influence
murthersome ᛫ murderous ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
Myanmar ᛫ Myanmar ᛫ Burma ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO or: Burma
naft ᛫ poverty ᛫ indigence ᛫ N næft OE see: haft
nafty ᛫ poor ( unwealthy ) ᛫ indigent ᛫ ADJ næftig OE
nailkin ᛫ a Dianthus plant ( a carnation ) ᛫ N nail+kin NE+MEᚠHGᛣ Nelke HGᛣ
nake ᛫ a seacraft ᛫ N naca OE kin: navy
nake ᛫ to strip ᛫ to undress ᛫ V ~ NE
naked ᛫ stripped ᛫ naked ᛫ undressed ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
nakedness ᛫ nudity ᛫ N ~ NE
nam ᛫ am not ᛫ V neom OE equal to: nay am
name ᛫ a noun ᛫ N ~ NE nōmen (Iᛣ)
namebook ᛫ a register of names ᛫ N nambōc OE
namecouth ⟨ namecuthe ⟩ ᛫ famous ᛫ well-known ᛫ of note ᛫ of renown ᛫ ADJ namcūþ OE
nameless ᛫ anonymous ᛫ indefinable ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
namelessness ᛫ anonymity ᛫ indefinability ᛫ N ~ NE
namendly ᛫ nominative ( grammar ) ᛫ ADJ nemnigendlíc OE
namesake ᛫ one who is named after another or for whom another is named ᛫ N ~ NE
nameshunning ᛫ antonomasia ᛫ N name+shunning NE+NE invented by William Barnes
Namibia ᛫ Namibia ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO or: Namiby
naming ᛫ nomination ᛫ N ~ NE
nap ᛫ a cup ᛫ a bowl ᛫ N nap[hnæp] ME
narrow ᛫ a confinement ᛫ a durance ᛫ a strait ᛫ a difficulty ᛫ N nearu OE
nas ᛫ not ᛫ ADV næs OE equal to: ná (never) +‎ ealles (completely)
natheless ᛫ nevertheless ᛫ ADV ~ NE
naught ᛫ nothing ᛫ zero ᛫ N ~ NE
naught but ᛫ just ᛫ merely ᛫ nothing but ᛫ ADV ~ NE
naughth ᛫ zeroth ᛫ 0th ADJ noughth NE found in: noughth week
naughties ᛫ the first decade of a century ᛫ N ~ NE
naughty ᛫ mischievous ᛫ risqué ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
Nauru ᛫ Nauru ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
nave ᛫ to not have ᛫ V nabban OE equal to "nay have"
navel ᛫ an umbilicus ᛫ a belly button ᛫ the central point of a place ᛫ N ~ NE
nay ᛫ a negative answer ᛬ no ᛫ N᛬ADV ~ NE
nay ᛫ to address ᛫ to accost ᛫ to speak to ᛫ to assail ᛫ V nǣgan&genǣgan OE
nayword ᛫ a term of negation ᛫ N ~ NE coined by Ralph Lever
ne ᛫ no ᛫ not ᛫ nay ᛫ nor ᛫ ADV&CONJ ne&ne ME&OE
neap ᛫ to pluck off ᛫ V ahnēapan OE kin: 𐌳𐌹𐍃𐌷𐌽𐌹𐌿𐍀𐌰𐌽; nypa (Swedish)
nearness ᛫ closeness ᛫ proximity ᛫ intimacy ᛫ N ~ NE
neat ᛫ a peasant holding land from a lord ᛫ a companion ᛫ a comrade ᚹ ᛫ N nēt&genēat ME&OE
neat ᛫ cattle ᛫ a cow ᛫ a bull ᛫ N neat&neat NE&OE
neath ᛫ beneath ᛫ PREP ~ NE
neatherd ᛫ one who looks after neat ( cattle ) ᛫ N ~ NE
neatland ᛫ rented land ᛫ feudally owned land ᛫ N geneatland OE
neb ᛫ a beak ᛫ a nose ᛫ a snout ᛫ a face ᛫ N neb&nebb NE&OE
need ᛫ a necessity ᛫ a requirement ᛬ to require ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
needful ᛫ necessary ᛫ mandatory ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
needfully ᛫ necessarily ᛫ ADV ~ NE
needlefish ᛫ a Belonidae fish ᛫ N ~ NE
needless ᛫ unnecessary ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
needlework ᛫ embroidery ᛫ N ~ NE
needmay ᛫ a close kinsman or kinswoman ᛫ a cousin ?᛫ N nīdmæge&nīdmāge OE&OE
neednot ᛫ a superfluity ᛫ an unnecessary thing ᛫ N neednot NE
needs cost ᛫ necessarily ᛫ ADV nedes cost ME this "cost" is not from French
needwise ᛫ by necessity ᛫ ADV ~ NE
neep ᛫ a turnip ᛫ N nẹ̄p[nǽp] MEᚠI
neepseed ᛫ rapeseed ᛫ N nǽpsǽd OEᚠI
neer ᛫ the kidney ᛫ N nēre MEᚠLG
neese ᛫ to inspect ᛫ to visit ᛫ V nēosian OE
neet ᛫ to enjoy ( to make use of ) ᛫ V nēotan OE
neethe ᛫ to risk ᛫ to venture ᛫ V nēþan OE
neigh ᛫ local- ᛫ PREFIX neigh&nēah NE&OE found in "neighbour"
neighbourship ᛫ a community connection or relationship among people and/or things of close proximity or similar class ᛫ N ~ NE
neighledge ᛫ to approach ᛫ V neighlechen ME rhyme: day ledge
neightheed ᛫ a neighbouring people or nation ᛫ N nēahþēod OE rhyme: day weed
neither ᛫ neuter ( grammar term ) ᛫ ADJ naþor OE
nemmen ᛫ except ᛫ unless ᛫ PREP&CONJ nemne{nefne} OE
nemmen ᛫ to mention ᛫ to specify ᛫ to refer to ᛫ to designate ᛫ to name ᛫ V nemnen{nevenen} ME
Nenets ᛫ one of the Nenets people ᛫ Nenets language ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
Nepal ᛫ Nepal ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
nere ᛫ to save ᛫ to rescue ᛫ V nerian OE
nerxenwong ᛫ a paradise ᛫ N neorxenawang OE
nerxenwongly ᛫ paradisiacal ᛫ ADJ neorxnawanglic OE
nesh ᛫ delicate ᛫ feeble ᛫ soft ᛫ delicate ᛫ tender ᛫ timid ᛫ dainty ᛫ ADJ ~[hnesce/hnysce/hnæsce] NE
neshen ᛫ to make tender or soft ᛫ mollify ᛫ V ~ NE
neshly ᛫ tenderly ᛫ ADV n̄̆eshlī ME
neshness ᛫ docility ᛫ feebleness ᛫ weakness ᛫ softness ᛫ N ~ NE
ness ᛫ -ity ( abstract nominal suffix ) ᛫ SUFFIX ~ NE
ness ᛫ a headland ᛫ a promontory ᛫ a cape ᛫ N ~ NE
nestle ᛫ to lie comfortably within or against something ᛫ to lie somewhat obscured ᛫ V ~ NE
net ᛫ cyber- ( but only in internet contexts ) ᛫ PREFIX ~ NE or: web-
nether ᛫ lower ᛫ low ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
Netherfrankish ᛫ Low Franconian ᛫ PN nether+Frank+ish NE+NE+NE Niederfränkisch ᛣ
nethergang ᛫ a descent ᛫ N niþergang OE
netherhair ᛫ pubic hair ᛫ N ~ NE
netherhose ᛫ underpants ᛫ PN ~ NE
Netherlander ᛫ one from the Netherlands ᛫ PN ~ NE
Netherlandish ᛫ the Dutch language ᛫ of the Dutch ᛫ PN᛬PADJ ~ NE
nethermind ᛫ the subconscious ᛫ N ~ NE
netherness ᛫ inferiority ᛫ N ~ NE
netherwear ᛫ underwear ᛫ undergarments ᛫ lingerie ᛫ N ~ NE
Nettilling Mere ᛫ Nettilling Lake ᛫ PN Nettilling+mere NEᚠO+NE
nettle ᛫ an Urtica plant ᛬ to hit with nettles ᛫ to irritate ᛫ to annoy ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
nettlesome ᛫ annoying ᛫ irritating ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
neve ᛫ nephew ᛫ a grandson ᛫ N nēve[nefa] ME
neveling ᛫ prone ᛫ face-down ᛫ supine ᛫ face-up ᛫ ADV nevelinge ME
neverland ᛫ a utopia ᛫ N neverland NE
new ᛫ stingy ᛫ niggardly ᛫ ADJ hnēaw OE kin: niggard?
new ᛫ neo- ᛫ PREFIX ~ NE
New English ᛫ Modern English ᛫ PN ~ NE
New Scotland ᛫ Nova Scotia ᛫ PN new+Scotland NE+NE Nova Scotia (NEᛣ)
New Zealand ᛫ New Zealand ᛫ PN ~ NE
newel ᛫ prone ᛫ prostrate ᛫ face-down ᛫ deep down ᛫ very low ᛫ ADJ niwol[neowol] OE
newel ᛫ a novelty ᛫ novelty itself ᛫ N ~ NE
newelness ᛫ the abyss ᛫ N nielnesse ME
newen ᛫ recently ᛫ ADV neuen[nīwan/nēowan] ME
newlings ᛫ recently ᛫ lately ᛫ ADV ~ NE
newsman ᛫ a reporter ᛫ a journalist ᛫ N ~ NE
Nicaragua ᛫ Nicaragua ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
Nicaragua Mere ᛫ Lake Nicaragua ᛫ PN Nicaragua+mere NEᚠO+NE
nich ᛫ not I ᛫ PRON nich ME equal to: nay ich
nick ᛫ to deny ᛫ V nikken[niccan] ME supposedly comes from Old English "ne ic" (not I)
nicker ᛫ a water spirit ᛫ a mermaid ᛫ a siren ᛫ N niker[nicor] ME kin: Nixe; nikker; nekker; nøkke; nøkken; näck
nift ᛫ a niece ᛫ a granddaughter ᛫ N nifte&nift ME&OE
Niger ᛫ Niger ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
Nigeria ᛫ Nigeria ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠI or: Nigery; Nigerland
nigh ᛫ to approach ᛬ near ᛬ close to ᛫ V᛬ADJ᛬PREP nigh&neighen NE&ME
nigh on ᛫ just about ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
nighness ᛫ proximity ᛫ N ~ NE
nightganger ᛫ a thing that goes about at night ᛫ a night monster ᛫ a hyena ? ᛫ N nihtgenga OE
nightish ᛫ nocturnal ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
nightledge ᛫ to become night ᛫ V nichtlachen ME
nightly ᛫ nocturnal ᛬ happening every night ᛫ ADJ᛬ADV ~ NE
nightrail ᛫ a loose gown worn at night ( by women ) ᛫ N ~ NE
nightshade ᛫ a Solanum plant ᛫ N ~ NE
nightsong ᛫ compline ᛫ N night song[nihtsang] NE
nighwist ᛫ localness ᛫ nearness ᛫ presence ᛫ fellowship ᛫ N nēahwist OE
nill ᛫ will not ᛫ V ~ NE PST: nould
nim ᛫ to take ᛫ to seize ᛫ to gain ᛫ V ~ NE PTCP: numb | kin: nimble
nimble ᛫ agile ᛫ ADJ ~[nē̆mel] NE kin: nim; numb
nimmer ᛫ a taker ᛫ a thief ᛫ N ~ NE dialectal
nimth ᛫ unless ᛫ except ᛫ CONJ nimþe/nemþe/nymþe OE
nip ᛫ to become low ( such as the setting of the sun or the bowing of one's head ) ᛫ V nipen[hnipian] ME
nipe ᛫ to become dark ᛫ V nīpan OE
Nipigon Mere ᛫ Lake Nipigon ᛫ PN Nipigon+mere NEᚠO+NE
nis ᛫ is not ᛫ V nis OE equal to: nay is
nite ᛫ to clash ᛫ to butt against ᛫ V hnītan OE
nithe ᛫ enmity ᛫ rancour ᛫ outcastdom ᛫ N ~[nīþ] NE to be in nithe was to be a nithing (social outcast)?
nither ᛫ to debase ᛫ to humiliate ᛫ to blight ᛫ to blast (as in blight a plant) ᛫ V ~ NE
nithing ᛫ a wretch ᛫ an outcast ᛫ a social reject ᛫ N ~ NE
niths ᛫ men ᛫ humans ( poetic ) ᛫ N niþþas OE
nitten ᛫ ignorant ᛫ ADJ nyten OE
nittenness ᛫ ignorance ᛫ N nytennes OE
noll ᛫ a crown of a head ᛫ a head ᛫ a nape ᛫ N nol[hnol] ME
nonce ⟨ nonse ⟩ ᛫ a nonce word ᛫ one occasion ᛬ for one occasion ᛫ N᛬ADJ ~ NE
nooth ᛫ boldness ᛫ daringness ᛫ temerity ᛫ N nōþ OE
Nornish ᛫ the Norwegian language ᛬ Norwegian ᛫ PN᛬PADJ Norenish/Nornisce{Noreine} ME
Nornishman ᛫ a Norwegian ᛫ PN Noreinisce men ME or: Norn (from backformation)
North Korea ⟨ North Corea ⟩ ᛫ North Korea ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠ(E+O)
North Macedon ⟨ Massedon ⟩ ᛫ North Macedonia ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠ(E+H)
northen ᛫ from the north ᛫ ADV norþan OE
Northend ᛫ the Arctic ᛫ ADJ north+end{Suþurskautslandiþ} NE+NE or: Northem (north-hem [hem as in cloth])
Northish ᛫ Nordic ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
Northman ᛫ A Norseman ᛫ PN ~ NE
Northmannish ᛫ Norse language ᛬ Norse ᛫ PN᛬PADJ ~ NE
Northumber ᛫ Northumbria ᛫ the Northumbrians ᛫ PN Norþhymbre OEᚠ(E+C)
Northumber Rich ᛫ the Kingdom of Northumbria ᛫ PN Norþanhymbra rīce OEᚠ(E+C+C)
Northumbrish ᛫ the Northumbrian tongue ᛬ Northumbrian ᛫ PN᛬PADJ Norþhymbrisc OEᚠ(E+C+E)
Norwale ᛫ a Welshman ᛫ PN norþwalas OE
Norwales ᛫ Wales ᛫ Cambria ᛫ PN norþwalas OE or: Cymru; Camberland (calque of Cambria)
Norway ᛫ Norway ᛫ PN ~ NE
Norwelsh ᛫ Welsh language ᛬ Welsh ᛫ Cambrian ᛫ PN᛬PADJ norþwalas+ish OE+NE or: Cymraeg
nosebear ᛫ a coati ᛫ N nose+bear NE+NE Nasenbär ᛣ
nosegristle ᛫ a septum ᛫ nose cartilage ᛫ N næsgristle OE
nosehorn ᛫ a rhinoceros ᛫ N nose+horn NE+NE neushoorn, Nashorn, noashoarn ᛣ
nosely ᛫ nasal ᛬ nasally ᛫ ADJ᛬ADV ~ NE
nostle ᛫ a band or strip of material ᛫ a headband ᛫ a fillet ᛫ N nostle OE
note ᛫ benefit ᛫ usefulness ᛫ profit ᛫ advantage ᛬ to use ᛫ N nōte&nōten ME&ME
noteful ᛫ useful ᛫ beneficial ᛫ profitable ᛫ advantageous ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
notly ᛫ beneficial ᛫ useful ᛫ advantageous ᛫ ADJ nytlīc OE
nott ᛫ polled ᛫ hornless ᛫ antlerless ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
nottle ᛫ useful ᛫ advantageous ᛫ beneficial ᛫ N nyttol OE
notwithstanding ᛫ in spite of this ᛬ despite ᛫ in spite of ᛬ in spite of the fact that ᛫ ADV᛬PREP᛬CONJ ~ NE
nough ᛫ bent down ᛫ low ᛫ lowly ᛫ humble ᛫ abject ᛫ mean ᛫ poor ᛫ ADJ hnāh OE
now and then ⟨ nue and then ⟩ ᛫ occasionally ᛫ ADV ~ NE
nowend ᛫ a sailor ᛫ a mariner ᛫ N nōwend OE kin: navy
nowhither ᛫ to nowhere ᛫ ADV ~ NE
nowise ᛫ in no way or manner ᛫ ADV ~ NE
numb ᛫ taken ᛫ deprived of the power of feeling ᛫ ADJ numb NE
Nummeth ᛫ a Numidian ᛫ a Berber ᛫ an Amazigh ᛫ PN Numeþe OE or: Amazigh (endonym)
Nummethland ᛫ Numidia ᛫ PN Numeþe+land OE+NE
nuthe ᛫ just now ᛫ at present ᛫ in a moment ᛫ ADV nouthe ME
nye ᛫ to bow ᛫ V hnīgan OE
o ᛫ continually ᛫ always ᛬ aye ! ᛫ ADV᛬INT ō ME kin: aye
oad ᛫ a pyre ᛫ N ād OE
oakwern ᛫ a squirrel ᛫ N aquerne/okerne[ācwern] ME
oar ᛫ a messenger ᛫ a herald ᛫ an angel ᛫ an envoy ᛫ N ār OE kin: errand; árr (Norse); 𐌰𐌹𐍂𐌿𐍃
oast ᛫ a kiln ᛫ N ~ NE
oath ᛫ a vow ᛫ a pledge ᛫ a sworn declaration ᛫ N ~ NE
oathbreach ᛫ perjury ᛫ N ~ NE
oathbreaker ᛫ a perjurer ᛫ N ~ NE
oathom ᛫ a son-in-law ᛫ a brother-in-law ᛫ N āþum OE
oathworthy ᛫ able to be trusted under oath ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
ock ᛫ ( diminutive suffix ) ᛫ SUFFIX ~ NE
odds and ends ᛫ miscellaneous things ᛫ N ~ NE
off the mark ᛫ inaccurate ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
offal ᛫ garbage ᛫ trash ᛫ waste ᛫ internal organs which are to be discarded ᛫ N ~ NE
offarm ᛫ to pity ᛫ V ofearmian OE
offcome ᛫ an excuse ᛫ N ~ NE
offdealing ᛫ a department ᛫ a division ᛫ N off+deal+ing NE+NE+NE ôfdieling ᛣ
offgalth ᛫ a superstition ᛫ N æfgælþ OE what meaneth "gælþ"?
offhand ᛫ curt ᛫ abrupt ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
offhanded ᛫ of an ungraciously nonchalant manner ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
offhandedly ᛫ in an ungraciously nonchalant manner ᛫ ADV ~ NE
offset ᛫ a counterbalance ᛫ a compensation ᛬ to compensate for something ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
offshoot ᛫ a derivative ᛫ N ~ NE
ofold ᛫ simple ᛫ plain ᛫ onefold ᛫ single ᛫ ADJ ōfōld/afōld ME or: afold
ofoldly ᛫ simply ᛫ plainly ᛫ ADV ōfōld+ly ME+NE or: afoldly
often ᛫ frequent ᛬ frequently ᛫ ADJ᛬ADV ~ NE
oftenness ᛫ frequency ᛫ N ~ NE
oftseen ᛫ often seen ᛫ unrare ᛫ common ᛫ usual ᛫ ADJ oft+seen{seldsēn} NE+NE
oldbaken ᛫ stale ᛫ ADJ ealdbacen OE Also used this way by Dutch and German
olden ᛫ related to former times ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
oldfarrand ᛫ old-fashioned ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
oldmaidish ᛫ prim ᛫ ADJ oldmaidish NE
ole ᛫ a fire ? ᛫ N āl OE
olvend ᛫ a camel ᛫ N olfend/olvend MEᚠIᚠHᚠO
Oman ᛫ Oman ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
on the mark ᛫ accurate ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
onalike ᛫ resemblance ᛫ similarity ᛫ simile ᛫ similitude ᛬ similar ᛬ similarly ᛫ N᛬ADJ᛬ADV ongelīc OE
onalikeness ᛫ a formula ᛫ a pattern ᛫ N ongelīcness OE
onboard ᛫ in agreement ᛫ being a willing participant or supporter ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
ond ᛫ envy ᛫ N onde[anda/onda] ME
onday ᛫ an appointed day ᛫ an appointment ᛬ to appoint a day ᛫ to appoint ᛫ N᛬V āndaga&āndagian OE
ondy ᛫ envious ᛫ ADJ andig OE
one ᛫ uni- ᛫ mono- ᛫ PREFIX ~ NE
one ᛫ to unify ᛫ to make one ᛫ V onen ME
one of a kind ᛫ unique ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
onedeal ᛫ a one-piece swimsuit ᛫ N one+deal NE+NE one-piece ᛣ
onedom ᛫ unity ᛫ N one+dom NE+NE
onefold ᛫ simple ᛫ plain ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
onefoldly ᛫ simply ᛫ plainly ᛫ ADV ~ NE
onefoldness ᛫ oneness ᛫ unity ᛫ simplicity ᛫ singleness ᛫ N ānfealdnes OE
Onega Mere ᛫ Lake Onega ᛫ PN Onega+mere NEᚠO+NE
oneganger ᛫ a lone traveller ᛫ N āngenga OE
onehood ᛫ unity ᛫ singularity ᛫ accord ᛫ concord ᛫ agreement ᛫ unanimity ᛫ consensus ᛫ N ō̆nhē̆d ME
onehorn ᛫ a unicorn ᛫ N ānhorn OE
oneledge ᛫ to unite ᛫ V ānlǣcan OE
onemood ᛫ of one mind ᛫ unanimous ᛫ ADJ ānmōd OE
onemoodly ᛫ unanimously ᛫ ADV ānmōdlīce OE
onemoodness ᛫ unity ᛫ unanimity ᛫ N ānmōdnes OE
oneread ᛫ agreed ᛫ resolute ᛫ ADJ ānrǣd OE
onereadly ᛫ unanimously ᛫ resolutely ᛫ ADV ānrǣdlīce OE
onereadness ᛫ concord ᛫ constancy ᛫ agreement ᛫ N ānrǣdnes OE
onewield ⟨ oneweeld ⟩ ᛫ monarchy ᛫ N ānweald OE
onewielder ⟨ oneweelder ⟩ ᛫ a monarch ᛫ N ānwealda OE
onewye ᛫ a duel ᛫ N ānwīg OE
onfall ᛫ to attack ᛫ to assault ᛫ to fall upon ᛫ V ~ NE
onfang ᛫ to receive ᛫ V onfangen ME
onfanging ᛫ receiving ᛫ reception ᛫ acceptance ᛫ N onfangenness OE
onfast ᛫ to make fast ᛫ to fix ( as in fasten ) ᛫ V onfæstan OE
onfasten ᛫ to transfix ᛫ V onfæstnian OE
onfind ᛫ to discover ᛫ to detect ᛫ V onfindan OE
onfly ᛫ infectious disease ᛫ N onflyge OE
onflyleech ᛫ an infectious disease specialist ᛫ N onflyge+leech ME+NE
ongin ᛫ to begin ᛫ to draw near to an end ?᛫ V onginnan OE
ongoing ᛫ continuing ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
onhalse ᛫ to supplicate ᛫ implore ᛫ V onhalsien ME
oning ᛫ unification ᛫ N oning ME rhyme: running
onmarking ᛫ an inscription ᛫ N onmearcung OE
onnim ᛫ to adopt ᛫ V on+nim NE+ME PST: onnome
onsend ᛫ to transmit ᛫ to dispatch ᛫ to emit ᛫ V ~ NE
onset ᛫ an initial phase ᛫ N ~ NE
onsit ᛫ to oppress ᛫ to occupy ᛫ V onsittan OE PST: onsat
onslaught ᛫ a fierce or destructive attack ᛫ N ~ NE
onstell ᛫ to install ᛫ to establish ᛫ to found ᛫ to institute ᛫ V onstellan OE
Ontario Mere ᛫ Lake Ontario ᛫ PN Ontario+mere NEᚠO+NE
onwade ᛫ to penetrate ᛫ to enter ᛫ to invade ᛫ to wade into ᛫ V onwadan OE
onwend ᛫ to change ᛫ to exchange ᛫ to divert ᛫ to subvert ᛫ to pervert ᛫ V onwendan OE
onwreak ᛫ to take vengeance on ᛫ V onwrecan OE
onyen ᛫ facing ᛫ towards ᛫ contrary to ᛫ against the fact that ᛫ PREP onyēn [ongean] ME
onyet ᛫ to perceive ᛫ to comprehend ᛫ V onȝiten[ongietan] ME or: onget (Norse)
oom ᛫ rust ᛫ N ōm OE
oose ᛫ a god of the Germanic pantheon ᛫ N ōs OE or: ouse (French spelling of /u/)
ooze ᛫ goo ᛫ juice sap ᛫ moisture ᛫ a secretion ᛬ to slowly secrete ᛫ N᛬V ooze&wōs NE&OE TS: wooze
oozy ᛫ juicy ᛫ succulent ᛫ ADJ oozy&wōsig NE&OE TS: woozy
openarse ᛫ a medlar ᛫ N ~ NE used by Chaucer and Shakespeare
openhearted ᛫ frank ᛫ ADV ~ NE
or ᛫ proto- ᛫ PREFIX or OE
orcheap ᛫ gratis ᛫ gratuitously ᛫ without payment ᛫ ADV orcēape OEᚠ(E+I)
ord ᛫ a point ( a tip ) ᛫ a point ( the meaning or indented function of something ) ᚹ ᛫ a point ( in scoring ) ᚹ ᛫ N ord ME partial calque of "point"
ordeal ᛫ a very unpleasant or dangerous prolonged experience ᛫ N ~ NE
ordeer ᛫ a protozoan ᛫ a protozoon ᛫ N or+deer ME+NE Urtier ᛣ
ordfrom ᛫ a source ᛫ an origin ᛫ an originator ᛫ an author ᛫ N ordgrumeªruma ME&OE
ore ᛫ raw metal ᛫ mineral containing a valuable constituent ( such as metal ) ᛫ metal ᚹ ᛫ N ore&ōra NE&OE
ore ᛫ honour ᛫ a showing of favour ᛬ to honour ᛫ to show favour ᛫ N᛬V ore&āren[ār] ME
orefast ᛫ honourable ᛫ ADJ arfæst OE
oreful ᛫ venerable ᛫ ADJ ārful OE
oret ᛫ to disgrace ᛫ put to shame ᛫ V orrettan OE
oretship ᛫ infamy ᛫ disgrace ᛫ N orretscipe OE
oreworthy ᛫ venerable ᛫ ADJ ārweorþig OE
orf ᛫ cattle ᛫ N ~ NE
orgle ᛫ a pipe organ ᛫ N orgle MEᚠOEᚠI
orground ⟨ orgrund ⟩ ᛫ a primal cause ᛫ the ultimate cosmic principle ᛫ N or+ground OE+NE urgrund NEᚠᛣ
orlay ᛫ fate ᛫ destiny ᛫ N orlæg OE
orlay ᛫ strife ᛫ war ᛫ N orlege OE
ormete ᛫ without measure ᛫ limitless ᛫ boundless ᛫ too big to measure ᛫ ADJ ormete[ormǣte] OE
ormetly ᛫ excessively ᛫ immensely ᛫ ADV ormǣtlīce OE
ormetness ᛫ excess ᛫ immensity ᛫ N ormǣtness OE
ormood ᛫ hopeless ᛫ despairing ᛫ without courage ᛫ ADJ ormōd OE
ormoodness ᛫ despair ᛫ desperation ᛫ N ormōdness OE
orn ᛫ excess ( in a bad way ) ᛬ excessive ᛫ N᛬ADJ orne OE
orped ᛫ stout-hearted ᛫ bold ᛫ valiant ᛫ strong in battle ᛫ splendid excellent ᛫ ADJ orped OE
orping ᛫ respiration ᛫ N orpung OE
orsin ᛫ original sin ᛫ N or+sin ME+NE Ursünde ᛣ
orsorrow ᛫ without sorrow ᛫ carefree ᛫ ADJ orsorg OE
ort ᛫ a remnant of a meal ᛫ a remnant ᛫ N ~ NE usually found in its plural form: "orts"
orth ᛫ breath ᛬ to breathe ᛫ to pant ᛫ N orþ/oroþ&orþian OE&OE
orthank ᛫ intelligence ᛫ skill ᛫ cunning ᛬ skillful cunning ᛫ N᛬ADJ orþanc OE
ortongue ⟨ ortung ⟩ ᛫ a proto-language ᛫ N or+tongue ME+NE
ortroth ᛫ distrust ᛫ suspicion ᛫ N ortrouthe ME
ortrow ᛫ to be distrustful of ᛫ to have suspicions of ᛫ V ortrouen ME
orwold ᛫ an old-growth forest ᛫ a primaeval forest ᛫ a jungle ᛫ N or+wōld OE+ME Urwald ᛣ, oerwoud ᛣ
ost ᛫ a tree knot ᛫ N ōst OE
oster ᛫ an oyster ᛫ N ostre OEᚠI oyster was a later borrowing from French
oth ᛫ until ᛫ CONJ ōþ OE
other ᛫ second ( a second thing ) ᛬ second ( second place in a sequence ) ᛫ N᛬ADJ other&ōþer NE&OE Germanic languages used to use "other" for "second" like this
ought ᛫ persecution ᛫ N ōht OE kin: éhtan, Acht (HG)
oughten ᛫ the early morning ᛫ the period of twilight before dawn ᛫ N ūghten ME
oure ⟨ ure ⟩ ᛫ an aurochs ᛫ N oure ME
ourn ⟨ urn ⟩ ᛫ ours ᛫ PRON ouren ME optional
out ⟨ ute ⟩ ᛫ to exclude ᛫ to eject ᛫ to banish ᛫ to alienate ᛫ to expel ᛫ V geutian OE or: yout
outbear ⟨ utebear ⟩ ᛫ to support ᛫ bear out ᛫ V ~ NE
outbreathe ⟨ utebreathe ⟩ ᛫ to exhale ᛫ to expire ᛫ V ~ NE
outcast ⟨ utecast ⟩ ᛫ a pariah ᛬ ostracized ᛫ N᛬ADJ ~ NEᚠ(E+N)
outcome ⟨ utecome ⟩ ᛫ a result ᛫ N ~ NE
outdweller ⟨ utedweller ⟩ ᛫ one who lives outside a certain place ᛫ N ~ NE
outfare ⟨ utefare ⟩ ᛫ an expedition ᛫ a going out ᛫ N outfare ME
outgang ⟨ utegang ⟩ ᛫ an exit ᛫ N ~ NE
outgang ⟨ utehgang ⟩ ᛫ fugitive ᛫ transitory ᛫ ADJ ūþgenge OE
outgo ⟨ utego ⟩ ᛫ the outlay of money ( opposite of income ) ᛬ to go faster than ᛫ to go more than ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
outgoer ⟨ utegoer ⟩ ᛫ an emigrant ᛫ N ~ NE
outland ⟨ uteland ⟩ ᛫ a foreign land ᛫ N ~ NE
outlander ⟨ utelander ⟩ ᛫ a foreigner ᛫ N ~ NE
outlandish ⟨ utelandish ⟩ ᛫ foreign ᛫ bizarre and strange ᛫ unrealistic ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
outlay ⟨ utelay ⟩ ᛫ an expenditure ᛫ a payment ᛫ N ~ NE
outler ⟨ uteler ⟩ ᛫ an animal left unhoused over the winter ᛫ N ~ NE
outlook ⟨ utelook ⟩ ᛫ perspective ᛫ N ~ NE
outright ⟨ uteright ⟩ ᛫ total ᛫ clear and undisputed ᛬ completely ᛫ not by degrees or instalments ᛫ ADJ᛬ADV ~ NE
outroot ⟨ uteroot ⟩ ᛫ to root out ᛫ to eradicate ᛫ to exterminate ᛫ V ~ NE
outrooting ⟨ uterooting ⟩ ᛫ eradication ᛫ N ~ NE
outspeak ⟨ utespeak ⟩ ᛫ to pronounce ᛫ V out+speak NE+NE uitspreken ᛣ
outspeech ⟨ utespeech ⟩ ᛫ pronunciation ᛫ N out+speech NE+NE Aussprache ᛣ
outspoken ⟨ utespoken ⟩ ᛫ vocal ( as in willing to express one's ideas ) ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
outstanding ⟨ utestanding ⟩ ᛫ prominent ᛫ noticeable ᛫ excellent ᛫ unresolved ( often debtwise ) ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
outward ⟨ uteward ⟩ ᛫ external ᛫ superficial ᛬ towards the outside ADJ᛬ADV ~ NE
outwardly ⟨ utewardly ⟩ ᛫ from the outside ᛫ on the surface ᛫ superficially ᛫ ADV ~ NE
outwark ⟨ utewark ⟩ ᛫ dysentery ᛫ N ūtwærc OE
outwear ⟨ utewear ⟩ ᛫ to deplete ᛫ to exhaust ᛫ V ~ NE
outwit ⟨ uthewit ⟩ ᛫ a scholar ᛫ a scribe ᛫ a philosopher ᛫ a specialist ᛫ an expert ᛫ N ūþwita OE
outwit ⟨ uthewit ⟩ ᛫ philosophy ᛫ academia ᛫ N ūþwitlīc OE
outwitting ⟨ uthewitting ⟩ ᛫ philosophy ᛫ academia ᛫ N ūþwitigung OE
outwittly ⟨ uthewittly ⟩ ᛫ philosophical ᛫ academic ᛫ ADJ ūþwitlīc OE
outwrest ⟨ utewrest ⟩ ᛫ to extort ᛫ V ~ NE
ouzel ⟨ uzel ⟩ ᛫ a kind of blackbird ᛫ N ouzel NE
over ᛫ a margin ᛫ a coast ᛫ N ọ̄ver[ōfer] ME
overall ᛫ all around ᛬ generally ᛫ ADJ᛬ADV ~ NE
overbase ᛫ ultraviolet light ᛬ ultraviolet ᛫ N᛬ADJ over+basu NE+OE
overblow ᛫ to exaggerate ᛫ V ~ NE
overblown ᛫ exaggerated ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
overboard ᛫ excessive ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
overbrim ᛫ to overflow ᛫ V ~ NE
overbrimming ᛫ superfluous ᛫ ADJ overbrim+ing NE+NE
overcome ᛫ to prevail over ᛫ to win ᛫ to overwhelm with emotion ᛫ to overflow ᛫ to pass come or spread over ᛫ V ~ NE
overdo ᛫ to do to excess ᛫ to exaggerate ᛫ to overcook ᛫ V overdo NE
overdone ᛫ overcooked ᛫ done to excess ᛫ exaggerated ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
overdrive ᛫ hyperdrive ᛫ N ~ NE
overfare ᛫ to traverse ᛫ to pass over ᛫ V ~ NE
overfat ᛫ obese ᛫ ADJ oferfǣtt OE
overflow ᛫ excess ᛫ spillage from an overflowing ᛬ to overflow ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
overflowing ᛫ abundant ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
overfrim ᛫ bonus ᛫ N over+frim NE+ME
overgo ᛫ to exceed ᛫ to surpass ᛫ V ~ NE
overhaul ᛫ a major renovation or revision ᛫ N ~ NE
overkind ᛫ a supercategory ᛫ N over+kind NE+NE by analogy with underkind
overking ᛫ an emperor ᛫ a king of kings ᛫ N overking NE
overlay ᛫ to overcome ᛫ to defeat ᛫ to subdue ᛫ V overleien ME PTCP: overlain
overling ᛫ a superior ᛫ N ~ NE
overlink ᛫ a hyperlink ᛫ N yond+link NE+NE
overlive ᛫ to survive ( as in "to outlive" ) ᛫ V ~ NE
overlook ᛫ a viewpoint ( especially from above ) ᛫ to supervise ᛫ V ~ NE
overlord ᛫ a lord paramount ᛫ an absolute and supreme authority ᛫ N ~ NE
overly ᛫ excessively ᛫ ADV ~ NE
overman ᛫ a man in authority over others ᛫ an Übermensch ᛫ N ~ NE
overmood ᛫ overconfidence ᛫ pride ᛫ hubris ᛫ N ofermod OE
overmoodly ᛫ proudly ᛫ arrogantly ᛫ presumptuously ᛫ ADV ofermōdiglīce OE
overmoody ᛫ proud ᛫ arrogant ᛫ ADJ ofermōdig OE
overmorrow ᛫ the day after tomorrow ᛫ on the day after tomorrow ᛫ N᛬ADV ~ NE
overnim ᛫ to take by violence ᛫ violate ᛫ take away ᛫ carry off ᛫ overtake ᛫ V oferniman OE PST: overnome
override ᛫ to annul ᛫ V oferrīdan OE
oversee ᛫ to administer ᛫ to supervise ᛫ V ~ NE
overseer ᛫ a supervisor ( especially of workers ) ᛫ N ~ NE
overset ᛫ to assail ᛫ to vanquish in battle ᛫ to prevail over ᛫ to oppress ᛫ to tyrannize ᛫ V oversetten ME
oversight ᛫ an unintentional mistake ᛫ the action of overseeing something ᛫ N ~ NE
oversit ᛫ to neglect ᛫ to omit ᛫ to pass over ᛫ V oversitten ME
overspeak ᛫ to speak too much ᛫ to overstate ᛫ to exaggerate ᛫ V ~ NE
overspeech ᛫ excessive language ᛫ loquacity ᛫ exaggeration ᛫ N ofersprǣc OE
overstep ᛫ to wrongly or illegally exceed a limit ᛫ V ~ NE
oversty ᛫ to surmount ᛫ to surpass ᛫ to transcend ᛫ to surpass ᛫ V oferstīgan OE
overtake ᛫ to pass a slower object ᛫ to become greater than something else ᛫ to occur unexpectedly ᛫ V ~ NE
overtale ᛫ an odd number ᛫ N ofertæl OE DUBIOUS ENTRY
overthrow ᛫ to depose ᛫ V ~ NE
overtread ᛫ to trespass ᛫ to interlope ᛫ V ~ NE
overtreader ᛫ a trespasser ᛫ an interloper ᛫ N ~ NE
overwalt ᛫ overturn ᛫ V overwalten ME
overween ᛫ to presume ᛫ to be over confident ᛫ V overwēnen ME
overwhelm ᛫ to inundate ᛫ to have a strong emotional effect on ᛫ to defeat completely ᛫ to overpower ᛫ V ~ NE
overwin ᛫ to conquer ᛫ to subdue ᛫ to overcome ᛫ V overwin&oferwinnan NE&OE PST&PTCP: overwon
overwrit ᛫ an epistle ᛫ N oferwrit OE
overwrought ᛫ anxious ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
ovest ᛫ speed ᛫ haste ᛫ N ōfost OE -est also shows up in earnest
ovestly ᛫ hastily ᛫ speedily ᛫ ADV ōfostlīce OE
ovet ᛫ a fruit ᛫ a legume ᛫ a pulse ( a kind of legume ) ᛫ N ovet ME
owhere ᛫ anywhere ᛫ ADV ōwhēr ME rhyme: nowhere
owhither ᛫ to any place ᛫ anywhither ᛫ ADV ōwhider ME
owing to ᛫ on account of ᛫ because of ᛫ PREP ~ NE
ownname ᛫ a proper noun ᛫ N agen nama OE nomen proprium ᛣ
ownspeech ᛫ an idiom ᛫ a peculiarity of a language ᛫ N āgensprǣc OE a glossary word
oxter ᛫ armpit ᛫ N ~ NE
oxtongue ⟨ oxtung ⟩ ᛫ a Picris plant ᛫ N ~ NE
oxtongue swamb ⟨ oxtung ⟩ ᛫ a Fistulina hepatica plant ᛫ N ~ NE
pack ᛫ a package ᛫ a multitude ᛫ a collective ᛫ N ~ NE
packstightler ᛫ a package manager ᛫ N pack+stightle+er NE+ME+NE package manager ᛣ
Pakistan ᛫ Pakistan ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO or: Pakland
Palau ⟨ Palue ⟩ ᛫ Palau ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
Palestine ᛫ Palestine ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
Panama ᛫ Panama ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
panhandler ᛫ a beggar ᛫ N ~ NE
Papua New Guinea ⟨Ginny⟩ ᛫ Papua New Guinea ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
Paraguay ⟨ Paragway ⟩ ᛫ Paraguay ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
parrock ᛫ a small field ᛫ a small enclosure ᛫ N ~ NE "Park" is a kindred word which came from French
pat ᛫ apt ᛫ contrived ᛫ trite ᛫ ADJ᛬ADV ~ NE
peach ᛫ to deceive ᛫ V pǣcan OE
pease ᛫ a pea ᛫ N pēse{pease pudding} MEᚠIᚠH this word is optional, the mistaken "pea" is fine too
pen ᛫ a small enclosure ( especially for domestic animals ) ᛬ to put in a pen ᛫ N᛬V ~[penn] NE
penniless ᛫ penurious ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
pennywharver ᛫ a money-changer ᛫ N peninghwirfere OE
Perse ᛫ a Persian ᛫ PN Perse{Persēas} OE
Perseland ᛫ Iran ᛫ Persia ᛫ PN Perselone ME
Persish ᛫ Persian ᛫ PADJ Persisc OE or: Persh (shortened)
persock ᛫ a peach ᛫ N persoc[persica][μῆλον περσικόν] OEᚠIᚠH "peach" is a cognate
Peru ⟨ Peroo ⟩ ᛫ Peru ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
petersilly ᛫ parsley ᛫ N petersilige OEᚠI
pickthank ᛫ a sycophant ( especially a talebearing one ) ᛬ sycophantic ᛫ N᛬ADJ ~ NE
Pight ᛫ a Pict ᛫ PN peohtas OE
pind ᛫ to enclose ᛫ to pen ᛫ to impound ᛫ to cage ᛫ to imprison ᛫ to confine ᛫ to restrain ᛫ to limit ᛫ V pī̆nden ME
pine ᛫ to suffer a mental and physical decline especially because of a broken heart ᛫ to miss or long for ᛫ V ~ NE
pinenut ᛫ a pinecone ᛫ N pīnnote[pīnhnutu] ME
pinfold ᛫ a pound for stray animals ᛫ N ~ NE or: penfold?
pintle ᛫ a penis ᛫ N ~ NE
pitch ᛫ a tone ( of sound ) ᛫ N᛬V ~[pich] NEᚠMEᚠ? kin: prick?; pike?
pitchladder ᛫ a musical scale ᛫ N pitch+ladder NE+NE Tonleiter ᛣ, toonladder ᛣ
pith ᛫ the essence of something ᛫ a core ᛫ a gist ᛫ N ~ NE
pithy ᛫ concise and meaningful ᛫ core ᛫ central ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
pitted ᛫ having a surface marked by pits ᛫ pockmarked ᛫ alveolate ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
plaily ᛫ ludic ᛫ theatrical ᛫ ADJ pleglīc OE
plash ᛫ a pool of standing water ᛫ a marshy place ᛫ a shallow pond ᛫ N ~[plæsc] NE kin: splash?
playel ᛫ playful ᛫ sportive ᛫ jocose ᛫ ADJ plegol OE
playhouse ⟨ playhuse ⟩ ᛫ a theatre ᛫ a theater ᛫ a toy house for children to play in ᛫ N ~[pleghūs] NE
playman ᛫ an actor ᛫ N plegmann OE
playman ᛫ a player ᛫ an athlete ᛫ a wrestler ᛫ a gymnast ᛫ N plegmann OE
playstow ᛫ a gymnasium ᛫ a gym ᛫ N plegstōw OE
plaything ᛫ a toy ᛫ N plaything NE
playwright ᛫ a dramatist ᛫ N ~ NE
plee ᛫ danger ᛫ peril ᛫ risk ᛬ to endanger ᛫ to risk ᛫ N pleoh&pleon OE&OE
pleely ᛫ dangerous ᛫ perilous ᛫ hazardous ᛫ ADJ plēolīc OE
plight ᛫ risk ᛫ peril ᛫ hardship ᛫ responsibility ᛫ culpability ᛫ N᛬V plight&pliht NE&OE we have other words for "pledge"
plitch ᛫ to pull ᛫ to pluck ᛫ V plicchen ME
plodder ᛫ a robot ᛫ N ~ NE
plot ᛫ a scheme ᛫ a plan ᛫ a graphic representation ( such as a chart ) ᛫ the course of a story ᛬ to scheme ᛫ to plan ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
pluck ᛫ bird guts ᛫ guts ( as in courage nerve or persistence ) ᛫ N ~ NE
pluckharp ᛫ a harpsichord ᛫ N pluck+harp NE+NE by analogy to strikeharp
plucky ᛫ gutsy ᛫ spunky ᛫ feisty ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
poad ᛫ a coat ᛫ N pād OE
pock ᛫ a pus-filled swelling ᛫ a pit especially one formed as a scar ᛬ to scar with pits ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
pockmark ᛫ mark or scar in skin caused by a pock ᛫ crater in seafloor caused by erupting gas or liquid ᛫ N ~ NE
pockmarked ᛫ having pockmarks ᛫ pitted or scarred with holes ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
pod ᛫ a seed case for legumes ᛫ a small vehicle ᛫ a pouch ᛬ to bear pods ᛫ to swell or fill ᛫ N᛬V ~[pād]? NE
Poland ᛫ Poland ᛫ PN ~ NE
poll ᛫ a survey of opinions ᛬ to conduct a survey of opinions ᛫ N᛬V ~ NEᚠNL?
popedom ᛫ a papacy ᛫ N ~ NEᚠ(H+E)
popinjay ᛫ a parrot ᛫ N ~ NEᚠMEᚠMFᚠO an earlier, medieval name for parrot
popsaw ᛫ a chainsaw ᛫ N ~ NE found in some dialects
pore ᛫ to gaze intently ᛫ to read or study attentively ᛫ to think intently ᛫ to ponder ᛫ V ~[pouren] NE kin: spyrian?
Portingale ᛫ Portugal ᛫ PN Portingāle MEᚠI
pote ᛫ to poke ᛫ to push ᛫ to thrust ᛫ V ~ NE
potsherd ᛫ a broken piece of ceramic material ( especially one found on an archaeological site ) ᛫ N ~ NE
pough ᛫ a pouch ᛫ a poke ᛫ a sack ᛫ N poughe[pohha] ME
poughbear ᛫ a koala ᛫ N poughe+bear ME+NE use not recommended (see note)
poughbrock ᛫ a bandicoot ᛫ N poughe+brock ME+NE use not recommended (see note)
poughdeer ᛫ a marsupial ᛫ N poughe+deer ME+NE Beuteltiere ᛣ
poughmarth ᛫ a quoll ᛫ N poughe+mearþ ME+OE use not recommended (see note)
poughrat ᛫ an opossum ᛫ N poughe+rat ME+NE use not recommended (see note)
poughshuck ᛫ a tasmanian devil ᛫ N poughe+shuck ME+NE Beutelteufel ᛣ
poughwolf ᛫ a thylacine ᛫ a tasmanian tiger ᛫ a tasmanian wolf ᛫ N poughe+wolf ME+NE use not recommended (see note)
pox ᛫ a disease with purulent skin eruptions ᛫ Syphilis ᛫ a curse ( figuratively ) ᛬ to infect with pox or Syphilis ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE plural of "pock"
prat ᛫ a prank ᛫ a cunning or mischievous trick ᛬ to prank ᛫ to trick ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
preestshire ᛫ a parish ᛫ N prēostscīr OEᚠH+E
preke ᛫ an octopus ᛫ N ~ NEᚠ?
pretty ᛫ attractive ᛫ appealing ᛫ clever ᛫ tricky ᛬ quite ᛫ ADJ᛬ADV ~ NE originally meant "pratty", "tricky/clever"
pretty much ᛫ basically ᛫ ADV ~ NE
pretty up ᛫ to beautify ᛫ V ~ NE
prickle ᛫ an instrument for pricking or puncturing ᛫ a pricket ᛫ a spike ᛫ a barb ᛫ N prikel[pricels] ME
prod ᛫ to probe ᛫ N ~ NEᚠN
puck ᛫ a mischievous spirit ᛫ an imp ᛫ a goblin ᛫ a hobgoblin ᛫ a fairy ᛫ a sprite ᛫ a gnome ᛫ a brownie ᛫ a kobold ᛫ N ~ NE kin: púki (Icelandic)
puckish ᛫ mischievous ᛫ demonic ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
Puerto Rico ᛫ Puerto Rico ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠI
Punick ᛫ a Carthaginian ᛫ PN Pūnice{φοῖνιξ} OE SEE NOTE
purse ᛫ a money bag ᛫ a fiscus ( whence comes " fiscal " ) ᛫ N purse&purs ME&OE
pursy ᛫ fiscal ᛫ ADJ purse+y NE+NE
put ᛫ to emplace ᛫ to place ᛫ V ~ NE
putdown ⟨ putdune ⟩ ᛫ a demeaning remark ᛬ to demean ᛫ to put money towards ᛫ to euthanize ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
putsch ᛫ a coup d'état ᛫ N ~ NEᚠHG
Qatar ⟨ Cattar ⟩ ᛫ Qatar ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
quale ⟨ cwale ⟩ ᛫ death ᛫ a quelling ᛫ a plague ᛫ N quāl ME kin: quell
qualm ⟨ cwalm ⟩ ᛫ a scruple ᛫ N qualm[cwealm] NE
qualmish ⟨ cwalmish ⟩ ᛫ nauseated ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
qualmstow ⟨ cwalmstow ⟩ ᛫ an execution-place ᛫ N cwealmstow OE
quartern ⟨ cwartern ⟩ ᛫ a prison ᛫ a gaol ᛫ a jail ᛫ a cell ᛫ N quartern[cweartern] ME
quarternward ⟨ cwarternward ⟩ ᛫ a gaoler ᛫ a jailor ᛫ a prison warder ᛫ N cwearternweard OE
quead ⟨ cwead ⟩ ᛫ evil ᛫ wickedness ᛬ evil ᛫ wicked ᛫ N᛬ADJ quede ME
quean ⟨ cwean ⟩ ᛫ a woman ᛫ a disreputable woman ᛫ a prostitute ᛫ N ~ NE
queath ⟨ cweath ⟩ ᛫ to comment ᛫ to declare ᛫ to say ᛫ V ~ NE PTCP: queathen / cweaþen
queddle ⟨ cweddle ⟩ ᛫ talkative ᛫ ADJ cwedol OE
quell ⟨ cwell ⟩ ᛫ to kill ᛫ to snuff out ᛫ to put down ᛫ V ~ NE
queller ⟨ cweller ⟩ ᛫ a killer ᛫ an exterminator ᛫ N ~ NE
queme ⟨ cweme ⟩ ᛫ pleasure ᛫ satisfaction ᛬ to please ᛫ to satisfy ᛫ to gratify ᛬ pleasant ᛫ agreeable ᛫ comfortable ᛫ V᛬ADJ queme&quēm&quemen NE&ME&ME
quemeful ⟨ cwemeful ⟩ ᛫ pleasing ᛫ satisfying ᛫ agreeable ᛫ ADJ quēmful ME
quench ⟨ cwench ⟩ ᛫ to overcome ᛫ to subdue ᛫ to destroy ᛫ to relieve ᛫ to extinguish ᛫ to satisfy ᛫ V quench&aquenchen NE&ME
quenchcoal ⟨ cwenchcoal ⟩ ᛫ a person or thing that undermines zeal ( especially with respect to religion ) ᛫ N ~ NE
quern ⟨ cwern ⟩ ᛫ a hand mill for grinding grain ( typically consisting of two circular stones ) ᛫ N ~ NE
quetch ⟨ cwetch ⟩ ᛫ to shake ᛫ to twitch ᛫ to flinch ᛫ to vibrate ᛫ V quetch&quecchen NE&ME
quick ⟨ cwick ⟩ ᛫ conscious ᛫ alive ᛫ rapid ᛫ fast ᛫ ADJ quick&cwic NE&OE
quickbeam ⟨ cwickbeam ⟩ ᛫ the Genus Sorbus tree ( mountain ash ) ᛫ N ~ NE
quickberry ⟨ cwickberry ⟩ ᛫ a juniper berry ᛫ N cuicbēam+berry OE+NE
quicken ⟨ cwicken ⟩ ᛫ to stimulate ᛫ to give or restore life to ᛫ to animate ᛫ to speed up ᛫ V ~ NE
quickfee ⟨ cwickfee ⟩ ᛫ living property ᛫ living wealth ᛫ cattle ᛫ N cwicfeoh OE
quicklime ⟨ cwicklime ⟩ ᛫ calcium oxide ᛫ N ~ NE
quickness ⟨ cwickness ⟩ ᛫ consciousness ᛫ rapidity ᛫ N quick+ness NE+NE
quicksilver ⟨ cwicksilver ⟩ ᛫ mercury ( the metal ) ᛫ N quicksilver NE
quid ⟨ cwid ⟩ ᛫ a sentence ᛫ a statement ᛫ a term ( as in a saying ) ᛬ to utter ᛫ to state ᛫ N᛬V quide[cwide]&quidden ME&ME
quild ⟨ cwild ⟩ ᛫ a plague ᛫ a pestilence ᛫ a murrain ᛫ N cwyld/cwild OE
quillpig ⟨ cwillpig ⟩ ᛫ a porcupine ᛫ N quill pig NE
quirk ⟨ cwirk ⟩ ᛫ an idiosyncrasy ᛫ N quirk NEᚠ?
quitch ⟨ cwitch ⟩ ᛫ a Elymus repens plant ( quack grass ) ᛫ N quitch ME
quith ⟨ cwith ⟩ ᛫ a womb ᛫ a matrix ᛫ N cwiþ OE
quithe ⟨ cwithe ⟩ ᛫ to mourn ᛫ to lament ᛫ to deplore ( as in bewail ) ᛫ V cwīþan OE
quone ⟨ cwone ⟩ ᛫ to mourn ᛫ to lament ᛫ to deplore ( as in bewail ) ᛫ V cwānian OE
quotha ⟨ cwotha ⟩ ᛫ ( used to express surprise or contempt ) ᛫ INT quotha NE equal to "quoth he"
rach ᛫ a dog that hunts by scent ᛫ N racch ME
rack ᛫ a parrel ᛫ a parrel-rope ᛫ a rope for fastening the middle of a yard to the mast ᛫ N rak ME
rack ᛫ a mass of high thick fast-moving clouds ᛫ N ~[racu?] NE
rail ᛫ a garment ᛫ raiment ᛫ an outfit ᛫ clothing ᛫ a cloth ᛫ a rag ᛫ N rail[hrægl/hrægel] ME
rain ᛫ arch- ᛫ highest- ᛫ PREFIX regn OE
rain ᛫ to prepare ᛫ to arrange ᛫ to regulate ᛫ V regnian OE
rainbowgleam ᛫ iridescence ᛫ N rainbow+gleam NE+NE
Rainsbury ᛫ Regnesburg ᛫ N Regnesburh OE DUBIOUS ENTRY
rainwold ᛫ a rainforest ᛫ N rain+wold NE+ME or: rainwood, rain woodland, rainy woodland
rake ᛫ a narrative ᛫ an account ᛫ an exposition ᛫ a treatise ᛫ N race&racu ME&OE
rake ᛫ to proceed ᛫ to direct ᛫ to take a course ᛫ V rake&racian NE&OE
raked ᛫ a palace ᛫ N ræced OE
rakedly ᛫ palatine ᛫ palatial ᛫ pertaining to a palace ᛫ ADJ ræcedlic OE
rakehell ᛫ a fashionable or wealthy man of immoral or promiscuous habits ᛫ a libertine ᛫ N ~ NE
rakehelly ᛫ libertine ᛫ ADJ rakehell+y NE+NE
rakeshame ᛫ a disreputable or dissolute person ᛫ a rogue ᛫ N ~ NE
ram ᛫ a cramp ᛫ a spasm ᛫ N hramma OE kin: hrammr (Icelandic)
ram ᛫ a male sheep ᛫ N ~ NE opposite of: ewe
Ram ᛫ Aries ᛫ PN Ramm OE
ran ᛫ a whale ᛫ N hran OE or: ron (from alternative hron)
rand ᛫ a strip or border of land ᛫ a strip of meat ᛫ N rand ME
rank ᛫ overgrown ᛫ smelly ᛫ virulent ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
ranroad ᛫ the sea or ocean ( poetic ) ᛫ N hranrād OE
rare ᛫ lightly cooked ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
raring ᛫ eager ᛫ keen ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
rasen ᛫ a beam used to support the timbers of a roof ᛫ a wall plate ᛫ a raising plate ᛫ N rēsen ME
rash ᛫ overly hasty ᛫ headstrong ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
rathe ᛫ eager ᛫ prompt ᛫ rash ᛫ early ᛫ too early ᛫ ADJ rathe&rāthe&hræþ NE&ME&OE
ratheripe ᛫ precocious ᛫ rareripe ᛫ ADJ rathe-ripe NE
rathest ᛫ soonest ᛫ earliest ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
ratsbane ᛫ rat poison ᛫ N ~ NE
raw ᛫ carrion ᛬ uncooked ᛫ default ᛫ unmodified ᛫ N᛬ADJ raw&hreaw NE&OE
ray ᛫ a wild she-goat ᛫ N rǣge OE
read ᛫ a lesson ᛫ a reading ᛬ to interpret ᛫ N᛬V read&rǣdan&rǣde NE&OE&OE
reading ᛫ an interpretation ᛫ interpretation itself ᛫ a lesson ᛫ N reading&rǣding NE&OE
readingbook ᛫ a lesson book ᛫ a lectionary ᛫ N rǣdingbōc OE
ream ᛫ cream ᛫ a film or skin on the surface of milk ᛫ consecrated oil ᛫ oil ᛬ to cream forth ᛫ N᛬V ream&rēme[rēam] NE&OE
ream ᛫ to expand ( especially a hole ) ᛫ V ~[rȳman] NE
reap ᛫ to gather a crop ᛫ to harvest ᛫ to receive something as a consequence ᛫ V ~ NE
rear ᛫ to raise ᛫ to erect something ᛫ to establish ᛫ to levy ᛫ to breed animals ᛫ to raise a child ᛫ V rear&arẹ̄ren NE&ME kin: hræra (Icelandic)
reard ᛫ a voice ( whether human or animal ) ᛫ a loud vocal outburst ᛫ a cry ᛫ a roar ᛫ N rerd/reard&rērd/rearde[reord] NE&ME
reardbearer ᛫ a bearer of speech or voice ᛫ a person ᛫ N reordberend OE
rearded ᛫ voiced ( spoken with vibration of the vocal chords ) ᛫ ADJ rērd+ed ME+NE voiced ᛣ
rease ᛫ a rush ᛫ a rash action ᛫ a race (contest of speed) ᚹ ᛬ to rush ᛫ to race ᛫ N rēs[rǣs] ME "race" is Norse
rease ᛫ deliberation ᛫ N rǣs OE
reasow ᛫ to suspect ᛫ to suppose ᛫ V rǣswan OE
reasower ᛫ a counsellor ᛫ a chief ᛫ one who thinks for the public ᛫ N rǣswa OE
reasowing ᛫ supposition ᛫ conjecture ᛫ N rǣswung OE
reat ᛫ to lament or to wail in grief ᛫ V rēotan OE
reave ᛫ to plunder ᛫ to rob ᛫ to pillage ᛫ V ~ NE PTCP: reft
reaver ᛫ a robber ᛫ N ~ NE
reck ᛫ to heed ᛫ to consider ᛫ to be concerned with ᛫ V ~[recchen][reccan] NE PTCP: rought
reckful ᛫ cautious ᛫ full of attention ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
recking ᛫ concern ᛫ caution ᛫ N reck+ing NE+NE
reckless ᛫ incautious ᛫ lacking attention ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
reckon ᛫ to calculate ᛫ to suppose ᛫ to enumerate ᛫ V ~[rekenen][recenian] NE
reckoncost ᛫ a calculation method ᛫ an algorithm ᛫ N reckon+cost NE+MEᚠN Rechenverfahren ᛣ
reckoncraft ᛫ computer science ᛫ informatics ᛫ the art of computation ᛫ N reckon+craft NE+NE
reckoner ᛫ a computer ᛫ N reckon+er NE+NE
reckoning ᛫ a supposition ᛫ a calculation ᛫ an estimation ᛫ an account ( such as a bank account ) ᛫ N reckoning&rekening NE&ME
red ᛫ ( forms nouns showing a condition or a state ) ᛫ SUFFIX ~['-rēden/-rēden][-rǣden] NE found in: hatred; kindred
red ᛫ a communist ᛫ a socialist ᛬ communistic ᛫ socialistic ᛫ N᛬ADJ ~ NE
redback ᛫ a yuan ᛫ N ~ NE
redd ᛫ to save ᛫ to rescue ᛫ to free from something unpleasant such as embarrassment ᛫ V redden[hreddan] ME
rede ᛫ advice ᛫ counsel ᛫ a recommendation ᛫ a plan ᛬ to advise ᛫ to counsel ᛫ to consult ᛫ to recommend ᛫ to plan ᛫ N᛬V rede&rēd NE&ME
redebaner ᛫ one who advises murder but does not commit it ᛫ N rǣdbana OE
redeful ᛫ wise ᛫ prudent ᛫ providing good counsel ᛫ ADJ rēdful ME
redely ᛫ advisable ᛫ ADJ rǣdlīc OE
redely ᛫ promptly ᛫ expeditiously ᛫ vigorously ᛫ surely ᛫ certainly ᛫ explicitly ᛫ ADV rēdelī[rǣdlīce] ME
redesman ᛫ an adviser ᛫ a counsellor ᛫ N rēdesman[rǣdesmann] ME
redeyift ᛫ a senate ᛫ a consulate ᛫ N rǽdgift OE or: redegift (Norse influenced)
redflag ᛫ an indication that something's wrong ᛫ N ~ NE
redstart ᛫ a Phoenicurus bird ( and other kinds of birds too ) ᛫ N ~ NE
reef ᛫ robbery ᛫ N ~ NE or: reef; reif (Scottish)
reef ᛫ to roof ᛫ to cover ᛫ V gehrēfan OE kin: roof
reek ᛫ vapour ᛫ a strong bad smell ᛫ N ~[rēc] NE
reekle ᛫ incense ᛬ to cense with incense ᛫ N᛬V rēkels&rēcelsian ME&OE
reeklebuke ᛫ a bulging vessel for holding incense ᛫ N rēcelsbūc OE
reeklevat ᛫ a censer ( an ornamental container for burning incense ) ᛫ N rēcelsfæt OE
reel ᛫ a kind of spool ᛫ a spool machine ᛫ a kind of dance ᛫ a dance ᛬ to wind on a reel ᛫ to dance ᛫ N᛬V ~[rēol] NE
reet ᛫ to cheer ᛫ to gladden ᛫ to comfort ᛫ V rētan OE kin: rōt
reeth ᛫ triumph ᛫ N hrēþ OE
reethy ᛫ triumphant ᛫ exultant ᛫ ADJ hrēþig OE
reeve ᛫ a bailiff ᛫ N ~ NE
reeveship ᛫ a bailiffship ᛫ N ~ NE
reeze ᛫ to tremble ᛫ to tremble with rage ᛫ to shudder ᛫ to quake ᛫ to shake ᛫ to rattle ᛫ to clatter ᛫ V rēsen ME
reigh ᛫ a Batoidea fish ( rays ) ᛫ N reihe[reohhe] ME
rein ᛫ a reindeer ᛫ N rān ME
Reindeer Mere ᛫ Reindeer Lake ᛫ PN reindeer+mere NEᚠN+NE or: Roan Mere
reise ᛫ a journey ᛫ a military expedition ᛫ N reis MEᚠNL
rem ᛫ to hinder ᛫ to block progress ᛫ to obstruct ᛫ to cumber ᛫ V hremman OE
remming ᛫ a hindrance ᛫ an obstacle ᛫ an obstruction ᛫ N hremming OE
ren ᛫ to coagulate ᛫ V gerennan OE kin: run
rend ᛫ to tear into pieces ᛫ to wrench something violently ᛫ to cause great emotional pain to ᛫ V ~ NE
rennet ᛫ a cheeselib ( an enzyme used in making cheese ) ᛫ N ~ NE
reremuse ᛫ a bat ( as in the animal ) ᛫ N ~[rẹ̄remǒus][hrēremūs] NE "bat" is Norse
rest ᛫ relief from exertion ᛫ sleep ᛫ inactivity ᛬ to take relief from exertion ᛫ to sleep ᛫ to become inactive ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
rest on ᛫ to depend on ᛫ V ~ NE
Restday ᛫ the Hebrew Sabbath ᛫ ( by extension ) Saturday ᛫ N restendæg OE see Suneve
retch ᛫ to vomit ᛫ to puke ᛫ V ~ NE
rethe ᛫ fierce ᛫ cruel ᛫ wild ᛫ savage ᛫ ADJ rēþe ME
retheness ᛫ ferociousness ᛫ ruthlessness ᛫ mercilessness ᛫ cruelness ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
rib ᛫ a joke ᛫ N ~[rib-tickle] NE
ric ᛫ ( shows a jurisdiction dominion or rule over something ) ᛫ SUFFIX ~ NEᚠC
rice ⟨ rise ⟩ ᛫ a twig ᛫ a stick ᛫ a bobbin ᛫ a spool ᛫ N ~[hrīs] NE
rich ᛫ a dominion ᛫ a political entity ᛫ an empire ᛫ a state ᛫ a country ᛫ a nation ᛬ potent ᛫ powerful ᛫ wealthy ᛫ N᛬ADJ rich&rīche[rīce/ᚱᛁᛁᚳᚾᚫ] NEᚠC&MEᚠC or: rike (northern variant)
richen ᛫ a female magnate ᛫ N rīcen OE
richer ᛫ a magnate ᛫ N rīca OE
rick ᛫ a stack ᛫ a stook ᛫ N ~ NE
rid ᛫ to remove ᛫ to clear ᛫ V ~ NE
ridding ᛫ a removal ᛫ N ~ NE
riddle ᛫ a coarse sieve ᛬ to screen ᛫ to permeate ᛫ to fill with holes ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
ridehere ᛫ a troop of cavalry ᛫ N rídehere OE
ridge ᛫ a ridge ᛫ the back of a creature ᛫ ᛫ N ~[hrycg] NE
ridgebone ᛫ a backbone ᛫ a spine ᛫ a vertebra ᛫ N ~[riggebōn] NE
ridgedeer ᛫ a vertebrate ᛫ N ridge+deer NE+NE inspired by "hryggdýr"
rife ᛫ common ᛫ widespread ᛫ abounding ᛫ plentiful ᛫ frequent ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
riff ᛫ a uterus ᛫ a belly ᛫ N hrif OE kin: midriff
rifle ᛫ a long gun with a rifled barrel ᛫ N ~ NEᚠNL
rift ᛫ a laena ᛫ cloak ᛫ N rift ME
righ ᛫ fierce ᛫ savage ᛫ rough ᛫ furious ᛫ frenzied ᛫ stormy ᛫ tempestuous ᛫ ADJ rēh&hrēoh ME&OE
right ᛫ just ᛫ correct ᛬ just ᛫ correctly ᛫ exactly ᛫ precisely ᛫ immediately thereupon ᛫ very ᚾ ᛫ ADJ᛬ADV right&right NE&ME
right ago ᛫ just now ᛫ ADV right+ago NE+NE
righten ᛫ to rectify ᛫ V ~ NE
rightframed ᛫ rightly constituted ᛫ orthodox ᛫ ADJ rihtgefremed OE
rightful ᛫ having a legitimate right to something ᛫ legitimately claimed ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
rightfully ᛫ legitimately ᛫ ADV ~ NE
rightlaw ᛫ just law ᛫ equity ᛫ N rihtlaga OE
rightledge ᛫ to correct ᛫ to rectify ᛫ V rightlechen ME
rightly ᛫ correctly ᛫ justifiably ᛫ ADV ~ NE
rightminded ᛫ sane ᛫ decent ᛫ morally upright ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
rightwise ᛫ sanctimonious ᛫ moral ᛫ righteous ᛫ just ᛫ clockwise ᛫ ADJ righteous NE
rightwiseness ᛫ righteousness ᛫ justice ᛫ N rihtwīsness OE
rightwising ᛫ justification ᛫ N gerihtwīsung OE
rim ᛫ a border ᛫ N rim&rima NE&OE
rime ᛫ ice formed by the rapid freezing of cold water droplets of fog onto a cold surface ᛫ N ~ NE
rime ᛫ a number ᛬ to number ᛫ to count ᛫ N᛬V rime&rimen ME&ME
rime ᛫ to clear ᛫ to clear up ᛫ to clear away ᛫ to make room ᛫ to die ᛫ to depart ᛫ V rīmen[rȳman/rīman] ME
rimebook ᛫ a calendar ᛫ N gerīmbōc OE
rimecraft ᛫ arithmetic ᛫ mathematics ᛫ maths ᛫ math ᛫ N rimcræft OE
rimekeeping ᛫ accounting ᛫ N rime+keep+ing ME+NE+NE
rimer ᛫ a computer ᛫ a counter ᛫ a calculator ᛫ N rimere OE
rimple ᛫ to crease ᛫ V ~ NE
rimth ᛫ an extent ᛫ a space ᛫ a space of time ᛫ N rimth[rȳmþ] ME
rind ᛫ crust ᛫ bark ᛬ to remove the rind from ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
Rine ᛫ the Rhine river ᛫ N Rīne ME
rine ᛫ a watercourse or ditch ᛫ N ~ NE
rine ᛫ a touch ᛫ an effect ᛬ to touch ᛫ to affect ᛫ N᛬V rīnen[hrīnan] ME
rinendly ᛫ touchable ᛫ tangible ᛫ physical ᛫ ADJ rinen+endlic ME+OE
ring ᛫ a circle ᛫ a clique ᛫ a cabal ᛫ N ~ NE
ringleader ᛫ the leader of a clique or a cabal ᛫ N ~ NE
ringwidth ᛫ a diameter ᛫ N ring+width NE+NE+NE+NE
rink ᛫ a man ( especially a heroic one ) ᛫ N ~ NE
rinnel ᛫ a courier ᛫ a runner ᛫ N rynel/renel NE
ripe ᛫ mature ᛫ ready for use ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
rise ᛫ a raise ( in the sense of increase in salary ) ᛫ N ~ NE
rise ᛫ an upward movement ᛫ an increase ᛬ to go up ᛫ to ascend ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
rissle ᛫ soft fat ᛫ suet ᛫ axungia ᛫ N rysel OE
rith ᛫ a mastiff ᛫ a bloodhound ᛫ a large dog ᛫ N ryþþa OE
rithe ᛫ a small stream ᛫ N ~[riþ] NE
rive ᛫ to explode ᛫ to split up ᛫ to cleave ᛫ V ~ NE
rix ᛫ to rule ᛫ to reign ᛫ to govern ᛫ V rixan{gerec?} MEᚠC
rizzle ᛫ grease ᛫ N risel[rysel] ME
road ᛫ an arterial ᛫ a passage ᛫ an avenue ᛫ an expressway ᛫ N ~ NE
roadness ᛫ rhoticity ᛫ N road+ness NE+NE rho (Ρ) calqued as road (ᚱ)
roan ᛫ a reindeer ᛫ N hrán OE
rochet ᛫ to eructate ᛫ V rocettan OE
rodden ᛫ adorned ᛫ ADJ geroden OE past participle of unattested Old English verb
rodder ᛫ astro- ᛫ cosmo- ᛫ PREFIX rodor OE
rodder ᛫ the firmament ᛫ outer space ᛫ aether ᛫ N rodor OE literally meant "wheel"?
roddercraft ᛫ a spacecraft ᛫ a spaceship ᛫ N rodor+craft OE+NE
rodderfarer ᛫ an astronaut ᛫ a cosmonaut ᛫ N rodder+farer OE+NE
rodderling ᛫ a space alien ᛫ N rodor+ling OE+NE
rodderlore ᛫ astronomy ( the scientific field dealing with celestial objects and space ) ᛫ N rodder+lore OE+NE
rodderly ᛫ celestial ᛫ ADJ rodorlic OE
rode ᛫ a condition ( as in a precondition ) ᛫ a provision ( as in a stipulation ) ᛫ a reason ᛫ rationality ᛫ N rōde&gerād ME&OE
roke ᛫ expectoration ᛫ spittle ᛫ matter brought up when clearing the throat ᛫ N rōkinge&hrāca ME&OE
Romandy ᛫ the French-speaking part of Switzerland ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
Romania ᛫ Romania ᛫ PN ~{România} NEᚠI or: Romany
Ronding ᛫ one of the Reudigni ᛫ PN Rondingum OE
Rone ᛫ Rouen ( city in Normandy ) ᛫ N Rọ̄ne ME
rone ᛫ a rain gutter ᛫ a gutter ᚹ ᛫ N ~ NEᚠ?
roo ᛫ peace ᛫ stillness ᛫ quietness ᛫ silence ᛫ tranquillity ᛫ N rō/roo ME
rood ᛫ a cross ᛫ a crucifix ᛫ N ~ NE
roodfasten ᛫ to crucify ᛫ V rodfæstnian OE
roodhang ᛫ a crucifix ᛫ a crucifixion ᛫ N rōdehengen ME
roodwye ᛫ a crusade ᛫ N rood+wye NE+ME
roof ᛫ vigorous ᛫ strong ᛫ valiant ᛫ ADJ rof OE
rook ᛫ a cheat ᛫ a swindler ᛫ a Corvus frugilegus bird ᛫ N ~[hrōc] NE
Room ᛫ Rome ᛫ N Rōme/Room[Rōme] ME
room ᛫ space ᛫ a section of a building ᛫ N ~ NE
room ᛫ soot ᛫ N hrūm OE
Roomanish ᛫ Roman ᛫ PADJ Rōmānisc OE
Roomer ᛫ a Roman ᛫ N Rōmwaran OE
roomet ᛫ extent ᛫ space ᛫ extension ᛫ clearance ᛫ N rīmet[rȳmet] ME
roomhearted ᛫ generous ᛫ liberal hearted ᛫ ADJ rūmheort OE
roomstead ᛫ a compartment ᛫ N ~ NE
roomth ᛫ capacity ᛫ volume ᛫ N ~ NE
roomtime ᛫ spacetime ᛫ N room+time NE+NE
roomy ᛫ spacious ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
roomy ᛫ sooty ᛫ dirty ᛫ bedaubed ᛫ ADJ hrūmig OE
roop ᛫ a cry ᛬ to cry out ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
roor ᛫ potent ᛫ vigorous ᛫ stirring ᛫ ADJ rọ̄re&hrōr ME&OE rhyme: floor
root ᛫ glad ᛫ cheerful ᛫ ADJ rōt OE kin: rétan
rootfast ᛫ firmly held by the roots ᛫ securely established ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
roother ᛫ comfort ᛬ to comfort ᛫ N᛬V hrōþor OE
rop ᛫ a colon ᛫ an intestine ᛫ intestines ᛫ entrails ᛫ guts ᛫ bowels ᛫ small intestines ᛫ N rop&ropp ME&OE
rose ᛫ to explore ᛫ to journey ᛫ to adventure ᛫ V rāsian OE
roster ᛫ a list of names ᛫ a muster roll ᛫ N ~[NL rooster] NEᚠNL
rot ᛫ thick fluid ᛫ scum ᛫ mucus ᛫ N hrot OE kin: Rotz (German)
rotgut ᛫ low-quality alcoholic liquor ᛫ N ~ NE
Rothem ᛫ Rouen ( city in Normandy ) ᛫ PN Roðem OE From the Anglo Saxon Chronicle, alternative to Rone
rother ᛫ an ox ᛫ a horned animal ᛫ bovine ᛫ N ~ NE rhyme: bother
rothhound ⟨ rothhund ⟩ ᛫ a mastiff ᛫ a molossus ᛫ a large dog ᛫ N roþhund OE
row ᛫ a series ᛫ a line ᛫ a line of words ᛫ succession ᛫ N row&reue NE&ME
rower ᛫ a heron ᛫ an egret ᛫ N hrāgra OE
rown ⟨ rune ⟩ ᛫ a mystery ᛫ a secret ᛫ hidden speech ᛫ a whisper ᛫ a rune ᛬ to whisper ᛫ N᛬V rown&roun&rūn{gerȳne} NE&ME&OE or: roun
rowncraft ⟨ runecraft ⟩ ᛫ arcane knowledge or arts ᛫ N rūncræftige OE
rowncrafty ⟨ runecrafty ⟩ ᛫ learned in arcane knowledge or arts ᛫ ADJ rūncræftige OE
rownish⟨ runish ⟩ ᛫ runic ᛫ ADJ rown+ish NE+NE
rownlore ⟨ runelore ⟩ ᛫ runology ᛫ N rown+lore NE+NE
rownshat ⟨ runeshat ⟩ ᛫ a unit of cryptocurrency ᛫ cryptocurrency ᛫ N rown+shat NE+ME
rownstaff ⟨ runestaff ⟩ ᛫ a rune ( a runic character ) ᛫ N rūnstæf OE
rowny ⟨ runey ⟩ ᛫ mystical ᛫ mysterious ᛫ ADJ rūnlīc OE
rud ᛫ redness ᛫ blush ᛫ the Tagetes plant ( marigold ) ᛬ to redden ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
ruddle ᛫ red ochre ᛬ to mark with red ochre ᛫ to raddle or twist ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE or: reddle
ruddock ᛫ the Erithacus rubecula bird ᛫ N ~ NE
rue ⟨ rew ⟩ ᛫ regret ᛫ remorse ᛬ to regret ᛫ to be penitent ᛫ N᛬V ~[reuen][hrēow] NE kin: ruth
ruechary ⟨ rewchary ⟩ ᛫ troubled ᛫ anxious ᛫ sorrowful ᛫ ADJ hrēowcearig OE
run in ᛫ a disagreement or conflict ( especially with an established authority ) ᛫ N run-in NE
runaway ᛫ an estray ᛬ unchecked ᛫ rampant ᛫ fugitive ᛫ N᛬ADJ ~ NE
rune ⟨ rune ⟩ ᛫ crypto- ᛫ PREFIX rown NE
rung ᛫ a foot bar on a ladder ᛫ a level in a hierarchy ᛫ a rank ᛫ degree ᚹ ᛫ grade ᚹ ᛫ N ~ NE
runnel ᛫ a rivulet ᛫ a rill ᛫ a gutter ᛫ N runnel NE
runthrough ᛫ a rehearsal ᛫ a brief outline or summary ᛫ N runthrough NE
rus ᛫ the crust or surface of the Earth ᛫ the ground ᛫ N hruse OE kin: crusta (Latin)?
rush ᛫ a Juncus plant ᛫ N ~[risc/rysc] NE
Russ ᛫ a Russian ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
Russland ᛫ Russia ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO or: Russy; Muscovy
ruth ᛫ pity ᛫ sympathy ᛫ mercy ᛫ remorse regret ᛫ N ~[reuth] NE kin: rue
ruthful ᛫ merciful ᛫ compassionate ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
ruthless ᛫ remorseless ᛫ cruel ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
Rwanda ᛫ Rwanda ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
sackful ᛫ contentious ᛫ quarrelsome ᛫ ADJ sacfull OE
sackless ᛫ innocent ᛫ blameless ᛫ guiltless ᛫ free of legal charge ᛫ ADJ ~ NE kin: sake
sake ᛫ one's behalf ᛫ a lawsuit ᛫ contention ᛫ a lawsuit ᛬ to contend ᛫ to sue ᛫ to brawl ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE PTCP: saken
salework ᛫ goods made for general use ( as opposed to goods made to order ) ᛫ N ~ NEᚠ(N+E)
sall ᛫ the main hall of a palace castle or mansion ᛫ N sæl{sale} OE
sallow ᛫ a pale yellow colour ᛫ a pale brown colour ᛫ a Salix plant ( pussy willow ) ᛫ a Xanthia insect ᛬ sallow in colour ᛫ N᛬ADJ ~ NE
salve ᛫ an ointment balm cream or paste used for medicinal reasons ᛫ N ~ NE
sam ᛫ half- ᛫ semi- ᛫ PREFIX sam OE
samblind ᛫ half-blind ᛫ dim-sighted ᛫ ADJ sandblind NE
samborn ᛫ half-born ᛫ aborted ᛫ ADJ samboren OE
sameblooded ᛫ consanguineous ᛫ ADJ sameblooded NE
samebloodedness ᛫ consanguinity ᛫ N samebloodedness NE
samed ᛫ simultaneously ᛫ together ᛬ together with ᛫ ADV᛬PREP sā̆mod[samed/samod/somed] ME
samedsithe ᛫ to accompany ᛫ to travel together ᛫ V samodsiþian OE
samedsweyer ᛫ a consonant ᛫ N samodswegende OE
sameness ᛫ identicalness ᛫ similarity ᛫ N ~ NE
samewist ᛫ cohabitation ᛫ N samwist OE
sammen ᛫ together ᛫ ADV sammen ME
sammen ᛫ to assemble ᛫ to coagulate ᛫ V samnen[samnian/somnian] ME
sammener ᛫ a collector ᛫ a gatherer ᛫ N samnere OE
samming ᛫ an assembly ᛫ a council ᛫ N samnung OE
Samoa ᛫ Samoa ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
samsodden ᛫ half-cooked ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
samwaxen ᛫ half grown ᛫ ADJ sāmweaxen OE
samwhole ᛫ not whole ᛫ in poor health ᛫ ADJ samhal OE
samwise ᛫ half-wise ᛫ foolish ᛫ simple ᛫ ADJ sāmwīs OE
samyoung ᛫ an adolescent ᛬ adolescent ᛫ N᛬ADJ samgeong OE
San Marino ᛫ San Marino ᛫ PN ~ NE
sandglass ᛫ an hourglass ᛫ N ~ NE
Sardin ᛫ a Sardinian ᛫ PN Sardinie OE
sare ᛫ an artifice ᛫ a machination ᛫ a machine ᛫ a device ᛫ an engine ᛬ to act with artifice ᛫ to engineer ᚹ ᛫ N᛬V searu&searwian OE&OE
sarecraft ᛫ stratagem ᛫ machination ᛫ engineering ᚹ ᛫ N searucræft OE
sarecrafty ᛫ wily ᛫ cunning ᛫ ADJ searucræftig OE
saregun ᛫ a machinegun ᛫ N searu+gun OE+NEᚠN machinegun ᛣ
sarely ᛫ ingenious ᛫ artful ᛫ ADJ searulīc OE
sareman ᛫ one who makes machines , engines , or machinations ᛫ an engineer ᛫ N searu+man OE+NE
sarenet ᛫ a net of guile ᛫ a snare ᛫ N searunet OE
sarethank ᛫ a cunning thought device artifice or wile ᛫ N searuþanc OE
sarethankle ᛫ cunning ᛫ sagacious ᛫ shrewd ᛫ ADJ searuþancol OE
sarewrench ᛫ a crafty trick ᛫ N searuwrenc OE
sark ᛫ a shirt ᛫ N ~[serc] NE
Sarmondish ᛫ Sarmatian language ᛬ Sarmatian ᛫ PN᛬PADJ Sarmondisc OE
Sarmondland ᛫ Sarmatia ᛫ PN Sarmondisc+land OE+NE
sate ᛫ to become sated ᛫ to satisfy ᛫ to satiate ᛫ V sate&saden&sadian NE&ME&OE
Saturnight ᛫ the night following Saturday's dusk ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠ(I+E)
Saudi Araby ᛫ Saudi Arabia ᛫ PN Saudi+Arabī NEᚠO+MEᚠO
saught ᛫ reconciliation ᛬ to be reconciled ᛫ to reconcile ᛫ to make peace ᛫ N᛬V saught&saughten[seaht] ME&ME
saw ᛫ a narrative ᛫ a saga ᛫ a story ᛫ a saying ᛫ a maxim ᛫ a proverb ᛫ a notion ᚹ ᛫ N saw&sau[sagu/saga] NE&ME see note
sawbones ᛫ a surgeon ᛫ N ~ NE
sawyer ᛫ a person who saws timber for a living ᛫ a lumberjack ᛫ N ~ NE
sax ᛫ a kind of short sword ᛫ a knife ᛫ a cutting tool ᛫ N sex/sax ME
Sax ᛫ a Saxon ᛫ PN Seaxe OE PL: Saxes; Saxen (older form)
Saxish ᛫ Saxon language ᛬ of the Saxons ᛫ N᛬ADJ ~[Seaxisc] ME
scalp ᛫ a crown ( the top of a head ) ᛫ N ~ NEᚠN
scathe ᛫ to injure ᛫ V ~ NE see: shathe
scatheful ᛫ causing harm or mischief ᛫ injurious ᛫ destructive ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
scathefulness ᛫ injuriousness ᛫ destructiveness ᛫ N ~ NE
scathel ᛫ hurt ᛫ injury ᛬ harmful ᛫ noxious ᛫ injurious ᛫ mischievous ᛫ N᛬ADJ ~ NE
scathing ᛫ harshly or bitterly critical ᛫ harmful or painful ᛫ acerbic ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
scatterling ᛫ a vagabond ᛫ N ~ NE
scherm ᛫ a screen ᛫ N scherm NL
schollman ᛫ a student ᛫ a scholar ᚾ ᛫ N scolmann OE
Sclave ᛫ a Slav ᛫ PN Sclā̆ve MEᚠI "Slav" was a reborrowing?
score ᛫ the number of points goals runs etc achieved in a game ᛫ a set of twenty ᛬ to gain a point ᛫ N᛬V ~ NEᚠN
Scotland ᛫ Scotland ᛫ PN ~ NE
scrawny ᛫ thin malnourished and weak ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
screed ᛫ a long speech or piece of writing ( typically regarded as tedious ) ᛫ N ~ NE
scurf ᛫ flakes on the surface of the skin that form as fresh skin develops below ᛫ N ~ NE
seaborough ᛫ a seaside settlement ᛫ N sǣburh OE
seacow ⟨ seacue ⟩ ᛫ a manatee ᛫ a dugong ᛫ a Sirenia mammal ᛫ N sea cow NE
seadeer ᛫ a sea creature ᛫ N sǣdēor OE
seadevil ᛫ a manta ray ᛫ N ~ NE
seaelfen ᛫ a sea nymph ᛫ N sǣælfen OE
seafareld ᛫ a sea passage ᛫ N sǣfæreld OE
seafarth ᛫ the sea shore ( poetic ) ᛫ N sǣfaroþ OE
seafear ᛫ thalassophobia ᛫ N sear+fear NE
seaganger ᛫ a mariner ᛫ a vessel ᛫ N sǣgenga OE
seagreen ᛫ a blueish green colour ᛫ of a blueish green colour ᛫ N sea-green NE
seahaven ᛫ a seaport ᛫ a town or city with a harbour for seagoing ships ᛫ N sea+haven NE+NE zeehaven ᛣ
seahawk ᛫ the Pandion haliaetus bird ( osprey ) ᛫ N ~ NE
seahengest ᛫ a hippopotamus ᛫ N sǣhengest OE literally sea-horse
seahund ᛫ a dogfish ᛫ a shark of the small bottom-dwelling variety ᛫ N ~ NE
sealeeth ᛫ a sea shanty ᛫ N sǣlēoþ OE
sealithing ᛫ seafaring ᛫ ADJ sǣlīþende OE
sealore ᛫ oceanography ᛫ N ~ NE
sealth ᛫ happiness ᛫ fortune ᛫ prosperity ᛫ N sē̆lth[sǣlþ] ME
sealy ᛫ marine ᛫ thalassic ᛫ oceanic ᛫ ADJ sǣlīc OE
seamanship ᛫ skill of sailing ᛫ N ~ NE
seamy ᛫ sordid ᛫ disreputable ᛫ distasteful ᛫ ignoble ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
seanettle ᛫ the jellyfish ᛫ N sea nettle NE
sear ᛫ to burn ᛫ to scorch ᛫ to wither ᛫ to dry up ᛫ to mark permanently ᛫ V ~ NE
seareaver ᛫ a pirate ᛫ N ~ NE
seaswine ᛫ the porpoise ᛫ N ~ NE
seath ᛫ a pit ᛫ a hole ᛫ N seaþ OE
seawarth ᛫ the sea shore ᛫ N sǣwaroþ OE
seawight ᛫ a sea creature ᛫ N sǣwiht OE
sedge ᛫ a man ᛫ N segge[secg] ME
sedge ᛫ a Cyperaceae plant ᛫ N ~ NE
see ᛫ a pupil ( of the eye ) ᛫ N sēo OE
seech ᛫ to seek ᛫ to search ᛫ V sēchen{beseech} ME
seed ᛫ a purse ᛫ a money-bag ᛫ a coin-purse ᛫ a wallet ᛫ N seode&sēod ME&OE
seed ᛫ semen ᛫ sperm ᛫ one's descendants ᛫ N ~ NE
seedly ᛫ seminal ᛫ ADJ sǣdlīc OE
seedtime ᛫ the time to sow seeds ᛫ a time for new development ᛫ N ~ NE
seedy ᛫ sleazy ᛫ untidy ᛫ full of seeds ᛫ infirm ᛫ suffering from a hangover ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
seek ᛫ to search ᛫ V ~ NE
seeksorrow ᛫ a masochist ᛫ N ~ NE
seel ᛫ happiness ᛫ prosperity ᛫ a proper time ᛫ a good occasion ᛫ an opportunity ᛫ N sēle[sǣl] ME
seem ᛫ to bring to an agreement ᛫ to reconcile ᛫ V sēmen ME
seem ᛫ to burden ᛫ to put a load on ᛫ V sēmen[sēman/sīman] ME
seem ᛫ to lie ᛫ to remain ᛫ to suspend ᛫ to hang ᛫ to hover ᛫ V seomian OE
seeming ᛫ apparent ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
seemingly ᛫ apparently ᛫ decorously ᛫ ADV ~ NE
seendly ᛫ visible ᛫ ADJ see+end+ly NE+ME+NE
seer ᛫ a person who sees something specified ᛫ a prophet ᛫ N ~ NE
seethe ᛫ to boil ᛫ V ~ NE
seethe ᛫ to declare true ᛫ to affirm ᛫ to attest ᛫ to testify ᛫ V sēþan OE
seether ᛫ a boiler ᛫ N seethe+er NE+NE
seething ᛫ an attestation ᛫ an affirmation ᛫ a proof ᛫ N sēþan+ing OE+NE
seethrough ᛫ transparent ᛫ translucent ᛫ ADJ seethrough NE
seeve out ⟨ ute ⟩ ᛫ to remove unwanted items ᛫ V ~ NE
selcouth ⟨ selcuthe ⟩ ᛫ strange ᛫ unusual ᛫ peculiar ᛫ marvellous ᛫ miraculous ᛫ preternatural ᛫ ADJ selcouth&selcūþ NE&OE
seld ᛫ rare ᛫ infrequent ᛬ infrequently ᛫ rarely ᛫ ADJ᛬ADV selde ME
seld ᛫ rare- ᛫ PREFIX seld OE
seld ᛫ a chair ᛫ a seat ᛫ a throne ᛫ N selde[seld] ME
seldom ᛫ infrequently ᛫ rarely ᛫ ADV ~ NE
seldomly ᛫ rarely ᛫ ADV ~ NE
seldomness ᛫ rareness ᛫ rarity ᛫ uncommonness ᛫ N ~ NE
seldseen ᛫ rarely seen ᛫ rare ᛫ uncommon ᛫ unusual ᛫ ADJ seldsēn ME
sele ᛫ a large room ᛫ a hall ᛫ a large room for things like banquets ᛫ N sele[sele] ME Finnish "sali" and OE rune poem used to reconstruct definition
selfeater ᛫ a cannibal ᛫ N selfǣta OE
selfly ᛫ personal ᛫ voluntary ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
selfpitch ᛫ autotune ᛬ to autotune ᛫ N᛬V self+pitch{autotune} NE+NE Autotune ᛣ
selfquell ⟨ selfcwell ⟩ ᛫ suicide ᛫ N selfcwala OE
selfqueller ⟨ selfcweller ⟩ ᛫ a suicide ( one who has killed oneself ) ᛫ N selfcwala OE or: selfslayer; selfkiller
selfsame ᛫ identical ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
selfshrithe ᛫ to automatically act or move ᛫ to motivate oneself ᛫ V self+shrithe NE+ME
selfshrithing ᛫ automatic ᛫ ADJ self+shrithe+ing NE+ME+NE
selfstanding ᛫ independent ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
selk ᛫ to become sluggish ᛫ V āseolcan OE
sellsword ᛫ mercenary ᛫ N ~ NE
selly ᛫ a marvel ᛫ a wonder ᛬ wonderful ᛫ admirable ᛫ N᛬ADJ ~ NE
semp ᛫ mustard ᛫ N senep MEᚠOEᚠÞᚠIᚠH
sen ᛫ very- ᛫ ever- ᛫ PREFIX sin OE lives on in sengreen
sench ᛫ to sink ᛫ to drown ( transitive ) ᛫ V senchen[sencan] ME
Senegal ⟨ Sennegal ⟩ ᛫ Senegal ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
sengreen ᛫ the houseleek ᛫ N ~ NE
sennight ᛫ a week ᛫ N ~ NE from "seven nights" in Old English
senshalk ᛫ seneschal ᛫ N sen+shalk ME+ME
Serbia ᛫ Serbia ᛫ PN ~{Srbija} NEᚠO
Serching ᛫ a Saracen ᛫ PN Sercingum OE
sere ᛫ dry ᛫ withered ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
Sering ᛫ a Chinese person ? ᛫ PN Seringum OEᚠIᚠH of note: Σῆρες; Serica
set ᛫ a group ᛬ to place ᛫ to be located ᛫ to install ᛫ N᛬V ~{isetten} NE
setback ᛫ a regression ᛫ N ~ NE
setdeal ᛫ a set piece ᛫ N set+deal NE+NE
setness ᛫ a constitution ᛫ a statute ᛫ an ordinance ᛫ N setnes ME
settingtoken ᛫ an accidental ( in music ) ᛫ N setting+token NE+NE Versetzungszeichen ᛣ
settle ᛫ to solve ᛫ to come to rest ᛫ to colonize ᛫ to end a dispute or question ᛫ to resolve ᛫ V ~ NE
settler ᛫ a colonist ᛫ N ~ NE
settlings ᛫ sediment ᛫ dregs ᛫ N ~ NE
Sevan Mere ᛫ Sevan Lake ᛫ PN Sevan+mere NEᚠO+NE
seve ᛫ a sense ( like taste and sight ) ᛫ N sefa/seofa OE kin: "savour"
sevenleaf ᛫ a septfoil ᛫ N seofonlēafe OE
SevenSisters ᛫ the Pleiades ᛫ N ~ NE
seventhheaven ᛫ a state of great joy and satisfaction ᛫ N ~ NE
sew ᛫ juice ᛫ moisture ᛫ humour ( the bodily fluids ) ᛫ N sewe&seaw ME&OE
Seychelles ⟨ Seyshelles ⟩ ᛫ the Seychelles ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
shab ᛫ a scab ᛫ scabies ᛫ mange ᛫ N shab ME
shade ᛫ a ghost ᛫ a spectre ᛫ a phantom ᛫ rephaite ᛫ N ~ NE
shaft ᛫ ( element suffix ) ᛫ SUFFIX shaft[gesceaft] ME
shaft ᛫ a creation ᛫ a creature ᛫ an element ᛫ N shaft/ishaft&gesceaft ME&OE
shaftlore ᛫ chemistry ( the study , not the mechanics) ᛫ N shaft+craft ME+NE
shake ᛫ to quiver ᛫ to vibrate ᛫ to convulse ᛫ V ~ NE
shaky ᛫ trembling ᛫ unstable ᛫ precarious ᛫ unreliable ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
shale ᛫ a pod ᛫ a husk ᛫ a dish ᛫ a platter ᛫ a scale ( like of a fish )᛫ a weighing scale ᛫ N shale&shale&scealu NE&ME&OE
shalk ᛫ an adult male human ᛫ a person ? ᛫ N shalk[scealc] ME
shallow ᛫ superficial ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
shalyanteater ᛫ a pangolin ᛫ N scaly anteater NE
sham ᛫ a fabrication ᛫ a counterfeit ᛬ fabricated ᛫ counterfeit ᛫ N᛬ADJ ~[shame?] NE
shamefast ᛫ shamefaced ᛫ ADJ ~ NE error reversed
shand ᛫ a shame ᛫ a disgrace ᛫ infamy ᛫ ignominy ᛫ a scandal ᛫ N shand&scand NE&OE
shandly ᛫ disgraceful ᛫ infamous ᛫ shameful ᛫ scandalous ᛫ ADJ shandly&scandlīc NE&OE
shank ᛫ a leg ᛫ N shank[scanca] NE
shapewhile ᛫ a destined time ᛫ N gescæphwīl OE
shareholder ᛫ one who owns shares in a corporation ᛫ N ~ NE
sharn ᛫ dung ᛫ manure ᛫ N sharn[scearn] ME
sharper ᛫ a swindler ( especially in card games ) ᛫ N ~ NE
sharpshooter ᛫ a sniper ᛫ N ~ NE HG Scharfschütze ᛣ
shat ᛫ a coin ᛫ money ᛫ currency ᛫ N shat/schat&sceatt ME&OE
shathe ᛫ a malefactor ᛫ harm ᛫ injury ᛬ to injure ᛫ to harm ᛫ to scathe ᛫ V shāthe&shāthien[sceaþian] ME&ME see: scathe
shatty ᛫ cute ᛫ ADJ shat+y ME+NE schattig ᛣ
shaw ᛫ a grove ᛫ a copse ᛫ a thicket ᛫ N shaw&shau[sceaga] NE&ME
sheaf ᛫ a bundle of objects of one kind ( especially paper ) ᛬ to bundle into sheaves ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
shears ᛫ scissors ᛫ N ~ NE
shearsax ᛫ a razor ᛫ N scearseax OE
shearwater ᛫ a Procellariidae bird ᛫ N ~ NE
sheath ᛫ a scabbard ᛫ N ~ NE
sheathe ᛫ to put a weapon back into its sheath ᛫ to encase something in protective covering ᛫ V ~ NE
shed ᛫ a distinction ᛫ a difference a dividing line ᛫ a division ᛫ the parting in one's head hair ᛬ to divide ᛫ to separate ᛫ N᛬V ~[shēd][sceada] NE found in "watershed"
sheddy ᛫ distinctive ᛫ ADJ shed+y NE+NE
Shedland ᛫ Scania ᛫ Scandinavia ᚹ ᛫ N Scedeland OE
shedlore ᛫ chemistry ᛫ N shed+lore NE+NE based on Dutch purism invented by Simon Stevin
shedmaking ᛫ differentiation ᛫ discrimination ᛫ N shed+make+ing NE+NE+NE inspired by: lovemaking
shedwise ᛫ discerning ᛫ ADJ gescēadwīs OE
shedwiseness ᛫ discretion ᛫ N scādwīsnesse[gescēadwīsnes] ME
shee ᛫ to happen ᛫ to occur ᛫ V sēn&scēon ME&OE
shee ᛫ to quickly fly or run off ᛫ to die ( poetic ) ᛫ V scēon OE
sheed ᛫ discretion ᛫ reason ᛫ reasonableness ᛫ an ability to differentiate ᛫ N ishēd[gescēad] ME
sheen ᛫ to fragment ᛫ to crack open an oyster ᛫ N shēnen[scǣnan] ME
sheen ᛫ an attractive gleam ᛬ to shine ᛫ to gleam ᛬ beautiful ᛫ attractive ᛫ radiant ᛫ shiny ᛫ N᛬V᛬ADJ ~[scīene] NE
sheepflesh ᛫ mutton ᛫ N ~ NE
sheepish ᛫ meek ᛫ timid ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
sheeply ᛫ ovine ᛫ ADJ scēaplic OE
sheer ᛫ pure ᛫ unadulterated ᛫ pristine ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
Sheer Thursday ᛫ Maundy Thursday ᛫ PN Sheer Thursday NE or: Sheer Thunderday
sheerly ᛫ purely ᛫ ADV ~ NE
sheerness ᛫ purity ᛫ N sheer+ness NE+NE
sheet ᛫ a broad thin piece of material ᛫ N ~{scēat} NE
sheld ᛫ variegated ᛫ ADJ sheld ME
sheldgoose ᛫ a Centrornis bird ᛫ a Chloephaga bird ᛫ N ~ NE
shelduck ᛫ any Tadorna bird ᛫ N ~ NE
shellen ᛫ testicles ᛫ N sceallan OE plural only
shellpad ᛫ a turtle ᛫ a tortoise ᛫ N ~ NE
shelve ᛫ to quiver ᛫ V scelfan OE kin: skjálfa (Icelandic)
shelve ᛫ to put something on a shelf ᛫ to put a project on hold indefinitely ᛫ to postpone indefinitely ᛫ V ~ NE
shench ᛫ the leg ᛫ N shench ME
shench ᛫ a drink ᛫ a draught ᛫ a cup ᛬ Aquarius ᛫ N᛬PN shenche[scenc] ME
shench ᛫ a drink ᛬ to pour ᛫ to serve a drink ᛫ V shenche&shenchen ME&ME
shend ᛫ to embarrass ᛫ to besmirch ᛫ to shame ᛫ V shend&shenden[scendan] NE&ME PTCP: shent
shepherd ᛫ a sheep herder ᛫ a pastor ᛬ to tend sheep ᛫ to give guidance ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
shepherd leeth ᛫ an eclogue ( a poem about life as a shepherd free from the complexity and corruption of city life ) ᛫ N shepherd+lēth NE+ME
shepherdly ᛫ pastoral ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
sheriff ᛫ an official of a shire ᛫ an elected officer responsible for keeping peace in a county ᛫ N ~ NE
sheriffdom ᛫ the office and domain of a sheriff ᛫ a shrievalty ᛫ N ~ NE
shide ᛫ a piece of hewn timber ᛫ a plank ᛫ a small fragment of wood ᛫ a splinter ᛫ a chip ᛫ N shīd ME
shieldend ⟨ sheeldend ⟩ ᛫ a protector ᛫ a guardian ᛫ a defender ᛫ N scildend OE
shieldtrum ⟨ sheeldtrum ⟩ ᛫ a compact body of troops forming a battle array shield wall or phalanx ᛫ N schiltron NE literally: shield troop
shifty ᛫ evasive ( in a dishonest way ) ᛫ dishonest ᛫ unreliable ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
shild ᛫ debt ᛫ fault ᛫ N shild ME
shildy ᛫ guilty ᛫ at fault ᛫ in debt ᛫ ADJ shildī ME
shildy SUFFIX ᛫ ( denotes guilt ) ᛫ ADJ scyldig OE example: godscyldig (godshildy) means "guilty against God"
shill ᛫ to sound loudly ᛫ to resound ᛬ loud ᛫ resounding ᛫ shrill ᛫ audible ᛫ melodious ᛫ V shillen[scillan]&shil[scill] ME&ME
shilling ᛫ the standard unit in a system of currency ( a pound , a dollar , a solidus , a shekel , etc ) ᚹ N shilling&scilling NE&OE SEE NOTE
shillyshally ᛫ to fail to act resolutely or decisively ᛫ V shillyshally NE
shinbarrow ᛫ a greave ᛫ N shin+beorg{halsbeorg} NE+OE
shinbone ᛫ tibiae ᛫ N ~ NE
shine ᛫ a specter ᛫ a phantom ᛫ N scīn{scinna} OE DUBIOUS ENTRY
shinecraft ᛫ the art of show magic ?᛫ N scīncræft OE
shinecrafter ᛫ a show magician ?᛫ N scīncræftiga OE
shinedwale ᛫ a delusion or illusion made by magic ᛫ N scīngedwola OE
shinelock ᛫ magic ᛫ sorcery ᛫ fantasy ᛫ delusion superstition ᛫ a spectre ᛫ a phantom ᛫ an apparition ᛫ N scīnlāc OE
shinelocker ᛫ a magician ᛫ a sorcerer ᛫ a mage ᛫ N scīnlǣca OE
shinely ᛫ phantasmal ᛫ spectral ᛫ ADJ scīnlīc OE
ship ᛫ a condition ᛫ a position ( such as clerk ) ᛫ a stipend ᛫ N shipe[scipe] ME
shipbreach ᛫ a shipwreck ᛫ N shipbreche ME
shipferd ᛫ a naval force ᛫ N scipfird OE
shiphere ᛫ a navy ᛫ N sciphere OE
shiplord ᛫ a captain of a ship ᛫ N sciphlāford OE
shiply ᛫ naval ᛫ ADJ sciplīc OE
shipman ᛫ a sailor ᛫ a seaman ᛫ N shipman ME
shipper ᛫ a sailor ᛫ a mariner ᛫ N ~ NE
shippon ᛫ a cattle shed ᛫ N ~[scypen] NE TS: shippen
shipshape ᛫ in good order ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
shipwright ᛫ a builder of ships ᛫ N ~ NE
shire ᛫ a county ᛫ a prefecture ᛫ a region ᛫ a district ᛫ a province ᛫ N shire&shīre[scir] NE&ME
shit ᛫ excrement ᛫ faeces ᛫ poop ᛫ crap ᛬ to excrete ᛫ to defecate ᛫ to poop ᛫ to crap ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE or: shite
Shith ᛫ a Scythian ᛫ an Ossetian ᛫ PN Sciþþeas OE
Shithish ᛫ Scythian language ( Ossetian language by extention ) ᛬ Scythian ( Ossetian by extention ) ᛫ PN᛬PADJ Sciþþisc OE
shive ᛫ a slice ᛫ a disk ᚹ ᛫ N ~ NE cognate with Dutch "schijf" which they widened to mean a disk
shivel ᛫ a woman's headscarf ᛫ N scyfel OE
shiver ᛫ to tremble ( especially from cold ) ᛫ V ~ NE
shoal ᛫ an area of shallow water ᛬ shallow ᛫ N᛬ADJ ~ NE
shoal ᛫ a sandbar ᛫ a large group ᛬ to shallow ᛫ to school (as in fish) ᛬ shallow ᛫ N᛬V᛬ADJ ~[scolu] NE kin: school
shock ᛫ a jolt ᛬ to jolt ᛫ N᛬V ~ NEᚠIᚠ?
shoemaker ᛫ a cobbler ᛫ N ~ NE
shoestring ᛫ a shoelace ᛫ N ~ NE
Shooter ᛫ Sagittarius ᛫ PN shēter[scytta] ME
shootingstar ᛫ a meteor ᛫ N shooting star NE
shop ᛫ a poet ᛫ N scop ME
shoppy ᛫ poetic ᛫ figurative ᚹ ᛫ ADJ scoplic OE
shopsteward ᛫ a union representative ᛫ N shop steward NE
shore ᛫ coast ᛫ N ~ NE
shorelark ᛫ the Eremophila alpestris bird ᛫ N ~ NE or: hornedlark
shortrifle ᛫ carbine ᛫ N short+rifle NE+NEᚠNL
shortsweetening ᛫ sugar ᛫ N ~ NE South & Midland US
shot ᛫ a tax ᛫ N shot[scot] ME
shotfree ᛫ free of tax ᛫ ADJ scotfree NE
shotgun ᛫ a smooth-bore close-range gun ᛫ N ~ NE
shove ᛫ a push ᛬ to push ᛫ V ~ NE
show up ᛫ to appear ( often when not expected or when in doubt ) ᛫ V ~ NE
shower ᛫ one who shows ᛫ a revealer ᛫ a guide ᛫ N sheuer[scēawere] ME
showman ᛫ a performer ᛫ N ~ NE
showmanship ᛫ skill of performing ᛫ N ~ NE
shrave ᛫ a cormorant ? ᛫ N scræf OE rhyme: have
shrave ᛫ a cave ᛫ a cavern ᛫ a den ᛫ N shraf&scræf ME&OE
shree ᛫ to cry out ᛫ to shriek ᛫ V scrēon OE
shrench ᛫ to make shrivel ᛫ to make shrink ᛫ V shrenchen[gescrencan] ME causative of "shrink"
shrench ᛫ to decieve ᛫ to ensnare ᛫ V shrenchen[screncan] ME
shrew ᛫ a Soricidae mammal ᛫ N ~ NE
shrewd ᛫ astute ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
shrewish ᛫ ( of a woman ) bad-tempered or aggressively assertive ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
shride ᛫ to clothe ᛫ to dress ᛫ V shrīden ME or: shridefinn?; shrithefinn?; shrithfinn?
Shridfinn ᛫ a Laplander ᛫ a Sami person ᛫ a Lapp ᛫ PN Scridefinnas OE
shrift ᛫ confession ( especially to a priest ) ᛫ absolution by a priest ᛫ N ~ NEᚠÞᚠI
shriftfather ᛫ a confessor ᛫ a priest who hears confessions ᛫ N ~ NE
shrike ᛫ a Laniidae bird ᛫ a shriek ᛫ N ~{scriccettan} NE
shrink ᛫ a psychiatrist ᛫ a therapist ᛫ N ~ NE
shrithe ᛫ to move ( oneself ) ᛫ V scrīþan OE borrowed into New English by Kevin Crossley-Holland
shrive ᛫ to hear or give a confession ᛫ V ~ NEᚠI PTCP: shriven
shroud ⟨ shrude ⟩ ᛫ a cover ( especially clothing ) ᛬ to cover ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
shrubland ᛫ a brushland ᛫ a stretch of shrub-filled land ᛫ N ~ NE
shrutten ᛫ to scrutinize ᛫ V scrutnian/scrudnian OE
shruttening ᛫ a scrutinizing ᛫ an investigation ᛫ an examination ᛫ N scrutnung OE
shuck ᛫ a demon ᛫ a devil ᛫ Satan ᛫ N shucke[scucca] ME
shunworthy ᛫ reproachable ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
shurt ᛫ to amuse oneself ᛫ to enjoy oneself ᛫ V shurten[scyrtan?] ME
shuttle ᛫ a form of transport that travels regularly between two places ᛫ a bus ᛫ N ~ NE
shuttle ᛫ a shutting mechanism such as a bolt or a bar ᛫ N scyttels OE
shy ᛫ to urge ᛫ to prompt ᛫ V scȳan OE
sib ᛫ a sibling ᛫ a relative ᛫ a kinsman ᛬ to reconcile ᛫ to become related ᛬ blood related ᛫ related ( figurative ) ᛫ N᛬V᛬ADJ ~ NE
siblair ᛫ incest ᛫ N sibleger OE
sibred ᛫ relationship ( including by marriage ) ᛫ consanguinity ᛫ N sibrede ME
sibsome ᛫ peaceable ᛫ pacific ᛫ ADJ isibsom ME
sibword ᛫ a cognate ᛫ N sib+word OE+NE
Sicilish ᛫ Sicilian ᛫ ADJ Sicilisc OE
sick ᛫ ill ᛫ unwell ᛫ morbid distasteful ᛫ ADJ ~ NE "ill" is from Norse
sicken ᛫ to become or make sick or disgusted ᛫ V ~ NE
sickening ᛫ disgusting ᛫ revolting ᛫ repulsive ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
sicker ᛫ to assure ᛫ to ensure ᛫ to confirm ᛬ dependable ᛫ safe ᛫ secure ᛫ stable ᛫ genuine ᛫ reliable ᛫ certain ᛫ V᛬ADJ sikeren&sicker[sicor] MEᚠOEᚠI
sickerhood ᛫ security ᛫ N sikerhēde ME
sickerness ᛫ certainty ᛫ assurance ᛫ security ᛫ N sikernes ME
sickhouse ⟨ sickhuse ⟩ ᛫ hospital ᛫ N ~ NE
sickly ᛫ often ill ᛫ indicative of poor health ᛫ nauseating ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
sickness ᛫ illness ailment disease ᛫ N ~ NE
sickwain ᛫ an ambulance ᛫ N sick+wain NE+NE ziekenwagen ᛣ
sid ᛫ good conduct ᛫ moral behaviour ᛫ modesty ᛫ morality ᛫ a custom ᛫ a manner ᛫ a practice ᛫ a habit ᛫ N sidu[sido] OE
sidden ᛫ magical soothsaying ? ᛫ seiðr ? ᛫ necromancy ? ᛫ N ælfsidene/ælfsidenne OE see: sidesa
sidekir ᛫ an alternative ᛫ N side+kire NE+ME
sidekirry ᛫ alternative ᛫ ADJ side+kire+y NE+ME+NE
sidelings ᛫ sideways ᛫ alongside ᛫ furtively ᛫ ADV ~ NE
sidestand ᛫ to parallel ᛫ V side+stand NE+NE
sidestander ᛫ a parallel ᛫ N side+stand+er NE+NE+NE
sidestep ᛫ to bypass ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
sidewain ᛫ a sidecar ᛫ N side+wain NE+NE Seitenwagen ᛣ
sidewalk ᛫ pavement ᛫ N ~ NE
Sierra Leone ᛫ Sierra Leone ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠI or: Salone (nickname)
sieve ⟨ seeve ⟩ ᛫ to sift ᛫ to strain ᛫ to temse ᛫ V ~ NE
sievethrough ⟨ seevethrough ⟩ ᛫ to examine in detail ᛫ to search through ᛫ V ~ NE
sift ᛫ to examine thoroughly so as to isolate that which is important or sought after ᛫ V ~ NE
sight ᛫ view ᛬ to observe ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
sighter ᛫ a watery ditch ? ᛫ N seohtre OE
sightfield ⟨sightfeeld ⟩ ᛫ a field of vision ᛫ a field of view ᛫ N sight+field NE+NE
sightlore ᛫ optometry ᛫ N sight+lore NE+NE
sightly ᛫ pleasing to the eye ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
sightseeing ᛫ tourism ᛫ N ~ NE
sike ᛫ a small stream or rill ( typically one that flows through marshy ground and is often dry in summer ) ᛫ N ~ NE
sile ᛫ a cruck ᛫ a curved support beam meant to meet up with a twin ᛫ N sīle[sȳl] ME
Sile ᛫ the Sun ᛫ Sol ᛫ PN sigel OE
Sile ᛫ ᛋ ᛫ PN sigel OE
Siler ᛫ a Nubian ? ᛫ PN sigelwara OE
Silerland ᛫ Nubia ? ᛫ PN sigelwara+land OE+NE
silewharve ᛫ a heliotrope flower ᛫ N sigelhweorfa OE or: silewharver
sill ᛫ a foundation beam ᛫ a slab at the foot of an opening ᛫ N sill&syll NE&OE found in "windowsill"
sillen ᛫ a gift ᛫ a donation ᛫ N silen&selen/sylen ME&OE
silvern ᛫ made of silver ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
silverside ᛫ an Atheriniformes fish ᛫ N ~ NE
silverware ᛫ dishes containers or cutlery made of or coated with silver ᛫ eating and serving utensils made of any material ᛫ cutlery ᛫ N ~ NE
simble ᛫ continually ᛫ continuously ᛫ ADV simble[simbel] OE
simble ᛫ a feast ᛫ a banquet ᛫ a festival ᛫ a symposium ᛫ a party ᚹ ᛫ N symbel OE kin: symposium (Greek)?
simbleday ᛫ a feast day ᛫ a festival day ᛫ N symbeldæg OE
simblely ᛫ festive ᛫ ADJ symbellīc OE
simbleness ᛫ festivity ᛫ N symbelness OE
simbletide ᛫ a festival period ᛫ N symbeltīd OE
sinboot ᛫ amends for sin ᛫ penance ᛫ N synbōt OE
since ⟨ sinse ⟩ ᛫ because ᛫ CONJ ~ NE
sind ᛫ are ( plural only ) ᛫ V sind[sind] ME use use not recommended
Sine ᛫ Seine ( river in France ) ᛫ PN Sigen OE From the Anglo Saxon Chronicle
sine ᛫ his ᛫ her ᛫ its ᛫ their ᛫ PRON sīn OE optional pronoun
sinew ᛫ a tendon ᛫ a nerve ᛫ N ~ NE
sinewy ᛫ strong ᛫ muscular ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
singale ᛫ continuous ᛫ continual ᛫ ADJ singāle&singal ME&OE "sin-gale" not "sing-ale"
singale rimecraft ᛫ calculus ᛫ N singāle+rimcræft ME+NE
singaleness ᛫ perseverance ᛫ constancy ᛫ N singalness OE
Singapore ᛫ Singapore ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
singe ᛫ to slightly burn ᛫ V ~ NE
singsong ᛫ a simple and melodic verse ᛫ bad poetry or music ᛬ to make bad music or poetry ᛬ simple and melodic ᛫ N᛬V᛬ADJ ~ NE
sink ᛫ treasure ( like gold and jewels ) ᛫ N sinc OE
sinkstone ᛫ a jewel ᛫ N sincstān OE
sinkvat ᛫ a receptacle for treasure a casket ᛫ N sincfæt OE
sinkyiver ᛫ treasure-giver ( a lord who rewards his thanes ) ᛫ N sincgiefa OE or: sinkgiver (Norse influenced)
sinwelt ᛫ round ᛫ circular ᛫ cylindrical ᛫ ADJ sinewealt&seonuwealt ME&OE literally: ever-rolled?
sir ᛫ to plan ᛫ to plot ᛫ to devise ᛫ to machinate ᛫ V sirwen&sirwan ME&OE kin: searu
siring ᛫ buttermilk ᛫ N sýring OE
sister ᛫ a female member of a religious order ᛫ N ~ NE
sisterhood ᛫ a sorority ᛫ N ~ NE
sisterly ᛫ sororal ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
sitch ᛫ a stream ᛫ a ditch ᛫ the side of a field ᛫ N sich[sīc] ME or: sike (northern variant)
sithe ᛫ a journey ᛫ an occasion ᛫ a point in time ᛬ to journey ᛫ to travel ᛫ N᛬V sith[sīth] NE
sithe ᛫ after ᛫ PREP&CONJ sīþ OE
sithefat ᛫ a passage ᛫ a journey ᛫ a road ᛫ a path ᛫ a course ᛫ N siþfæt OE
sithen ᛫ since then ᛫ after that ᛫ after then ᛫ CONJ ~ NE "since" is a short version of this word
sither ᛫ a fellow ᛫ a companion ᛫ N gesíþa OE
sitheship ᛫ a society ᛫ a fellowship ᛫ fellowship ᛫ companionship ᛫ N gesīþscipe OE
skent ᛫ to entertain ᛫ to amuse ᛫ V skenten MEᚠN kin: skemmta (N)
skill ᛫ to distinguish ᛫ V skillen MEᚠN
skindeep ᛫ superficial ᛫ ADJ skindeep NEᚠ(N+E) or: hidedeep (skin is Norse)
skinflint ᛫ a miser ᛫ N ~ NEᚠ(N+E)
skinship ᛫ bonding through physical contact ᛫ N skin+ship NEᚠN+NE スキンシップ ᛣ
skyline ᛫ the horizon ᛫ N ~ NEᚠ(N+I)
slade ᛫ a dingle ᛫ a small valley ᛫ N ~ NE
slail ᛫ a pick ( plectrum ) ᛫ N slegel OE
slake ᛫ to slacken ᛫ to become less energetic ᛫ to weaken ᛫ to become extinct ᛫ to quench ᛫ to cool with liquid ᛫ V ~ NE
slang ᛫ jargon ᛫ N ~ NE
slaught ᛫ a slaughter ᛫ N slaught ME Slaughter is Norse
slaughthouse ⟨ slaughthuse ⟩ ᛫ slaughterhouse ᛫ N slaught+house NE+NE
slay ᛫ to kill ᛫ V ~ NE
slayer ᛫ a killer ᛫ N ~ NE
sleave ᛫ to separate threads ᛫ to divide ᛫ V sleave[slǣfan] NE
sledge ᛫ a toboggan ᛫ a sleigh ᛫ N ~ NE
sleepern ᛫ a dorter ᛫ a dormitory ᛫ N slǣpærn OE
sleeplessness ᛫ insomnia ᛫ N ~ NE
sleepy ᛫ soporific ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
sleight ᛫ the use of dexterity or cunning ( especially so as to deceive ) ᛫ N ~ NEᚠN rhyme: bright
sletch ᛫ to ease ᛫ to relieve ᛫ to relax ᛫ V slechen[gesleccan] ME
sleuth ᛫ a detective ᛬ to investigate ᛫ N᛬V ~ NEᚠN
slew ᛫ a Mugilidae fish ( a mullet ) ᛫ N slīw OE
slick ᛫ a film of oil ᛬ smooth wet and slippery ᛫ N᛬ADJ ~ NE
slicked ᛫ lubricated ᛫ oiled ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
slidder ᛫ slippery ᛫ uncertain ᛫ duplicitous ᛫ treacherous ᛫ ADJ slider ME
slike ᛫ to smoothen ᛫ to polish ᛫ to flatter ᛫ V slīke[slīcian] ME
slipup ᛫ to err ᛫ to make a mistake ᛫ V ~ NE
slite ᛫ deterioration ᛫ N ~[slītan] NE
slithe ᛫ dire ᛫ dangerous perilous ᛫ ADJ slīþe OE
slive ᛫ to cut a sliver off something ᛫ to cut ᛫ to slice ᛫ V ~ NE
sliver ᛫ a small slice ᛫ a small fraction of something ᛫ N ~ NE
sloom ᛫ gentle sleep ᛫ N ~ NE
sloppy ᛫ messy ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
slot ᛫ a musical clef ᚹ ᛫ N ~ NEᚠNL/LG Schlüssel ᛣ, sleutel ᛣ
sloth ᛫ laziness ᛫ N ~ NE
slothful ᛫ lazy ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
slough ᛫ a swamp ᛫ N [slōh] NE rhyme: plough
slough ᛫ discarded skin ᛬ to shed skin ᛫ to shed ᛫ to discard ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE rhyme: tough
Slovenia ᛫ Slovenia ᛫ PN ~{Slovenija} NEᚠO or: Sloveny
slowheart ᛫ bradycardia ᛫ N slow+heart NE+NE bradycardia ᛣ
slur ᛫ an insult ᛬ to insult ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
smack ᛫ a taste ᛬ to taste ᛫ N᛬V ~ NEᚠNL? see: smatch
smack of ᛫ to taste of ᛫ to come across as ᛫ V ~ NEᚠNL?
smackbound ⟨ smackbund ⟩ ᛫ bound to taste or opinion ᛫ subjective ᛫ ADJ smack+bound NE
small ᛫ miniature ᛫ diminutive ᛫ petite ᛫ unimportant ᛫ ADJ ~ NE Needful to wend words like 'diminutive'.
smallminded ᛫ petty ᛫ having narrow interests sympathies or outlook ᛫ narrow-minded ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
smart ᛫ pain ᛬ to hurt ᛫ to pain ᛬ sharp ᛫ sharp minded ᛫ intelligent ᛫ N᛬V᛬ADJ ~ NE
smartful ᛫ painful ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
smarting ᛫ suffering ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
smarts ᛫ intelligence ᛫ know-how ᛫ a kind of cunning in a particular field ᛫ N ~ NE
smatch ᛫ a taste ᛫ a slight trace ᛬ to taste ᛫ N᛬V smatch&smach&smacchen NE&ME&ME see: smack
smatch of ᛫ to taste of ᛫ to come across as ᛫ V smacchen of ME
smatter ᛫ a slight superficial knowledge of subject ᛬ a small amount of something ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
smear ᛫ to smear ᛫ to anoint ᛫ V smear&ismēren NE&ME
smearle ᛫ ointment ᛫ lotion ᛫ N smēreles ME
smeat ᛫ refined ( of gold ) ᛫ refined ( by extension ) ᛫ ADJ smeat/smēte ME
smeech ᛫ smoke ᛫ dense vapour ᛬ to emit smoke ᛫ to emit vapor ᛫ V ~ NE
smeek ᛫ to fumigate ᛫ V ~ NE kin: smoke
smeeth ᛫ to become smooth ᛫ to make smooth ᛫ to expedite ᚹ ᛫ V smethen ME kin: smooth
smellbrain ᛫ the rhinencephalon ᛫ N smellbrain NE
smey ᛫ to investigate ᛫ to scrutinize ᛫ to examine ᚹ ᛫ V smēȝen/smēȝen[smeagan] ME
smicker ᛫ elegant ᛫ fine ᛫ beautiful ᛫ ADJ ~[smiker][smicer] NE
smile ᛫ a burrow ᛫ a hollow ᛫ a cuniculus ᛫ a place to creep into ᛫ a smial ( a Hobbit-hole ) ᛫ N smygel OE
smilt ᛫ calm ᛫ serene ᛫ tranquil ᛫ placid ᛫ ADJ smilte&smylte ME&OE
smiltness ᛫ calmness ᛫ serenity ᛫ tranquillity ᛫ peace ᛫ N smyltness OE
smit ᛫ to contaminate ᛫ to infect ᛫ to stain ᛫ to tarnish ᛫ to sully ᛫ V ~[smitten][smittian] NE
smite ᛫ to strike hard ᛫ to defeat ᛫ V ~ NE PTCP: smitten
smith ᛫ a worker in metal ᛬ to treat metal by heating hammering and forging it ᛫ N᛬V smith NE
smithe ᛫ a smithy ᛫ a blacksmith's workshop ᛫ N smithe[smiþþe] ME
smithy ᛫ a forge ᛫ the workshop of a smith ᛫ N smithy NE
smitting ᛫ infectious ᛫ contagious ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
smittle ᛫ to infect ( especially with a contagious disease ) ᛫ V ~ NE
smock ᛫ a chemise ᛫ a blouse ( especially a long one ) ᛫ a loose overall which protects one's clothes ᛫ N ~ NE
smoke ᛫ a cigar ᛫ a cigarette ᛫ N smoca/smoke OE&NE
smokestack ᛫ a chimney ᛫ N ~ NEᚠ(E+N)
smore ᛫ to suffocate ᛫ V smore&smorian NE&OE
smother ᛫ a mass of something that stifles or obscures ᛬ to cover with a suffocating effect ᛫ to braise ( stove-top style ) ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
smow ᛫ to creep ᛫ to crawl ᛫ V smūȝen[smūgan] OE rhyme: now
snake ᛫ a serpent ᛫ N ~ NE
snakefear ᛫ ophidiophobia ᛫ N snake+fear NE+NE
snapshot ᛫ a picture ( especially when taken hastily ) ᛫ a glimpse ᛫ a brief portrayal ᛫ N ~ NEᚠ(NL+E)
snarch ᛫ to shrivel ᛫ to dehydrate ᛫ V snarchen&sneorcan ME&OE
snead ᛫ the handle of a scythe ᛫ N snǣd{snēde} OE
snead ᛫ a cut ᛫ a slice ᛫ a morsel ᛬ to cut to pieces ᛫ to slice to shreds ᛫ N᛬V snead&tọ̄̆snēden NE&ME
snell ᛫ quick ᛫ fast ᛫ rapid ᛫ ADJ ~[snel] NE
snid ᛫ an incision ᛫ N snide OE
snide ᛫ counterfeit ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
snidiron ᛫ a lancet ᛫ N snidīsen OE means "incision iron"?
snite ᛫ a snipe ᛫ a Gallinago gallinago bird ᛫ a Lymnocryptes minima bird ᛫ N snite[snīte/snyghte] NE
snite ᛫ to blow one's nose ᛫ to blow or snuff out a candle ᛫ V snite&snīten[snȳtan] NE&ME
sniter ᛫ a sniper ᛫ N snite+er NE+NE "snipe" is Norse
snithe ᛫ to cut ᛫ to slice ᛫ to amputate ᛫ V snithe&snīþan NE&OE
snithy ᛫ cutting ᛫ sharp ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
snitter ᛫ prudence ᛫ sagacity ᛫ N snitere&snytro ME&OE
snood ᛫ a band ribbon cap or hat for keeping hair in place ᛫ N ~[snōd] NE
snore ᛫ daughter-in-law ᛫ a sister-in-law ᛫ N snore&snoru ME&OE
snoter ᛫ prudent ᛫ sagacious ᛫ ADJ snoter[snotor] ME
snoterly ᛫ wise ᛫ prudent ᛫ philosophical ᛬ wisely ᛫ prudently ᛫ philosophically ᛫ ADJ᛬ADV snotorlīc&snotorlīce OE
snoterness ᛫ wisdom ᛫ intelligence ᛫ spiritual enlightenment ᛫ N snoterness ME
snoud ⟨ snude ⟩ ᛫ quickly ᛫ swiftly ᛫ ADJ᛬ADV snūde OE
snowwold ᛫ a stretch of taiga ᛫ N ice+wold NE or: snowwood
so as to ᛫ in order to ᛫ ADV ~ NE
so say ᛫ according to ᛫ V ~ NE "They're green, so says John."
soaksome ᛫ bibulous ᛫ ADJ soak+some NE+NE invented by William Barnes
soal ᛫ a dirty pond ᛫ mire ᛫ mud ᛫ N sol OE
Soalmonth ᛫ February ᛫ PN Solmonaþ OE
soapapple ᛫ a Chlorogalum pomeridianum plant ᛫ N ~ NE
sodden ᛫ soaked ᛫ saturated with liquid ᛫ having drunk an excessive amount of something ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
softshaded ᛫ pastel ( of a soft and delicate shade of a colour ) ᛫ ADJ soft+shade+ed NE+NE+NE
softship ᛫ a situation marked by ease comfort or convenience ᛫ the opposite of hardship ᛫ N ~ NE
software ᛫ the programs and other operating information used by a computer ᛫ N ~ NE
sokeman ᛫ one who holds soken rights ᛫ N ~ NE
soken ᛫ a search ᛫ a search for levying fees and fines ᛫ a district under the jurisdiction of such searches ᛫ N soke&socn NE&OE or: soke
sole ᛫ a rope or a wooden yoke ( especially one used to tether cattle ) ᛫ N sōl[sāl] ME
sole ᛫ the sun ᛫ N sōl OE
sole ᛫ to soil ᛫ to dirty ᛫ to sully ᛬ soiled ᛫ dirty ᛫ sullied ᛫ V᛬ADJ sōle&sole[sol] ME&ME
solken ᛫ slothful ᛫ indolent ᛫ lazy ᛫ ADJ āsolcen OE
Somalia ᛫ Somalia ᛫ PN ~{Soomaaliya} NEᚠO
Somaliland ᛫ Somaliland ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠ(O+E)
some ᛫ -ous (suffix of characterization) ᛫ SUFFIX ~ NE
somedeal ᛫ partial ᛬ partly ᛫ partially ᛫ ADJ᛬ADV somedeal&somedel NE&ME
somewhat ᛫ to a degree ᛫ partially ᛫ quite ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
somewhy ᛫ for some reason ᛫ ADV ~ NE
sond ᛫ a messenger ᛫ an envoy ᛫ N sond[sand] ME
sondaughter ᛫ a paternal granddaughter ᛫ N son+daughter NE+NE based on analogy with sunsunu and dohtorsunu
sondsman ᛫ a messenger ᛫ N sondesman ME or: sondman
songbook ᛫ a book of songs (especially hymns) ᛫ a collection of songs ᛫ a musical album ᚹ ᛫ N ~ NE
sonson ᛫ a paternal grandson ᛫ N sunsunu OE
soom ᛫ agreement ᛫ concord ᛫ N sōme[sōm] ME
soon ᛫ music ᛫ N sōn[I sonus] OEᚠI
sooncraft ᛫ the art of music ᛫ N sōncræft OEᚠ(I+E)
sooth ᛫ truth ᛫ reality ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
soothbound ⟨ soothbund ⟩ ᛫ bound to fact ᛫ objective ᛫ ADJ sooth+bound NE
soothe ᛫ to gently calm ᛫ to relieve or ease pain ᛫ to verify ᛫ to prove ᛫ to confirm ᛫ V soothe&sōþian NE&OE
soother ᛫ a pacifier ᛫ a verifier ᛫ a confirmer ᛫ N soothe&sōþian+er NE&OE+NE
soothfast ᛫ real ᛫ actual ᛫ veracious ᛫ genuine ᛫ ADJ soothfast&sōthfast NE&ME
soothing ᛫ relaxing ᛫ calming ᛫ relieving ᛫ calmative ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
soothless ᛫ false ᛫ unreliable ᛫ treacherous ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
soothly ᛫ truly ᛫ verily ᛫ actually ᛫ really ᛬ amen ᛫ ADV᛬INT ~[sōthlī] NE
soothquid ⟨ soothcwid ⟩ ᛫ a true saying ᛫ a fact ᛫ N sōþcwide OE
soothsaw ᛫ a true saying ᛫ a proverb ᛫ a maxim ᛫ N sothsau ME
soothsawl ᛫ veracious ᛫ truth saying ᛫ ADJ sọ̄thsawel/sọ̄thsagel ME
soothsay ᛫ to predict ᛫ to prophesy ᛫ V ~ NE
soothsayer ᛫ a prophet ᛫ a prognosticator ᛫ the mantis ᛫ N ~ NE
soothspel ᛫ a true story ᛫ history ᛫ N sōþspell OE
soothy ᛫ sincere ᛫ authentic ᛫ actual ᛫ ADJ sōþlic OE
sope ᛫ a small amount of drink ᛫ N sope[sopa] ME
sorely ᛫ very ( usually in a negative sense ) ᛫ ADV ~ NE
sorry ᛫ contrite ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
sough ᛫ a soft noise ᛬ to make a soft noise ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE rhyme: plough or tough
soulkind ᛫ spiritual ᛫ ADJ sāwelcund OE
soullattew ᛫ a psychopomp ( a spirit deity person etc who guides the souls of the dead to the afterlife ) ᛫ N soul+lattew NE+NE equal to: soul-guide
sound ⟨ sund ⟩ ᛫ secure ᛫ healthy ᛫ valid ᛫ safe ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
sound ⟨ sund ⟩ ᛫ the power of swimming ᛫ a narrow inlet ᛫ a strait connecting two wider areas of water ᛫ N sound&sund NE&OE
sour ⟨ sure ⟩ ᛫ a Rumex acetosa plant ( sorrel ) ᛫ N sūre OE
sour ⟨ sure ⟩ ᛫ acid ᛬ acidic ᛫ N zuur NL
sourcole ⟨ surecole ⟩ ᛫ fermented cabbage ᛫ sauerkraut ᛫ N sour+cole NE+NE Sauerkraut ᛣ
South Africk ⟨ Suthe ⟩ ᛫ South Africa ᛫ PN south+Affrīk NEᚠ(E+O)
South Korea ⟨ Suthe Corea ⟩ ᛫ South Korea ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠ(E+O)
South Ossetia ⟨ Suthe ⟩ ᛫ South Ossetia ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠ(E+O) or: South Ossety
South Sudan ⟨ Suthe ⟩ ᛫ South Sudan ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠ(E+O)
southen ⟨ suthen ⟩ ᛫ from the south ᛫ ADV sūþan OE
Southend ⟨ Suthend ⟩ ᛫ the Antarctic ᛫ ADJ south+end{Suþurskautslandiþ} NE+NE or: Southem (south-hem [hem as in cloth])
Southumber ⟨ Suthumber ⟩ ᛫ Southumbria ᛫ the Southumbrians ᛫ PN Sūþanhymbre OEᚠ(E+C)
Southumber Rich ⟨ Suthumber ⟩ ᛫ the Kingdom of Southumbria ( Mercia ? ) ᛫ PN Sūþanhymbre ríce OEᚠ(E+C+C)
sow ⟨ sue ⟩ ᛫ an adult female pig ( especially one which has farrowed ) ᛫ N ~ NE
sowel ᛫ a pole ᛫ a post ᛫ N souel ME
sowl ⟨ sule ⟩ ᛫ something eaten with bread , such as meat , pottage , a sauce , etc ᛫ any topping or sauce that goes with bread ᛫ N sǒuel[sufel] ME
spadefish ᛫ a disc-shaped fish ᛫ N ~ NE
Spain ᛫ Spain ᛫ PN ~ NE or: Hispain (from ME Hispaigne)
span ᛫ an extent ᛬ to extend ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
spane ᛫ to allure ᛫ to lure ᛫ to entice ᛫ V spanan{forspannen} OE
spangle ᛫ sequin ᛫ N ~ NEᚠNL?
spar ᛫ a piece of timber used in building ᛫ a rafter ᛫ a beam ᛫ a pole or post used as a weapon or bar ᛬ to lock with a spar ᛫ N᛬V sparre ME
spare ᛫ an extra ᛬ to refrain from killing or hurting ᛬ unoccupied ᛫ extra ᛫ N᛬V᛬ADJ ~[spær] NE
sparhawk ᛫ the Accipiter nisus bird ( Eurasian sparrowhawk ) ᛫ N sparhauk ME
sparling ᛫ an Osmeridae fish ᛫ N ~ NE
sparstone ᛫ gypsum ᛫ hydrous calcium sulphate ᛫ N sparrestone[spærstān] ME
speakeath ᛫ a speakeasy ᛫ N speak+eathe NE+ME speakeasy ᛣ
speakle ᛫ talkative ᛫ loquacious ᛫ ADJ sprecol OE
spear side ᛫ the male side of a family ᛫ N ~ NE
spearhalf ᛫ the male line of descent ᛫ N sperehealf OE
speck ᛫ a tiny spot ᛫ a tiny stain ᛫ a tiny particle ᛫ N ~ NE
speechcraft ᛫ skill in speech ᛫ rhetoric ᛫ grammar ( especially spoken grammar as opposed to written ) ᛫ N ~ NE
speechhouse ⟨ speechhuse ⟩ ᛫ an auditorium ᛫ N sprǣchūs OE
speechlore ᛫ linguistics ᛫ philology ᛫ N ~ NE
speechly ᛫ linguistic ᛫ ADJ speech+ly NE+NE sprachlich ᛣ
speed ᛫ success ᛫ luck ᛫ N godspeed NE
speedful ᛫ successful ᛫ prosperous ᛫ ADJ spedeful ME
speedless ᛫ without success ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
spel ᛫ speech ᛫ discourse ᛫ N spel[spell] NE
speld ᛫ a splinter ᛫ a thin piece of wood used as a torch ᛫ a torch ᛫ N speld OE
spelk ᛫ a splinter ᛬ to splinter ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE "splinter" is Dutch
spell ᛫ speech with a magical effect ᛫ a state of enchantment ᛫ N ~[spell] NE
spell ᛫ a short period ᛫ a period spent in an activity ᛬ to represent ᛫ to substitute ᛫ to relieve ( to take the place of ) ᛫ N᛬V spell&spelen&spelian NE&ME&OE
spellbind ᛫ to fascinate ᛫ to hold the complete attention of someone as though by magic ᛫ V ~ NE
spellbinding ᛫ fascinating ᛫ engrossing ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
spellboder ᛫ a messenger ᛫ N spellboda OE
spellbound ⟨ spellbund ⟩ ᛫ fascinated ᛫ entranced ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
speller ᛫ a representative ᛫ a substitute ᛫ N spala{speliend/spāle} OE
spew ᛫ vomit ᛬ to vomit ᛫ to puke ᛫ to spit out in a gushing manner ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
spiderfear ᛫ arachnophobia ᛫ N spider+fear NE+NE
spild ᛫ to destroy ᛫ V spildan OE
spill ᛫ to play ᛫ to revel ᛫ N᛬V spilen&spilian ME&OE
spill ᛫ a spill ᛬ to spill ᛫ to waste ᛫ N᛬V spill&spillan{aspillen} NE&OE
spiller ᛫ a player ᛫ a jester ᛫ N spilere{spillend} OE
spilth ᛫ spillage ᛫ material that is spilt ᛫ N ~ NE
spind ᛫ fat ᛫ N spind OE
spindle ᛫ an axis ᛫ N ~ NE
spindlehalf ᛫ the female line of descent ᛫ N spinlehealf OE
spindleshanks ᛫ a thin lanky person with long legs ᛫ N ~ NE
spinster ᛫ a woman who spins ( old meaning ) ᛫ an unmarried woman typically an older woman beyond the usual age for marriage ᛫ N ~ NE
spir ᛫ to inquire ᛫ to interrogate ᛫ to investigate ᛫ to check ᛫ V spiren[spyrian] ME or: speer (Scotland)
spird ᛫ a stadium ᛫ a racetrack ᛫ a racecourse ᛫ N spyrd OE
spitbreed ᛫ meat cooked on a spit ᛫ a kebab ᛫ N spit+brēd NE+ME spitroast (NEᛣ)
spitch ᛫ bacon ᛫ N spich/spik ME or: spick
spittle ᛫ saliva ᛫ N ~ NE
spokesman ᛫ a representative of a group or an individual ᛫ N ~ NE
spore ᛫ a track ᛫ a trace ᛫ a vestige ᛫ N spore&spor ME&OE
spot ᛫ an area ᛫ N ~ NE
spow ᛫ to succeed ᛫ to be successful ᛫ V spōwan OE
sprank ᛫ a shoot ᛫ a twig ᛫ a sprig ᛫ N spranc OE
sprat ᛫ a Sprattus fish ᛫ N ~ NE
sprawl ᛫ a disorganized unattractive expanse ᛬ spread out over a large area in an untidy or irregular way ᛫ N᛬ADJ ~[spreawlian] NE
sprawling ᛫ expansive ᛫ extensive ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
sprent ᛫ sprinkled over ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
sprind ᛫ vigorous ᛫ active ᛫ ADJ sprind[springd] ME
springe ᛫ to sprinkle ᛫ to scatter ᛫ to disperse ᛫ V sprengen ME
springly ᛫ vernal ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
spur ᛫ an incentive ᛬ to incentivize ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
spurn ᛫ to reject with scorn ᛫ to kick away ᛫ to refuse or fail to use ᛫ V ~ NE
spurrier ᛫ a searcher ᛫ an explorer ᛫ an investigator ᛫ a spy ᚹ ᛫ N āspyrgend OE
spurry ᛫ to search ᛫ to explore ᛫ to investigate ᛫ to spy ᚹ ᛫ V spyrgan{aspyrgan} OE kin: speer (Scottish English)
spurryglass ᛫ a telescope ᛫ N spyrgan+glass OE+NE spyglass ᛣ
squeezebox ⟨ scweezebox ⟩ ᛫ an accordion ᛫ a concertina ᛫ N squeeze-box NEᚠ(E+H) colloquial word
squidflesh ⟨ scwidflesh ⟩ ᛫ calamari ᛫ N squid+flesh NE
Sri Lanka ᛫ Sri Lanka ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
staff ᛫ a letter ( like A B or C ) ᛫ a written character ᛫ N staf&stæf ME&OE
staffay ᛫ a combination of letters ᛫ a syllable ? ᛫ N stæfgefēg OE
staffcraft ᛫ grammar ( as in the art of letters spelling and punctuation ) ᛫ N stæfcræft OE
staffkind ᛫ a font ᛫ a typeface ᛫ N staff+kind NE+NE
staffleighter ᛫ a grammatical error ᛫ N stæfleahter OE
stafflither ᛫ a ballista ᛫ N stæfliðere OE
stafflore ᛫ orthography ᛫ N staff+lore NE+NE
staffly ᛫ literal ᛫ letter-like ᛬ literally ᛫ ADJ᛬ADV stafī/staffliȝ[stæflīc] ME
staffrow ᛫ an alphabet ᛫ N stæfrǣw OE
staffwise ᛫ literate ᛫ lettered ᛫ ADJ stæfwīs OE
staffword ᛫ an acronym ᛫ N staf+word ME+NE letterwoord ᛣ
stag ᛫ a male deer ᛫ N ~ NEᚠN
stake ᛫ a post ᛫ a post on which a gambling wager is placed ᛫ a wager ᛫ a bet ᛬ to wager ᛫ to bet ᛫ V stake&stāke NE&ME
stal ᛫ klepto- ᛫ PREFIX stæl OE
stalk ᛫ steep ᛫ precipitous ᛫ ADJ stealc OE
stalk ᛫ a main stem of something ᛫ N ~ NE
stalk ᛫ to pursue stealthily ᛫ V ~[stealcung] NE
stall ᛫ a position ᛬ to keep in position ᛫ to delay ᛫ to hinder ᛫ N᛬V stall&steall NE&OE
stalworth ᛫ brave ᛫ courageous ᛫ ADJ ~ NE or: stalwart
stand for ᛫ to represent ᛫ to symbolize ᛫ V ~ NE
standalone ᛫ an independent thing ᛬ independent ᛫ N᛬ADJ ~ NE
standbild ᛫ statue ᛫ N stânbyld WF
standby ᛫ a state of readiness ᛫ N ~ NE
standin ᛫ a substitute ᛫ N ~ NE
standoffish ᛫ anti-social ᛫ unsociable ᛫ socially cold ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
staple ᛫ a bar or wire meant for holding things together through piercing and bending ᛫ a pillar ᛫ a column ᛫ a post ᛫ N staple&stapol NE&OE
star ᛫ a celebrity ᛫ N ~ NE
stardom ᛫ celebrity ( as in the status ) ᛫ N ~ NE
stark ᛫ stiff ᛫ rigid ᛫ solid ᛫ strong ᛫ severe ᛫ unpleasantly or sharply clear ᛫ severe or bare in appearance ᛫ ADJ ~[stark] NE
starken ᛫ to make unbending or inflexible ᛫ to stiffen ᛫ to make obstinate ᛫ V ~ NE
starly ᛫ astral ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
starship ᛫ a spaceship ᛫ a spacecraft ᛫ N ~ NE
starshower ᛫ an astrologer ᛫ N steorscēawere OE
starstelsel ᛫ a star system ᛫ N star+stelsel NE+NL
start ᛫ a tail ᛫ N stert[steort] ME
starving ᛫ starvation ᛫ N ~ NE
starwatch ᛫ an observatory ᛫ N star+watch NE+NE sterrenwacht ᛣ
stath ᛫ a bank ᛫ a shore ᛫ land bordering water ᛫ a wharf ᛫ N stæþ{stath} OE
stathel ᛫ a foundation ᛫ a base ᛫ a prop ᛫ a support ᛬ to base ᛫ to prop ᛫ to support ᛫ N᛬V stathel/staddle NE also spelled: staddle
stathelend ᛫ a founder ᛫ N staþoliend OE
stathely ᛫ fundamental ᛫ basic ᛫ ADJ staddle+y NE+NE
stave off ᛫ to prevent ᛫ to avert ᛫ to ward off ᛫ to keep away ᛫ V ~ NE
stead ᛫ a station ᛫ a place ᛫ N ~ NE
steadfast ᛫ steady ᛫ unmoving ᛫ loyal ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
steadfastness ᛫ loyalty ᛫ N ~ NE
steady ᛫ to stabilize ᛫ stable ᛫ V᛬ADJ ~ NE
stealth ᛫ acting in secrecy and cautiousness ᛫ N ~ NE kin: "steal"
stealthy ᛫ cautious and surreptitious ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
stean ᛫ an earthenware container for liquids or foods ᛫ N ~ NE
steap ᛫ a stoup ᛫ a drinking vessel ᛫ a cup ᛫ a flagon ᛫ N stēap OE "stoup" is Norse
stear ᛫ history ᛫ N stǣr{ἱστορία} OEᚠIᚠH or: yorelore
steed ᛫ a horse being ridden or available for riding ᛫ N ~ NE
steen ᛫ to groan or to rumble or to bellow or to bray loudly ᛫ V stēnan OE
steep ᛫ to imbue ᛫ to soak ᛫ to fill with ᛫ V ~ NE "a city steeped in history"
steeple ᛫ a tower ᛫ a church tower ᛫ a spire ᛫ N steeple NE
steer ᛫ guidance ᛫ direction ᛫ a rule ᛫ a regulation ᛫ a restraint ᛫ a check ᛬ to direct ᛫ N᛬V steor&steoran OE&OE
steerer ᛫ a director ᛫ a regulator ᛫ a moderator ᛫ N steorend OE
steet ᛫ to strike ᛫ to thrust ᛫ to fall heavily ᛫ to push hard ᛫ V stē̆ten ME
stell ᛫ to set up ᛫ to up-fix ᛫ to mount up ᛫ to place ᛫ to set ᛫ to put in place ᛫ V stellen ME
stelsel ᛫ a system ᛫ N stelsel NL
stem ᛫ a branch in a family ᛬ to descend ᛫ to derive ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
stench ᛫ malodorousness or acridness ( of smell ) ᛫ N ~ NE
step ᛫ stage ᛫ phase ᛫ N ~ NE
stepdown ⟨ stepdune ⟩ ᛫ to resign ᛫ V ~ NE
stepwise ᛫ gradual ᛬ gradually ᛫ ADJ᛬ADV ~ NE
ster ᛫ ( agent suffix , formerly a feminine agent suffix ) ᛫ SUFFIX ~ NE could be reverted to its old role as the feminine agent suffix
stern ᛫ serious ᛫ unfriendly ᛫ strict ᛫ severe ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
steven ᛫ a voice ( whether human or animal ) ᛫ a voice ( grammar term ) ᛫ a sung melody or tune ᛫ speech ᛬ to voice ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE rhyme: seven
steven ᛫ an appointed time ᛫ an appointment ᛫ a tryst ᛬ to set an appointment ᛫ to establish ᛫ to appoint ᛫ to institute ᛫ N᛬V steven&stevenen ME&ME
stevenmeal ᛫ by turns ᛫ alternatively ( as in alternating ) ᛫ ADV stefnmǣlum OE
steward ᛫ a supervisor ᛫ a seneschal ᛬ to supervise ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
stewardship ᛫ supervision ᛫ N ~ NE
stickle ᛫ a rapid ᛬ steep ᛫ sloping ᛫ N᛬ADJ ~ NE kin: stehhal (OHG)
stickle ᛫ to argue or contend stubbornly ( intransitive ) ᛫ to raise objections ᛫ to scruple ᛫ V ~ NE
stickleback ᛫ a Gasterosteidae fish ᚹ ᛫ N ~[stikel] NE
stickler ᛫ a person who insists on a certain quality or type of behaviour ᛫ N ~ NE
stight ᛫ to set in order ᛫ to arrange ᛫ to place ᛫ V stighten ME
stightle ᛫ to direct ᛫ to ordain ᛫ to arrange ᛫ to array ᛫ to govern ᛫ to rule ᛫ to manage V stightelen[stihtan] ME
stightler ᛫ a director ᛫ a manager ᛫ N stightelen+er ME+NE
stile ᛫ a structure for surmounting things ( usually fences and walls ) ᛫ N ~ NE
stillness ᛫ silence ᛫ absence of movement ᛫ N ~ NE
stilly ᛫ silent ᛫ calm ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
stink ᛫ to have a bad odour ᛫ V ~ NE
stinkbird ᛫ the Opisthocomus hoazin bird ᛫ N ~ NE
stinkdeer ᛫ a skunk ᛫ N stink+deer NE+NE use not recommended (see note)
stinking nightshade ᛫ henbane ( Hyoscyamus niger ) ᛫ N ~ NE
stinky ᛫ malodorous odoriferous or acrid ( of smell ) ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
stint ᛫ an allotted period of time ( of work or prison time ) ᛫ a cessation ᛫ a pause ᛬ to cease ᛫ to pause ᛫ N᛬V stint&stinten[styntan] NE&ME
stir ᛫ to incite to action ᛫ to disturb ᛫ to move ᛫ to move about ᛫ to become active ᛫ V ~ NE
stitch ᛫ a piece ᛫ a fragment ᛫ a part ᛫ N stiche/stech[stycce] ME kin: שטיק
stitch ᛫ a thread or wire fastening ᛫ a stabbing pain ᛫ N ~[stice] NE
stitchmeal ᛫ piecemeal ᛬ piecemeal ᛫ ADJ᛬ADV styccemǣlum OE
stithe ᛫ hard ᛫ stiff ᛫ stubborn ᛫ ADJ stīþ OE
stithy ᛫ an anvil ᛫ N ~[stethi] NEᚠN
stoat ᛫ the Mustela erminea mammal ( a kind of weasel ) ᛫ N ~ NEᚠ?
stock ᛫ a stump ᛫ a tree trunk ᛫ a log ᛫ a block of wood ᛫ a post ᛫ a trestle ᛫ a handle ( like of a mace ) ᛫ a torso ᛫ a lineage ᛫ a race ᛫ a species ᛫ N stock&stok[stocc] NE&ME
stock ᛫ a supply ᛫ a store of something ᛬ to supply ᛫ to store ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
stodge ᛫ heavy , filling , starchy food ᛫ a boring thing ᛫ N ~ NE
stold ᛫ a settled place ᛫ a station ᛫ an abode ᛫ N gesteald OE kin: 𐌲𐌰𐍃𐍄𐌰𐌻𐌳𐌰𐌽
stold ᛫ to possess ᛫ V stealdan OE
stone ᛫ paleo- ᛫ PREFIX stone NE paleo (NEᛣ)
stonebaby ᛫ a lithopedion / lithopaedion ᛫ N ~ NE
stonebow ᛫ a natural stone arch ᛫ N stānboga OE
stonecraft ᛫ masonry ᛫ the art or skill of working with stone ᛫ N ~ NE
stoned ᛫ intoxicated ᛫ high on drugs ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
stonedelf ᛫ a quarry ᛫ N stāngedelf OE
stonedelve ᛫ to mine for stone ᛫ V ~ NE
stonefaw ᛫ paved ᛫ paved with stone ᛫ ADJ faw&stānfāh NE&OE
stonelime ᛫ cement ᛫ mortar ᛫ N stānlīm OE
stonen ᛫ made of stone ᛫ ADJ ~ NE invented by William Barnes
stonen ᛫ to petrify ᛫ V stone+en NE+NE
stoner ᛫ one who stones ᛫ a machine to remove pits from fruit ᛫ a frequent user of cannabis ᛫ N ~ NE
stonerock ᛫ an obelisk ᛫ N stānrocc OE
stonewall ᛫ an obstruction ᛫ a refusal to cooperate ᛬ to obstruct ᛫ to refuse to cooperate ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
stonewalled ᛫ surrounded or defined in size and shape by a wall of stone ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
stonewright ᛫ a stonemason ᛫ N stānwryhta OE
stony ᛫ like stone ᛫ emotionless ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
stoor ᛫ powerful ᛫ fierce ᛫ cruel ᛫ severe ᛫ ADJ stọ̄r ME
stoor ᛫ incense ᛫ frankincense ᛫ N stōr[storax?] MEᚠI
stoorvat ᛫ a censer ᛫ N stōrfat[stōrfæt] ME
stopfire ᛫ a ceasefire ᛫ N ~ NE
stopgap ᛫ a short term solution ᛬ short-term ᛫ temporary ᛫ N᛬ADJ ~ NEᚠ(E+N)
stormrifle ᛫ an assault rifle ᛫ N storm+rifle NE+NL Sturmgewehr ᛣ
stound ⟨ stund ⟩ ᛫ an hour ᚹ ᛫ N stound NE see: daytide
stoundmeal ⟨ stundmeal ⟩ ᛫ at intervals ᛫ alternatingly ᛫ ADV stundmǣlum OE
stour ⟨ sture ⟩ ᛫ a river ᛫ N stour[stūr] ME still found in a few names of rivers
stoven ᛫ a stump ᛫ N ~[stofn] NE
stow ᛫ a place ᛫ a location ᛬ to store ᛫ to lodge ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE /stoʊ/
strackledwale ᛫ a Celt of Strathclyde ᛫ PN stræcledwalas OE
strackledwales ᛫ the Celts of Strathclyde ᛫ Strathclyde ᛫ PN stræcledwalas OE
straid ᛫ to strew ᛫ to scatter ᛫ to disperse ᛫ V stregdan OE
straightforward ᛫ direct ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
strake ᛫ a stripe ᛫ a decorative streak ᛫ a beam of metal or timber ᛫ N strake&strāke NE&ME
straling ᛫ radiation ᛫ N strale+ing ME+NE Strahlung ᛣ
strand ᛫ a beach ᛫ N ~ NE
streak ᛫ a long thin line ᛫ a stroke ᛫ a series of successful deeds ᛫ N ~[strica] NE
streel ᛫ an arrow ᛫ a round of ammunition ᚹ ᛬ to shoot ᛫ N᛬V strele&strǣlian[strǣl] ME&OE
streelbearer ᛫ an archer ᛫ an arrow-bearer ᛫ N strǣlbora OE
streen ᛫ a couch ᛫ a sofa ᛫ a bed ᛫ a resting spot ᛫ N strēon/strēowen OE
streen ᛫ parturition ᛫ generation ᛫ procreation ᛫ propagation ᛫ a lineage ᛫ an ancestry ᛬ to procreate ᛫ to propagate ᛫ to generate ᛫ N᛬V strẹ̄n&strẹ̄nen[streónan] ME&ME "strain" seems to have French influence
streener ᛫ a procreator ᛫ a generator ᛫ N strẹ̄nen+er ME+NE
streeny ᛫ genetic ᛫ genetical ᛫ ADJ strain+y NE+NE
stretch ᛫ strict ᛫ severe ᛫ rigorous ᛫ stern ᛫ hard ᛫ ADJ stræc{streche} OE PTCP: straught/stretched
stretch ᛫ to extend ᛫ to extrapolate ᛫ V ~ NE
strew ᛫ to distribute randomly ᛫ to spread abroad ᛫ V ~ NE
strewn ᛫ fragmented over an area ᛫ scattered ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
strike ᛫ to hit ᛫ to attack ᛫ to delete ᛫ V ~ NE PTCP: stricken
strikeharp ᛫ a piano ᛫ N strike+harp NE+NE or: slayharp (direct cognate calque)
strind ᛫ a race ᛫ a clan ᛫ a lineage ᛫ a generation ᛫ N strīnde ME
strindendly ᛫ genitive ( grammar ) ᛫ ADJ gestrýnedlíc OE
string ᛫ a series of things ᛫ a sequence ᛫ N ~ NE
strite ᛫ an ostrich ᛫ N strȳta OEᚠI?
strongdrink ᛫ liquor ᛫ N strong drink NE
stronghold ᛫ a fortress ᛫ N ~ NE
strongman ᛫ a leader who rules with threats force or violence ᛫ a tyrant ᛫ a dictator ᛫ a despot ᛫ N ~ NE
strongwater ᛫ nitric acid ᛫ N ~ NE
strothe ᛫ marshy land overgrown with brushwood ᛫ N strothe[strōd] ME
stroud ⟨ strude ⟩ ᛫ to plunder ᛫ to pillage ᛫ to defraud ᛫ V strūdan OE
strout ⟨ strute ⟩ ᛫ contention ᛫ an argument ᛫ N strǒut{strūtian} ME
stuller ᛫ furtive ᛫ ADJ stulor OE
stun ᛫ to clash ᛫ to crash ᛫ to dash ᛫ to strike ᛫ V stunian OE
stunt ᛫ a daring or dangerous feat ᛫ skill ᛫ N ~ NE
stunt ᛫ a check in growth ᛫ a stunted being or thing ᛬ to hinder the growth of ᛫ to perform a stunt ᛫ to show off ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
stunted ᛫ prevented from growing ᛫ shorter than usual for one's age ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
sty ᛫ a path ᛫ a lane ᛫ an approach to something ᛫ a way of conduct ᛫ a method ᛬ to ascend ᛫ to descend ᛫ N᛬V stīe&stīgen[stīg] ME&ME
suckerfish ᛫ an Echeneidae fish ᛫ N ~ NE
suckledeer ᛫ a mammal ᛫ N suckle+deer NE+NE Säugetier ᛣ, zoogdier ᛣ
Sudan ᛫ Sudan ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
sullow ᛫ a plough ᛫ a plow ᛫ N sulou[sulh] ME
sully ᛫ to dirty ᛫ to corrupt ᛫ to taint ᛫ to soil ᛫ to desecrate ᛫ V ~ NE
summerledge ᛫ to become summer ᛫ V sumerlǣcan OE
summerly ᛫ estival ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
sunbloom ᛫ a Helianthus annuus plant ( sunflower ) ᛫ N sun+bloom NE+NE sunflower ᛣ
sundcorn ᛫ a Saxifraga plant ᛫ N sundcorn ME
sunder ᛫ private- ᛫ special- ᛫ PREFIX sunder OE
sunder ᛫ to separate ᛫ to split ᛫ to vary ᛫ to differ ᛫ V sunder&sǒnderen NE&ME
sunderaught ᛫ private property ᛫ N sunder+aught NE+ME
sundercraft ᛫ a superpower ( in the sense of "special power or art" ) ᛫ N sundorcræft OE
sunderfee ᛫ private wealth ᛫ N sundorfeoh OE
Sunderhallow ᛫ a Pharisee ᛫ N sundorhālga OE
sundering ᛫ a separation ᛫ separation ᛫ diversity ᛫ variety ᛫ difference ᛫ N ~ NE
sunderledge ᛫ to privatize ᛫ V sunder+lǣcan NE+OE
sunderright ᛫ a special privilege ᛫ N sunderriht OE
sundrily ᛫ variously ᛫ differently ᛫ separately ᛫ distinctively ᛫ distinctly ᛫ singly ᛫ individually ᛫ particularly ᛫ specially ᛫ specifically ᛫ privately ᛫ ADV sundrily&sonderlī&syndriglic NE&ME&OE
sundriness ᛫ diversity ᛫ specialness ᛫ independence ᛫ specialness ᛫ N ~ NE
sundry ᛫ various ᛫ different ᛫ separate ᛫ distinctive ᛫ distinct ᛫ single ᛫ individual ᛫ particular ᛫ special ᛫ specific ᛫ private ᛫ ADJ sundry&sǒndrī&syndrig NE&ME&OE
sundryman ᛫ a dealer of sundries ( miscellaneous items ) ᛫ N ~ NE
Suneve ᛫ Saturday ᛫ N sunnanǣfen OE see: Restday
Sunfield ⟨ Sunfeeld ⟩ ᛫ Elysium ᛫ PN sunnfeld OE
sunfish ᛫ a Molidae fish ᛫ a Centrarchidae fish ᛫ N ~ NE
sungang ᛫ the course of the sun ᛫ N sungang OE
sunken ᛫ submerged ᛫ depressed ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
sunly ᛫ solar ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
Sunnight ᛫ the night following Sunday's dusk ᛫ PN ~[sunnanniht] NE
sunshade ᛫ a parasol ᛫ an awning ᛫ N ~ NE
sunstead ᛫ a solstice ᛫ N ~ NE
sunstelsel ᛫ a solar system ᛫ N sun+stelsel NE+NL or silestelsel
Suriname ⟨ Surinam ⟩ ᛫ Suriname ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
Surry ᛫ Syria ᛫ PN Surry/Sirie MEᚠO
sussel ᛫ torment ᛫ anguish ᛫ agony ᛫ N sūsl OE
susselstead ᛫ a place of torment ᛫ hell ᛫ N sūslstede OE
suttle ᛫ clear ᛫ manifest ᛫ obvious ᛫ evident ᛫ unambiguous ᛫ ADJ sutel&sutelen[sweotol] ME&ME
suttle ᛫ to clarify ᛫ to denote ᛫ to make known ᛫ to show ᛫ V isutelen&geswutelian ME&OE
suttleness ᛫ clarity ᛫ N sutel+ness ME+NE
suttley ᛫ manifest ᛫ ADJ sutellī[sweotollīc] ME
suttling ᛫ evidence ᛫ N sweotolung[swutel] OE
swaddle ᛫ to wrap a baby in retraining material ᛫ to restrain ᛫ to restrict ᛫ V ~ NE
swail ᛫ heaven ᛫ the divine kingdom ᛫ the realm of the god or gods ᛫ N swegl OE kin: sun
swain ᛫ a rustic ᛫ a peasant ᛫ a shepherd ᛫ a page ( an attendant upon a knight ) ᛫ a squire ᛫ N ~ NEᚠN
swair ᛫ a mother-in-law ᛫ N sweȝer&sweger ME&OE kin: שוויגער
swake ᛫ feeble with age ᛫ ADJ swāc[swæc] ME
swamb ᛫ fungus ᛫ a mushroom ᛫ N swam[swamm] ME
swamblore ᛫ mycology ( the study of fungi ) ᛫ N swam+lore ME+NE
swamp ᛫ a stretch of forested wetland ᛫ N ~ NE
swanker ᛫ bending easily ᛫ pliable ᛫ flaccid ᛫ ADJ swancor OE
swansong ᛫ a final performance or accomplishment ᛫ N ~ NE HG Schwanengesang ᛣ
swap ᛫ to exchange ᛫ to trade ᛫ to switch ᛫ N ~ NE
swap out ⟨ ute ⟩ ᛫ to replace ᛫ V ~ NE
sward ᛫ the upper layer of soil ( especially when grassy ) ᛫ skin ( especially of pork ) ᛫ rind ᛫ a patch of calloused skin ᛫ N sward&sward NE&ME
swarf ᛫ the bits that come from swarfing ( filings ) ᛬ to grind down ᛫ to file off ᛫ V swarf&gesweorfan NE&OE
swart ᛫ the black hue ᛬ black ᛫ N᛬ADJ ~ NE
swarthy ᛫ tawny dusky ᛫ dark ᛫ of dark complexioned ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
swath ᛫ a broad expanse ᛫ the track left by a moving or mowing object ᛫ a track ᛫ a trace ᛫ a vestige ᛫ N ~[swæþ] NE
swayer ᛫ an influencer ᛫ an influence ᛫ a factor ( a circumstance fact or influence that contributes to a result ) ᛫ N ~ NE
sweal ᛫ to be on fire ᛫ to burn ᛫ V swēlen[swelan] ME
sweam ᛫ to grieve ᛫ V swēmen[swǣman] ME
swease ᛫ one's own ᛫ dear ᛫ beloved ᛫ gracious ᛫ ADJ swǣs OE kin: suēscō (Latin)
sweaseledge ᛫ to flatter ᛫ V swǣslǣcan OE
sweasely ᛫ kind ᛫ pleasant ᛫ agreeable ᛫ ADJ swǣslīc OE
sweasing ᛫ food ᛫ victuals ᛫ refection ᛫ N swǣsende OE
sweatcloth ᛫ a handkerchief ᛫ N swātclāþ OE
Sweave ᛫ a Swabian ᛫ an Alamanni ᛫ PN Swǣfas OE
Sweaveland ᛫ Swabia ᛫ Alamannia ᛫ Alemannia ᛫ PN Swǣfas+land OE+NE
Sweeland ᛫ Sweden ᛫ PN Sweoland OE
sweer ᛫ a pillar ᛫ a column ᛫ N swēor[swēor] ME
sweer ᛫ a father-in-law ᛫ N swēor OE
Sweerich ᛫ Sweden ( the state not the land ) ᛫ PN Sweorice OE
sweeting ᛫ a sweet kind of apple ᛫ a darling ᛫ N ~ NE
sweets ᛫ candy ᛫ N ~ NE
sweight ᛫ momentum ᛫ N sweight ME equal to: sway+th
swell ᛫ to swell ᛬ nice ᛬ well ᛫ V᛬ADJ᛬ADV ~ NE
swelt ᛫ to die ᛫ to become overcome with emotion heat or something like that ᛫ V ~ NE
swelter ᛫ an uncomfortably hot atmosphere ᛬ to feel uncomfortably hot ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
sweltering ᛫ uncomfortably hot ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
swench ᛫ affliction ᛫ tribulation ᛫ distress ᛬ to afflict ᛫ to trouble ᛫ to distress ᛫ N᛬V swenc&swenchen[swencan] OE&ME
swere ᛫ heavy ᛫ grave ᛫ oppressive ᛫ V swēre[swǣr] ME
swerely ᛫ heavily ᛫ grievously ᛫ oppressively ᛫ ADV swǣrlīce OE
sweremood ᛫ of an indolent sluggish disposition ᛫ ADJ swǣrmōd OE
swerethrake ᛫ gravity ᛫ N swere+þracu ME+OE zwaartekracht ᛣ, Schwerkraft ᛣ
swerk ᛫ a cloud ᛫ mist ᛫ smoke ᛫ gas ᚹ ᛫ N gesweorc OE
swerken ᛫ to darken ᛫ to mystify ᛫ V swurken[sweorcan] ME
swetch ᛫ a taste ᛫ a flavour ᛫ an odour, a scent, smell ᛫ an aroma ᛫ N swecc OE
swether ᛫ to retire ᛫ to withdraw ᛫ to abate ᛫ to subside ᛫ V sweþrian OE
sweve ᛫ to put to sleep ᛫ to make inactive ᛫ V swēven ME
swevel ᛫ sulphur/sulfur ᛫ brimstone ᛫ N swefel[swefel] ME
swevelen ᛫ sulfurous ᛫ made of brimstone ᛫ ADJ sweflene[sweflen] ME
sweven ᛫ a vision ᛫ a dream ᛬ to dream ᛫ N sweven&swevenen NE&ME rhyme: heaven
swevet ᛫ sleep ᛫ N swevete[sweofot] ME
swey ᛫ a noise ᛫ a sound ᛬ to sound ᛫ to make noise ᛫ N᛬V swei&sweien[sweg/swegan] ME&ME or: sway
swike ᛫ deceit ᛫ treachery ᛫ betrayal ᛫ a betrayer ᛫ a cheater ᛬ to deceive ᛫ to betray ᛫ to cheat ᛫ N᛬V swike&swiken[swīcan] ME&ME
swikedom ᛫ treason ᛫ treachery ᛫ betrayal ᛫ N swikedom ME
swikel ᛫ treacherous ᛫ ADJ swicol OE
swiker ᛫ a traitor ᛫ a deceiver ᛫ N swīca OE
swill ᛫ low quality food or drink ᛬ to wash with water ᛫ N᛬V ~[swilian] NE
swime ᛫ an unconscious state ᛫ a faint ᛫ N swīme ME
swimel ᛫ an anesthetic ᛫ N swīme+le ME+ME
swimmingly ᛫ splendidly ᛫ to happen well and without serious problems ᛫ ADV ~ NE
swin ᛫ a melody ᛫ N swinn OE
swind ᛫ to vanish ᛫ to disappear ᛫ to waste away ᛫ to perish ᛫ V swinden ME
swine ᛫ a pig ᛫ pigs ᛫ N ~ NE
swineflesh ᛫ pork ᛫ N ~ NE
swineherd ᛫ a person who tends swine ᛫ N ~ NE
swinely ᛫ porcine ᛫ ADJ swīnlic OE
swinge ᛫ to strike hard ᛫ V ~ NE
swingeing ᛫ drastic ᛫ severe ᛫ extreme ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
swingle ᛫ a scutch ( a flax beating tool ) ᛬ to beat with a swingle ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
swinish ᛫ unpleasant ᛫ contemptible ᛫ pig-like ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
swink ᛫ hard work ᛫ hard labour ᛫ toil ᛫ drudgery ᛬ to work hard ᛫ to labour hard ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE PTCP: swunk
swinker ᛫ a toiler ᛫ a labourer ᛫ N ~ NE
swinkful ᛫ toilsome ᛫ laborious ᛫ ADJ swincfull OE
swinse ᛫ to make melody or music ᛫ V swinsian OE same suffix as in "cleanse"
swinsing ᛫ melody making ᛫ N swinsung OE
swinsingcraft ᛫ the art of making melodies or music ᛫ N swinsungcræft OE
swire ᛫ a neck ( of any kind ) ᛫ a vale ᛫ a valley ᛫ N swīre ME
switchback ᛫ a roller coaster ᛫ N ~ NE short for: switchback railway?
swith ᛫ swift ᛫ rapid ᛫ strong ᛫ excessive ᛫ great ᛬ swiftly ᛫ rapidly ᛫ strongly ᛫ very ᛫ ADJ᛬ADV swith&swīþ NE&OE although from "swīþ" the vowel seems to have shortened
swither ᛫ right ( direction ) ᛫ ADJ swither ME
swither ᛫ more ᛫ greater ᛫ superior ᛫ ADV swīþor OE swith+er
swithly ᛫ great ᛫ magnificent ᛫ intense ᛫ ADJ swīþlīc OE
Switsish ᛫ Swiss ᛫ PADJ Switzer+ish NE+NE
Switzer ᛫ a Swiss person ᛫ N Switzer NE
Switzerland ᛫ Switzerland ᛫ PN ~ NE
swive ᛫ to fuck ᛫ to copulate ᛫ to copulate with ᛫ to mate ᛫ to mate with ᛫ V ~ NE kin: swivel
swivel ᛫ a rotation ᛬ to rotate ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
swiving ᛫ sexual intercourse ᛫ N ~ NE
swizzle ᛫ liquor ᛫ an alcoholic drink ᛫ N ~[switchel?] NE
swizzled ᛫ mixed ᛫ intoxicated ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
swome ᛫ to become dark ᛫ V swāmian OE
swone ᛫ a swineherd ᛫ a swain ᛫ a peasant ᛫ a male servant ᛫ N swone[swān] ME
swoon ᛫ an instance of fainting ᛬ to faint ᛫ to be infatuated with something ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
swordplay ᛫ fencing ᛫ N ~ NE
swot ᛫ vigorous study ᛬ to study vigorously ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE kin: "sweat"
swy ᛫ silence ᛬ to be silent ᛫ to become silent ᛫ N᛬V swiȝe&swige&swigian ME&OE&OE
sye ᛫ victory ᛫ N siȝe/sy[sige] ME found in placenames like "Kinsye"
sye ᛫ to drip ᛫ to strain ᛫ to sift ᛫ to purify ᛫ V sye&sīen NE&ME
sye ᛫ to descend ᛫ V sye&sien NE&ME
syefast ᛫ victorious ᛫ triumphant ᛫ ADJ sigefæst OE
syekin ᛫ the Seraphim ᛫ N sigorcynn OE
syeless ᛫ without victory ᛫ defeated ᛫ ADJ sigelēas OE
syely ᛫ victorious ᛫ ADJ sigelīc OE
syereeth ᛫ triumph ᛫ N sigehrēþ OE
syereethy ᛫ triumphant ᛫ ADJ sigehreþig OE
Sypress ᛫ Cyprus ᛫ PN Sypresse MEᚠH
Tahoe Mere ᛫ Lake Tahoe ᛫ PN Tahoe+mere NEᚠO+NE
Taiwan ⟨ Tyewan ⟩ ᛫ the Republic of China ᛫ Taiwan ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO or: the Republick of China
Tajikistan ᛫ Tajikistan ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO or: Tajikland
takeover ᛫ a commandeering ᛫ a transfer of power ᛫ N ~ NE
tale ᛫ a story ᛫ a number ᛫ a total ᛫ a tally ᛫ N ~ NE
talecraft ᛫ arithmetic ᛫ N tælcræft OE
talemark ᛫ a date ( in the meaning related to time ) ᛫ N tælmearc OE
talemete ᛫ a measure expressed by number ᛫ N tælmet OE
talesome ᛫ numerous ᛫ ADJ tælsum OE
taleteller ᛫ a storyteller ᛫ N ~ NE
tallow ᛫ dye ᛫ hard fat or lard ᛬ to dye ᛫ N᛬V tallow&telg&telgian NE&OE&OE
talt ᛫ unstable ᛫ evanescent ᛫ transitory ᛫ ADJ tealte[tealt] ME
talter ᛫ to shake ᛫ to totter ᛫ to stagger ᛫ to be unsteady ᛫ to be in an uncertain or a precarious condition ᛫ V tealtrian OE
tame ᛫ domesticated ᛫ mild ᛫ dull ᛫ subdued ᛫ spiritless ᛬ to make something tame ᛫ to become tame ᛫ V᛬ADJ ~ NE
tame ᛫ to subdue ᛫ to domesticate ᛫ to cultivate ᛬ subdued ᛫ domesticated ᛫ cultivated ᛫ tractable ᛫ V᛬ADJ tame&tāme[OE tam] NE&ME
Tanganyika Mere ᛫ Lake Tanganyika ᛫ PN Tanganyika+mere NEᚠO+NE
Tanzania ᛫ Tanzania ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO or: Tanzany
tap ᛫ a faucet ᛫ a spigot ᛫ N ~ NE
tap ᛫ to draw liquid from a container ᛫ to exploit a resource or market ᛫ V ~ NE
tape ᛫ a videocassete ᛫ a cassette ᛫ a video ᛫ N ~ NE
taphouse ⟨ taphuse ⟩ ᛫ a bar ᛫ a place where alcoholic drinks are sold ᛫ N ~ NE
tapper ᛫ a barkeep ᛫ N ~ NE
tappet ᛫ a carpet ᛫ N tæppet OE
taproom ᛫ a barroom ᛫ N ~ NE
tapster ᛫ a person who draws and serves alcoholic drinks at a bar ᛫ N ~ NE
tar ᛫ tar ᛫ resin ᛫ gum ᛫ N teoru OE
tare ᛫ a Vicia plant ( vetch plants ) ᛫ N ~ NE
targe ᛫ a small shield ᛫ N ~ NEᚠN
tarry ᛫ to be late or tardy ᛫ to linger wait or abide in expectancy ᛫ V ~ NE
Tarse ᛫ Tharsia ( roughly Turkestan , Transoxiana ) ᛫ N Tarse MEᚠI?
tarse ᛫ the penis ᛫ N ~[teors] NE
tart ᛫ pungent sour or acidic ᛫ or sharp of taste ᛫ ADJ ~[tart][teart] NE
tartree ᛫ a Eucalyptus plant ᛫ N gum tree NE
tavel ᛫ a gaming table ᛫ a boardgame ᛫ a die for gaming ? ᛫ N tæfl OEᚠI kin: table (Latin); tafl (Icelandic)
taw ᛫ to prepare material ᛫ V taw&tawian NE&OE in Modern English this word only refers to tanning
teach ᛫ to educate ᛫ to indoctrinate ᛫ to instruct ᛫ to school ᛫ to train another ᛫ to tutor ᛫ V ~ NE
teaching ᛫ a doctrine ᛫ that which is taught ᛫ N tǣcing OE
teal ᛫ dark cyan ᛫ cyan ᛫ N ~ NE some use this word as a synonym for cyan
team ᛫ a line ( often of animals ) ᛫ a line of descendants ᛫ offspring ᛫ a group who work towards the same goal ᛫ N team&tēam NE&OE
tee ᛫ to extract ᛫ to tug ᛫ to convey ᛫ to train another ᛫ V tēn&atēon ME&OE
teel ᛫ mocking speech ᛬ to mock ᛫ to ridicule ᛫ N᛬V tēlen[tǣl/tǣlan] ME
teeler ᛫ a mocker ᛫ a ridiculer ᛫ N tǣlere OE
teelworthy ᛫ blasphemous ᛫ calumnious ᛫ reprehensible ᛫ ADJ tǣlwirþe OE
teely ᛫ blasphemous ᛫ calumnious ᛫ reprehensible ᛫ ADJ tǣllīc OE
teem ᛫ to be prolific ᛫ to abound ᛫ to bring forth offspring ᛫ V teem&tīman NE
teeming ᛫ abundantly filled ( especially with creatures ) ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
teen ᛫ vexation ᛬ to vex ᛫ to irritate ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
teenful ᛫ troublesome ᛫ harmful ᛫ painful ᛫ full of suffering ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
teenle ᛫ a wicker basket ᛫ N tēnel[tǣnel] ME
tell ᛫ to count ( as in to tally ) ᛫ to count ( as in to qualify ) ᛫ to recount ᛫ to pass information ᛫ V tell&tellen[tellan] NE&ME
teller ᛫ a counter (such as a bank teller ) ᛫ N ~ NE
telltale ᛫ one who reports the secrets of others ᛬ revealing indicating or betraying something ᛫ N᛬ADJ ~ NE
temse ᛫ to sift ᛫ to strain ᛫ to sieve ᛫ V ~ NE
tend ᛫ to kindle ᛫ to ignite ᛫ to incite ᛫ to arouse ( lust anger etc ) ᛫ to inspire ᛫ V tē̆nden ME
tenderhearted ᛫ nurturing compassionate and forgiving ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
teng ᛫ pressing upon ᛫ laying upon ᛫ oppressive ᛫ ADJ tinge&getenge ME&OE
tenpenny ᛫ a dime ᚹ ᛬ ten cents ᛫ ten pence ᛫ N᛬ADJ ~ NE
tern ᛫ a Sternidae bird ᛫ N ~ NE
tevel ᛫ to gamble ᛫ V tevelen&tæflan ME&OE
tew ᛫ equipment ᛫ gear ᛫ instruments ᛫ N tew{getawa} ME kin: taw?
th ᛫ -ity ( abstract nominal suffix ) ᛫ SUFFIX ~ NE becomes -t after fricatives like /f/ and /x/ ?
thack ᛫ the weatherproof outer layer of a roof ( often with thatch ) ᛬ to cover a roof with thack ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
Thailand ᛫ Thailand ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
thane ᛫ a baron ᛬ to minister ᛫ to be a servant or an attendant ( especially to a king or other high ranking person ) ᛫ N᛬V thane&theinen NE&ME
thanedom ᛫ a barony ᛫ N ~ NE
thanen ᛫ a female thane ᛫ a baroness ᛫ N þīnen OE
thankful ᛫ grateful ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
thankle ᛫ mindful ᛫ thoughtful ᛫ considerate ᛫ ADJ geþancol OE
thanksgive ᛫ to give or dedicate in token of thanks ᛫ V ~ NE
thanksgiving ᛫ an expression of gratitude ᛫ N ~ NE
thar ᛫ to be necessary ᛫ to be required ᛫ to be obligatory ᛫ to be mandatory ᛫ V thurven/þar[þearfan] ME ENTRY NEEDS IMPROVEMENT
tharf ᛫ unleavened ᛫ uncontaminated ᛫ ADJ therf[þeorf] ME
tharf ᛫ a need ᛫ a requirement ᛫ a necessity ᛫ an obligation ᛬ needy ᛫ indigent ᛫ N᛬ADJ tharf&tharf ME&ME
tharfy ᛫ required ᛫ mandatory ᛫ obligatory ᛫ necessary ᛫ ADJ tharf+y ME+NE
tharm ᛫ an organ ( of a body) ᛫ an intestine ᛫ an entrail ᛫ a gut N tharm ME
thasledge ᛫ to agree ᛫ to accord ᛫ to fit ᛫ V þæslǣcan OE
thasly ᛫ suitable ᛫ appropriate ᛫ seemly ᛫ comely ᛫ elegant ᛫ harmonious ᛬ suitably ᛫ appropriately ᛫ elegantly ᛫ harmoniously ᛫ ADJ᛬ADV thaslī&þæslīc ME&OE
thatch ᛫ to cover ᛫ V thatch&þeccean NE&OE
thave ᛫ to consent ᛫ to assent to ᛫ put up with ᛫ to tolerate ᛫ to permit ᛫ V thaven ME
thaver ᛫ a favourer ᛫ a supporter ᛫ a consenter ᛫ N geþafa OE
thavesome ᛫ consenting ᛫ tolerating ᛫ ADJ geþafsum OE
thaving ᛫ consent ᛫ toleration ᛫ permission ᛫ N þafung OE
the anward ᛫ the present ᚹ ᛫ N andweard OE
the Bahamas ᛫ the Bahamas ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
the Black Sea ᛫ the sea known to the Romans as Pontus ᛫ N ~ NE
the British Sea ᛫ the English Channel ᛫ N Brittish se ME
the Caspish Sea ᛫ the Caspian Sea ᛫ PN Caspius+ish+sea NEᚠ+NE+NE
the Caucass Barrows ᛫ the Caucasus Mountains ᛫ PN the Caucasus Mountains NEᚠO -us case ending dropped
the Comoros ᛫ the Comoros ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
the Czech Republick ⟨ Check ⟩ ᛫ the Czech Republic ᛫ Czechia ᛫ PN Czech Republic NEᚠ+NEᚠI or: Czechia; Czechland
the Dernwrits ᛫ the Apocrypha ᛫ PN dirngewritu OE
the Dog Star ᛫ Sirius ᛫ N ~ NE
the Dominickish Republick ᛫ the Dominican Republic ᛫ PN the Dominican Republic NEᚠI
the East ᛫ the Orient ᛫ N ~ NE
the East Sea ᛫ the Baltic ᛫ PN ōstsæ[ēst mere] OE kin: Oostzee (Dutch)
the Faroe Islands ⟨ Ilands ⟩ ᛫ the Faroe Islands ᛫ PN Faroe Islands NE
the feend ᛫ the devil ᛫ N ~ NE
the Folkwandering Eld ᛫ the Migration Period ᛫ N folk+wander+ing+eld NE+NE+NE+NE Völkerwanderung ᛣ
the forthwitten ᛫ the past ᚹ ᛫ N forthwiten[forþgewiten] ME
the Gambia ᛫ the Gambia ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
the Great Dying ᛫ the Permian–Triassic extinction event ᛫ PN ~ NE
the Healend ᛫ a title of Jesus ᛫ PN Hēlend[hǣlend] ME
the Holy Ghost ⟨ Goast ⟩ ᛫ the Holy Spirit ᛫ N ~ NE
the Island of Man ⟨ Iland ⟩ ᛫ the Isle of Man ᛫ PN iland+of+man NE+NE+NE or: Man
the Maldives ᛫ the Maldives ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
the Marshall Islands ⟨ Iland ⟩ ᛫ the Marshall Islands ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠ(O+E)
the Morningstar ᛫ planet Venus ᛫ N ~ NE
the net ᛫ the internet ᛫ N ~ NE
the Netherlands ᛫ the Netherlands ᛫ PN ~ NE
the Nornish Sea ᛫ the Norwegian Sea ᛫ PN norenish+sea ME+NE Norwegian Sea ᛣ
the Oned Arab Emirdoms ᛫ the United Arab Emirates ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
the Oned Kingdom ᛫ the United Kingdom ᛫ PN onen+kingdom ME+NE United Kingdom ᛣ
the Oned Riches of America ᛫ the United States of America ᛫ PN onen+rīche+America ME+MEᚠC+NE the United States of America ᛣ
the other way about ⟨ abute ⟩ ᛫ vice versa ᛫ N ~ NE
the Philippines ⟨ Fillipeens ⟩ ᛫ the Philippines ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
the Quidbook ⟨ Cwidbook ⟩ ᛫ the Book of Proverbs ( Míshlê Shlomoh ) ᛫ N cwidbōc OE
the Red Sea ᛫ the sea between Arabia and Africa ᛫ N ~ NE
the Shapend ᛫ the Creator ᛫ N sceoppend OE
the Shipstar ᛫ Polaris ᛫ PN scipsteorra OE
the Slovak Republick ᛫ Slovakia ᛫ PN Slovak Republic NEᚠ+NEᚠI
the Solomon Islands ⟨ Ilands ⟩ ᛫ Solomon Islands ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠ(O+E)
the South Sea ⟨ Suthe ⟩ ᛫ the English Channel ᛫ PN suþsæ OE
the sticks ᛫ a rural place ᛫ a countryside ᛫ N ~ NE
the Stony Barrows ᛫ the Rocky Mountains ᛫ PN ~ NE
the Tems ᛫ the Thames ᛫ PN Temese/Temze ME
the toward ᛫ future ᚹ ᛫ N toward&tōweard NE&OE
the web ᛫ the internet ᛫ the World Wide Web ᛫ N ~ NE
the Welsh Sea ᛫ the Celtic Sea ᛫ PN Welsh+sea NE+NE Celtic Sea ᛣ
the West ᛫ the Occident ᛫ N ~ NE
the White Sea ᛫ the sea between the Kola Peninsula and the rest of Russia ᛫ N ~ NE
the Yellow Sea ᛫ the sea between Korea and China ᛫ N ~ NE
thearl ᛫ very ᛫ very hard ᛫ keenly ᛫ harshly ᛫ severely ᛫ sorely ᛫ ADV thearle&þearle ME&OE
theavethorn ᛫ a prickly shrub ᛫ N thevethorn ME
thechen ᛫ a torch ᛫ N thechene{þæcele} ME
thee ᛫ you ( accusative case ) ᛫ PRON ~[þē] NE
thee ᛫ to prosper ᛫ to thrive ᛫ V ~[þēon] NE
Theechland ᛫ Germany ᛫ PN thēde+ish+land ME+NE+NE or: Doichland
theed ᛫ national- ᛫ public- ᛫ PREFIX þēod OE
theed ᛫ a nation ᛫ a tribe ᛫ a clan ᛫ N thede/theid NE
theed ᛫ to apply ᛫ to connect ᛫ to adhere ᛫ to associate ᛫ to join ᛫ to attach ᛫ V iþeoden&geþēodan/þēodan ME&OE
theedbale ᛫ a national disaster ᛫ N þēodbealu OE
theeden ᛫ a leader of a people ᛫ a chieftain ᛫ N þēoden OE
theedenhold ᛫ faithful to a lord ᛫ ADJ þēodenhold OE
theedfeend ᛫ a public enemy ᛫ N þēodfēond OE
theedhere ᛫ a national army ᛫ N þēodhere OE
theedhood ᛫ nationality ᛫ N ~ NE+NE
theedish ᛫ national ᛫ ADJ þeodisce[þēodisc] ME some use " Theedish " to mean " Germanic "
theedland ᛫ an inhabited region ᛫ N þēodland OE
theedledge ᛫ to nationalize ᛫ V thede+lǣcan NE+OE
theedlove ᛫ patriotism ᛫ N thede+love ME+NE
theedly ᛫ gentile ᛫ ADJ þēodlīc OE
theedship ᛫ a people ᛫ a fellowship ᛫ a nationality ᛫ N þēodscipe OE
theedwit ᛫ a senator ᛫ N þēodwita OE
theefshoal ᛫ a band of thieves ᛫ N þēofscolu OE
theenest ᛫ service ᛫ N þēnest OE
theet ᛫ a pipe ᛫ a tube ᛫ a channel for liquids ᛫ N thēote&þēote{wæterþēote} ME&OE
theet ᛫ to howl like a wolf ᛫ V thēoten&þēotan ME&OE
theeve ᛫ to pant ᛫ V þefian OE
theeve ᛫ to steal ᛫ V ~ NE
theft ᛫ thievery ᛫ N ~ NE
then ᛫ to extend ᛫ V thinnen&þennan ME&OE
thence ⟨ thense ⟩ ᛫ from that place ᛫ ADV ~ NE
thenceforth ⟨ thenseforth ⟩ ᛫ from there on out ᛫ from then on ᛫ ADV ~ NE
thengle ᛫ a prince ᛫ N þengel OE kin: þengill (Norse)
ther ᛫ -trum ᛫ -tron ᛫ ( shows a noun is a tool or instrument ) ᛫ SUFFIX þor/dor OE lives on in words like "lather" and "rudder"
thereby ᛫ by this means ᛫ as a result of that ᛫ ADV ~ NE
therewith ᛫ in addition ᛫ ADV ~ NE
thern ᛫ a young woman ᛫ a girl ᛫ a female servant ᛫ a handmaid ᛫ N therne ME
thester ᛫ darkness ᛬ dark ᛫ without light or happiness ᛫ N᛬ADJ thester OE
thew ᛫ conduct ᛫ manners ᛫ a moral character ᛫ a virtue ᛫ a vice ᛫ muscle ᛬ to discipline ᛫ N᛬V thew&theuen&þēaw NE&ME&OE good thew = virtue, bad thew = vice
thew ᛫ a bondsman ᛫ a servant ᛫ a slave ᛬ to serve ᛫ N᛬V thew&theuien[þēow] NE&ME
thewborn ᛫ born into servitude ᛫ ADJ theuborne ME
thewdom ᛫ servitude ᛫ serfdom ᛫ slavery ᛫ a state of bondage ᛫ N theudom ME
thewen ᛫ a bondswoman ᛫ a female servant ᛫ a slave woman ᛫ N þēowen OE
thewet ᛫ slavery ᛫ servitude ᛫ bondage ᛫ N þeowet OE
thewfast ᛫ virtuous ᛫ moral ᛫ well mannered ᛫ ADJ þēawfæst OE
thewfastness ᛫ adherence to moral or expected behaviour ᛫ etiquette ᛫ N þēawfæstness OE
thewish ᛫ servile ᛫ ADJ thew+ish ME+NE
thewy ᛫ muscular ᛫ brawny ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
thicket ᛫ a dense group of bushes or trees ᛫ N ~[thiccet] NE
thie ᛫ to ingest ᛫ to drink ᛫ to consume ᛫ to beg for food ᛫ to beg ᛫ to plead ᛫ to implore ᛫ V thiggen[þicgan] ME
thight ᛫ a counsel ᛬ to take counsel ᛫ to consult ᛫ N þeaht&þeahtian OE&OE
thighter ᛫ a counsellor ᛫ N þeahtere OE
thighting ᛫ counsel ᛫ consultation ᛫ deliberation ᛫ agreement ᛫ concilium ᛫ consensus ᛫ N geþeahting OE
thild ᛫ patience ᛫ N þīld ME rhyme: wild?
thildy ᛫ patient ᛫ ADJ geþyldig OE
Thile ᛫ mythical land of Thule ᛫ N þȳle OE
thilk ⟨ thilk ⟩ ᛫ that same ᛫ the very thing ᛫ PRON ~ NE
thill ᛫ an orator ᛫ N þyle OE
thill ᛫ a plank ᛫ boarding ᛬ to plank ᛫ to lay boards ᛫ N þille&þilian OE&OE
thill ᛫ an orator ᛫ a spokesman ᛫ N þyle OE
thillcraft ᛫ elocution ᛫ rhetoric ᛫ N þylcræft OE
thillcraft ᛫ rhetoric ᛫ N þylecraft OE
thind ᛫ to swell ᛫ to swell with pride ᛫ V þindan OE
thine ᛫ yours ᛫ your ( when before a vowel sound ) ᛫ PRON ~ NE
thing ᛫ a court ( for trials ) ᛫ N thynge ME
thing ᛫ to plea ᛫ to plead ᛫ to advocate ᛫ to intercede ᛫ to make terms ᛫ settle a legal issue ᛫ V thingen ME
thinger ᛫ an advocate ᛫ an intercessor ᛫ a pleader ᛫ N þingere{þingestre} OE
thingstead ᛫ an assembly place ᛫ a forum ᛫ N thingstead NE
thinker ᛫ an intellectual ᛫ N ~ NE
thir ᛫ dry ᛫ arid ᛫ ADJ þyrre OE
thirl ᛫ a hole ᛬ to pierce ᛫ to penetrate ᛫ to drill ᛫ to bore ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE often becomes "tril" in compound words
thirst ᛫ a strong desire ( especially for drink ) ᛬ to desire ( especially drink ) ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
thirsty ᛫ avid ᛫ parched ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
thirth ᛫ power ᛫ vigour ᛫ rigour ᛫ N thirth[þrȳþ] ME
thither ᛫ to that place ᛫ ADV ~ NE
thitherto ᛫ up to that time ᛫ until then ᛫ ADV ~ NE
thixel ᛫ a pole ᛫ a beam ᛫ N þīxl OE
thocker ᛫ to run about ᛫ to run to and fro ᛫ V þocerian OE maybe should be "thocher"?
thoden ᛫ a strong wind ᛫ N þoden{thōde} OE
thoft ᛫ a rowing bench ᛫ N ~[þoft] NE
thoft ᛫ an ally ᛫ an associate ᛫ a fellow ᛫ a comrade ᛫ N geþofta OE
thoft ᛫ to associate ᛫ to ally with ᛫ V geþoftian OE
thoftship ᛫ a fellowship ᛫ an alliance ᚹ ᛫ N þoftscipe OE
thole ᛫ to endure ( to suffer through ) ᛫ V ~ NE
tholemood ᛫ patient ᛫ ADJ þolemōd OE
tholesome ᛫ patient ᛫ ADJ thole+some NE+NE
thone ᛫ to moisten ᛬ moist ᛫ V᛬ADJ þān&þānian OE&OE or: thoan
thong ᛫ a strip of leather or fabric ᛫ a g-string ᛫ N ~ NE
thorn ᛫ an annoyance ᛫ a discomfort ᛫ N ~ NE
thorny ᛫ annoying ᛫ uncomfortable ᛫ problematic ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
thorny anteater ᛫ an echidna ᛫ N spiny anteater NE
thorough ᛫ complete ᛫ detailed ᛫ more than adequate ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
thoroughbred ᛫ a purebred horse ᛫ a well-bred person ᛫ an athletic person ᛬ purebred ᛫ well-bred ᛫ N᛬ADJ ~ NE
thoroughfare ᛫ a route ᛫ a main road in a town ᛫ N ~ NE
thoroughgoing ᛫ complete ᛫ thorough ᛫ with great attention to detail ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
thoroughlight ᛫ a light that passes through ᛫ N ~ NE
thoroughlights ᛫ windows on opposite sides of a room ᛫ N ~ NE
thoroughly ᛫ extensively ᛫ completely ᛫ ADV ~ NE
thoroughsped ᛫ fully accomplished ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
thorp ᛫ a village ᛫ a hamlet ᛫ N ~ NE
thorpsman ᛫ a villager ᛫ N ~ NE
thost ᛫ dung ᛫ manure ᛫ excrement ᛫ faeces ᛫ poop ᛫ crap ᛫ shit ᛫ N ~ NE
thother ᛫ a sphere ᛫ a globe ᚹ ᛫ N þōþer OE rhyme: brother?
thou ⟨ thue ⟩ ᛫ you ( nominative ) ᛫ PRON ~ NE
though ᛫ clay ᛫ N thogth[þōhe] ME
thoughtache ᛫ angst ᛫ existential dread ᛫ cognitive dissonance ᛫ N thoughtache NE
thoughtfand ᛫ a thought experiment ᛫ N thought+fand NE+ME
thoughtfond ᛫ a thought experiment ᛫ N thought+fond NE+ME
thoughtful ᛫ considerate ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
thoughtless ᛫ inconsiderate ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
thousand thousand ⟨ thusand ⟩ ᛫ a million ᛫ N þusend þusend OE
thove ᛫ tufted ᛫ bushy ᛫ tufty ᛫ leafy ᛫ ADJ thūfe&þūfe ME&OE
Thrace ⟨ Thrase ⟩ ᛫ Thrace ᛫ PN ~[Thrācia] NEᚠO
thrake ᛫ power ᛫ force ᛫ N þracu{threken} OE
thrakefield ⟨ thrakefeeld ⟩ ᛫ a force field ᛫ N thrake+field NE+NE
thrall ᛫ slave ᛫ N ~ NEᚠN
thralldom ᛫ subjugation ᛫ slavery ᛫ bondage ᛫ N ~ NEᚠ(N+E)
thrave ᛫ to urge ᛫ to reprove ᛫ to rebuke ᛫ V þrafian OE
thrax ᛫ caries ( the rot of bone and teeth ) ᛫ N þreax OE
thray ᛫ to rebuke ᛫ to reproach ᛫ to chastise ᛫ V thraien[þrēagan] ME
threa ᛫ a punishment ᛫ punishment ᛫ an infliction ᛫ N þrēa{thrē?} OE
threadbare ᛫ shabby ᛫ frayed ᛫ unoriginal ᛫ bland ᛫ cliche ᛫ banal ᛫ trite ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
threaden ᛫ textile ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
thred ᛫ to deliberate ᛫ V þreodian OE
threding ᛫ deliberation ᛫ N þreodung OE
threeawn ᛫ an Aristida plant ᛫ N ~ NE
threedealed ᛫ having three parts ᛫ tripartite ᛫ ADJ þridǣled OE
threefold ᛫ triple ᛫ having three parts ᛬ triply ᛫ ADJ᛬ADV ~ NE
threehead ᛫ the triceps ᛫ N þrihēafdede OE
threehirn ᛫ a triangle ᛫ N þrihyrne OE
threehirned ᛫ triangular ᛫ ADJ þrihyrnede OE
threep ᛫ an altercation ᛫ a quarrel ᛫ an argument ᛫ contention ᛬ to quarrel ᛫ to argue ᛫ to contend ᛫ N᛬V þrēpe[þrēap]&þrēpen ME&ME
threesheet ᛫ triangular ᛫ three-cornered ᛫ ADJ þriscīte{shēte} OE
threeside ᛫ a triangle ᛫ N ~ NE
threesided ᛫ triangular ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
threewheeler ᛫ a tricart ᛫ a type of quad with three wheels ᛫ N ~ NE
thresh ᛫ to move violently ᛫ to thrash ᛫ V ~ NE
threshold ᛫ the bottom of a doorway ᛫ a limit before something happens ᛫ N ~ NE
threst ᛫ to press ᛫ to press together ᛫ to apply downward pressure ᛫ to pressure ᚹ ᛫ V ithrē̆sten[geþrǽstan] ME
thriddendeal ᛫ a unit of liquid measure , often equivalent to one-third of a gallon ᛫ N thridden-dē̆l ME
thrift ᛫ prudence of money or resources ᛫ N ~ NE
thrifty ᛫ prudent with money or resources ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
thril ᛫ a hole ᛫ an opening ᛫ an aperture ᛫ N ~ NE
thrilap ᛫ a trilobite ᛫ N thri+lap NE+NE
thrileaf ᛫ a trefoil ᛫ N þrilēafe OE
thrill ᛫ a trembling from emotion ᛫ a cause of sudden excitement ᛬ to suddenly excite ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
thrilly ᛫ exciting ᛫ producing a thrill ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
Thrimilk ᛫ May ᛫ PN þrimilce OE or: threemilk; thrimilch; thirmilk/thirmilch (by analogy with thirteen)
thriness ᛫ a trinity ᛫ the Holy Trinity ᛫ N thrinnes[þrinness] ME
thring ᛫ to press ᛫ to push ᛫ to crowd ᛫ V ~ NE PTCP: thrung
thringing ᛫ urgent ᛫ pressing ᛫ pressure ᛫ ADJ thring+ing ME+NE
thrinter ᛫ a three-year-old animal ᛫ something three years old ᚹ ᛫ N thrintǒur[þriwintre] ME equal to: three + winter
thrist ᛫ courageous ᛫ audacious ᛫ presumptuous ᛫ bold ᛫ rash ᛫ ADJ thrīst[þrīst] ME rhyme: Christ
thristle ᛫ presumptuous ᛫ audacious ᛫ ADJ þrīste OE
thristledge ᛫ to become presumptuous ᛫ to presume ᛫ V þrīstlǣcan OE
thrithe ᛫ forces ( as in armies ) ᛫ N thrith&þrȳþ ME&OE "the word seems to occur only in the plural"
thritheful ᛫ mighty ᛫ powerful ᛫ strong ᛫ ADJ þrȳþfull OE
thritongued ⟨ thritunged ⟩ ᛫ trilingual ᛫ ADJ thri+tongue+ed NE+NE+NE
throatball ᛫ an Adam's apple ᛫ N thrōtebolle ME
throatwort ᛫ a Campanula trachelium plant ᛫ N ~ NE
throe ᛫ a convulsion ᛫ N ~ NE TS: throw
throe ᛫ a pang ᛫ a spasm ᛬ to suffer ᛫ to pain ᛫ to suffer martyrdom ᛫ V throe&þrowian NE&OE
throer ᛫ a sufferer ᛫ a martyr ᛫ N þrowere OE
throng ᛫ a crowd ᛫ N ~ NE
throngfear ᛫ agoraphobia ᛫ N throng+fear NE+NE
throsomy ᛫ smoky ᛫ vaporous ᛫ ADJ þrosmig OE
throssom ᛫ smoke ᛫ vapor ᛫ N þrosm OE
throstle ᛫ a Turdus philomelos bird ᛫ N ~ NE
through ᛫ trans- ᛫ PREFIX ~ NE
through ᛫ a coffin ᛫ a sarcophagus ᛫ a sarcophagus slab ᛫ a mausoleum ᛫ N thrūgh[þrūh] ME rhyme: prow /praʊ/
throughbore ᛫ to bore through ᛫ to perforate ᛫ to transfix ᛫ V thurghbōren ME
throughbraid ᛫ to transport ᛫ V þurhbregdan OE
throughfasten ᛫ to transfix ᛫ V þurhfæstnian OE
throughother ᛫ confused ᛫ disordered ᛬ in confusion ᛫ in disorder ᛫ ADJ᛬ADV ~ NE
throughshine ᛫ transparent ᛫ ADJ throughshine NE
throughsmow ᛫ to creep through ᛫ to pour over ᛫ V þurhsmūgan OE
throughstand ᛫ to persist ᛫ V þurhstandan OE
throughtee ᛫ to carry through ᛫ to achieve ᛫ to accomplish ᛫ V þurhtēon OE
throw ᛫ an occasion ᛫ a circumstance ᛫ a relatively short period of time ᛫ an instant ᛫ a moment ᛫ N throu[þrāg/þrāh] ME
throwend ᛫ a scorpion ᛫ N þrowend OE
Throwend ᛫ one of the Tronds ( a Norse people-group ) ? ᛫ PN þrowende OE kin: Trondheim?
thrum ᛫ glory ᛫ N throm/thrum[þrymm] ME or: throm (same pronunciation)
thrum ᛫ a company of men ᛫ a host of men ᛫ a troop of men ᛫ N thrum[þrymm] ME
thrumfast ᛫ glorious ᛫ majestic ᛫ illustrious ᛫ mighty ᛫ ADJ þrymfæst OE
thrumfull ᛫ glorious ᛫ majestic ᛫ illustrious ᛫ mighty ᛫ ADJ þrymfull OE
thrumly ᛫ magnificent ᛫ splendid ᛫ glorious ᛬ magnificently ᛫ splendidly ᛫ gloriously ᛫ ADJ᛬ADV þrymlīc&þrumlīce OE
thrumsettle ᛫ a throne ᛫ N thrum-setle[þrym-setl] ME
thrush ᛫ a Turdidae bird ᛫ N ~ NE
thrutch ᛫ to push ᛫ to squeeze out ᛫ to pressure ᛫ to force ᛫ to press forward ᛫ to print ᚹ ᛫ V thricchen[þryccan/þrican] ME
thuften ᛫ a handmaiden ᛫ a female servant ᛫ N thuften[þyften] ME
Thunder ᛫ ( an English god equivalent to Thor and equated with Jupiter ) ᛫ the planet Jupiter ᚹ ᛫ PN þunor[þuner] OE kin: "thunder"
Thunderday ᛫ Thursday ᛫ PN þundurday/þunresdæi ME SEE NOTE
thunderfear ᛫ astraphobia ᛫ N thunder+fear NE+NE
Thunderly ᛫ Jovian ᛫ ADJ þunor+ly OE+NE
Thundernight ᛫ the night following Thursday's dusk ᛫ Thursnight ᛫ PN þunresniht OE
thungen ᛫ grown ᛫ thriven ᛫ advanced ( in quality ) ᛫ ADJ geþungen OE
thunwang ᛫ the temple ( as in the region of the skull ) ᛫ N þunwang OE wang as in http://bosworth.ff.cuni.cz/034645 ?
Thuring ᛫ one of the Thuringii ᛫ PN Þyringum OE
Thuringland ᛫ Thuringia ᛫ PN Þyringum+land OE+NE
thurrock ᛫ a hold ( of a ship ) ᛫ a bilge ( of a ship ) ᛫ N thurrok[þurruc] ME
thurse ᛫ a kind of giant-like creature from Germanic mythology ᛫ a giant ᛫ a cyclops ᛫ an ogre ᛫ N thurs&þyrs ME&OE
thus ᛫ in the manner now being indicated ᛫ accordingly ᛫ consequently ᛫ ADV thus&thus NE&ME
thwack ᛫ a sharp blow ᛬ to strike forcefully with a sharp blow ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
thwares ᛫ across ᛫ thwart ᛫ athwart ᛫ transversely ᛫ PREP þweores OE
thwart ᛫ across ᛫ ADV&PREP ~[thwert] NEᚠN see: thwares (for native alternative)
thwartsome ᛫ adversative ᛫ ADJ thwart+some NE+NE invented by William Barnes
thway ᛫ to wash ᛫ V þwēan OE
thweal ᛫ a towel ᛫ N þwǣle OE kin: towel; þwéan; Zwehle
thwean ᛫ to soften with moisture ᛫ V þwǣnan OE
thwere ᛫ to agree ᚹ ᛫ to make accordant ᛫ to become in accord ᛫ to make harmonious ᛬ agreeable ᛫ harmonious ᛫ compatible ᚹ ᛫ V᛬ADJ geþwǣrian&þwǣre OE&OE rhyme: there?
thwerehue ⟨ thwerehew ⟩ ᛫ a complementary colour ᛫ N þwǣre+hue OE+NE literally: harmonious-hue
thwereledge ᛫ to become in harmony with ᛫ to become compatible ᚹ ᛫ V ithwǣrlēchen ME
thwereness ᛫ agreement ᛫ harmony ᛫ peace ᛫ consonnance ᚹ ᛫ N geþwǽrnes OE
thwire ᛫ obstinate ᛫ perverse ᛫ cross ( as in crooked or bitter ) ᛫ ADJ thwīre[þwīr]{þweorh} ME
thwoast ᛫ to murmur ᛫ V þwāstrian OE
thy ᛫ your ᛫ PRON ~ NE
thyself ᛫ yourself ᛫ PRON ~ NE
tid ᛫ tender ᛫ soft ᛫ nice ᛫ ADJ tidbit NE
tidbit ᛫ a small piece of tasty food ᛫ a small and interesting item of information or gossip ᛫ N ~ NE
tidder ᛫ to treat with tenderness to fondle ᛬ frail ᛫ V᛬ADJ tidder&tȳdre NE&OE
tidderness ᛫ frailty ᛫ N tīderness OE
tide ᛫ a time ᛫ a period ᛫ a tense ( grammar term ) ᛬ to happen ᛫ to befall ᛫ to betide ᛫ N᛬V tide&tīd&&tīdan NE&NE&OE
tideghost ⟨ tidegoast ⟩ ᛫ a zeitgeist ᛫ an ethos of an age ᛫ N tide+ghost NE+NE Zeitgeist ᛣ
tidely ᛫ temporal ᛫ chronological ᛫ temporary ᛫ ADJ tide+ly NE+NE zeitlich ᛣ
tider ᛫ to have offspring ᛫ to beget offspring ᛫ to multiply ᛫ V tidren ME Related to OE "tūdor".
tideword ᛫ a verb ᛫ N tide+word NE+NE tiidwurd ᛣ
tidewrit ᛫ a magazine ᛫ N tide+writ NE+NE tijdschrift ᛣ
tidewriter ᛫ a chronicler ᛫ an annalist ᛫ N tīdwrītere OE
tidings ᛫ news ᛫ N ~ NE
tidy ᛫ neat ᛫ timely ᛫ seasonable ᛫ opportune ᛫ orderly ᛫ ordered ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
tield ⟨ teeld ⟩ ᛫ a tent ᛫ a canopy or an awning over a boat ᛬ to pitch a tent ᛫ to set a trap ᛫ to erect something ᛫ N᛬V tē̆ld&tē̆lden ME&ME
tigercat ᛫ any variegated wildcat ᛫ a serval ᛫ an ocelot ᛫ an oncilla ᛫ a margay ᛫ a quoll ᛫ N tiger cat NEᚠ(EᚠI+E)
tight ᛫ a practice ᛫ a way of conduct ᛫ N tight[tyht] ME kin: tee
tile ᛫ a brick ᛫ a tile ᛫ N tigel OEᚠI
till ᛫ apt ᛫ suitable ᛫ adequate ᛫ appropriate ᛫ ADJ til OE
till ᛫ a fixed point ᛫ station ᛫ N till OE
till ᛫ to prepare and cultivate land for crops ᛫ V ~ NE
tillman ᛫ a husbandman ᛫ a farmer ᛫ N ~ NE
tillmoody ᛫ noble-minded ᛫ ADJ tilmōdig OE
tilth ᛫ agriculture ᛫ cultivation ᛫ tillage ᛫ prepared surface soil ᛫ N tilth&tilth NE&ME
timber ᛫ wood for construction ᛬ to construct ᛫ N᛬V timber&timbran NE&OE
timeframe ᛫ a period of time ᛫ N ~ NE
timelore ᛫ chronology ᛫ N time+lore NE+NE invented by William Barnes
timely ᛫ at a favourable time ᛫ opportune ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
timesare ᛫ a time machine ᛫ N time+searu NE+OE time machine ᛣ
timetoken ᛫ a time signature ᛫ N time+token NE+NE Taktbezeichnung ᛣ
timewise ᛫ temporal ᛫ chronological ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
tind ᛫ to set on fire ᛫ to kindle ᛫ to ignite ᛫ V ~ NE Related to "tinder".
tinderbox ᛫ a potentially dangerous place or situation ᛫ a crisis ᛫ N ~ NE
tine ᛫ a point ᛫ a spike ᛫ N ~[tind] NE
tine ᛫ to enclose ᛫ V tine[tun] OE
tinglass ᛫ bismuth ( element ) ᛫ N ~ NE
tintrey ᛫ torment ᛫ torture ᛫ N tintreg OE point-agony (tind-treg)? extend-agony (tinnan+treg)?
tire ᛫ glory ᛫ N tīr[tīr] ME
tire ᛫ to feel or make weary ᛫ to lose interest in ᛫ to bore ᛫ V ~ NE
tiresome ᛫ boring ᛫ tedious ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
tit ᛫ a teat ᛫ N ~ NE teat is Frankish
titch ᛫ a young goat ᛫ N tiche ME
tithe ᛫ a tenth ᛬ to give a tithe of something ᛫ to decimate ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
tithing ᛫ an administrative region below hundreds ᛫ N ~ NE
Titicaca Mere ᛫ Lake Titicaca ᛫ PN Titicaca+mere NEᚠO+NE
titling ᛫ an Anthus pratensis plant ᛫ N ~ NE
titmouse ⟨ titmuse ⟩ ᛫ a Paridae bird ᛫ N ~ NE
tiver ᛫ a sacrifice ᛫ an offering ᛫ a victim ᛫ N tiber[tifer] OE
tiver ᛫ cinnabar ᛫ the orange red hue of cinnabar ᚹ ᛬ to paint ( with cinnabar ? ) ᛫ N᛬V teafur[tēafor]&atiefran ME
tivering ᛫ painting ᛫ N tīfrung OE
to boot ᛫ in addition ᛫ as well ᛫ ADV ~ NE
to wit ᛫ that is to say ᛫ namely ᛫ specifically ᛫ ADV ~ NE originally: that is to wit
toadstool ᛫ mushroom ᛫ N ~ NE
toady ᛫ a sycophant ᛫ a charlatan's assistant ᛫ N toadeater NE or: toadeater (original)
toady ᛫ a sycophant ᛫ bootlicker ᛬ to bootlick ᛫ to engage in sycophancy ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
toaker ᛫ one's husband's brother ᛫ N tācor OE
Toba Mere ᛫ Lake Toba ᛫ PN Toba+mere NEᚠO+NE
toburst ᛫ to rupture ᛫ V toborstennisse ME
toburstenness ᛫ a rupture ᛫ N toborstennisse ME
tocharhouse ⟨ tocharhuse ⟩ ᛫ an inn ᛫ a lodging house ᛫ N tōcirhūs OE
todeal ᛫ to divide ᛫ to distribute ᛫ to part ᛫ to separate ᛫ N᛬V tōdǣlan OE
todealedness ᛫ a division ᛫ a distinction ᛫ a separation ᛫ N tōdǣledness OE
todo ᛫ a commotion ᛫ a fuss ᛫ N todo NE
todrive ᛫ to drive in different directions ᛫ to drive away ᛫ V tōdrīfan OE
tofare ᛫ to go in different directions ᛫ to go off separately ᛫ to part ways ᛫ V tōfaran OE
tofloat ᛫ to float in different directions ᛫ to be dispersed by water ᛫ V tōflēotan OE
togang ᛫ access ᛫ admission ᛫ N to+gang NE+NE tagang ᛣ
Togo ᛫ Togo ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
token ᛫ sign ᛫ badge ᛫ marking ᛫ mark ᛫ symbol ᛫ N ~ NE
tokenbearer ᛫ a signifier ᛫ a standard bearer ᛫ N tācnberend OE
tokening ᛫ a representation ᛫ an indication of something's true condition ᛫ evidence ᛫ gesturing ᛫ a memorial ᛫ a memento ᛫ N tōkning ME
tolithe ᛫ to dismember ᛫ V tolithen [tōliþian] ME
toll ᛫ tax ᛫ assessment ᛫ fee ᛫ N toln ME
toller ᛫ a toll-taker ᛫ tax-gatherer ᛫ N tollere OE
tomark ᛫ to describe ᛫ V tōmearcian OE
tomarkedness ᛫ a description ᛫ N tōmearcodness OE
toname ᛫ a surname ᛫ a nickname ᛫ epithet ᛫ N toname ME
tone ᛫ a twig ᛫ a twig or piece of wood used in augury divination or casting lots ᛫ N tān OE lives on in "mistletoe"
Tonga ᛫ Tonga ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
tonglings ᛫ forceps ᛫ N tong+ling+s NE+NE+NE invented by William Barnes
tongue ⟨ tung ⟩ ᛫ a lingua ᛫ a language ᛫ an odontophore ᛫ a proboscis ᛫ N ~ NE
tonguefall ⟨ tungfall ⟩ ᛫ an accent ( in speech ) ᛫ N tongue+fall NE+NE tongval ᛣ
tonguely ⟨ tungly ⟩ ᛫ lingual ᛬ lingually ᛫ ADJ᛬ADV ~ NE
tool ᛫ an instrument ᛫ N ~ NE
tooler ᛫ a mechanic ᛫ a technician ᛫ N tool+er NE+NE
toolfall ᛫ the instrumental case ᛫ N tool+fyll NE+OE
toom ᛫ empty ᛫ ADJ ~[tōm] NE
toot ᛫ to pry ᛫ to spy ᛫ to peep ᛫ to peek ᛫ to peer ᛫ V tōten[tōtian] ME
toothleech ᛫ a dentist ᛫ N tooth+leech NE+NE
toothless ᛫ ineffectual ᛫ lacking in means to enforce something ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
toothly ᛫ dental ᛫ dentally ᛫ ADJ᛬ADV ~ NE
toothsome ᛫ delicious ᛫ scrumptious ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
topside ᛫ the upper outer surface of the ship above the waterline ᛬ above decks such as on the bridge ᛫ N᛬ADJ ~ NE
topsyturviness ᛫ chaos ᛫ disorder ᛫ N topsyturviness NE
topsyturvy ᛫ backwards ᛫ upside-down ᛫ chaotic ᛬ backwards ᛫ upside-down ᛫ chaotically ᛫ ADJ᛬ADV topsyturvy NE
torght ᛫ to make clear ᛬ bright ᛫ splendid ᛫ beautiful ᛫ clear ᛬ beautifully ᛫ clearly ᛫ splendidly ᛫ V᛬ADJ᛬ADV torhte&torht&torhtian ME&OE&OE
torghtly ᛫ splendid ᛬ splendidly ᛫ ADJ᛬ADV torhtlīc&torhtlīce OE
torghtness ᛫ glory ᛫ splendour ᛫ N torhtness OE
torn ᛫ anger ᛫ wrath ᛫ trouble ᛬ bitter ᛫ N᛬ADJ torn OE
tornquid ⟨ torncwid ⟩ ᛫ a speech that causes grief ᛫ bitter grievous or distressing words ᛫ N torncwide OE
torve ᛫ to throw ᛫ to pelt ᛫ V torven[torfian] ME
toshrithe ᛫ to split apart ᛫ V tọ̄̆shrīthen[tōscrīðan] ME
totale ᛫ reputation ᛫ N tōtalu OE
touder ⟨ tuder ⟩ ᛫ offspring ᛫ progeny ᛫ a foetus ᛫ a fetus ᛫ a race ᛫ a breed ᛫ product ᛫ N tūder&tūdor ME&OE
tout ⟨ tute ⟩ ᛫ to promote ᛫ to publicize ᛫ to advertize ᛫ V ~ NE
toward ᛫ future ᛫ approaching ᛫ promising ᛫ docile ᛫ obedient ᛫ cooperative ᛬ towards ᛫ ADJ᛬PREP toward&tōweard NE&OE
toward tide ᛫ the future tense ᛬ of the future tense ᛫ N᛬ADJ toward tīd OE
towardness ᛫ the future ᛫ N tōweardness OE
toyear ᛫ this year ᛫ N&ADV to-year NE
toyen ᛫ in defence against ᛫ in moral opposition to ᛫ PREP toyēn ME
traught ᛫ an exposition ᛫ a commentary ᛫ N traht OE kin: tract?
traughten ᛫ to comment ᛫ to explain ᛫ to expound ᛫ V trahtnian OE
traughtening ᛫ commentary ᛫ exposition ᛫ explanation ᛫ N trahtnung OE
tread ᛫ to walk upon ᛫ to walk along ᛫ V ~ NE PTCP: trodden; treaded
treely ᛫ arboreal ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
treen ᛫ small domestic wooden objects ( especially antiques ) ᛬ made of tree ᛫ wooden ᛫ N᛬ADJ ~ NE
treewright ᛫ a carpenter ᛫ N trēowwyrhta OE
trend ᛫ a general direction of a change or a development ᛫ a fashion ᛬ to bend or to change in a specific direction ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
trendle ᛫ an orb ᛫ a sphere ᛫ N trendel[trendel] ME
trendsetter ᛫ A fashionista ᛫ N ~ NE
trendy ᛫ fashionable ( often in the short term only ) ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
trey ᛫ affliction ᛫ suffering ᛫ pain ᛫ vexation ᛫ grievance ᛬ to afflict ᛫ to vex ᛫ to annoy ᛫ to irritate ᛫ to bother ᛫ N treien[trega/tregian] ME
trim ᛫ to remove excess ᛫ to shorten something's length ᛬ neat ᛫ in shape ᛫ V᛬ADJ ~[trimmen][trymman] NE
trind ᛫ a ball ?᛫ N trinda OE
Trinidad and Tobago ᛫ Trinidad and Tobago ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
trod ᛫ a track ᛫ a foot print ᛫ a trace ᛫ N trod ME
troth ᛫ ( denotes allegiance ) ᛫ SUFFIX troth&treuth NE&ME
troth ᛫ faith ᛫ a religion ᛫ a creed ᛫ a doctrine ᛫ loyalty ᛫ fidelity ᛫ allegiance ᛫ adherence to one's oaths ᛫ N troth&treuth NE&ME
trothful ᛫ faithful ᛫ loyal ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
trothless ᛫ unfaithful ᛫ disloyal ᛫ impious ᛫ undevout ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
trough ᛫ a duct ᛫ a minimum ( mathematics ) ᛫ N ~ NE
trouth ⟨ truthe ⟩ ᛫ a trumpeter ᛫ N trūþ OE
trow ᛫ to trust ᛫ to believe in ᛫ to have faith in ᛫ V [trēowan] NE rhyme: grow
trowfast ᛫ loyal ᛫ faithful ᛫ ADJ trēowfæst OE
trowless ᛫ faithless ᛫ infidel ᛫ ADJ trēowlēas OE
truce ⟨ trewse ⟩ ᛫ a pledge ᛫ a treaty ᛫ an armistice ᛬ to pledge ᛫ N᛬V truce&getrȳwþ NE&OE
truck ᛫ to fail ( at something ) ᛫ to fail ( a duty ) ᛫ to be insufficient ᛫ to be deficient ᛫ V truken&trucian ME&OE
true aloe ⟨ trew ⟩ ᛫ an Aloe vera plant ᛫ N true aloe NE
trum ᛫ firm ᛫ safeguarded ᛫ ADJ trum OE kin: trim
trum ᛫ a troop of soldiers ᛫ an army ᛫ forces ( as in armies ) ᛫ a company ᛫ a military array ᛫ N trume&truma ME&OE kin: sheltron
trundle ᛫ to move or cause to move slowly and heavily typically in a noisy or uneven way ᛫ V ~ NE
truse ᛫ to swear to the truth of ᛫ to guarantee ᚹ ᛫ V treousen ME
trustworthy ᛫ reliable ᛫ dependable ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
trusty ᛫ reliable ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
truthful ⟨ trewthful ⟩ ᛫ honest ᛫ sincere ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
truthfulness ⟨ trewthfulness ⟩ ᛫ honesty ᛫ sincerity ᛫ N ~ NE
Tuesday ⟨ Tewsday ⟩ ᛫ Tuesday ᛫ PN ~{tisday/tisdæi/tyseday} NE or: Tyesday
Tuesnight ⟨ Tewsnight ⟩ ᛫ the night following Tuesday's dusk ᛫ PN ~[tīwesniht] NE
tugwain ᛫ a train ᛫ N tug+wain NE+ME semi-calque of Zug (German)
tumb ᛫ to dance ᛫ to jump ᛫ to dance and jump about ᛫ V tumben[tumbian] ME kin: "tumble"
tun ᛫ a large cask ᛫ a fermenting vat ᛫ 2240 pounds ( by extension an indefinite large quantity ) ᛫ N ~ NE not the same as "tonne"
tunereeve ᛫ a praetor ᛫ a bailiff ᛫ N tūngerēfa OE
tungle ᛫ a planet ᛫ a moon ᛫ a star ᛫ a celestial body ᛫ N tungol ME
tunglecraft ᛫ planetology ᛫ N tungol+craft{tungolcræft} ME+NE
tungler ᛫ an astronomer ᛫ N tunglere OE
Tunisland ⟨ Toonisland ⟩ ᛫ Tunisia ᛫ PN Tunisia NEᚠO
turd ᛫ a piece of solid faeces ᛫ N ~ NE
turdle ᛫ a pellet of faeces ( like that of a sheep ) ᛫ N tirdel[tyrdlu] ME
turf ᛫ territory ᛫ an area of influence ᛫ the top layer of Earth with grass ᛫ sod ᛫ N ~ NE
turfen ᛫ made of turf ᛫ covered with turf ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
Turkana Mere ᛫ Lake Turkana ᛫ PN Turkana+mere NEᚠO+NE
Turkey ᛫ Turkey ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO or: Turkland; Turky
Turkmenistan ᛫ Turkmenistan ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO or: Turkmenland
tusk ᛫ a tenon ᛫ N ~ NE or: tush (from a Middle English alternative)
Tuvalu ⟨ Toovaloo ⟩ ᛫ Tuvalu ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
twain ᛫ two ᛬ to split into two ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
twaincloud ⟨ twainclude ⟩ ᛫ cumulostratus ᛫ N twain cloud NE
tweak ᛫ modification ᛬ to modify ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
tweam ᛫ to divide ᛫ to separate ᛫ to cause dissent among ᛫ to estrange ᛫ V twēmen/tweamen&twǣman ME&OE
tweaming ᛫ a division ᛫ a separation ᛫ a distinction ᛫ N twǣming OE
twee ᛫ doubt ᛫ ambiguity ᛫ uncertainty ᛬ to doubt ᛫ N᛬V twēo&twēogan{twēon} OE
tweely ᛫ doubtful ᛫ ADJ twēolic OE
tweenbrain ᛫ the diencephalon ᛫ N ~ NE
tweeworthy ᛫ questionable ᛫ doubtful ᛫ dubious ᛫ N twēo+worthy OE+NE
Twelve Tokens ᛫ the Zodiac ᛫ N twelf tacna OE
twi ᛫ duo- ᛫ bi- ᛫ do- ᛫ double- ᛫ PREFIX ~ NE
twibill ᛫ an axe , halberd , or mattock which is double bladed ᛫ N ~ NE equivalent to twi-bill
twichore ᛫ a double duty ᛬ double duty ᛫ N᛬ADJ twi+chore NE+NE
twifoldly ᛫ double ᛫ dual ᛫ ADJ twīfoldlī ME
twig ᛫ a branch ( especially a small one ) ᛫ N twig&twig NE&OE
twiganger ᛫ Doppelgänger ᛫ N twi+gang+er NE+NE+NE Doppelgänger ᛣ
twihorned ᛫ bicornous ᛫ ADJ twi+horned NE+NE invented by William Barnes
twill ᛫ a fabric with a twill weave ᛬ to weave such a pattern ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
twin ᛫ a double ᛬ double ᛫ dual ᛫ N᛬ADJ ~ NE
twinay ᛫ double negative ᛫ N twi+nay NE+NE
twine ᛫ a string of two or more strands twisted together ᛫ a twist ᛫ a convolution ᛬ to twist ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
twinge ᛫ a sharp pain ᛫ a pang ᛬ to pinch ᛫ to cause a sharp pain ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
twinword ᛫ a doublet word ᛫ N twin+word NE+NE
twissel ᛫ a double fruit or a pair of like things growing on a tree ᛫ a junction ᛫ a road or river fork ᛬ double ᛫ twofold ᛫ N᛬ADJ twissel&twisla[twis] NE&OE
twist ᛫ to writhe ᛫ to contort ᛫ to twine ᛫ to coil ᛫ to turn ᛫ to sprain ᛫ V ~ NE
twister ᛫ a tornado ᛫ N ~ NE
twiteethed ᛫ bidental ᛫ ADJ twi+teethed NE+NE
twitongued ⟨ twitunged ⟩ ᛫ bilingual ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
twiway ᛫ a place where two roads meet ᛫ N twiweg OE
twodeal ᛫ a two-piece swimsuit ( a bikini ) ᛫ N two-piece NEᚠ(E+I)
twofold ᛫ double ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
twofooted ᛫ bipedal ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
twoness ᛫ duality ᛫ N ~ NE
twosided ᛫ bilateral ᛫ ADJ two+sided NE+NE
twosome ᛫ a couple ᛫ a pair ᛫ a duo ᛫ N ~ NE
twoth ᛫ second ( a second thing ) ᛬ second ( second place in a sequence ) ᛫ N᛬ADJ ~ NE this word has an analogy with Dutch's "tweede"
tye ᛫ a piece of enclosed land ᛫ a pasture ᛫ a common ᛫ N tye&tye[tīg] NE&ME kin: zīh (OHG)?; teigur (Icelandic)?
tye ᛫ a box of small size ᛫ N ~ NE
tye ᛫ a pull ᛫ a tug ᛫ N tyge OE
Tye ᛫ an English god equivalent to Norse Tyr ᛫ the planet Mars ᛫ PN OE kin: Tuesday
Tyeling ᛫ a Martian ᛫ an inhabitant of Mars ᛫ N tī+ling{earthling} OE+NE or: Tyeman (analogy: Earthman)
Tyely ᛫ Martian ᛫ ADJ tī+ly OE+NE
Uganda ⟨ Yewganda ⟩ ᛫ Uganda ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
Ukraine ᛫ Ukraine ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
umb ᛫ circum- ᛫ PREFIX ~ NE
umb ᛫ around ( both locational and temporal ) ᛫ concerning ᛫ regarding ᛫ after ( temporal ) ᛫ PREP umbe ME
umbclap ᛫ to embrace ᛫ enclose ᛫ V ~ NE
umbdraw ᛫ to withdraw to retreat ᛫ V ~ NE
umbecast ᛫ to travel around ᛫ to explore ᛫ to cast about ᛫ to ponder ᛫ V umbecasten ME
umbeight ᛫ a collection ᛫ a combination ᛫ a collation ᛫ N ymbeaht OE
umbfang ᛫ to circumscribe ᛫ to encompass ᛫ to surround ᛫ V unymbfangen/umbfōn OE
umbfare ᛫ a circuit ᛫ a going around ᛫ N ymbfær OE
umbgang ᛫ a circling ᛫ a circuit ᛫ a circumference ᛫ N ymbgang OE
umbgo ᛫ to encompass ᛫ to surround ᛫ V umbegon ME
umbhow ᛫ solicitude ᛫ anxiety ᛬ solicitous ᛫ anxious ᛫ N᛬ADJ ymbhoga OE
umblap ᛫ to encircle ᛫ V ~ NE
umblithe ᛫ to circumnavigate ᛫ V ymblīþan OE
umbloater ᛫ a spectator ᛫ an observer ᛫ N ymbwlātend OE
umblock ᛫ a clasp ᛫ N ~ NE
umbloud ⟨ umblude ⟩ ᛫ an umlaut ᛫ N umb+loud ME+NE Umlaut ᛣ
umbraid ᛫ contention ᛫ strife ᛬ to upbraid ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
umbset ᛫ to siege ᛫ to blockade ᛬ set around ᛫ ADJ&PREP ymbset&ymbgesett OE&OE
umbset ᛫ to obstruct ᛫ to block ᛫ to overwhelm ᛫ V ~ NE
umbsnithe ᛫ to circumcise ᛫ V ymbsnīþan OE
umbspeak ᛫ to discuss ᛫ V ymbsprecan OE
umbspeech ᛫ discussion ᛫ N umbsprǣc OE
umbstandness ᛫ circumstance( s ) ᛫ N ymbstandenness OE
umbstound ⟨ umbstund ⟩ ᛫ sometimes ᛫ at times ᛫ ADV umbestound NE
umbtrim ᛫ to fortify ᛫ to protect ᛫ to safeguard ᛫ V ymbtrymian OE
umbtrimming ᛫ fortification ᛫ N ymbtrymming OE
umbwend ᛫ to transform ᛫ to convert ᛫ N ymbwendan OE
umbwharft ᛫ a circle ᛫ an orbit ᛫ N ymbhwyrft OE
umbwharve ᛫ to revolve around ᛫ to orbit around ᛫ V ymbhweorfan OE
umbwhile ᛫ erstwhile ᛫ late ᛬ formerly ᛫ late ᛫ ADJ᛬ADV ~ NE
umbworld ᛫ an environment ᛫ N ~ NE Umwelt ᛣ
un ᛫ to grant ᛫ to allow ᛫ to permit ᛫ V unnan OE
unache ᛫ to relieve from pain ᛫ soothe ᛫ V ~ NE
unakin ᛫ unrelated ᛫ dissimilar ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
unalike ᛫ different ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
unalikeness ᛫ difference ᛫ N ~ NE
unanswering ᛫ unresponsive ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
unanyetty ᛫ nonsensical ᛫ ADJ un+andȝet+y NE+ME+NE
unathelness ᛫ ignobility ᛫ N unæþelness OE
unbelief ⟨ unbeleef ⟩ ᛫ disbelief ᛫ an absence of religious belief ᛫ N ~ NE
unbeliever ⟨ unbeleever ⟩ ᛫ a nonbeliever ᛫ a heretic ᛫ a heathen ᛫ N unbeliever NE
unbidden ᛫ uninvited ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
unbiseny ᛫ irregular ᛫ unruly ᛫ ADJ un+bīsen+y NE+ME+NE
unblithe ᛫ melancholic ᛫ ADJ unblithe ME
unbodied ᛫ incorporeal ᛫ formless ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
unbodily ᛫ incorporeal ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
unbootly ᛫ irremediable ᛫ without remedy ᛫ ADJ unbotelich ME
unboroughy ᛫ rural ᛫ ADJ un+borough+y NE+NE+NE
unbraid ᛫ to disentangle ᛫ V ~ NE
unbuild ⟨ unbild ⟩ ᛫ to deconstruct ᛫ V ~ NE
unburden ᛫ to exonerate ᛫ V ~ NE
uncanny ᛫ strange in an unsettling way ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
unchurch ᛫ to excommunicate ᛫ V ~ NEᚠ(E+H)
unclothe ᛫ to undress ᛫ V ~ NE
uncouth ⟨ uncuthe ⟩ ᛫ clumsy ᛫ awkward ᛫ crude ᛫ rude ᛫ unrefined ᛫ unfamiliar ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
uncouthness ⟨ uncutheness ⟩ ᛫ unfamiliarity ᛫ crudeness ᛫ impoliteness ᛫ N ~ NE
undear ᛫ cheap ᛫ disesteemed ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
undeathshildiness ᛫ immortality ᛫ N undethshildiȝnesse ME
undeed ᛫ an ill deed ᛫ an evil action ᛫ a crime ᛫ a misdeed ᛫ N undǣd OE
under ᛫ sub- ᛫ PREFIX ~ NE
underbear ᛫ to support ᛫ V ~ NE
underborough ᛫ a suburb ᛫ N underburh OE
underborougher ᛫ an inhabitant of a suburb ᛫ N underburhware OE
underbow ᛫ to submit ᛫ V underbugan OE
undercome ᛫ to be affected by ᛫ to undergo ᛫ to submit ᛫ to come through ᛫ to come under ᛫ V ~ NE
undercut ᛫ to offer goods or services at a lower price than a competitor ᛫ to undermine ᛫ V ~ NE
underdelve ᛫ to undermine ᛫ V underdelven[underdelfan] ME
underfang ᛫ to receive ᛫ to accept ᛫ to assume ( a position or office ) ᛫ V underfongen ME
undergo ᛫ to experience ᛫ V ~ NE PTCP: undergone
underground ⟨ undergrund ⟩ ᛫ subterranean ᛬ beneath the ground's surface ᛫ in secrecy ᛫ ADJ᛬ADV ~ NE
underhanded ᛫ clandestine ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
underkeep ᛫ to suppress ᛫ V ~ NE
underkind ᛫ a subcategory ᛫ a subordinate or inferior kind or class ᛫ N ~ NE
underking ᛫ a viceroy ᛫ a petty king ᛫ a tribal ruler ᛫ N underking ME
underlet ᛫ to sublet ᛫ V ~ NE
underlie ᛫ to be the basis foundation or cause of something ᛫ V ~ NE
underling ᛫ a subordinate ᛫ N ~ NE
underly ᛫ inferior ᛬ at a lower level ᛫ insufficiently ᛫ ADJ᛬ADV ~ NE
underlying ᛫ basic or fundamental ᛫ implicit ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
undermakeup ᛫ primer ( makeup ) ᛫ N ~ NE
underman ᛫ a subhuman ᛬ to fail to provide with enough crew ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
undern ᛫ terce ᛫ the third hour of daylight ( 9AM ) ᛫ N ~ NE
undernye ᛫ to go under ᛫ to succumb to ᛫ to under go something bad ᛫ V underhnīgan OE
underpin ᛫ to give support, strength, or a basic structure to something ᛫ V ~ NE
underred ᛫ infrared light ᛬ infrared ᛫ N᛬ADJ under+red NE+NE
underroom ᛫ a basement or a cellar ( if it's comprised of only one room otherwise use "underrooms" ) ᛫ N under+room NE+NE
undersaregun ᛫ a submachine gun ᛫ N under+searu+gun NE+OE+NEᚠN submachine gun ᛣ
underseaboat ᛫ a submarine ᛫ N ~ NE Unterseeboot ᛣ
undertaker ᛫ a funeral director ᛫ N ~ NEᚠ(E+N)
undertaking ᛫ project ᛫ N ~ NE
undertheed ᛫ to subject ᛫ to subjugate ᛫ V underthẹ̄den[underþeodan] ME
undertilth ᛫ a subculture ᛫ N under+tilth NE+NE
undertongue ⟨ undertung ⟩ ᛫ a sublingua ᛫ N undertunge OE
underwater ᛫ subaqueous ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
underway ᛫ in progress ᛫ ADV ~ NE
underween ᛫ to undervalue ᛫ V ~ NE
underweening ᛫ modest ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
underwend ᛫ to subvert ᛫ V underwendan OE glossary word
underwood ᛫ understory ᛫ boskage ᛫ undergrowth ᛫ underbrush ᛫ N ~ NE
underwrite ᛫ to subscribe ᛫ V underwrītan OE
underyet ᛫ to notice ᛫ to realize ᛫ to make an observation ᛫ to discover ᛫ V underyēten ME PTCP: underyetten
underyoke ᛫ to subjugate ᛫ V ~ NE
undo ᛫ to unfasten ᛫ to cancel ᛫ to reverse ᛫ to destroy to cause the downfall of ᛫ V ~ NE
undought ᛫ cowardice ᛫ N ~ NE
undoughty ᛫ uncourageous ᛫ unvaliant ᛫ cowardly ᛫ ADJ undoughti ME
undouth ⟨ unduthe ⟩ ᛫ vice ᛫ N un+douth NE+ME
undrunken ᛫ sober ᛫ ADJ undrunken ME
undying ᛫ immortal ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
unearth ᛫ to find in the ground by digging ᛫ to discover something hidden through investigation ᛫ V ~ NE
uneath ᛫ uneasy ᛫ difficult ᛫ hard ᛬ uneasily ᛫ with difficulty ᛫ scarcely ᛫ ADJ᛬ADV ~ NE
unendly ᛫ infinite ᛫ endless ᛬ infinitely ᛫ unendingly ᛫ ADJ᛬ADV ~ NE
uneven ᛫ unequal ᛫ unequally balanced ᛫ not level or smooth ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
unevenhood ᛫ inequality ᛫ N un+even+hood NE+NE+NE ongelijkheid ᛣ
unfair ᛫ unjust ᛫ inequitable ᛫ unsporting ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
unfairness ᛫ injustice ᛫ inequity ᛫ N ~ NE
unfetter ᛫ to release from restraint or inhibition ᛫ V ~ NE
unfettered ᛫ unrestrained ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
unfledged ᛫ inexperienced ᛫ novice ᛫ not yet mature ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
unfold ᛫ to develop ᛫ to come undone ᛫ to become revealed ᛫ V ~ NE
unfolk ᛫ to depopulate ᛫ N ~ NE coined by William Barnes
unfriend ⟨ unfreend ⟩ ᛫ a foe ᛬ to defriend ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
unfrith ᛫ unpeace ᛫ strife ᛫ discord ᛫ dissension ᛫ N unfrith ME
Ungerland ᛫ Hungaria ᛫ Hungary ᛫ PN Ungerland OE the H in Hungary came from a mistake
ungodly ᛫ impious ᛫ sinful ᛫ immoral ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
ungraith ᛫ unprepared ᛫ unready ᛫ ADJ ungreith MEᚠN
ungraithly ᛫ unpreparedly ᛫ unreadily ᛫ ADV ungreithlī MEᚠN
unhallow ᛫ to make profane ᛫ to desecrate ᛫ V ~ NE
unhealth ᛫ infirmity ᛫ N ~ NE
unhealthful ᛫ insalubrious ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
unhearsome ᛫ disobedient ᛫ ADJ unhersum ME
unhearsomeness ᛫ disobedience ᛫ N unhersumnesse ME
unheed ᛫ to ignore ᛫ V ~ NE
unheel ᛫ to uncover ᛫ to reveal ᛫ to expose ᛫ V ~{hēlen} NE
unhinge ᛫ to derange ᛫ to make mentally unbalanced ᛫ to bereave of stability ᛫ to throw into disorder ᛫ V ~ NE
unhinged ᛫ mentally unbalanced ᛫ deranged ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
unhope ᛫ despair ᛫ N ~ NE
unk ᛫ us two ( accusative ) ᛫ PRON unc ME
unkempt ᛫ having an untidy or dishevelled appearance ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
unker ᛫ my and your ᛫ PRON unker ME
unkers ᛫ mine and yours ᛫ PRON unker+s OE+NE
unkinly ᛫ unsuitable ᛫ improper ᛫ ADJ uncynlíc OE
unknowledge ᛫ ignorance ᛫ N ~ NE
unkselves ᛫ we two's selves ᛫ PRON unke seoluen ME
unlaw ᛫ a crime ᛫ lawlessness ᛫ a fine for the breaking of a law ᛫ N ~ NEᚠ(E+N)
unlawful ᛫ illegal ᛫ ADJ ~ NEᚠ(E+N+E)
unlib ᛫ poison ( especially when used in witchcraft and sorcery ) ᛫ N unlybba OE
unlibwright ᛫ a maker of poisons ( especially a witch or sorcerer ) ᛫ N unlybwyrhta OE
unlift ᛫ bad air ᛫ malaria ᛫ N unlyft OE
unlike ᛫ different ᛬ different from ᛫ in contrast to ᛫ uncharacteristic of someone ᛫ ADJ᛬PREP ~ NE
unlikeness ᛫ a difference ᛫ N ~ NE
unlikeworthy ᛫ unlikable ᛫ unworthy of like ᛫ ADJ unlīcwirþe OE
unlittiness ᛫ ugliness ᛫ disfigurement ᛫ N unwlitigness OE
unlitting ᛫ disfiguring ᛫ N unwlitigung OE
unlitty ᛫ to make or become ugly ᛫ to disfigure ᛬ ugly ᛫ V᛬ADJ unwlitig&unwlitigian OE
unluck ᛫ bad fortune ᛫ misfortune ᛫ N ~ NE
unmaggle ᛫ feeble ᛫ insipid ᛫ ADJ unmeagol OE
unman ᛫ to emasculate ᛫ to castrate ᛫ V ~ NE
unmeet ᛫ improper ᛫ unsuitable ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
unmennish ᛫ inhuman ᛫ inhumane ᛫ ADJ un+mennish NE+ME
unmerry ᛫ unpleasant ᛫ unfair ᛫ ADJ unmyrige OE
unmight ᛫ weakness ᛫ lack of strength ᛫ feebleness ᛫ N ~ NE
unmightly ᛫ impossible ᛫ ADJ unmeahtelīc OE
unmighty ᛫ weak ᛫ feeble ᛫ powerless ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
unmilse ᛫ sternness ᛫ wrath ᛫ N unmilts OE
unmilsing ᛫ want of consideration ᛫ impiety towards God ᛫ pitilessness towards men ᛫ N unmiltsung OE
unmilsingly ᛫ unpardonable ᛫ ADJ unmiltsigendlīc OE
unmingle ᛫ to separate things that are mixed ᛫ V ~ NE
unmirth ᛫ sadness ᛫ misery ᛫ N unmyrhþ OE
unmood ᛫ despondency ᛫ dejection ᛫ N unmōd OE
unmoody ᛫ fainthearted ᛫ humble ᛫ ADJ unmōdig OE
unnithing ᛫ an honest person ᛫ one accepted by their community ᛫ N unnīþing OE
unoften ᛫ infrequently ᛫ seldom ᛫ ADV ~ NE
unorn ᛫ simple ᛫ plain ᛫ unexcessive ᛫ modest ᛫ humble ᛫ unelaborate ᛫ ADJ unorne ME
unquiss ⟨ uncwiss ⟩ ᛫ speechless ᛫ mute ᛫ ADJ uncwisse OE
unready ᛫ unprepared ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
unrearded ᛫ voiceless ( spoken without vibration of the vocal chords ) ᛫ ADJ un+rērd+ed NE+ME+NE
unrede ᛫ bad advice ᛫ N ~ NE
unrightful ᛫ illegitimate ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
unrightfully ᛫ illegitimately ᛫ ADV ~ NE
unrightly ᛫ incorrectly ᛫ ADV ~ NE
unroadness ᛫ non-rhoticity ᛫ N road+less+ness NE+NE+NE
unrode ᛫ unreasonable ᛫ discordant ᛫ unwise ᛫ irrational ᛫ ADJ ungerād OE
unroot ᛫ sad ᛫ sorrowful ᛫ distressed ᛫ displeased ᛫ ADJ unrọ̄t&unrōt ME&OE kin: rōt
unrown ⟨ unrune ⟩ ᛫ to decrypt ᛫ to unencrypt ᛫ V un+rown NE+ME
unrowned ⟨ unruned ⟩ ᛫ decrypted ᛫ unencrypted ᛫ N un+rown+ed NE+ME+NE
unseendly ᛫ invisible ᛫ ADJ un+see+end+ly NE+NE+ME+NE
unseenly ᛫ invisible ᛫ ADJ unsēnelī ME
unsefful ᛫ senseless ᛫ ADJ unseffull OE
unset ᛫ to depose ᛫ to displace ᛫ V unsettan OE
unsettling ᛫ disquieting ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
unsheer ᛫ impure ᛫ ADJ un + sheer NE+NE
unshod ᛫ bare-footed ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
unsidey ᛫ neutral ᛫ ADJ un+side+y NE+NE+NE ûnsidich ᛣ
unsightly ᛫ ugly ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
unsooth ᛫ untruth ᛫ falsehood ᛫ N unsōþ OE
unstaffwise ᛫ illiterate ᛫ ADJ unstæfwīs OE
unstill ᛫ to disturb ᛫ to disquiet ᛫ V unstillen ME
unsunderly ᛫ inseparable ᛫ indivisible ᛫ ADJ unasundrodlic OE
unsung ᛫ something which has not been lauded or appreciated ᛫ not sung about ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
unsuttle ᛫ vague ᛫ unclear ᛫ ADJ un+sutel NE+ME
unsuttleness ᛫ ambiguity ᛫ vagueness ᛫ unclearness ᛫ N un+sutel+ness NE+ME+NE
unsweven ᛫ a bad vision ᛫ a bad dream ᛫ a nightmare ᛫ N unswefen OE
unsyefast ᛫ unvictorious ᛫ untriumphant ᛫ not successful ᛫ ADJ unsigefæst OE
untellendly ᛫ indescribable ᛫ ADJ untellendlīce ME
unthank ᛫ ingratitude ᛫ harm ᛫ injury misfortune ᛫ thanklessness ᛫ N ~ NE
unthatch ᛫ to uncover ᛫ V unþeccan OE
unthrift ᛫ wastefulness ᛫ extravagance ᛫ a spendthrift ᛫ a prodigal ᛫ N ~ NE
unthrifty ᛫ prodigal ᛫ wasteful ᛫ ( of plants or livestock ) not strong or healthy ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
unthwere ᛫ to disagree ᛬ discordant ᛫ not in agreement ᛫ not in harmony ᛫ dissonant ᚹ ᛫ V᛬ADJ ungeþwǽr OE
unthwereness ᛫ discord ᛫ disagreement ᛫ disharmony ᛫ dissonance ᚹ ᛫ N ungeþwǽrness OE
untime ᛫ an inappropriate or an improper time for something ᛫ N untime ME
untine ᛫ to free ᛫ to unbind ᛫ to unenclose ᛫ V untynan OE
untold ᛫ not narrated ᛫ not recounted ᛫ too great to be recounted or numbered ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
untoward ᛫ unruly ᛫ unlucky ᛫ adverse ᛫ unpropitious ᛫ improper ᛫ indecorous ᛫ unmanageable ᛫ froward ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
untrum ᛫ unfirm ᛫ sick ᛫ sickly ᛫ infirm ᛫ ill ᛫ ADJ untrum ME
untruth ⟨ untrewth ⟩ ᛫ falsehood ᛫ N ~ NE
untruthful ⟨ untrewthful ⟩ ᛫ dishonest ᛫ insincere ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
untruthfulness ⟨ untrewthfulness ⟩ ᛫ dishonesty ᛫ insincerity ᛫ N ~ NE
untwee ᛫ certainty ᛫ no doubt ᛫ N untwēo OE
unwaxen ᛫ ungrown ᛫ prepubescent ᚹ ᛫ ADJ unweaxen OE
unwealthiness ᛫ poverty ᛫ N ~ NE
unwealthy ᛫ poor ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
unweapon ᛫ to disarm ᛫ V ~ NE
unweather ᛫ bad weather ᛫ a storm ᛫ a tempest ᛫ N unweder OE
unwed ᛫ unmarried ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
unwemmed ᛫ untainted ᛫ pure ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
unwieldy ⟨ unweeldy ⟩ ᛫ difficult to handle because of its size shape or weight ᛫ too big or disorganized to manage well ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
unwight ᛫ an evil spirit ᛫ a monster ᛫ N unwight{uvættr} ME
unwillsome ᛫ involuntary ᛫ ADJ un+wilsum NE+OE
unwin ᛫ an unfriend ᛫ a foe ᛫ an enemy ᛫ an adversary ᛫ N unwin ME
unwind ᛫ to relax ᛫ V ~ NE
unwinsome ᛫ unpleasant ᛫ disagreeable ᛫ ADJ unwynsum OE
unwisdom ᛫ folly ᛫ lack of wisdom ᛫ N ~ NE
unwise ᛫ foolish ᛫ insensible ᛫ imprudent ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
unwist ᛫ unknown ᛫ unrecognized ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
unwit ᛫ to derange ᛫ V ~ NE
unwitting ᛫ unaware ᛫ unintentional ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
unwold ᛫ to deforest ᛫ V un+wold NE+NE
unwolding ᛫ deforestation ᛫ N un+wold+ing NE+NE+NE
unwont ᛫ not used to ᛫ unaccustomed ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
unworship ᛫ irreverence ᛬ to dishonour ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
unworthy ᛫ unsuitable ᛫ undeserving ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
unwry ᛫ to uncover ᛫ expose ᛫ take off ᛫ untie ᛫ behold ᛫ perceive ᛫ V unwrīen ME
unyielding ⟨ unyeelding ⟩ ᛫ constant ᛫ ceaseless ᛫ stubborn ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
unyoke ᛫ to remove a yoke ᛫ to free from oppression ᛫ V ~ NE
unyore ᛫ recently ᛫ ADV ungēara OE
upadight ᛫ to build up ᛫ erect ᛫ N upidighten ME
upbeat ᛫ an unaccented beat in a musical measure ᛬ lively and positive ᛫ sanguine ( as in optimistic ) ᛫ N᛬ADJ ~ NE
upbraid ᛫ the act of reproaching ᛫ contumely ᛬ to severely criticize ᛫ to treat with contempt ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
upbrook ᛫ to deplete ᛫ to use up ᛫ V up+brook NE+NE
upend ᛫ to tip over ᛫ to ruin ᛫ to invalidate ᛫ to overthrow ᛫ to throw out ᛫ V ~ NE
upgang ᛫ a climb ᛫ an ascent ᛫ a way up ᛫ N ~ NE
upheaving ᛫ a bouleversement ᛫ a cataclysm ᛫ a paroxysm ᛫ a tumult ᛫ a turmoil ᛫ an upheaval ᛫ N ~{upheaval} NE
uphold ᛫ to support ᛫ to maintain ᛫ to confirm ᛫ to respect ᛫ V ~ NE
upkeep ᛫ maintenance ᛬ to maintain ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
uplift ᛫ to give someone encouragement ᛫ to lift one's spirits ᛫ V ~ NE
uplink ᛫ a transmission or link to an airborne terminal like a satellite ᛬ to transmit by means of an uplink ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
upnimming ᛫ an undertaking ᛫ an enterprise ᛫ a project ᛫ N upniminge ME "take" is from Norse
upperhand ᛫ advantage or control ᛫ N ~ NE
upright ᛫ vertical ᛫ honourable ᛫ moral ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
uprising ᛫ insurrection ᛫ N ~ NE
uproot ᛫ to extirpate ᛫ V ~ NE
upshot ᛫ the final or eventual outcome or conclusion of a discussion action or series of events ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
upspring ᛫ origin ᛬ to originate ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE PTCP: upsprung
upstand ᛫ a roof section that turns up against something ᛬ to stand up ᛫ arise ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
upstander ᛫ one who stands up for something ᛫ N ~ NE
upstanding ᛫ reputable ᛫ standing up ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
upstir ᛫ a commotion ᛫ a disturbance ᛫ N ~ NE
uptake ᛫ absorption or occupation of a limited resource ᛫ a ventilation pipe ᛬ to take up ᛫ to expend or to occupy a limited resource ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
upwind ᛫ to wind upwards ᛫ to wind up ( a device ) ᛫ V ~ NE
Uruguay ⟨ Urugway ⟩ ᛫ Uruguay ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
utmost ᛫ ultimate ᛫ the most extreme ᛫ farthest ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
utter ᛫ to state ᛫ to say ᛫ to display goods ᛫ to put goods up for sale ᛫ to release ( for sale ) ᛫ V utter&outren NE&ME
uttering ᛫ statement ᛫ N ~ NE
utterless ᛫ ineffable ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
utterly ᛫ completely ᛫ absolutely ᛫ ADV ~ NE
Uzbekistan ᛫ Uzbekistan ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
Van Mere ᛫ Lake Van ᛫ PN Van+mere NEᚠO+NE
Van Mere ᛫ Lake Van ᛫ PN Van+mere NEᚠO+NE
Vanuatu ⟨ Vanooatoo ⟩ ᛫ Vanuatu ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
vat ᛫ a vessel ᛫ a big jug ᛫ a tub ᛫ N ~[fæt] NE
Vatican Borough ᛫ Vatican City ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠI+NE
vattle ᛫ a container or a receptacle ( especially for liquids or food ) ᛫ a large container ( vats , ships , etc ) ᛫ N fētles ME
Venezuela ⟨ Venezwela ⟩ ᛫ Venezuela ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠI
Victoria Mere ᛫ Lake Victoria ᛫ PN Victoria+mere NEᚠO+NE
Vietnam ᛫ Vietnam ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO or: Vietland; Kinhland
vixen ᛫ a female fox ᛫ N ~ NE remnant of the original feminine ending
Vostok Mere ᛫ Lake Vostok ᛫ PN Vostok+mere NEᚠO+NE
wad ᛫ shallow water ᛫ a ford ᛫ N wæd OE or: wade (from ME wā̆de)?
wade ᛫ to walk ( generally through liquid ) ᛫ V ~ NE
wage ᛫ salary ᛫ N ~ NEᚠIᚠFK
wagtail ᛫ a Motacillidae bird ᛫ N ~ NE or: wagstart
wain ᛫ wagon ᛫ cart ᛫ car ᛫ automobile ᛫ vehicle ᛬ to transport by vehicle ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE "wagon" is Dutch
wainer ᛫ a driver of a vehicle ᛫ N wægnere OE
wainreeve ᛫ one who has charge of vehicles ᛫ N wægngerēfa OE
wainshed ᛫ a garage ᛫ N wain+shed NE+NE
wainway ᛫ a road for vehicles ᛫ N wægnweg OE
wainwright ᛫ a builder of vehicles ᛫ N ~ NE
waistbarrow ᛫ a fauld ᛫ N waist+beorg{halsbeorg} NE+OE
waker ᛫ awake ᛫ spiritually awake ᛫ active ᛫ attentive ᛫ ADJ wāker[wacor] ME
walbase ᛫ vermillion ᛫ N wealhbasu OE literally Celtic/Italic purple
wald ᛫ in case ᛫ in case that ᛫ CONJ wald&weald ME&OE
wale ᛫ a ridge ᛫ a swollen mark left on flesh by a blow ᛫ N ~[walu/wala] NE
wale ᛫ a choice ᛫ an option ᛫ an election ᚹ ᛫ a vote ᚹ ᛬ to choose ᛫ to opt ᛫ to elect ᚹ ᛫ to vote ᚹ ᛫ N᛬V wale&walen MEᚠN&MEᚠN
Wale ᛫ a Celt ᛫ PN wāle&wealh ME&OE shows up as wal- and -wall as an affix
walflower ⟨ walflure ⟩ ᛫ an Erysmium plant ᛫ Gastrolobium grandiflorum ᛫ N walflower NE
walhawk ᛫ gyrfalcon ᛫ Falco rusticolus ᛫ N wealhheafoc OE
walkirry ᛫ a valkyrie ? ᛫ a witch ᛫ a sorceress ᛫ a female demon ᛫ a female deity ᛫ N walkirie[wælcyrge] ME rhyme: wall-slurry? shall-slurry?
wall ᛫ the slain ᛫ casualties ( dead ones ) ᛫ slaughter ᛫ carnage ᛫ N wal[wæl] ME
wallime ᛫ mortar ( a mixture of lime or cement sand and water used for bonding building blocks ) ᛫ N wealllīm OE
wallow ᛫ to roll about in mud or water ᛫ to indulge ᛫ to overindulge ( especially in self-pity or grief ) ᛫ V ~[walwian] NE
wallowfowl ⟨ wallowfule ⟩ ᛫ a dodo ᛫ N wallow+fowl NE+NE walgvogel ᛣ
walm ᛫ to spout ᛫ to boil up ᛫ to gush forth ᛫ V ~ NE
walmore ᛫ a carrot ᛫ a parsnip ᛫ an Apiaceae plant ᚹ ᛫ N walmore ME
walnut ᛫ a hardwood Juglans tree of the genus ᛫ the nut of the Juglan tree ᛫ N ~ NE
walreef ᛫ loot taken from the slain ᛫ N wælrēaf OE or: walreef; walreif (Scottish)
walrest ᛫ a resting place for the slain ᛫ N wælrest OE
walstod ᛫ an interpreter ᛫ N wealhstod OE of note: weallstaðel
walt ᛫ to turn over ᛫ to invert ᛫ to topple ᛫ to consider ( as in to think over ) ᛬ unstable ᛫ V᛬ADJ walt[wealt] NE
wamble ᛫ a reeling or staggering gait or movement ᛬ a wambling ( especially of the stomach ) ᛬ to feel nausea ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
wan ᛫ pale ᛫ sickly-looking ᛫ dim ᛫ faint ᛫ bland ᛫ uninteresting ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
wan ᛫ ( denotes absence / absense ) ᛫ PREFIX ~ NE kin: "want" & "wane"
wan ᛫ an abundance ᛫ an excess ᛫ an alternative ᛫ an option ᛫ N wōne/wan/wane MEᚠN
wandering ᛫ itinerant ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
wanderword ᛫ a loanword that has spread to many languages ᛫ N ~ NE
wane ᛫ a lack ᛫ a shortage ᛫ a decrease ᛫ a diminution ᛫ an absence ᛬ to diminish ᛫ to fade ᛬ insufficient ᛫ imperfect ᛫ N᛬V᛬ADJ wane&wāne[wana] NE+ME
wang ᛫ the cheek ᛫ N ~ NE
wanger ᛫ a pillow ᛫ N wonger/wanger ME
wangle ᛫ to get or achieve through deceitful or manipulative means ᛫ to falsify ᛫ V ~ NEᚠ(E+N)
wangtooth ᛫ a molar ᛫ N ~ NE
wanhope ᛫ despair ᛫ N ~ NE
wanion ᛫ the waning of the moon ᛫ a curse ᛫ vengeance ( especially in the saying "with a wanion" ) ᛫ N ~ NE from the present participle "waniand"
wankle ᛫ weak ᛫ unsteady ᛫ untrustworthy ᛫ unstable ᛫ mutable ᛫ inconstant ᛫ fickle ᛫ irresolute ᛫ wobbly ᛫ insecure ᛫ ADJ wankel[wancol] ME
wanrest ᛫ restlessness ᛫ a pendulum ᛫ N ~ NE
wanshaft ᛫ misfortune ᛫ N wansceaft OE
wansilly ᛫ melancholic ᛫ ADJ wansǣlig OE
wanspeed ᛫ ill fortune ᛫ N wanspēde ME
wanthriven ᛫ stunted ᛫ decayed ᛫ in a state of decline ᛫ emaciated ᛫ weakly ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
wanton ᛫ uneducated ᛫ unrestrained ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
wanwit ᛫ an idiot ᛫ a fool ᛫ N ~ NE
ward ᛫ guard ᛫ guardian ᛬ to defend ᛫ to protect ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE "warden" is from Frankish
ward off ᛫ to repel ᛫ to avoid being hit by something ᛫ to keep at bay ᛫ to protect against ᛫ V ~ NE
wardman ᛫ a guard ᛫ watchman ᛫ a gaoler ᛫ a jailer ᛫ N wardman ME
wardsettle ᛫ a guard post ᛫ N wardsetle ME
ware ᛫ aware ᛫ conscious ᛫ wary ᛫ vigilant ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
ware ᛫ alga ᛫ seaweed ᛫ N wor/ware[wār] ME
waregoose ᛫ the Branta bernicla bird ( a brant ) ᛫ N ~ NE
warehouse ⟨ warehuse ⟩ ᛫ a place for storing large numbers of products ᛬ to store ( as in a warehouse ) ᛫ to institute people ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
waren ᛫ inhabitants ( plural only ) ᛫ N gewaran OE becomes "-er" as a suffix
waresawl ᛫ cautious of speech ᛫ ADJ wærsagol{soþsawel} OE
wark ᛫ pain ᛫ suffering ᛬ to suffer ᛫ to pain ᛫ to hurt ᛫ N᛬V wark[wærc/wærcan] ME
warkand ᛫ painful ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
warkleech ᛫ an anesthesiologist / an anaesthesiologist ᛫ an anesthetist / an anaesthetist ᛫ N wark+leech ME+NE
warlock ᛫ a traitor ᛫ an oath-breaker ᛫ one who is possessed of occult knowledge ᛫ a sorcerer ( especially an evil one ) ᛫ N ~[warlouȝ][wǣrloga] NE TS: weerliar
warn ᛫ to inform ᛫ to notify ᛫ to notify of danger or risk ᛫ V warn&warnen NE&OE this word was broader in Middle English
warp ᛫ to bend ᛫ to twist ᛫ to distort ᛫ V ~ NE
warple ᛫ a varvel ᛫ N wyrpel OE
warry ᛫ a monster ᛫ a criminal ᛫ a felon ᛫ N wari[wearg] ME "warg" reintroduced by Tolkien
warry ᛫ to complain about ᛫ to speak profanely ᛫ to swear ᛫ to curse ᛫ to curse someone ᛫ to rail against ᛫ to trashtalk ᛫ V warien ME
warryen ᛫ a monstress ᛫ a criminaless ᛫ a feloness ᛫ N grundwyrgen OE
warrylore ᛫ criminology ᛫ N wari+lore ME+NE
warryness ᛫ evil ᛫ villainy ᛫ N weargness OE
warryqueath ⟨ warrycweath ⟩ ᛫ to curse ᛫ N weargcweþan OE
warryqueddle ⟨ warrycweddle ⟩ ᛫ foul-mouthed ᛫ prone to cursing ᛫ slanderous ᛫ ADJ weargcwedol OE
warth ᛫ a shore ᛫ a ford ᛫ N warth[waroþ] ME kin: ware (alga)
warthfarth ᛫ a shore wave ᛫ N waroþfaroþ OE
wary ᛫ cautious ᛫ guarded ᛫ careful ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
washbear ᛫ a raccoon ᛫ N wash+bear NE+NE Waschbär ᛣ
washhouse ⟨ washhuse ⟩ ᛫ a building used for laundry ᛫ N ~ NE
washland ᛫ land that is periodically flooded ᛫ N ~ NE
wassail ᛫ a salutation of good health ᛫ a toast ᛬ toast! ᛫ cheers! ᛫ health to you! ᛫ N᛬INT wassail MEᚠN
wassom ᛫ growth ᛫ increase ᛫ produce ( edible plants ) ᛫ vegetables ᛫ fruit ( including figuratively ) ᛫ N wastme&wæstm ME&OE
watcher ᛫ an observer ᛫ N ~ NE
watchful ᛫ vigilant ᛫ observant ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
watchman ᛫ a guard ᛫ N ~ NE
watchword ᛫ a motto ᛫ a password ᛫ N ~ NE
water dropwort ᛫ an Oenanthe plant ᛫ N ~ NE
waterbear ᛫ a tardigrade ᛫ N water bear NE
waterbuck ᛫ an African antelope ( Kobus ellipsiprymnus ) ᛫ N ~ NE
waterflask ᛫ a water flask ᛫ a water bottle ᛫ a pitcher ᛫ N wæterflaxan OEᚠI? or: waterflax
waterfowl ⟨ waterfule ⟩ ᛫ an Anseriformes bird ᛫ N ~ NE
waterhen ᛫ a Rallidae bird ᛫ N ~ NE
waterhog ᛫ a capybara ᛫ N water hog NE
waterleat ᛫ an aqueduct ᛫ N wætergelǣt OE
waterleech ᛫ any Hirudinea animal ᛫ N wā̆terlẹ̄che ME
waterly ᛫ aquatic ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
watermole ᛫ a desmon ᛫ a platypus ᚾ ᛫ N water mole NE
waterouzel ⟨ wateruzel ⟩ ᛫ Cinclus cinclus ᛫ Cinclus mexicanus ᛫ N waterouzel NE
waterpipe ᛫ a water organ ᛫ a hydraulus ᛫ N waterpipe ME
waterscooter ᛫ a jet ski ᛫ a personal watercraft ᛫ N water scooter NEᚠ(E+N)
watershed ᛫ a water basin ᛫ a turning point ᛫ N ~ NE
watertight ᛫ having no obvious flaws or weaknesses ᛫ impervious to valid criticism ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
wathe ᛫ hunting ᛫ game ( as in prey ) ᛫ N waith/wathe[wāþ] ME
wattle ᛫ an Acacia plant ᛫ N ~ NE from Australian English
wave ᛫ a fluctuation ᛫ a spectacle ᛬ to fluctuate ᛫ to wonder at ᛫ N᛬V wave&wafian NE&OE
waverly ᛫ theatrical ᛫ ADJ wæferlīc OE
waverness ᛫ a public exhibition ᛫ N wæferness OE
waving ᛫ amazement ᛫ spectacle ᛫ N wafung OE
wavingstow ᛫ a place for spectacles ᛫ a theatre ᛫ N wafungstōw OE
waw ᛫ to stir ᛫ to move ᛫ to sway ᛫ V wawen[wagian] ME rhyme: law
wax ᛫ to increase ᛁᚩ ᛫ V ~ NE
waxleaf ᛫ wax paper ᛫ N wax+leaf NE+NE
waybroad ᛫ a Plantago major plant ᛫ N ~[wegbrade] NE or: waybread; whiteman's foot; ripple grass; Englishman's foot
wayfare ᛫ traveling ᛫ a journey ᛬ to travel to journey ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
wayfarer ᛫ a traveller ᛫ N ~ NE
wayfaring ᛫ traveling ᛫ itinerant ᛫ peregrine ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
wayfinder ᛫ a navigator ᛫ N ~ NE
waylay ᛫ to ambush ᛫ V ~ NE
wayleat ᛫ a junction ᛫ N weilete ME
wayless ᛫ directionless ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
wayward ᛫ tending to stray from a good or expected path ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
weal ᛫ wealth ᛫ riches ᛫ possessions ᛫ prosperity ᛫ good fortune ᛫ welfare ᛫ N weal&wēle NE&ME kin: wealth
wealsman ᛫ a statesman ᛫ N ~ NE
wealthlore ᛫ economics ( the field of study ) ᛫ N wealth+lore NE+NE
wean ᛫ to train ᛫ to practice ᛫ to accustom ᛫ to train to lose a dependency ( especially milk or drugs ) ᛫ V wean&wenian NE&OE
weapon ᛫ an arm ᛬ to arm ᛫ N᛬V ~[wǣpnian] NE
weaponbearer ᛫ one who is armed ᛫ N wǣpenberend OE
weaponed ᛫ armed ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
weaponedchild ᛫ a boy ᛫ N wǣpnedcild OE
weaponedhood ᛫ manhood ᛫ N wǣpnedhād OE
weaponedkind ᛫ the male sex ᛫ N wǣpnedcyn OE
weaponhalt ᛫ an armistice ᛫ N weapon+halt NE+NE
weaponhouse ⟨ weaponhuse ⟩ ᛫ an armoury ᛫ N wǣpenhūs OE
weaponing ᛫ arms ᛫ N wǣpnung OE
weaponless ᛫ unarmed ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
weaponthrake ᛫ force of arms ᛫ N wǣpenþracu OE
weaponwifester ᛫ a hermaphrodite ᛫ an intersex person ᛫ N wæpenwīfestre OE
weaponwrixle ᛫ an armed conflict ᛫ N wǣpengewrixl OE
wear ᛫ a covenant ᛫ a compact ᛫ an agreement ᛫ a pledge ᛫ a pact ᚹ ᛫ an alliance ᚹ ᛫ N wǣr OE
wearisome ᛫ tedious ᛫ tiresome ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
weary ᛫ tired ᛫ fatigued ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
weasand ᛫ the oesophagus ᛫ the gullet ᛫ N ~[wesand] NE
weast ᛫ to lay waste to ᛫ to ravage ᛫ to devastate ᛫ to waste away ᛬ desolate ᛫ deserted ᛫ uninhabited ᛫ barren ᛫ V᛬ADJ wēsten&wēste ME&ME
weasten ᛫ a wasteland ᛫ a desert ᛫ N wēsten ME
weastensettler ᛫ a hermit ᛫ N wēstensetla ME&OE
weathe ᛫ to hunt ᛫ to chase ? ᛫ V wǣþan OE kin: wāþ
weathershell ᛫ a troposphere ᛫ N weather+shell NE+NE
weaveloom ᛫ a loom ᛫ N weave+loom NE+NE this word is to let "loom" to go back to its broader meaning
webber ᛫ a weaver ᛫ N ~ NE
webthew ᛫ a web server ᛫ N web+thew NE
webwright ᛫ a fuller ᛫ N webwyrhta OE
wed ᛫ a contract ᛫ a pledge ᛬ to pledge ᛫ to marry ᛫ N᛬V wed&weddian NE&OE
wedbreach ᛫ adultery ᛫ N ~ NE
wedbreaker ᛫ an adulterer ᛫ N ~ NE
wedded ᛫ married ᛫ pledged ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
wedgewriting ᛫ cuneiform ᛫ N wedge-writing NE
wedlock ᛫ marriage ᛫ matrimony ᛫ N ~ NE
wedlockly ᛫ matrimonial ᛫ ADJ wedlock+ly NE+NE
wedlow ᛫ a pledge breaker ᛫ N wedlowe[wedloga] ME or: wedlock (in keeping with warlock)
Wednesday ᛫ Wednesday ᛫ PN ~{Wodenesday} NE or: Woodnesday
Wednesnight ᛫ the night following Wednesday's dusk ᛫ PN ~[wōdnesniht] NE
wedset ᛫ mortgage ᛬ to mortgage ᛫ N᛬V wedsetten ME found in Scotland as "wadset"
wee ᛫ diminutive ᛫ minute ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
weed ᛫ a garment ᛫ a vestment ᛫ clothing ᛫ dress ᛫ N ~ NE
weed ᛫ to act crazy ᛫ to rage ᛫ V wēdan OE kin: wood; Wednesday
weedle ᛫ penury ᛫ indigence ᛫ extreme poverty ᛫ N wǣdl OE
Weedmonth ᛫ August ᛫ PN weodmonaþ OE
weem ᛫ to allure ᛫ to attract ᛫ to entice ᛫ to seduce ᛫ V gewēman&wēman OE&OE kin: wōma
ween ᛫ to suppose ᛫ to be of the opinion ᛫ to opine ᛫ to expect ᛫ to anticipate ᛫ V wēnen ME
weening ᛫ a supposition ᛫ an opinion ᛫ an expectation ᛫ an anticipation ᛫ N wēning ME
weep ᛫ to cry ᛫ to shed tears ᛫ to exude liquid ᛫ V ~ NE
weer ᛫ true ᛫ real ᛫ ADJ wǣr OE
weer ᛫ to guard ᛫ to defend ᛫ to defend an ideological position ᛫ V wēren[werian] ME
weerdom ᛫ reality ( as in the realm of all that is real ) ᛫ N wǣr+dom OE+NE
weered ᛫ confederated or allied by treaty ᛫ confederated ᛫ allied ᛫ ADJ gewǣred OE
weerfast ᛫ faithful ᛫ ADJ wǣrfæst OE
weerless ᛫ faithless ᛫ false ᛫ ADJ wǣrlēas OE
weeved ᛫ an altar ᛫ N weved[weofod] ME
weeze ᛫ to ooze ᛫ to steep in a liquid ᛫ to macerate ᛫ to saturate ᛫ V wēsen ME kin: ooze
weft ᛫ the crosswise threads on a loom ᛫ the yarn used for the weft ᛫ a hair extension ᛫ N ~ NE
weigh ᛫ to assess the nature or importance of ᛫ to compare importance ᛫ to have weight ᛫ V ~ NE
weight ᛫ importance ᛫ N ~ NE
weighty ᛫ important ᛫ ADJ ~{HG wichtig} NE
weir ᛫ a dam of a low and regulatory nature ᛫ N ~ NE
weird ᛫ fate ᛫ destiny ᛬ odd ᛫ unusual ᛫ N weird&wyrd NE&OE weird
weirdless ᛫ ill-fated ᛫ improvident ᛫ ADJ ~ NE weirdless
weirdly ᛫ strange ᛫ odd ᛫ having to do with fate ᛫ ADJ weird&gewyrdelic NE&OE weirdly
weiriness ᛫ fatigue ᛫ lassitude ᛫ reluctance to experience more of something ᛫ N ~ NE
welaway ᛫ alas! ( expresses sadness or regret ) ᛫ INT welaway[wā lā wā] NE or: away / awey
welfare ᛫ the health happiness and fortunes of a person or group ᛫ N ~ NE
welkin ᛫ a cloud ᛫ clouds ᛫ sky ᛫ N welkin&wolcne NE&ME
well ᛫ to rise to the surface ᛫ to bubble forth ᛫ to gush up ᛫ to gush forth ᛫ to flow ᛫ to brim up ᛫ V ~ NE
weller ᛫ lips ᛫ labium ᛫ N weler ME
wellheeled ᛫ affluent ᛫ ADJ wellheeled NE
wellread ᛫ erudite ( from reading books ) ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
Welsh ᛫ Celtic language ᛬ Celtic ᛫ PN᛬PADJ welsh+welisc ME+OE see: Norwelsh
welt ᛫ to topple ᛫ to fall over ᛫ to fall in defeat ᛫ to overturn ᛫ to overset ᛫ to throw over ᛫ V welten ME
welter ᛫ a general confusion ᛬ to roll around ᛫ wallow ᛫ luxuriate ᛫ rise and fall ᛫ tumble over ᛫ N᛬V welter&welter NE&ME
wem ᛫ a stain ᛫ a bruise ᛫ a blemish ᛫ a fault ᛫ a defect ᛫ an impurity ᛬ to disfigure ᛫ to blemish ᛫ to vitiate ᛫ N᛬V wem&wemman ME&OE
wemdeed ᛫ a trespass ᛫ a crime ᛫ N wammdǣd OE
wemful ᛫ flagitious ᛫ guilty ᛫ ADJ wammful OE
wemlust ᛫ a foul pleasure ᛫ an allurement ᛫ seduction ᛫ N wammlust OE
wemmy ᛫ stained ᛫ bruised ᛫ faulty ᛫ defective ᛫ impure ᛫ ADJ wem+y ME+NE
wemquid ⟨ wemcwid ⟩ ᛫ slander ᛫ blasphemy ᛫ N wammcwide OE
wen ᛫ a boil or a growth on the skin ᛫ a sebaceous cyst ᛫ a cyst ᛫ an overcrowded city ᛫ N ~[wen] NE
wench ᛫ an unlikeable or disreputable woman ᛫ a girl ᛫ a young woman ᛫ N ~ NE often has a negative connotation today
wenchel ᛫ a girl ᛫ a young woman ᛫ N wenchel ME "wench" comes from this word
wend ᛫ a turn ᛫ a change ᛫ a transformation ᛬ to turn ᛫ to change ᛫ to alter ᛫ to go ᛫ to travel ᛫ to traverse ᛫ to translate ᛫ N᛬V wend&wenden&wend ME&ME&OE PST: wended/went
wendendliness ᛫ mutability ᛫ changeableness ᛫ N āwendedlicnes OE
wendendly ᛫ movable ᛫ changeable ᛫ versatile ᛫ ADJ awendedlic OE
Wendland ᛫ the country of the Wends ᛫ PN Weonodland OE
Wendle ᛫ a Vandal ᛫ PN Wendel Sea NE
Wendle Sea ᛫ Mediterranean Sea ᛫ PN ~ NE
wepman ᛫ an adult human male ᛫ N wepman[wǣpmann] ME opposite of wifeman (woman)
were ᛫ an adult human male ᛫ a male ᛫ a husband ( a male spouse ) ᛫ N were&wer NE&OE rhyme: where
wered ᛫ a multitude of men ᛫ a band assembled for military purposes ᛫ a legion ᛫ a troop ᛫ N wēred[weorod] ME
werehatred ᛫ misandry ᛫ N were+hatred NE+NE misandry ᛣ
werely ᛫ male ᛫ masculine ᛫ masculine ( grammar term ) ᛫ ADJ werlic OE
wern ᛫ a refusal ᛬ to refuse ᛫ N᛬V wernen&wirn ME&OE
Wern ᛫ one of the Varini or Varinnae ᛫ PN Wernum OE
werve ᛫ a beast of burden ᛫ a riding animal ᛫ N werve[weorf] ME
wesend ᛫ a bison ᛫ N wesend OE
Wesleyish ᛫ of or pertaining to Methodism ᛫ PADJ NE Wesleyan ᛣ
West Congo ᛫ Republic of the Congo ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
westen ᛫ from the west ᛫ ADV westan OE
Western ᛫ Occidental ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
Westerner ᛫ an Occidental ᛫ N ~ NE
wether ᛫ a male sheep ᛬ Aries ᛫ N᛬PN wether[weþer] ME
wetherflesh ᛫ the flesh of a sheep or ram mutton ᛫ N wetheres flesh ME
wetland ᛫ a stretch of habitually wet land ( including swamps marshes fens bogs and mires ) ᛫ N ~ NE
wettener ᛫ moisturizer ᛫ N wet+en+er NE+NE+NE
wey ᛫ to move ᛫ to move something ᛫ to convey ᛫ V weien/aweien/awecgan ME kin: weigh; bewegen
whalebird ᛫ a prion bird ᛫ a petrel bird ᛫ N ~ NE
whalelore ᛫ cetology ᛫ N ~ NE
whaleway ᛫ a sea or ocean ( poetic ) ᛫ N hwælwey OE
whall ᛫ procax ᛫ impudent ᛫ insolent ᛫ ADJ hweall OE
wharft ᛫ a circuit ᛫ a circle ᛫ a revolution ᛫ an orbit ᛫ a conversion ᛫ a turning ᛫ N hwearft OE
wharftle ᛫ propaganda ᛫ N hwearft+le OE+ME literally: turning-instrument/means
wharftspit ᛫ a rotisserie ᛫ N wharft+spit ME+NE inspired by Drehspieß
wharve ᛫ to turn ᛫ to rotate ᛫ to convert ᛫ V wharven ME
wharvebone ᛫ a vertebra ᛫ a bodily joint ᛫ N hweorfban OE
wharveful ᛫ fickle ᛫ ADJ hwurful OE
wharvely ᛫ changeable ᛫ turnable ᛫ mutable ᛫ ADJ hwurflīc OE
wharver ᛫ -trope ᛫ SUFFIX hweorfa OE
wharver ᛫ a changer ( especially a currency changer ) ᛫ a joint ᛫ a whorl ᛫ N hwerfere&hweorfa OE
whas ᛫ sharp ᛫ keen ᛫ ADJ hwæs OE kin: hvass (N)
what ᛫ eager ᛫ ADJ what&hwæt ME&OE
what ᛫ ( commands or requests others to pay attention ) ᛫ INT what ME
whate ᛫ fortune ᛫ fortune as a causal force ᛫ divination ᛫ an augury ᛫ an omen ᛫ N whāte&hwatu ME&OE
whater ᛫ an augur ᛫ diviner ᛫ N hwata OE
whather ᛫ to roar ? ᛫ to foam ? ᛫ V hwaþerian OE I don't trust Bosworth's definition
whating ᛫ divination ᛫ N hwatung OE
wheedle ᛫ to cajole ᛫ to coax ᛫ V ~ NE
wheel ᛫ a pustule ᛬ to pustulate ᛫ to fester ᛫ to suppurate ᛫ V whēle[hwelian] ME
wheen ᛫ a considerable amount or number ᛫ N ~[hwēne] NE
whelk ᛫ a Buccinidae animal ( sea snail ) ᛫ N ~{welk}{weoloc} NE TS: welk
whelk ᛫ a pimple ᛫ N ~[hwylca] NE
whelkred ᛫ the colour of the dye made from Buccinidae snails ᛫ scarlet ᛫ purple ᛬ scarlet ᛫ purple ᛫ N᛬ADJ welkenrēd&weolocrēad ME&OE or whelkenred
whelm ᛫ to cover ᛫ to submerge ᛫ to engulf ᛫ V ~ NE
whelp ᛫ a young offspring of a canid ᛫ a puppy ᛫ an insolent youth ᛬ ( of animals ) to give birth ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
whelpling ᛫ a little whelp ᛫ N ~ NE
whelve ᛫ to invert ᛫ to turn upside down ᛫ V whelven ME
whem ᛫ a corner ᛫ an angle ᛬ to angle ᛫ to slope ᛫ to incline ᛫ N hwem&hwemman OE
whence ⟨ whense ⟩ ᛫ from where ᛫ ADV ~ NE
wher ᛫ a cooking vessel ᛫ a cauldron ᛫ a kettle ᛫ a pot ᛫ N hwer[hwer] ME
wherefore ᛫ for what reason ᛬ as a result of which ᛫ ADV᛬CONJ ~ NE
wherewithal ᛫ the ability standing or resources to do something ᛫ N ~ NE
wherwhet ᛫ a cucumber ᛫ N werwette[hwerhwette] ME
whet ᛫ to stimulate ᛫ to sharpen ᛫ to excite ᛫ V ~ NE
whichness ᛫ a quality ᛫ N hwilcness&gehwilcness OE
while ᛫ a period of time ᛬ to pass time in leisure ᛬ at the same time ᛫ whereas though ᛫ N᛬V᛬CONJ ~ NE
whilen ᛫ brief ᛫ transitory ᛫ ephemeral ᛫ ADJ hwīlen{whīlwende} OE
whilere ᛫ a short time ago ᛫ ADV ~ NE
whilestitch ᛫ a fragment of time ᛫ N hwīlstycce OE
whilf ᛫ to arch ᛫ vault ᛫ V hwilf OE
whilom ᛫ former ᛬ formerly ᛫ in the past ᛫ ADJ᛬ADV ~ NE
whimsiness ᛫ caprice ᛫ N ~ NE
whimsy ᛫ capricious ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
whinge ᛫ to complain ᛫ V ~ NE
whirligig ᛫ any spinning toy ( a top , a pinwheel ) ᛫ a merry-go-round ᛫ a carousel ᛫ a whirligig beetle ᛫ N ~ NE+N
whirlpool ᛫ a vortex ᛫ N ~ NE
whirlth ᛫ vorticity ᛫ N whirl+th NE+NE
whirlwind ᛫ a tornado ᛫ a column of whirling air ᛫ N ~ NE
whirlybird ᛫ a helicopter ᛫ N ~ NE slang
whist ᛫ silent ᛫ quiet ᛬ shh ! ᛫ hush ! ᛫ quiet ! ᛫ ADJ᛬INT whist ME
whistle ᛫ a flute ᛫ a pipe for music ᛫ N whistle&whistle NE+ME
whit ᛫ a very small part or amount ᛫ the smallest possible portion of something ᛫ N ~ NE
whitch ᛫ a chest ( as in large box ) ᛫ N whicche[hwicce] ME lives on in the last name "Whitcher"
Whitch ᛫ a Hwiccian ᛫ PN Hwicce OE
white bothen ⟨ bothen ⟩ ᛫ an Chrysanthemum leucanthemum plant ( ox-eye daisy ) ᛫ N whit bothen ME
White Russland ᛫ Belarus ᛫ PN white+Russ+land NE+NEᚠ+NE commonly calqued in Germanic languages
White Sheep Turkmen ᛫ Ak Koyunlu ᛫ Aq Qoyunlu ᛫ PN White Sheep Turkomans NE
whiteant ᛫ a termite ᛫ N white ant NE
whitehot ᛫ incandescent ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
whiteleek ᛫ an onion ᛫ N hwītlēac OE
whitemeat ᛫ a dairy product ᛫ N whītmē̆te ME "meat" here doesn't refer to flesh
whitepepper ᛫ an Eruca vesicaria plant ( arugula ) ᛫ N whītpeper ME
whiterat ᛫ Mustela erminea ? ᛫ N whītrat ME
whitethorn ᛫ common hawthorn ( Crataegus oxyacantha ) ᛫ buckthorn ( Rhamnus cathartica ) ᛫ N whītthorn ME
whitewater ᛫ any turbulent water as found in rapids ᛫ ( figuratively ) turbulent conditions ᛫ N white water NE
whitewhale ᛫ an obsession ᛫ N white whale NE figurative meaning from Moby-Dick
whith ᛫ a breeze ᛫ an aura ᛫ N hwiþa OE kin: hviða (Icelandic)
whither ᛫ to where ᛫ to which ᛫ wherever ᛫ to what place ᛫ to what condition ᛫ ADV ~ NE
whiting ᛫ a Merlangius merlangus fish ᛫ N ~ NE
whitret ᛫ a weasel or stoat ᛫ N ~ NE or: whittret
Whitstow ᛫ Mount Lebanon ᛫ Lebanon ( poetic) ᚹ ᛫ PN hwītstōw OE
Whitsun ᛫ Pentecost ᛫ PN ~ NE or: Whitsunday; Whit Sunday
Whitsunday ᛫ Pentecost ( a Christian festival held on the seventh Sunday after Easter ) ᛫ N ~[Hwīta Sunnandǣg] NE or: Whitsun
Whitsuntide ᛫ the weekend or week including Whitsunday ᛫ N ~ NE
whittle ᛫ a knife ᛫ a clasp-knife ᛬ to reduce gradually ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
whiver ᛫ quaking ᛫ quivering ᛫ shaking ᛫ ADJ hwifer OE
whoaster ᛫ to whisper ᛫ murmur ᛫ mutter ᛫ V hwāstrian OE
whole ᛫ entirety ᛫ a thing complete in itself ᛬ entire ᛫ intact ᛬ entirely ᛫ N᛬ADJ᛬ADV ~ NE TS: hole
wholehearted ᛫ sincere and fully committed ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
wholesale ᛫ done on a large scale ᛫ extensive ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
wholesome ᛫ conducive to good health and well-being ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
wholewise ᛫ as a whole ᛫ completely ᛫ all at once ᛫ ADV ~ NE
wholf ᛫ an arch ᛫ a vault ᛫ N wholffe/wholve[hwealf] ME
wholly ᛫ totally ᛫ entirely ᛫ ADV ~ NE
whoon ᛫ a little ᛫ a few ᛫ ADJ hwōn OE
whoonly ᛫ small ᛫ little ᛫ slight ᛫ ADJ hwōnlīc OE
whoop ᛫ to threaten ᛫ V hwōpan OE
whoost ᛫ a cough ᛬ to cough ᛫ N᛬V ~[hwōstan] NE
whooze ᛫ to cough ᛫ V hwōsan OE
whore ᛫ a prostitute ᛫ a hooker ᛬ to prostitute ᛫ N᛬V ~[hōr] NE TS: hore
whoredom ᛫ prostitution ᛫ N ~ NE TS: horedom
whorehouse ⟨ whorehuse ⟩ ᛫ brothel ᛫ N ~ NE TS: horehouse
whoreling ᛫ a fornicator ᛫ an adulterer ᛫ N horling ME TS: horeling
whoreson ᛫ an unpleasant or greatly disliked person ᛫ a scoundrel ᛫ N ~ NE TS: horeson
whortleberry ᛫ a Vaccinium plant ᛫ N ~ NE
wick ᛫ a dwelling ᛫ a home ᛫ a collection of homes ᛫ a settlement ( a village , a town , a city ) ᛫ N wick&wī̆k/wyke/wike[vicus] NE&MEᚠOEᚠI
wicken ᛫ a duty ᛫ a responsibility ᛫ an office ᛫ a position ᛬ to hold an office ᛫ N᛬V wīken&wīcnian ME&OE
wickeny ᛫ official ᛫ having the approval or authorization of an authority ᚹ ᛫ ADJ wīken+y ME+NE
wickner ᛫ an official ᛫ an officer ᛫ N wickner&wīcnere NE&OE
wide ᛫ widely- ᛫ PREFIX wīd OE
widegale ᛫ spacious ᛫ vast ᛫ extensive ᛫ wide of passage ᛫ ADJ wīdgal OE
widegaleness ᛫ spaciousness ᛫ vastness ᛫ extensiveness ᛫ N wīdgalness OE
widegangle ᛫ roving ᛫ ADJ wīdgangol OE
widge ᛫ a horse ᛫ N ~[wicg] NE
widowsweeds ᛫ black clothes worn by a widow in mourning ᛫ N ~ NE
wie ᛫ a human adult ( especially male ) ᛫ a man ᛫ a sir ᛫ N ME rhyme: pie
wield ⟨ weeld ⟩ ᛫ command ᛫ control ᛫ rule ᛫ reign ᛫ dominion ᛫ domain ᛫ domination ᛬ to rule ᛫ to reign ᛫ N᛬V wield&wēld[weald/wald] NE&ME or: wold (see note)
wieldcraft ⟨ weeldcraft ⟩ ᛫ politics ᛫ statecraft ᛫ the craft of ruling ᛫ the craft of government ᛫ N wield+craft NE+NE
wielder ⟨ weelder ⟩ ᛫ a politician ᛫ a statesman ᛫ a governor ᛫ a ruler ᛫ N ~[walda] NE
wieldy ⟨ weeldy ⟩ ᛫ easily controlled or handled ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
wife ᛫ a woman ᛫ a female ᛫ N wife&wīf NE&OE
wifehatred ᛫ misogyny ᛫ N wife+hatred NE+NE misogyny ᛣ
wifeleech ᛫ a gynecologist ᛫ a gynaecologist ᛫ N wife+leech NE+NE
wifely ᛫ female ᛫ feminine ᛫ feminine ( grammar term ) ᛫ ADJ wiflic OE
wig ᛫ an insect ᛫ a bug ᛫ N earwig&wicga NE&OE
wight ᛫ a creature ( especially a supernatural one ) ᛫ N ~ NE
wike ᛫ to give up ᛫ to yield ᛫ V wīken ME
wiking ᛫ a pirate ᛫ a Viking ᛫ N wīcing OE
wild ᛫ savage ᛫ undomesticated ᛫ uncultivated ᛫ uncivilized ᛫ hard to control ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
wilder ᛫ a wild beast ᛫ N wildor OE
wilderness ᛫ an uncultivated and uninhabited region ᛫ N ~ NE
wildling ᛫ a wild plant or animal ᛫ N ~ NE
wile ᛫ a trick ᛬ to trick ᛫ to entice ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
will ᛫ a testament ( in the legal meaning ) ᛫ N ~ NE
will ᛫ determination ᛫ self-control ᛫ a fixed desire or intention ᛬ to intend something to happen ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
willed ᛫ having determination ᛫ deliberate ᛫ bequeathed in a will ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
willess ᛫ not exercising one's will ᛫ involuntary ᛫ intestate ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
willful ᛫ intentional ᛫ deliberate ᛫ stubborn ᛫ determined ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
willing ᛫ ready ᛫ eager ᛫ inclined ᛫ prompt to act ᛫ done without reluctance ᛫ volitional ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
willsome ᛫ voluntary ᛫ desirable ᛫ ADJ wilsum OE
willsomeness ᛫ devotion ᛫ devoutness ᛫ a vow ᛫ N wilsumness OE
willynilly ᛫ without choice ᛫ by compulsion ᛫ haphazardly ᛫ without direction or planning ᛫ ADV willynilly NE
wilm ᛫ a flood ᛫ a surge ᛫ a rage ᛫ violence ᛫ ardour ᛫ N wilm OE
wily ᛫ beguiling ᛫ guileful ᛫ scheming ᛫ tricky ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
wimple ᛫ a veil ( especially a face veil ) ᛫ N ~ NE
win ᛫ joy ᛫ delight ᛫ pleasure ᛫ enjoyment ᛫ N ~[win][wynn] NE or: wen (Kentish)
win ᛫ a friend ᛫ a comrade ᛫ N wine ME
Win ᛫ ᚹ ᛫ PN wynn OE
win ᛫ to attain ( usually in some kind of contest ) ᛫ to achieve victory ᛫ V ~[winnen][winnan] NE
Wind ᛫ a Wend ᛫ a Sorb ᛫ PN Winedas OE
windbreaker ᛫ a wind-resistant jacket ᛫ N ~ NE
windfall ᛫ a sudden and large benefit often when unexpected ᛫ a bonanza ᛫ N ~ NE
windfucker ᛫ a kestrel bird ᛫ ( a term of opprobrium ) ᛫ N ~ NE see: windhover
windhover ᛫ a kestrel bird ᛫ N ~ NE see: windfucker
Windland ᛫ the land of the Wends and Sorbs ᛫ Lusatia ᛫ PN Weonodland OE
windpipe ᛫ trachea ᛫ N ~ NE
wineberry ᛫ a grape ᛫ N wīnberige OEᚠ(I+E)
winelore ᛫ oenology ᛫ N ~ NE
winetree ᛫ a vine ᛫ N wīntrēow OE
winfast ᛫ joyous ᛫ joyful ᛫ ADJ wynfæst OE
wining ᛫ rope or canvas for sailmaking binding of sails etc ᛫ N wining ME
winless ᛫ friendless ᛫ ADJ winelēas OE
winly ᛫ pleasant ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
Winnipeg Mere ᛫ Lake Winnipeg ᛫ PN Winnipeg+mere NEᚠO+NE
winnow ᛫ to blow through grain to remove chaff ᛫ to remove lesser things ᛫ V ~[windwian] NE
winship ᛫ friendship ᛫ N winescipe OE
winsome ᛫ pleasant ᛫ agreeable ᛫ delightful ᛫ ADJ ~[wynsum] NE
winster ᛫ left ( direction ) ᛫ sinister ᛫ ADJ winstre ME
Winterfulth ᛫ October ᛫ PN Winterfylleth OE
winterledge ᛫ to become winter ᛫ V winterlǣcan OE
winterly ᛫ hibernal ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
wirespel ᛫ a telegram ᛫ N wire+spel NE+NE invented by William Barnes
wiretree ᛫ A myrtle tree ᛫ N wīrtrēow OE
wise ᛫ to instruct ᛫ to direct ᛫ to advise ᛫ to guide ᛫ to point out ᛫ to make apparent ᛫ to indicate ᛬ sagacious ᛫ prudent ᛫ V᛬ADJ wise&wīsian NE&OE
wise SUFFIX ᛫ ( adjectival and adverbial suffix showing manner ) ᛫ N ~ NE
wisecrack ᛫ a quip ᛫ a witticism ᛬ to quip ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
wisehead ᛫ a smart aleck ᛫ a wiseacre ᛫ N ~ NE
wishendly ᛫ desirable ᛫ wishable ᛫ ADJ gewȳscendlic OE
wishful ᛫ desirous ᛫ aspiring ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
wishywashy ᛫ weak ᛫ watery ᛫ feeble wavering ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
wising ᛫ guidance ᛫ instruction ᛫ N wissung OE
Wisland ᛫ a region in Poland ᛫ PN Wīsleland OE
Wisle ᛫ the Vistula ᛫ PN Wīsle OE
wisly ᛫ certainly ᛫ surely ᛫ ADV wislī ME or: wissly
wisp ᛫ a thin piece of something ᛫ N ~ NE
wispy ᛫ straggly ᛫ fine ᛫ thin ᛫ frail ᛫ cloud-like ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
wiss ᛫ certain ᛫ sure ᛬ certainly ᛫ surely ᛫ ADJ᛬ADV wis/wiss/wisse ME
wist ᛫ provisions ( especially food ) ᛫ subsistence ᛫ N wist[wist] ME
wistful ᛫ full of regretful longing ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
wit ᛫ -ologist ᛫ SUFFIX wite ME
wit ᛫ a wiseman ᛫ a counsellor ᛫ a member of parliament ᛫ a congressman ᛫ an assemblyman ᛫ N wite[wita] ME PL: wits; witten
wit ᛫ we two ( nominative ) ᛫ PRON wit ME
wit ᛫ to know ᛫ to be aware of ᛫ V ~ NE all person present tense = wot
witch ᛫ a sorcerer ᛫ a sorceress ᛫ a diviner ᛫ a potion maker ( including magical and poisonous ) ᛫ N witch[wicca][wicce] NE masculine "wicca" and feminine "wicce" merged in Middle English
witcraft ᛫ logic ᛫ the art of reasoning ᛫ N ~ NE coined by Ralph Lever in 1573?
wite ᛫ a punishment ᛫ a fine ᛫ a penalty ᛫ guilt ᚾ ᛬ to punish ᛫ to blame ᚾ ᛫ N᛬V wīte&wīten[wīte][wītan] ME&ME recommendation: use "shild" for "guilt"
wite ᛫ to depart ᛫ to pass away ᛫ V wīten ME PTCP: witten
witefast ᛫ penally enslaved ᛫ ADJ wītefæst OE
witeful ᛫ responsible ( as in guilty ) ᛫ ADJ wite+ful ME+NE
witehouse ⟨ witehuse ⟩ ᛫ a torture-house ᛫ N wītehūs OE
witelock ᛫ punishment ᛫ torment ᛫ pain ᛫ N wītelāc OE
witer ᛫ a punisher ᛫ a tormentor ᛫ N wītnere[wītnere] ME
witerail ᛫ sackcloth ( as in clothing worn as punishment ) ᛫ N wītehrægel OE
witern ᛫ a prison ᛫ a place for incarceration ᛫ N wīteærn OE
witestow ᛫ a place for punishment or torment ᛫ N wītestōw OE
witeswing ᛫ a stroke given as punishment ᛫ chastisement ᛫ N wīteswinge OE
witethew ᛫ someone who is in slavery as part of punishment ᛬ in slavery as punishment for a crime ᛫ N᛬ADJ wīteþēow OE
witeworthy ᛫ deserving to be punished ᛫ ADJ wīteweorþ OE
witeyard ᛫ a place for punishment ᛫ N wītegeard OE
with ᛫ counter- ᛫ anti- ᛫ PREFIX ~ NE
with wiss ᛫ certainly ᛫ surely ᛫ ADV mid gewisse OE
withal ᛫ in addition ᛫ nevertheless ᛬ with ( used at the end of a clause ) ᛫ ADV᛬PREP ~ NE
withbraid ᛫ to withhold ᛫ to hold back ᛫ to restrain ᛫ to check ( as in "to limit the power of" ) ᛫ V withbreiden&wiþbregdan ME&OE
withcall ᛫ to call back ᛫ to retract ᛫ to call off ᛫ to recant ᛫ V ~ NEᚠ(E+N)
withchoose ᛫ to reject ᛫ to disapprove ᛫ to choose against ᛫ V wiþceosan OE PST: withchose
withdraught ᛫ a withdrawal ᛫ a place to withdraw to ᛫ a private chamber ᛫ a sewer ᛫ N ~ NE or: withdraft
withdraw ᛫ a removal ᛫ an extraction ᛬ to remove ᛫ to retreat ᛫ to extract ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
withdrawn ᛫ socially cold ᛫ taken away ᛫ abstract ᚹ ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
withe ᛫ a cord ᛫ a band ᛫ a thong ᛫ a twig ᛫ a rod ᛫ a Salix tree ( a willow ) ᛫ N withe&wiþþe NE&OE
withebone ᛫ collarbone ᛫ clavicle ᛫ N wiþoban OE
wither ᛫ counter- ᛫ anti- ᛫ PREFIX ~ NE
wither ᛫ to resist ᛫ to oppose ᛬ against ᛫ V᛬PREP wiþeren&wiþer ME&ME
Witherchrist ᛫ Antichrist ᛫ N wiþercrist OE
witherdeed ᛫ a counteraction ᛫ a reaction ᛫ a countermeasure ᛫ N wither+deed NE+NE
withermood ᛫ adverse ᛫ hostile ᛫ contrary ᛫ having the mind set against something ᛫ ADJ wiþermōd OE
withermoodness ᛫ adversity ᛫ N wiþermōdness OE
witherqueath ⟨ withthercweath ⟩ ᛫ to contradict ᛫ V wiþercweþan OE
witherquidder ⟨ withthercwidder ⟩ ᛫ a contradicter ᛫ a rebel ᛫ N wiþerswida OE
withersake ᛫ apostate ᛫ renegade ᛫ N ~ NE
withershins ᛫ counter-clockwise ᛫ ADV ~ NE
witherward ᛫ adverse ᛫ contrary ᛫ opposite ᚹ ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
witherweight ᛫ a counterweight ᛫ an opposite ᚹ ᛫ N ~ NE
witherwin ᛫ an opponent ᛫ an enemy ᛫ an adversary ᛫ N witherwin ME means: counter-friend
withgo ᛫ to go against ᛫ to oppose ᛫ V ~ NE
withhold ᛫ to retain ᛫ to refuse to give ᛫ V ~ NE
withmeet ᛫ to compare ᛫ V wiþmetan OE
withmeetly ᛫ comparative ᛫ comparably ᛫ ADJ wiþmetenlīc&wiþmetenlīce OE
withqueath ⟨ withcweath ⟩ ᛫ to contradict ᛫ V withquethen ME
withsake ᛫ to argue against ᛫ to speak against ᛫ to oppose ᛫ to refuse to acknowledge ᛫ to deny ᛫ to disavow ᛫ V withsaken ME
withsaw ᛫ resistance ᛫ objection ᛫ opposition ᛫ N withsawe ME
withsay ᛫ to deny ᛫ to dispute ᛫ to decline ᛫ V ~ NE
withset ᛫ to block ᛫ to obstruct ᛫ to hinder ᛫ to mount opposition ᛫ to oppose ᛫ to deflect ᛫ V withsetten[wiþsettan] ME
withsit ᛫ to oppose ᛫ to resist ᛫ V withsitten ME
withstand ᛫ to resist ( successfully ) ᛫ V ~ NE
withtee ᛫ to withdraw ᛫ to abstain ᛫ to refrain ᛫ V withten ME
withwind ᛫ a Lonicera periclymenum plant ( common honeysuckle ) ᛫ N withewind ME
withy ᛫ Salix viminalis ( osier ) ᛬ flexible ( like a withe ) ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
witier ᛫ a prophet ᛫ N wītie[wītega] OE
witless ᛫ foolish ᛫ stupid ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
witlessness ᛫ stupidity ᛫ N ~ NE
witling ᛫ one who thinks oneself to be witty ( derogatory ) ᛫ N ~ NE
witship ᛫ science ᛫ N wit+ship NE+NE wittenskip ᛣ
witshipper ᛫ a scientist ᛫ N wit+ship+er NE+NE+NE wittenskipper ᛣ
witshippy ᛫ scientific ᛫ ADJ wit+ship+y NE+NE wissenschaftlich ᛣ
witsick ᛫ possessed ᛫ controlled by an evil spirit ᛫ ADJ witsēoc OE
witted ᛫ appointed ᛫ ordained ᛫ assured ᛫ certain ᛫ sure ᛫ ADJ witod OE
wittedly ᛫ certainly ᛫ surely ᛫ truly ᛫ indeed ᛫ ADV witodlīce OE
wittenmoot ᛫ a parliament ᛫ a congress ᛫ a legislative assembly ᛫ N witena gemot OE or: witsmoot; wittensmoot
witting ᛫ intentional ᛫ deliberate ᛫ aware knowledgeable ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
wittom ᛫ a dowry ᛫ N wituma OE
witwanton ᛫ one who indulges in idle foolish and irreverent fancies ᛬ to indulge in vain sportive or irreverent wit ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
witword ᛫ a testament ( as in a will ) ᛫ the testament ( as in the divine covenant with the faithful ) ᛫ N witword&witword ME&OE
wity ᛫ to prophesize ᛫ V wītegian OE
witybook ᛫ a prophetical book ᛫ a book of prophecies ᛫ N wītegbōc OE
witydom ᛫ knowledge derived from a superhuman source ᛫ prophecy ᛫ N wītedōm OE
witydom ᛫ prophecy ᛫ divination ᛫ N wítegdóm OE
witydomly ᛫ prophetic ᛫ prophetical ᛫ ADJ wītedōmlīc OE
witying ᛫ prophecy ᛫ prophesizing ᛫ N wītī̆inge[wītegung] ME
wityster ᛫ a prophetess ᛫ N wītegestre OE
wive ᛫ to marry a woman ᛫ V ~ NE
wizen ᛫ to wither ᛬ withered ᛫ V᛬ADJ ~ NE
wizened ᛫ shrivelled or wrinkled with age ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
woaden ᛫ indigo ( the colour of woad ) ᛫ king blue ᛬ of indigo hue ᛫ of king blue hue ᛫ N᛬ADJ wǣden OE
woan ᛫ to moan ᛫ to wail ᛫ to complain ᛫ V wōnen[wānian] ME
woath ᛫ hunting ᛫ a hunt ᛫ a chase ? ᛫ N wāþ OE kin: wǣþan; waith (Norse)
woe ᛫ misery ᛫ distress ᛫ N ~ NE
woebegone ᛫ sad ᛫ miserable ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
woeful ᛫ sorrowful ᛫ sad ᛫ deplorable ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
woesome ᛫ terrible ᛫ miserable ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
Woing ᛫ one of the Vangiones ᛫ PN Woingum OE
wold ᛫ a forest ᛫ N wōld[weald] ME
wolder ᛫ glory ᛫ splendour N wulder&wuldor ME&OE
wolderbee ᛫ a crown ᛬ to crown ᛫ to coronate ᛫ V wuldorbēah&wuldorbēagian OE&OE
wolderen ᛫ to glorify ᛫ V wuldor+en[wuldrian] OE
wolderful ᛫ glorious ᛫ ADJ wuldorfull OE
wolfhearted ᛫ cruel ᛫ ADJ wulfheort OE
Wolfing ᛫ one of the Wulfings ᛫ PN Wulfingum OE
wolfsbane ᛫ an Aconitum plant ᛫ N ~ NE
wolfshead ᛫ an outlaw ( who may be killed as if they were a wolf ) ᛫ N ~ NE definition needs confirmation
wolfsmilk ᛫ any Euphorbia plant ( spurge ) ᛫ N wolf+s+milk NE+NE+NE wolfsmelk ᛣ, Wolfsmilch ᛣ
wolven ᛫ a female wolf ᛫ N wulvene ME
woman ᛫ an adult female human ᛫ N ~ NE TS: wifeman
womb ᛫ uterus ᛫ N ~ NE
wonder ᛫ a miracle a marvel ᛫ marvelling ᛬ to be curious about ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
wonderchild ᛫ a child prodigy ᛫ N wonder child NE
wonderdeed ᛫ a miracle ᛫ N wundordǣd OE
wondersome ᛫ wondrous ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
wondertale ᛫ a fairy tale ᛫ N ~ NE
wonderworker ᛫ a miracle worker ᛫ a thaumaturge ᛫ N ~ NE
wone ᛫ a custom ᛫ a tradition ᛫ a habit ᛫ a practice ᛫ a convention ᛫ a dwelling ᚾ ᛬ to get accustomed ( to wean ) ᛫ to dwell ᚾ ᛫ N᛬V wone&wone&wonen NE&ME&ME kin: wont
wonelief ⟨ woneleef ⟩ ᛫ traditionalism ᛫ N wone+lēve NE+ME
wonely ᛫ common ᛫ customary ᛫ usual ᛫ ADJ iwonelīch ME
woneness ᛫ continuance ᛫ perseverance ᛫ N wuneness OE
wong ᛫ a field ᛫ a prairie ᛫ a plain ᛫ N wong ME
wongdog ᛫ a prairie dog ᛫ N Wesley+ish NE+NE prairie dog ᛣ
wongwolf ᛫ a coyote ᛫ N prairie wolf NE
woning ᛫ a dwelling ᛫ an abode ᛫ N ~ NE
wont ᛫ used to ᛫ accustomed to ᛫ ADJ ~ NE past particile of "wone" (from ME verb "wonen)
wont ᛫ a mole ᛫ N wont ME
wontly ᛫ usually ᛫ customarily ᛫ habitually ᛫ ADV ~ NE
woo ᛫ to court ᛫ to attempt to seduce ᛫ V ~[wōgian] NE this word can have honourable and dishonourable connotations
wood ᛫ madness ᛫ rage ᛫ fury ᛬ to be or become frenzied ᛬ insane ᛫ deranged ᛫ crazy ᛫ rabid ᛫ frenzied ᛫ furious ᛫ N᛬V᛬ADJ wood&wōd&wōden NE&ME&ME or: weed (from wéd form)
woodant ᛫ a carpenter ant ᛫ a termite ᛫ N wood ant NE
woodbine ᛫ a Lonicera periclymenum plant ( honeysuckle ) ᛫ N ~[wọ̄debī̆nd] NE TS: woodbind
woodcock ᛫ a Scolopax bird ᛫ N ~[wuducoc] NE
woodelf ᛫ a wood elf ᛫ a wood fairy ᛫ a wood nymph ( a dryad ) ᛫ N wuduælfen OE
woodelfen ᛫ a dryad ᛫ a female wood-elf ᛫ a wood-nymph ᛫ N wuduælfen OE
wooden ᛫ maddened ᛫ frenzied ᛫ enraged ᛫ ADJ woden+en ME&NE
Wooden ᛫ ( an English god equivalent to Norse Odin ) ᛫ the planet Mercury ᚹ ᛫ PN Wōden[wōden] ME or: Weeden
wooden ᛫ to be mad ᛫ to go mad ᛫ to behave wildly ᛫ to be frenzied ᛫ to become furious ᛫ to rage ᛫ V woden ME
Woodenly ᛫ Mercurian ᛫ ADJ wooden+ly ME+NE
wooder ᛫ a madman ᛫ an enraged man ᛫ N wōda OE
woodland ᛫ a stretch of timberland ᛫ a forest ᛫ N ~ NE
woodlectrick ᛫ one or more wild plants belonging to the lettuce family ᛫ N wọ̄delēctric ME
woodruff ᛫ a Galina odoratum plant ᛫ N ~[wọ̄derōve] NE
woodworker ᛫ carpenter ᛫ N ~ NE
woodworking ᛫ carpentry ᛫ N ~ NE
woodwose ᛫ a wild man of the woods ᛫ a faun ᛫ a satyr ᛫ N ~[wōdewōse][wuduwāsa] NE What does "wása" mean?
woody nightshade ᛫ a Solanum dulcamara plant ᛫ N ~ NE
wooer ᛫ a suitor ᛫ N ~ NE
woof ᛫ a set of yarns placed crosswise in a loom ᛫ a fabric ᛫ the texture of a fabric ᛫ N ~ NE
wook ᛫ weak ᛫ easily broken ᛫ paltry ᛫ insignificant ᛫ debilitated ᛫ frail ᛫ lacking of willpower ᛫ ADJ wōke/wooke/wooc[wāc] ME "weak" is Norse
wooker ᛫ increase ᛫ growth ᛫ N wōcor OE
wookmood ᛫ morally weak ᛫ fainthearted ᛫ ADJ wācmōd OE
wookness ᛫ weakness ᛫ N woknesse ME
woolock ᛫ courtship ᛫ N wohlac ME
woolward ᛫ dressed in woollen clothing as an act of penance ᛫ penitent ᚹ ᛫ ADJ wōlward ME
woom ᛫ a sound ᛫ a noise ᛫ N wōma OE kin: vox (Latin); wéman
woop ᛫ a cry ᛫ lamentation ᛫ N wōp OE
woopleeth ᛫ a tragedy ᛫ N wōplēoþ OE
woorhen ᛫ a pheasant ᛫ N wōrhana OE NEEDS ATTESTATIONS
wooth ᛫ song ᛫ voice ( especially in song ) ᛫ sung poetry ᛫ eloquent speech ᛫ N wōþ OE kin to wode?; ōðr?
woothcraft ᛫ the art of poetry and songwriting ᛫ N wōþcræft OE
word for word ᛫ verbatim ᛫ ADJ&ADV ~ NE
wordbook ᛫ a dictionary ᛫ N ~ NE
wordcraft ᛫ the art of rhetoric ᛫ N ~ NE
wordfast ᛫ reliable ᛫ true to one's word ᛫ ADJ wordfast[wordfæst] ME
wordfast ᛫ honest ᛫ true to one's word ᛫ ADJ wordfæst OE
wordful ᛫ talkative ᛫ verbose ᛫ full of words ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
wordglew ᛫ prudent in speech ᛫ ADJ wordglēaw OE
wordhoard ᛫ a vocabulary ᛫ N ~ NE
wordiness ᛫ verbocity ᛫ N ~ NE
wordlist ᛫ a glossary ᛫ N ~ NEᚠ(E+I) this meaning of list has Italic influence
wordlock ᛫ a speech ᛫ an oration ᛫ N wordlāc OE
wordlore ᛫ etymology ( the study of the origins of words ) ᛫ N word+lore NE+NE
wordly ᛫ verbal ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
wordmark ᛫ a term ( as in a binding condition ) ᛫ N wordgemarc OE
wordplay ᛫ a play on words ᛫ a pun ᛫ N ~ NE
wordsammener ᛫ a collector of words ᛫ N wordsamnere OE
wordsnoter ᛫ eloquent ᛫ ADJ wordsnotor OE
wordsnotering ᛫ a sophism ( not necessarily in the negative sense? ) ᛫ N wordsnotorung OE
wordstock ᛫ a vocabulary ᛫ N ~ NE
wordwinsome ᛫ pleasant in speech ᛫ affable ᛫ ADJ wordwynsum OE
wordwise ᛫ sophist ᛫ ADJ wordwīs OE
wordy ᛫ verbose ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
work up ᛫ to agitate ᛫ V ~ NE PST: worked up/wrought up
workfellow ᛫ a co-worker ᛫ associate ᛫ colleague ᛫ N ~ NEᚠ(E+N)
works ᛫ ( denotes a factory ) ᛫ SUFFIX ~ NE
workshop ᛫ a studio ᛫ N ~ NE
workstead ᛫ a workplace ᛫ a workshop ᛫ a workstation ᛫ N ~ NE
worldaught ᛫ worldly possessions ᛫ worldly property ᛫ N weoroldǣht OE
worlddeal ᛫ a continent ᛫ N world+deal NE+NE werelddeel ᛣ
worldlaw ᛫ civil or secular law ᛫ N weoroldlagu OE
worldwide ᛫ global ᛬ globally ᛫ ADJ᛬ADV ~ NE
worm ᛫ a serpent ᛫ a dragon ᛫ a reptile ᛫ a creeping insect ᛫ N ~ NE
wormkin ᛫ reptile kind ᛫ N wyrmcyn OE
worrywart ᛫ one who worries excessively ᛫ N ~ NE
worsen ᛫ to deteriorate ᛫ V ~ NE
worship ᛫ -latry ᛫ SUFFIX ~ NE
worsom ᛫ pus ᛫ purulent matter ᛫ corrupt matter ᛫ N worsum[worms/worsm] ME
wort ᛫ herb ᛫ plant ᛬ to season ᛫ to spice ᛫ N᛬V wort&wyrtian NE&OE
worteater ᛫ an herbivore ᛫ N wort+eater NE+NE
worter ᛫ a herbalist ᛫ an herbalist ᛫ N wort+er NE+NE hē̆rber (MEᛣ)
worth ᛫ an enclosure ᛫ a court ᛫ a courtyard N worth[worþ] ME still found in names like Wentworth
worth ᛫ value ᛫ merit ᛬ valued at ᛫ priced at ᛫ N᛬PREP worth NE
worth ᛫ to become ᛫ to exist ᛫ ( passive voice auxiliary ) ᛫ be ( subjunctive ) ᛫ V worthen[weorþan] ME SEE NOTE
worthful ᛫ valuable ᛫ precious ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
worthless ᛫ not valuable ᛫ useless ᛫ despicable ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
worthmind ᛫ dignity ᛫ honour ᛫ reverence ᛫ N worthmint[weorþmynd] ME
worthwhile ᛫ worth the time money or effort spent ᛫ of value or importance ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
worthy ᛫ suitable ᛫ deserving ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
worthy ᛫ -able ( but only in some usages like " loveable " ) ᛫ SUFFIX ~ NE
worthy ᛫ to honour ᛫ to exalt ᛫ to praise ᛫ to esteem ᛫ to respect ᛫ to set a value upon ᛫ to fix interest on a loan ᛫ V worthy&weorþian NE&OE
wortlore ᛫ botany ᛫ N ~ NE invented by William Barnes
wortmong ᛫ a spice ᛫ N wyrtgemang OE
wortwale ᛫ the wale of a wort ( its roots ) ᛬ to plant ᛫ N᛬V wortwāle&wyrtwalian OE
wortward ᛫ a gardener ᛫ N wyrtweard OE
wough ᛫ a wall ᛫ N wough[wāh/wāg] NE rhyme: woe (according to OED)
wough ᛫ crookedness ᛫ error ᛫ wickedness ᛫ injustice ᛫ wrongness ᛬ crooked ᛫ bent ᛫ wrong ᛫ unfair ᛫ injust ᛫ unjust ᛫ N᛬ADJ wough[wōh] ME rhyme: plough
woughing ᛫ fury ᛫ N wuhhung OE what is the rootword?
woughrift ᛫ a curtain ᛫ N wāgrift OE rhyme: woe-lift
wound ⟨ wund ⟩ ᛫ injury ᛬ to injure ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
wrake ᛫ vengeance ᛫ revenge ᛫ retribution ᛫ punishment ᛫ destruction ᛫ ruin ᛫ annihilation ᛬ to punish ᛫ to exact vengeance ᛫ N᛬V wrake&wraken[wracian] ME&ME or: wreach (from ME wrēch)
wrast ᛫ delicate ᛫ elegant ᛫ splendid ᛫ ADJ wrǣst OE
wrath ᛫ vindictive anger ᛫ punishment inflicted in anger ᛫ N ~ NE
wray ᛫ to make visible ᛫ to reveal ᛫ to disclose ᛫ to divulge ᛫ to expose ᛫ to betray a secret ᛫ V wreien ME
wrayendly ᛫ accusative ( grammar ) ᛫ ADJ wrégendlíc OE
wreak ᛫ to inflict ᛫ to drive out ( to expel ) ᛫ to drive in ( to impress ) ᛫ V wreak&wrecan NE&OE PST: wreaked ("wrought" is a mistaken past tense)
wreat ᛫ a jewel ᛫ an ornament ᛫ N wrǣt OE
wreath ᛫ ring of twisted material ( especially when ornamental and made of plants ) ᛫ a laurel ᚹ ᛫ N ~ NE
wreathe ᛫ to twist or to entwine ᛫ V ~ NE
wreathen ᛫ twisted ᛫ made into a wreath ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
wreatly ᛫ wondrously ᛫ curiously ᛫ ADV wrǣtlīce OE
wreaty ᛫ wondrous ᛫ curious ᛫ ADJ wrǣtlīc OE
wrench ᛫ a trick ᛫ an artifice ᛫ a distortion ᛫ a modulation ᛫ a wile ᛫ N wrench&wrenc NE&OE
wrenchwise ᛫ unjust ᛫ injust ᛫ ADJ wrencwīs OE
wrength ᛫ wrongness ᛫ incorrectness ᛫ N ~ NE
wrest ᛫ to forcibly pull from something's grasp ᛫ to take after considerable effort or difficulty ᛫ V ~ NE
wretch ᛫ an unfortunate person ᛫ a miserable person ᛫ a vile person ᛫ N ~[wrecca] NE
wrethy ᛫ to prop ᛫ to support ᛫ to sustain ᛫ V wreþian{wreoþien} OE
wride ᛫ a stalk ᛫ a stem ᛫ a shoot ᛬ to grow ᛫ to flourish ᛫ to blossom ᛫ to bloom ᛫ to burgeon ᛫ N᛬V wrīde&wrīd&wrīdan ME&OE&OE
wright ᛫ -maker ᛫ -builder ᛫ -developer ᛫ SUFFIX ~ NE
wright ᛫ a creator ᛫ a craftsman ᛫ a producer ᛫ N ~ NE
wrile ᛫ clothing ᛫ a garment ᛫ N wrigels OE kin: wry
wring ᛫ a press ᛫ a wine press ᛫ an olive press ᛬ to press ᛫ to grab and twist ᛫ N᛬V wring&wring&press NE&ME
writ ᛫ a document ᛫ a text ( as in a physical medium with writing on it ) ᛫ N ~ NE
writbred ᛫ a writing tablet ᛫ N writbred OE
write ᛫ to inscribe ᛫ to inscript ᛫ to text (in any sense) ᛫ V ~ NE
writhe ᛫ to contort ᛫ V ~ NE
writsax ᛫ a stylus ᛫ a pen ᚹ ᛫ N writseax OE
wrixle ᛫ change ᛫ exchange ᛬ to change ᛫ to exchange ᛫ to exchange ideas ᛫ to alternate ᛫ N᛬V wrixlen&wrixl ME&OE
wrixley ᛫ alternate ᛫ ADJ gewrixlic OE
wroot ᛫ a snout ᛫ N wrōt[wrōt] ME
wroth ᛫ angry ᛫ irate ᛬ angrily ᛫ irately ᛫ ADJ᛬ADV wroth&wroth[wrāþ] NE&ME
wrothen ᛫ to anger ᛫ V ~ NE
wrotherheal ᛫ disastrously ᛫ ADV wrōtherhēle ME
wrought ᛫ an accusation ᛫ a false accusation ᛫ slander ᛫ calumny ᛫ N wrōht OE rhyme: thought
wry ᛫ to cover ᛫ to conceal ᛫ to shield ᛫ to protect ᛫ to be covered ᛫ to be blanketed ᛫ to put a lid over ᛫ to clothe ᛫ V wrīen[wrēon] ME
wry ᛫ to contort ᛫ to deviate ᛫ to writhe ᛫ to twist ᛫ to bend ᛬ twisted ᛫ bent ᛫ crooked ᛫ out of place ᛫ sardonic ᛫ V᛬ADJ ~[wrīgian] NE
wurp ᛫ to recover ( from an illness , etc ) ᛫ V wurpen&wirpan ME&OE
wurst ᛫ a sausage ᛫ N ~ NEᚠHG
wye ᛫ war ᛫ combat ᛫ conflict ᛬ to fight ᛫ to combat ᛫ to war ᛫ N wye&wiga&wīgan ME&OE&OE in Middle English this word's meaning broadened a lot
wyer ᛫ a warrior ᛫ N wye+er[wiga] ME
wyesmith ᛫ a warrior ᛫ a war smith ᛫ N wīgsmiþ OE
yain ᛫ to encounter ? ᛫ V yeinen[gegegnian] ME
yair ᛫ an enclosure for fish ᛫ N ~ NE
yard ᛫ a length of three feet ᛫ a branch ᛫ a swig ᛫ a rod ᛫ a staff ᛫ a stick ᛫ N ~ NE
yardland ᛫ a virgate ᛫ N ~ NE
yare ᛫ gear ( such as tools , clothing, weapons , and equipment ) ? ᛫ a gear ᚹ ᛬ to gear up ᛫ to prepare ᛫ to procure ᛫ to supply ᛫ to equip ᛫ N᛬V yaren[/gearwian]&gearwe ME&OE kin: gear
yared ᛫ geared up ᛫ ready ᛫ prepared ᛫ procured ᛫ supplied ᛫ equipped ᛫ ADJ yaren+ed ME+NE
yarrow ᛫ an Achillea millefolium plant ᛫ N ~[gearwe] NE
yate ᛫ a gate ᛫ N ~ NE
yatow ᛫ equipment ᛫ N geatwe/geatu OE
yclept ᛫ called ᛫ named ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
ye ᛫ and ᛫ also ᛫ CONJ ye&ge ME&OE kin: 𐌾𐌰𐌷
ye ᛫ you guys ᛫ y'all ᛫ youse ᛫ PRON ~ NE
yea ᛫ an affirmative answer ᛬ yes ᛬ ( shows approval or that a vote was positively cast ) ᛫ N᛬ADV᛬INT ~ NE
yean ᛫ against ᛫ in opposition ᛫ opposite ᛫ next to ᛫ bordering ᛫ placed against ᛫ in contact with ᛫ PREP yẹ̄n&gēan ME&OE
yeap ᛫ a gap ? ᛫ an expanse of space ? ᛬ spacious ᛫ N᛬ADJ gēap&gēap OE&OE
Year ᛫ ᛡ ᛫ PN gear OE
yearday ᛫ an anniversary ᛫ N year+day NE+NE invented by William Barnes
yeardole ᛫ an annuity ᛫ N year+dole NE+NE invented by William Barnes
yearhundred ᛫ century ᛫ N ~ NE
yearly ᛫ annual ᛬ annually ᛫ ADJ᛬ADV ~ NE
yearmarket ᛫ a fair ᛫ N gēarmarket OE
yearn ᛫ to have a strong desire for something ᛫ to long ᛫ V᛬ADJ yearn[georn] NE
yearnendly ᛫ desirable ᛫ yearnable ᛫ ADJ girnendlic OE
yearnful ᛫ desirous ᛫ eager ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
yearsyive ᛫ a customary feudal payment commonly made at the turn of the year ᛫ N yēres yēve ME
yearten ᛫ a decade ᛫ N year+ten NE+NE jaartien ᛣ
yearthusand ᛫ a millennium ᛫ N year+thousand NE+NE Jahrtausend (HG)ᛣ
yeartide ᛫ a season ᛫ N year+tide NE+NE jiertiid ᛣ
Yeat ᛫ a Geat ᛫ N gēat NE
Yeatish ᛫ the Geatish language ᛬ of Geats ᛫ N᛬ADJ gēat+ish NE+NE
Yeatland ᛫ Geatland ᛫ N gēat+land NE+NE
yeaword ᛫ a term of affirmation ᛫ N ~ NE coined by Ralph Lever
yed ᛫ a musical poem riddle or proverb ᛬ to recite in song ᛫ to exaggerate ᛫ N᛬V yed&gid&giddian NE&OE&OE
yedding ᛫ a poem ᛫ a song ᛫ a recitation of a verse narrative ᛫ N yeddinge[geddung] ME
yeed ᛫ went ( past tense of go ) ᛫ V ~ NE or: yede
yeek ᛫ the Cuculus canorus bird ( European cuckoo ) ᛫ N yēk[gēac] ME
yeem ᛫ diligence ᛫ attention ᛬ to pay attention ᛫ to heed ᛫ to observe a duty ᛫ N᛬V yēme&yēmen[gȳman] ME&ME
yeemless ᛫ negligent ᛫ careless ᛫ ADJ yẹ̄me[gȳmelēas] ME
yeemlessness ᛫ negligence ᛫ neglect ᛫ carelessness ᛫ N yẹ̄me[gȳmelēast] ME
yeet ᛫ to pour ᛫ to libate ᛫ V yēten&geotan ME&OE PTCP: yoten
yellow ᛫ a liberal ᚹ ᛬ liberal ( politically ) ᚹ ᛫ N᛬ADJ ~ NE
yellow bothen ⟨ bothen ⟩ ᛫ a Chrysanthemum segetum plant ( corn marigold ) ᛫ N yelwe bothen ME
yellowadle ᛫ jaundice ᛫ N yelow ādle ME
yellowbell ᛫ a Tecoma stans plant ᛫ N yellow bell NE
yellowred ᛫ orange ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
yelp ᛫ a crying out ᛫ a boast ᛬ to cry out ᛫ to boast ᛫ N᛬V yelp&yelpen[gilpan] NE&ME
yelster ᛫ poison ᛫ venom ᛫ N geolhstor OE
yelstry ᛫ poisonous ᛫ venomous ᛫ ADJ geolstrig OE
Yemen ᛫ Yemen ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
yenner ᛫ asylum ᛫ refuge ᛫ sanctuary ᛫ N gener OE
yennerstead ᛫ an asylum ᛫ a place of refuge ᛫ a sanctuary ᛫ N generstede OE
yeoman ᛫ a subordinate ᛫ a deputy ᛫ an aide ᛫ an assistant ᛫ ( in chess ) a pawn ᛫ N ~ NE
yeply ᛫ promptly ᛫ at once ᛫ ADV ~ NE
yer ᛫ to make a strident sound ᛫ V yerren ME
yerk ᛫ to sharply strike ( especially with a cane whip or flog ) ᛫ to pull or push suddenly ᛫ V ~ NE kin: jerk?
yern ᛫ eager ᛬ eagerly ᛫ ADJ᛬ADV ~ NE
yesternight ᛫ last night ᛫ N ~ NE
yesteryear ᛫ last year ᛫ N ~ NE
yet ᛫ to get ᛫ to obtain ᛫ to acquire ᛫ V yeten[gitan] ME PTCP: yetten
yetter ᛫ a caster of metal ᛫ a founder of metal ᛫ N yētere ME
yeveth ᛫ ordained ( by fate ) ᛫ predetermined ᛫ ADJ yēvethe[gifeþe] ME
yew ᛫ a four-footed bird ᛫ a griffin ᛫ N eoh/giw/giow OE
Yew ᛫ one of the Aviones ᛫ someone from Öland in Sweden ᛫ PN Eowum OE
yewbough ᛫ a legislative branch ᛫ N ē+bough ME+NE
Yewland ᛫ Öland ᛫ N Eowland OE
yex ᛫ a hiccup ᛬ to hiccup ᛫ N᛬V yexen/yesken ME or: yesk
yield ⟨ yeeld ⟩ ᛫ money ᛫ currency ᛫ pay ᛬ to pay ᛫ to give up ᛫ to hand over ᛫ to surrender ᛫ to quit ᛫ to concede ᛫ N᛬V yield&yēld NE&ME
yielding ⟨ yeelding ⟩ ᛫ a concession ᛬ docile ᛫ N᛬ADJ yielding NE
yift ᛫ a contribution ᛫ a gift ᛫ a present ᛫ N yift ME
yim ᛫ a gem ᛫ a precious stone ᛫ a gemstone ᛫ a jewel ᛫ N yimme[gim] ME
yisel ᛫ a hostage ᛫ N gīsel[gīsel] ME
yiselyield ⟨ yiselyeeld ⟩ ᛫ ransom ᛫ N gīsel+yield OE+NE literally: hostage payment
yiss ᛫ to covet ᛫ V yītsen&gītsian ME&OE
yissing ᛫ avarice ( an intense selfish desire for wealth or possessions ) ᛫ covetousness ᛫ N gītsung OE
yit ᛫ you two ( nominative ) ᛫ PRON ȝit[git] ME
yive ᛫ a gift ᛬ to give ᛫ N᛬V yive&yiven ME&ME PTCP: yiven | "give" is from Norse
yivel ᛫ generous ᛫ bountiful ᛫ liberal ᛫ magnanimous ᛫ ADJ gifol OE or: givel
yivel ᛫ a meal ᛫ food ᛫ N gifl OE
yivelness ᛫ liberality ᛫ munificence ᛫ N gifolness OE
yoke ᛫ a neck frame ᛫ oppression ( poetic ) ᛫ N ~ NE
yon ᛫ that ( something close to neither speaker nor listener ) ᛫ ADJ&PRON ~ NE
yond ᛫ over there ᛬ throughout ᛫ through ᛫ over ᛬ that ᛫ those ᛫ ADV᛬PREP᛬D yond&yond[geond] NE&ME
yond ᛫ trans- ᛫ PREFIX yond- ME
yonder ᛫ over there ᛫ ADV ~ NE
yondfare ᛫ to journey through ᛫ travel across ᛫ traverse ᛫ V yondfāren ME
yondgang ᛫ to go about ᛫ perambulate ᛫ V geondgangan OE
yondlight ᛫ to enlighten ᛫ V geondlīhtan OE
yondseek ᛫ to search thoroughly ᛫ pervade ᛫ V geondsēcan OE
yondshrithe ᛫ to traverse ᛫ V geondscrīþan OE
yondshrithing ᛫ traversal ᛫ N geondscrīþing OE
yore ᛫ time long past ᛬ in the past ᛫ N᛬ADV ~ NE
yorelore ᛫ history ᛫ N yore+lore NE+NE or: stear (update of OE stǣr from Greek ἱστορία)
yoreyearn ᛫ nostalgia ( in the temporal sense ) ᛫ N yore+yearn{friþgeorn} NE+NE
Yot ᛫ a Jute ᛫ PN Iota/Eota OE
Yotland ᛫ Jutland ᛫ PN Eota land OE
Yottish ᛫ the Jutish language ᛬ Jutish ᛫ N᛬ADJ Iota/Eota OE&OE
Youdish ⟨ Yudish ⟩ ᛫ Hebrew speech ᛬ Jewish ᛫ Judean ᛫ PN᛬PADJ Jūdēish[Iūdēisc] MEᚠIᚠHᚠO
Youdishman ⟨ Yudishman ⟩ ᛫ a Jew ᛫ a Judean ᛫ PN Jūdēish+man ME+NE
Youdy ⟨ Yudy ⟩ ᛫ Judea ᛫ PN Judy/Jūdē[Iūdēa/ᚷᛁᚢᚦᛖᚪ] ME
younger ᛫ junior ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
youngerdom ᛫ juniorship ᛫ juniority ᛫ N geongordōm OE
Yuletide ⟨ Yooltide ⟩ ᛫ Christmas ᛫ the time around Christmas ᛫ PN Yuletide NE
Zambia ⟨ Zambya ⟩ ᛫ Zambia ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO
Zimbabwe ⟨ Zimbabway ⟩ ᛫ Zimbabwe ᛫ PN ~ NEᚠO